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o the floor;
If he be gone, he'll make his grave a bed ;
With fairest flowers,
Pr’ythee, have done;
25 Steevens imputes great violence to this change of person, and would read, ' come to him;' but there is no impropriety in Guiderius's sudden address to the body itself. It might, indeed, be ascribed to our author's careless manner, of which an instance like the present occurs at the begivning of the next act, where Posthumus says,
you married ones, If each of you would take this course, how many. Must murder wives much better than themselves.'
Douce. See Act iii. Sc. 3, note 12, p. 70, ante.
26 The ruddock is the red-breast.
A To winter-ground appears to mean to dress or decorate thy corse with ‘farred moss,' for a winter covering, when there are no flowers to strew it with. In Cornucopia, or Divers Secrets, &c. by Thomas Johnson, 4to. 1596, sig. E. it is said, “The robin red-breast, if he finds a man or woman dead, will cover all. his face with mosse ; and some thinke that if the body should remain unburied that he would cover the whole body also.' The reader will remember the pathetic old ballad of the Children in the Wood.
Why, he but sleeps arch, fol. 295, b. : -Sendie: sher boates and small craters
Phillis, printed in England passe in Charon's crare.' read, “but ah! Ay is al was
and other books of the time
hadst thou lived; bat, alas! tibi
King Henry IV. Part).
to the shoes of rustics.
departure: the dull owl
Say, where shall's lay him ? Gui. By good Euriphile, o’r mother.
We'll speak it then. Bel. Great griefs, I see, medicine the less 28 : for
Cloten Is quite forgot. He was a queen's son, boys: And, though he came our enemy, remember, He was paid for that: Though mean and mighty,
rotting Together, have one dust; yet reverence (That angel of the world), doth make distinction Of place'tween high and low. Our foe was princely; And though you took his life, as being our foe, Yet bury him as a prince. Gui.
Pray you, fetch him hither. Thersites' body is as good as Ajax, When neither are alive.
28 So in a former passage of this play :
a touch more rare Subdues all pangs and fears.' And in King Lear :-
Where the greater malady is fix’d, The lesser is scarce felt.' 29 i. e. punished. Falstaff, after having been beaten, when in the dress of an old woman, says, “I pay'd nothing for it neither, but was paid for my learning.'
30 Reverence, or due regard to subordination, is the power that keeps peace and order in the world.
If you'll go fetch him,
[Exit BelARIUS. Gui. Nay, Cadwal, we must lay his head to the
east; My father hath a reason for’t. Arv.
'Tis true. Gui. Come on then, and remove him. Arv.
Gui. Fear no more the heat o'the sun 31,
Nor the furious winter's rages;
Home art gone, and ta’en thy wages:
Thou art past the tyrant's stroke;
To thee the reed is as the oak: The sceptre, learning, physick, must All follow this, and come to dust 32. Gui. Fear no more the lightning-flash, Arv. Nor the all-dreaded thunder-stone; Gui. Fear not slander, censure rash; Ary. Thou hast finish'd joy and moan: 31 This is the topick of consolation that nature dictates to all men on these occasions. The same farewell we have over the dead body in Iucian:-* Τέκνον "αθλιον "Bκετι διψήσεις, @KETL TELVMOec,' &c.—Warburton.
32 • The poet's sentiment seems to have been this:-All húman excellence is equally subject to the stroke of death: neither the power of kings, nor the science of scholars, nor the art of those whose immediate study is the prolongation of life, can protect them from the final destiny of map.'-Johnson.
Both. All lovers young, all lovers must
Consign 33 to thee, and come to dust,
And renowned be thy grave 36 !
The herbs, that have on them cold dew o’the night,
33 To'consign to thee' is to ó seal the same contract with thee;' i. e, add their names to thine upon the register of death. So in Romeo and Juliet:
seal A dateless bargain to engrossing death.' 34 It has already been observed that exorciser anciently signified a person who could raise spirits, not one who lays them. See vol. iii. p. 335, note 31.
35 Consummation is used in the same sense in King Edward III. 1596 :
• My soul will yield this castle of my flesh, This mingled tribute, with all willingness,
To darkness, consummation, dust, and worms.' Milton, in his Epitaph on the Marchioness of Winchester, is indebted to the passage before us:
•Gentle lady, may thy grave
Peace and quiet ever have.' 36 • For the obsequies of Fidele (says Dr. Johnson) a song was written by my unhappy friend, Mr. William Collins of Chichester, a man of uncommon learning and abilities. I shall give it a place at the end, in honour of his memory.'
37 Malone observes, that “Shakspeare did not recollect when he wrote these words; that there was but one face on which the
You were as flowers, now wither’d: even so
[Exeunt BEL. Gui. and Arv. Imo. [Awaking.] Yes, sir, to Milford Haven;
Which is the way?I thank you.—By yon bush?—Pray, how far thither? 'Ods pittikins 38 ! --can it be six miles yet? I have gone all night :'Faith, I'll lay down and
sleep. But, soft! no bedfellow:-0, gods and goddesses !"
[Seeing the Body. These flowers are like the pleasures of the world; This bloody man, the care on't.--I hope, I dream; For, so, I thought I was a cave-keeper, And cook to honest creatures : But 'tis not so; 'Twas but a bolt of nothing, shot at nothing, Which the brain makes of fumes. Our very eyes Are sometimes like our judgments, blind. Good
faith, I tremble still with fear: But if there be Yet left in heaven as small a drop of pity As a wren's eye, fear'd gods, a part of it! The dream's here still; even when I wake, it is Without me, as within me; not imagin’d, felt. A headless man!—The garments of Posthumus! I know the shape of his leg; this is his hand; His foot Mercurial; his Martial thigh; The brawns of Hercules : but his Jovial 39 faceflowers could be strewed.' It is one of the poet's lapses of thought, and will countenance the passage remarked upon in Act iv. Sc. 1, note 3, p. 92, ante.
38 This diminutive adjaration is derived from God's pity, by the addition of kin. In this manner we have also 'Od's bodikins.
39 · Jovial face' here signifies such a face as belongs to