Spurious Coin: A History of Science, Management, and Technical Writing

Első borító
SUNY Press, 2000. máj. 4. - 204 oldal
Spurious Coin constructs a cultural history of technical writing in the United States and the system of scientific knowledge and power it controls. Embedded in this history are tensions between scientific and liberal arts knowledge-making that render technical writing both the genuine and counterfeit coin of scientific knowledge within our culture. When scientific knowledge is made by scientists and engineers, it can circulate as genuine currency in an economy where communication makes knowledge. When scientific knowledge is made by liberal-arts trained technical writers, however, it circulates as spurious currency and threatens the purity of the knowledge economy. Because the stability of the scientific knowledge economy is at stake, scientists and technical writers often find themselves at odds over the value of scientific knowledge minted by non-scientists.

Longo constructs this cultural history around a framework of five intellectual trends: the use of clear, correct English; maximum efficiency of production and operation; the need to contribute to a general fund of scientific knowledge for the betterment of the human condition; the tension between the role of science and art within a culture; and a redemptive urge to purify language and standardize practice. She also explores the role of mechanical engineers in designing management systems which rely on technical writing to control operations and profits.

 

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Tartalomjegyzék

How Credit for Scientific Knowledge Is Appraised
1
Who Gets Credit?
2
What Research Does Not See
3
Looking at Technical Writing Through a Cultural Study Frame
6
Putting Technical Writing Practices in Cultural Contexts
12
Issues in Technical Writing Raised Through Cultural Study
19
Technical Writing as the Lingua Franca in a Golden Age of Engineering
21
What Kind of Knowledge Gets Deposited in Textbooks?
23
Designing Systematic Administration for Canals and Railroads
85
Engineers Become Managers in Complex Social Organizations
88
Engineering Management Systems
94
Technical Writing as Management System Control
100
Natural and Military Efficiency
104
New Communication Technologies Support Systematized Management
109
Technical Writing Textbook Codifies Systematized Management
114
Technical Writers Mint Counterfeit Scientific Knowledge Strained Relations between Technical Writers and Engineers
122

The Utility of Experiential Knowledge
30
The Development of Public Science
34
Reforming Scholasticism
40
The Rise of Experiential Knowledge and Technical Education
44
John Locke Language Properly Rights and Coinage
48
Defending Science and Technical Education
55
Contributing to a General Fund of Scientific Knowledge
62
Knowledge in Textbooks
70
Technical Writing Practices in Power and Knowledge Systems
76
Engineering Specialized Social Organizations
78
Engineering as an Application of Pure Scientific Knowledge
83
Office Management Becomes a Specialized Field
126
The Practicality of Engineering in Tension with the Enjoyment of Literature
135
Technical Writing Moves from Engineering to English
144
English Embraces Science
153
Whose Knowledge Is Powerful?
162
Toward a Humanistic Technical Writing
164
Notes
169
References
179
Index
195
Copyright

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A szerzőről (2000)

Bernadette Longo is Assistant Professor of English at Clemson University.

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