her name in England are Whitwell, Hants; Grayingham, Lincolnshire; and Scruton, Yorkshire ; Postling, Kent, is named in honour of SS. Mary and Radegund.

S. Remigius (of Lincoln), B., A.D. 1091. Was originally a monk of Feschamp in Normandy, a great promoter of the cause of William the Conqueror, and by him appointed to the see of Dorchester in Oxfordshire, of which he was the last Bishop, as he shortly afterwards removed the see to Lincoln, where, says Stow, "he built a goodly Cathedrall Church and adorned the same with clarkes that were approved both in learning and manners.” The ancient chroniclers report him as famous for sanctity of life and learning, and John de Brompton says of him, Erat autem staturâ parvus, sed corde magnus, colore fuscus, sed operibus venustus, “Of stature small, but great in heart-dark in hue, but fair in deeds." He seems to have stood high in favour with the king, who by his advice and direction founded Battle Abbey in Sussex, and the celebrated monastery of S. Stephen at Caen. He was commemorated on May 12th, and to him some of the Churches dedicated in this name are most probably to be assigned, as well as some to his namesake, the Archbishop of Rheims in the fifth century; (see Oct. 1, p. 120;) there are seven in all, one in Huntingdonshire, two in Leicestershire, and four in Norfolk.

S. Richard. See Calendar, April 3rd, p. 61.
S. Robert of Knaresborough, H., A.D. 1150. Was

first a monk of Whitby, but afterwards embraced a solitary life amongst the rocks near the river Nidd, close by Knaresborough, and where his cave is shewn to this day. He is said to have established a religious community for the redemption of captives out of the hands of infidels. He was commemorated on May

in his name.

S. Romald is commemorated at the Church and village of Romald Kirk, Yorkshire, and was honoured on February 20th.

S. Rumon, B. A Bishop whose body in former times reposed in the Church of Tavistock Abbey, where he was honoured as a patron; the Churches now named in his honour are, Langhorne, Ryan, Ruan Major, and Ruan Minor, Cornwall; and Romans-leigh, Devonshire. He was commemorated on October 23rd.

S. Rumbold or Rumbald. “Sonne to a British King of our Iland, who as soone as he was borne into the world and baptized did miraculously speake and foretell divers wonderfull thinges and professing himselfe a Christian presently yielded up the ghost. His body was with great veneration buryed at the towne of Brackley, in Northamptonshire, whereat it is recorded divers miracles have byn wroughtk.” Pentridge and Shaftesbury, in Dorsetshire, and Rumbolds-dyke, in Sussex, and Walton near Brackley,

English Martyrologe, p. 243.

Northamptonshire, have Churches named in his honour. He was commemorated on August 28th.

S. Rumold, or Rumwald, B. M., A.D. 775. Was a native of Ireland, and the first who established Christianity in Flanders, and laboured to propagate it there for many years. He was slain by two soldiers whom he had reproved for their sinful life, and buried at Malines, (Mechlin,) the Cathedral of which still possesses his shrine and is named in his honour. His death is commemorated in the Church of Rome on June 24th, his translation or burial on July 1st. Colchester, and Bonnington in Kent, have Churches dedicated in his name.

S. Ruthen. Longdon Church, Shropshire, is dedicated in honour of this saint.

S. Sampson, B., A.D. 565. Is said to have been a native of this island, of“ Royall British bloud,” and a scholar of S. Dubritius, who consecrated him Bishop of York; when the Saxon invaders reached that part of the kingdom he was obliged to flee, and the saint then considered where he might be most useful, and resolved at length to attempt the conversion of Bretagne; on his way thither he stopped some time in Cornwall, converted many of the natives, and erected a Church and monastery there. He fixed his residence in Bretagne at Dol, under the auspices of King Childibert, where it is said he erected a Bishop's see, and converted many thousands of the inhabitants, and died there in his eighty-fifth year. He is commemorated in the old English calendar on July 28th. The Churches of Southill and Tolant, in Cornwall; Cricklade, Wilts; and one in the city of York, are named in his honour alone; and Milton Abbas, Dorsetshire, in the joint names of SS. Mary and Sampson.

S. Sanscreet is said to be commemorated at Sanscreed, Cornwall, but there is little doubt the proper dedication is S. Creed, as the name of the village implies. There is another Church and village so dedicated.

S. Sebastian, M., 288. Was born at Narbonne, in France, but settled at Milan, and was there educated in the Christian religion; he afterwards entered the army, and became a captain in the Pretorian guard; while on duty at Rome he employed himself in converting the heathen, comforting the persecuted, and strengthening those who felt their courage failing. He was at length arrested and carried before Diocletian, who, incensed at his firmness in the Christian faith, ordered him to be tied to a tree and shot to death, which sentence was apparently carried out, but the saint not being quite killed was restored in a few days by his friends, but on his again confronting Diocletian, he was again seized and beaten to death with clubs. He is commemorated on January 20th. The Church of Gonerby, Lincolnshire, is named in his sole honour, and Woodbastwick, Norfolk, in conjunction with S. Fabian, who is also commemorated

[ocr errors]

on this day. S. Sebastian is represented tied to a tree pierced with arrows, or with arrows at his feet. He is readily to be distinguished from S. Edmund, who is usually apparelled in regal attire and crowned, while S. Sebastian is almost naked, and has, if any thing, a helmet on his head. Generally too he is pierced with far fewer arrows than S. Edmund; representations of his martyrdom are not uncommon in England, and S SEBASTIAN. very frequent on the continent. from an illuminated Ms.

S. Senan, B., c. 544. A native of Ireland, who went to Rome for spiritual instruction and afterwards returned to Wales, where he contracted a great friendship for S. David; he then passed over into Ireland, founding many Churches and the famous monastery of Inis Cathaig. He was commemorated on March 8th, and the village and Church of S. Sennen, Cornwall, are dedicated in his name.

S. Seir, is commemorated in the dedication of Stinchcombe Church, Gloucestershire, and is probably the same as S. Cyr or Cyricus, pp. 217, 251.

S. Sepulchre, or more properly Holy Sepulchre. This dedication most probably had its origin from the Crusades : many of those engaged in the holy

« ElőzőTovább »