Church of Hexham, Northumberland, of which he was the original founder.

S. Adeline. The Church of Little Sodbury, Gloucestershire, is dedicated in this name.

S. Adwell, B., A.D. 984. The Church of Alvingham, Lincolnshire, is dedicated in this name; which is a corruption of Adelwold, Athelwold, or Ethelwold, a great friend of S. Dunstan's, through whose influence he was made Abbot of Abingdon, and afterwards Bishop of Winchester. William of Malmsbury says, "he built so many and such great monasteries, as to make it appear hardly credible how the bishop of one see should be able to effect what the king of England himself could scarcely undertake b." In the Saxon Chronicle he is styled “ the benevolent Bishop of Winchester, and the father of monks.” The great abbeys of Ely, Thorney, and Peterborough, were erected by him ; and his Benedictional, which is still in existence, in the possession of the duke of Devonshire, is one of the most interesting of the Saxon MSS. extant. It is described in vol. xxvi. of the Archæologia. He was commemorated in the old English calendar on August 1st.

S. Advent. The village and Church of Advent, Cornwall, are named after this saint".

S. Agatha. See Illustrations of the Calendar, February 5th, p. 45.

b Chronicle, book ii. chap. 8. c See Cornish Saints, infra.


S. Agnes. For an account of this saint, see Calendar, January 21st, p. 38. The engraving here given was accidentally omitted in that place.

S. Aidan, B., A. D. 651, is called the Apostle of the North of England, being sent at the request of S. Oswald, from the monastery in the Isle of Hy, [or Iona,] for the instruction of the English in Christianity. He was the first Bishop of Lindisfarne, the mother Church of the see of Durham; and the Vene- from painted glass rable Bede lays much stress upon his numerous Christian graces, and his devout and holy manner of lifed. He departed August 31st, 651, and was commemorated in the old English calendar on that day. It is related by Bede, in Vita Cuthberti, that S. Cuthbert, being then a shepherd, saw S. Aidan's soul carried up to heaven by two Angels, which vision determined him to quit the world, and to enter upon a monastic life. Bamborough Church, in Northumberland, is named in his honour. He is sometimes represented with a stag crouching at his feet, which fled to him when pursued by hunters, and, at

d Eccl. Hist., lib. iii. c. 5.

8. AGNES from painted glass

his prayers, was made invisible; and in Le Clerc's almanack, as a Bishop preaching to, or addressing several persons around him.

S. Alban. See Calendar, June 17th, p. 8.

S. Albert, or Aelbert, Abp., A.D. 780. One of the most learned men of his day. The successor of $. Egbert in the archbishopric of York, and the preceptor of the celebrated Alcuin, who terms him, “a pattern of goodness, justice, piety, and liberality; he fed his flock with the food of the divine word, guarded the lambs of Christ from the wolf, and bore back on his shoulders the sheep that had wandered in the wild.” He was commemorated on November 25th. The Churches of Burnham Sutton, and Cringleford, Norfolk, are dedicated in his name. Alcuin died A.D. 804, at Tours; from which place he had advised Charlemagne to send students to England, to improve themselves at York, probably during Ael. bert's incumbency of that see.

S. Aldate, B. A Bishop of the English Church, who was commemorated on June 14th, about 450. He is said to have caused the bodies of the Britons to be buried, after a great battle on Salisbury plain. Churches are named in his honour in the cities of Gloucester and Oxford.

S. Aldhelm or Adhelm, B., A. D. 700. Was the first Bishop of Sherborne, in Dorsetshire, and most illustrious for his learning and sanctitye. He was the first of the English nation who for his godly and learned writings has been ranked among the Fathers of the Anglican Church. He was also abbot of Malmesbury, which Church he entirely rebuilt. William of Malmesbury, in his life of this saint, relates several miracles wrought by him both during his life and after his death. His psalter, vestment, and other memorials were preserved in his Abbey till the dissolution. He departed this life, May 25th, A.D. 709, upon which day he was commemorated in the old English calendar. The Churches of Broadway and Doulting, Somerset, and Bishopstowe, Wilts, are named in his honour, all of which were probably in his diocese.

e Bede, 1. v. c. 18.

S. Alkald, or Alkilda, was commemorated March 28th. The Church of Giggleswick, Yorkshire, is named in honour of this saint, and the Collegiate Church of Middleham in the same county in the joint names of SS. Mary and Alkald.

S. Alkmund, M., A.D. 800, was the son of Alred, king of Northumbria, and much venerated for his humble piety and meekness. He was martyred by order of Eardulph the usurper of his father's kingdom, March 19th, A.D. 800, upon which day he was commemorated in the old English calendar; his body was interred at Lilleshall in Shropshire, but many miracles having been wrought at his tomb, his relics were translated with great pomp to Derby, where a magnificent Church was named in his honour; in addition to this Church, which still bears his name, Duffield and Darley Abbey in the same county; Atcham, a Church in Shrewsbury, and Whitchurch, Shropshire; and Blyborough, Lincolnshire, are dedicated in his honour. Wormbridge in Shropshire has the joint dedication of SS. Mary and Alkmund, and Aymestrey, Herefordshire, that of SS. John and Alkmund.

S. Allen, or Alleyn, C., who was commemorated on Feb. 22nd, was illustrious throughout Cornwall for his sanctity; his remains repose at the village which bears his name, the Church also being named after him.

All Saints. See Calendar, Nov. 1st, p. 132.

All Souls, Nov. 2nd. This is a festival of the Roman Church founded on the doctrine of purgatory, and styled, The Commemoration of the Faithful Departed, when special prayer is made for the souls of those, who, having departed this life, are, according to the teaching of that Church, undergoing in an intermediate state, a purgation from sin by temporal punishment inflicted after death. We are unable to trace this festival further back than the 11th century, it was confirmed as a feast of the second rank at the Council of Oxford in 1222. The noble foundation of Archbishop Chichele in Oxford is named in honour of All Souls, as is also the Church of Aughton, Yorkshire, but it is singular that the only other Church we have been able to find with this dedication is a modern one in Langham Place, London.

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