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to my books.'
Our readers will judge for them the nation. Otherwise I should be obliged selves of the sincerity of Napoleon, in to turn borreau, and cut off the leads of
thousands to keep myself upon it--oceans the following observations :
of blood must flow to keep me there.--I October Ist. Repeated to Napoleon what have made noise enough in the world alSir Ilzwlson Lowe haad desired me on the ready, perhaps too much, and am now get23d. He replied, • I expect nothing from ting old, and want retirement. These,' the present ministry but ill treatment.-- continued be, were the motives which
The more they want to lesseu me, the more induced me to abdicate the last time.' I I will exalt myself. It was my intention observed to him, that when he was Emperto have assumed the name of Colonel Me- or, he had caused Sir George Cockburn's uron, who was killed by my side at Arcola, brother to be arrested, when envoy at covering me with his body, and to have Hamburg, and conveyed to France, where lived as a private gentleman in England, he was detained for some years. He apin some part of the country where I might peared surprised at this, and endeavoured have lived retired, without ever desiring to to recollect it. After a pause, he asked mix in the grand world. I would never me, if I were sure the person so arrested have gone to London, nor have dined out. was Sir G. C.'s brother. I replied, that Probably I should have seen very few per- I was perfectly so, as the admiral had told
Perhaps I might have formed a me the circumstance himself. It is friendship with some sarans. I would likely enough,' replied he, but I do not have rode out every day, and then returned recollect the name. I suppose, however,
I observed, that as long as that it must have been at the tune when I - he kept up the title of majesty, the English caused all the English on the continent to ministers would have a pretext for keeping be detained, because your government had him in St. Helena. He replied, they seized on all the French shițs, sailors, and force me to it. I wanted to assume anpassengers, they could lay their hands on in incognito on my arrival here, which was harbour, or at sea, before the declaration of proposed to the admiral, but they will not
I, in my turn, scized on all the permit it. They insist on calling me Gen- English that I could find at land, in order eral Bonaparte. I have no reason to be to show them, that if they were all-powerashamed of that title, but I will not take full at sea, and could do what they liked it from thu m. If the republic had not a there, I was equally so by land, and had legal existence, it liad no more right to as good a right to seize people on my eleconstitute me general than first magistrate. ment as they had on theirs. Nou,' said If the admiral had remained,' continued he, • I can comprehend the reason why he, perhaps matters might have been ar- your ministers selected him.' ranged. Ile kad some heart, and, to do him justice, was incapable of a mean ac
At p. 173, we have B.'s opinion tion. Do you think,' added he, that he of the military policy of England, and will do us an injury on his arrival in Eng- of the Battle of Waterloo : which we land?' I replied, • I do not think that give rather because they illustrate his he will render you any service, particularly in consequence of the manner in which he own character, than for any intrinsic was treated when he last came up to see
value in his observations :you, but he will not tell any falsehoods ; • The worst thing England has erer he will strictly adhere to the truth, and done, continued he, was that of endeagive his opinion about you, which is vouring to make herself a military nation. not very favorable.' Why so ?' replied In attempting that, England must always he, we were very well together on board be the slave of Russia, Austria, or Prussia, slip. What can he say of me? that I or at least subserviant to some of them ; want to escape, and mount the throne of because you have not a population suffi. France again? I replied, that it was very ciently numerous to combat on the conti. probable he would both think and say so. nent with France, or with any of the powers • Bah,' replied Napoleon. • If I were in I have named, and must consequently hire England now, and a deputation from ! men from some of them; whereas, at sea, France were to come and offer me the you are so superior ; your sailors are so throne, I would not accept of it, unless I much better, that you can always command knew such to be the unanimous wish of the others with safety to yourselves and
with little cuinparative expense.
and soldiers have not the requisite qualities for but one road to gain it. He would have a military nation. They are not equal in been destroyed. Morover, he allowed address, activity, or intelligence to the himself to be surprised by me.
This was French. When they get from under the a great fault. He ought to have been enfuar of the lash, they obey nobody. In a camped from the beginning of June, as retreat they cannot be inanaged ; and if he must have known tliat I intended to they meet with wine, they are so many attack him. He might have lost every devils (tanti diavoli;, and adieu to subor- thing. But he has been fortunate ; his dination. I saw the retreat of Moore, and destiny has prevailed; and every thing he I never witnessed any thing like it. It did will meet with applause. Myintentions was impossible to collect or make them do were, to attack and destroy the English any thing. Nearly all were drunk. Your army. This I knew would produce an officers depend on interest or money for immediate change of ministry. The inpromotion. Your soldiers are brave, no- dignation against them for having caused body can deny it; but it was bad policy | the loss of forty thousand of the flower of to encourage the military mania, instead of the English army, would have excited such sticking to your marine, which is the real a popular commotion, they would have force of your country, and one which, while been turned out. The people would have you preserve it, will always render you said, What is it to us who is on the throne powerful. In order to have good soldiers, of France, Louis or Napoleon ; are we to a nation must always be at war.'
sacrifice all our blood in endeavours to place . . If you had lost the battle of Waterloo,' on the throne a detested family? No we continued he, “what a state would England have suffered enough. It is no affair of have been in! The flower of your youth ours-letthem settleit amongst themselves. would have been destroyed; for not a man, They would have made peace. The Saxnot even Lord Wellington would have es- ons, Bavarians, Belgians, Wirtemburghers, caped.' [ observed here, that Ld. W. had would have joined me. The coalition was determined never to leave the field alive. nothing without England. The Russians Napoleon replied, “ he could not retreat. I would have made peace, and I should have He would have been destroyed with his been quietly seated on the throne. Peace army, if instead of the Prussians, Grouchy would have been permanent, as what could had come up.' I asked him if he had not France do after the treaty of Paris ? what believed for some time that the Prussians was to be feared from her ? who had shown themselves, were a part of • These,' continued he, were my reaGi’s corps.
He replied, “ certainly; and sons for attacking the English. I had I can now scarcely comprehend why it was beaten the Prussians. Before 12 o'clock à Prussian division and not that of G.'- I had succeeded. Every thing was mine, I then took the liberty of asking whether
, I may say, but accident and destiny decidf neither G. nor the Prussians had arrived, ed it otherwise. The English fought most it would not have been a drawn battle. – bravely doubtless, nobody can deny it. Napoleon answered, · The English army but they must have been destroyed. would have been destroyed. They were defeated at mid-day. But accident, or
We give some accounts of the remore likely destiny, decided that Ld. w. treat from Moscow:should gain it. I could scarcely believe I asked him, if in less rigorous climates that he would have given me battle ; be- the Poles were as good soldiers as the cause if he had retreated to Antwerp, as he French. Oh, no, no. In other places ought to have done, I inust have been the Frenchman is much superior. The overwhelmed by the armies of 3 or commandant of Dantzic informed me, that 400,000 men that were coming against me. during the severity of the winter, when the By giving me battle, there was a chance thermometer sunk 18 degrees, it was imfor me. It was the greatest folly to disu- | possible to make the French soldiers keep nite the English and Prussian armies. - their posts as sentinels, while the Pole sufThey ought to have been united ; and I fered nothing. Poniatowsky, continued cannot conceive the reason of their sepa- he, ' was a a noble character, full of honration. It was folly in W. to give me our and bravery. It wa; my intention to battle in a place, where, if defeated, all have made him king of Poland, had I sucmust have been lost, for lie could not re- ceeded in Russia.' I asked to what lie principally attributed his failure of that I attacked the Russian army of 250,000 cxpedition. • To the coll, the premature strong, entrenched up to their necks, with cold, and the burning of Moscow, replied 90,000, and totally defeated them. 70,000 Napoleon. I was a few days too late-I Russians lay on the field. They had the had mai'e a calculation of the weather for impudence to say that they had gained the fifty years before, and the extreme cold battle, though two days after I marched had never commenced until about the 2018 into Moscow. of Decenzber, twenty days later than it be
SKETCHES AND FRAGMENTS. gan this tnne.
While I was at Moscow, the cold was at three of the thermometer, By the Author of “ The Magic Lantern.' and was such as the French could with This little work appears to contai pleasurc hear; but on the march the ther- the unlaboured effusions of an elegant mometer sunk 18 degrees, and consequent- mind, expressed in pleasing and unafly nearly all the horses perished. In one night I lost 30,000. The artilery, of which
fected language. An entire sketch I had 500 pieces was in a great measure oblig- will enable our readers to judge for ed to be abandoned; neither anmunition nor themselves of the manner in which it provision could be carried. We could not is written, make a reconnaissance, or send out an advance of men on horseback to discover the
THE RING. way, through the want of horses. The Walking up St. James's Street a few soldiers lost tik ir spirits, fell into confusion days ago, I was attracted by some very and kust their senses. The most triffling beautiful specimens of bijouterie, displayed thing alarmed them. Four or 5 men were for sale in the window of a shop; and seesufficient to frighten a whole battalion. - ing a very curious antique ring, set in Instead of keeping together, they wander. diamonds, labelled for a sum that I fancied ed about in search of fire. Parties, when beneath its value, I was tempted to pursent out on chaty in advance, abandoned chase it. Examining my bargain while their posts, and went to seek the means of sitting in my easy chair after dinner, I warning themselves in the houses. They dropped asleep, as is my usual custom ; separated in all directions, became helpless, and the ring being the last subject of my and foll an easy prey to the enemy:- thoughts, gave rise to the following dream. Others lay down, fell asleep, a little blood I thought that, while in the act of contemcame from their nostrils, and sloeping, they plating my new purchase, it thus addressed died. In this manner thousands perished. memand, however unnatural and improThe Poles saved some of their horses and bable it may seem, that an inanimate obartillery, but the French, and the soldiers ject should be gifted with the power of of the other nations I had with me, were speech, yet, with the usual incolierence of no longer the same men. In particular, a drean, all appeared to me perfectly corthe cavalry suffered. Out of 40,000, I do rect. not think that 3,000 were saved. Had it • Do not undervalue me because this not been for tiat fire at Moscow, I should day I came into your possession for a comhave succeedech I would have wintered paratively trifling sum. Though you see there. There were in that city, about me now with my lustre dimmed by age 10,000 citizens, wlro were in a manner and want of care, time was that I wore a slaves. For you must know that the Rus diferent aspect. In my fate you will see sian nobility keep their vassals in a sort of the lot of all sublunary grandeur, and I slavery. I would have proclaimed liberty shall therefore relate to you my eventful to all the slaves in Russia, and abolished history. vassalage and ncbility. This would have • I was purchaseel in Rome, where I was procured me the union of an immense and examined and adınired by many a virtuoso; powerful party. I would either have made but a young Englislnnan, on his travels, no a peace at Joscow, or else I would have sooner saw me than he wished to possess mr.arched the next year to Petersburgh.- me. Doubtful, however, of his own skill Ilexander was assured of it, and sent bis as a connoisseur, he determined on consultdiamonds, valuables, and ships to England. ing a person considered a perfect judge in IIad it not been for that fire, I should have such matters; and, with all the unsuspisucceeded in every thing. I beat them 2 cious openness of his countrymen, told my Says before, in a great action at Moska; ou ner so. No sooner lyd he left the house,
than iny master hastened to the virtuoso and we had not been long there, when I that the Englishman had named as the ar- observed that my prison was never opened, biter of my destiny; and having originally that my master exhibited certain symptoms demanded double my value, he now offered of chagrin and impatience which boded a handsonne douceur to the antiquary, if he something disagreable. One day he seized could, by his commendations, ensure my my cage with a violence that threatened its sale to the young amateur. Those two annihilation, and flattered me with the hope precious Romans soon came to a perfect of liberty: but the lock soon obeyed his understanding; in a day or two the bar. h and ; and from the frequent exclamations gain was made, and I was consigned to the I heard him utter, of Cursed fool!'. Stucare of my new master. Though I dis pid dupe!' • Stingy father!' I guessed that liked the cupidity of my late owner, and something unusual had occurred, and I wished to leave him, still it was not with found he was writing to solicit frora his out a pang that I bade adieu to the lovely father fresh supplies. His application cameos and intaglios that had been so long failed of success, but brought him a reeaba my neighbours in the same drawer; and We soon bade adieu to Paris, and set out the precious antique gems that had been for England,--that country of whose so often in close contact with me, never wealth I had heard so much, and whose appeared to possess so many charms as in sons have been considered as the natural the moment that I was torn from them for prey of the artful and designing. ever. My vanity, however, consoled me • The first gleam of light that visited me for the separation ; for it had been cruelly in England shone through the dusty panes wounded by having overheard my crafty of a window in the Custom House at Do. countryman say, that he had two loles, ver; where my prison was unceremoniously one on a beryl, and another on a sardonyx, opened, and my companions and myself both far superior to me, who am, as you exposed to the view of a crowd of spectaperceive, an agate, and that he heartily tors, amidst a heap of clothes-bags, dressing. wished me off bis hands, as no one but an cases, port-feuilles, portmanteaus, china, Englishman would buy me.
artificial flowers, &c. &c. &c. Never shall • My new master having looked at me I forget the scene that presented itself to with a carelessness that bespoke him as The looks of inexorable rigidity of little interested as skilled in antiques, con- the custom-house officers,--the pale faces signed me to his writing-box : where I lay of the owners of the various properties, side by side with many other articles of virtu, which told a piteous tale of sufferings past, and surrounded by all the gages d'amour and from which they had not yet recovered. with which he had been favoured since he The soiled dresses, mis-shaped hats and left college. Here I law in inglorious ob- bønnets, and uncurled ringlets falling over scurity for some time ; for though my pri- languid cheeks,
showed the ladies in no son was frequently opened, to draw from very favourable point of view; while the it a fresh supply of money, I remained un- unshorn chins, and rumpled neckcloths of noticed. At length, by finding my cage the gentlemen, betrayed that they had not moved about, I guessed that a change in escaped the disasters of the briny element. my destiny was taking place, and I soon Each individual stood close to his or her discovered, by the rumbling motion and property; and all personal suffering aprude jolts which I experienced, that I was peared to be forgotten in the anxiety leaving my native city, the once proud and which they felt to recover their possesimperial capital of the world. I shall pass sions from the ruthless fangs of the customover the grief which this parting caused house officers. One lady was declaring me; nor shall I dwell on the disagremens that a piece of fine Mecklin lace, found in that took place between my fellow-travellers her band-box, was English manufacture ; and myself on the journey: our careless and another was insisting that a piece of master had bestowed so little attention in French silk, which was discovered peeping packing us, that we frequently experienced through her pocket-hole, was merely the some of the unpleasant rubs of life. The lining of her dress. Lonumerable female glass that covered a portrait fell a victim voices, all speaking together, were beard to one of the quarrels, and some beautiful around, making confusion doubly confused; Roman shells were shattered into fragments, while the gentlemen, who appeared less
We proceeded to Florence, and thence able to argue with the revenue officers, conto Paris, where we took up our abode; ' tented themselves with unidezvaluing their
properties, that the duties might be pro- of my prison, and consigned, with some portionally reduced. I made one reflection other articles of virtu, to the fair sister of on the scene around me, which was, that my master. She admired me extremely ; the female sex are all addicted to dealing but returned me to her brother, with the in contraband goods, or smuggling, as it observation, that he had better reserve me was there called; for out of above 50 la- for the finger of a fair female friend of hers, dies present, there was not one who did to whom he was to be presented at dinner; not endeavour to defraud the revenue. but to all his enquiries as to the name of
• After witnessing several animated con. this fair unknown, she declined giving any tests, and countless seizures, it at length information. came to my turn to be examined, and I • I was placed on the dressing-table of felt my dignity not a little oftended by my master, and could not help observing being taken up between the soiled finger that when attiring himselffor dinner this day, and thumb of one of the inspectors, who, he bestowed more than his accustomed care after viewing me for a moment, pronounced in arranging his neckcloth, and giving his me English, which my master having with hair that careless waving flow so much adrather a disdainful smile tacitly admitted, mired by travelling beaus. I had hitherto I was restored to my old abode, and with fancied that the male sex were superior to my companions, again huddled up in our the minor considerations of personal deconarrow cell.
rations; but I now discovered that no • The scene I had witnessed conveyed no blooming nymph of seventeen, at her first favourable impression of England ; and I presentation, could have taken more pains could not help ejaculating to myself, Is in displaying her charms to the best advanthis, then, that famed land of freedom of tage, than did my master on the present which I have so often heard ; and whose occasion. I felt considerable interest to laws, and protection of private property, know the result of his interview with the are so frequently held up to admiration? fair unknown, hut had no means of gratiHow prone are mankind to misrepresent, fying my curiosity. I remarked, however, and exaggerate; and how ill governed must that from this eventful day, be appeared this same England be, and how defective more than usually anxious to adorn his its laws, when the goods, for which an in- person to the best advantage ; and at the dividual has paid his money, and which, of end of a few weeks, I observed him draw course, have become his property, are ta- a small torquoise ring from his finger, ken from him without even civility of an which he kissed with a rapture that excited excuse, and this by the very officers em- my astonishment mingled with indignation, ployed to carry their boasted laws into that an ornament so inferior to myself effect! I made many more wise reflections could be so valued, while I was left whole on laws and governments, but of which, as weeks unnoticed on the dressing-table, or they did not concern my history, I shall only casually touched by the housemaid spare you the recital ; let it suffice to say, when arranging the room. At length I that no where had I heard law and justice was one day taken up, and conveyed by my so violently denounced as in an English master to a celebrated jeweller, to whose custom-house : and there it was I first care be consigned me, with particular inlearned that they are not synonymous terms. junctions to have me reset
, encircled with • The motion of the vehicle, as we rolled diamonds, and made to the size of a very along from Dover towards London, was so small gold ring which he left as a pattern. different from that to which I had bitherto He gave innumerable directions, expresbeen accustomed, that I concluded the roads sive of his anxiety to have me completed ; in England to be much better, or that some all of which convinced me that I was depeculiar excellence appertained to English signed for the finger of some fair lady, and horses or postilions. My travelling com- the unknown immediately occurred to my panions and I agreed much better; and du- memory. The jeweller, whose only object ring our journey from Dover to the metro- was to incur as much expense to his empolis, we maintained our equilibrium with ployer as possible, encircled me with a row perfect decorum, and had not a single rup- of brilliants, so large as nearly to hide my
diminished head ; and having now all the • We arrived in the British capital on a appearance of a nodern antique, I was fine evening in May; and I was the next restored to my master, and the next day morning released from the narrow precincts I was placed by him on one of the most