To him who made thee ever for the sweet news

as him-Nine o'clock, the hour of we place the pleasing thought of shutting up...

ijt of spending the declining years of life Speaketh of being in labour--the amidst those scenes that delightea sun goes to bed then, then' our younger days. Far from home, • Alutton Pyes, of delicate make, all in a strange country, the mind gion hot'-—' eating and drinking-— Por- at the sight of a prospect, which bears ter from the butt'— the summum of a resemblance to those views that surall happiness.

rounded the objects of our earliest re• Wise, like whys' Quantum collection. You may-mingle - with suff '-out' and in'— Pyes feelings of peculiar delight in the soand Porter, Pyes and Porter 0 !! ciety of strangers ; but you enter the Hail, ninc o'clock! the long, long-wish'd for hour

company of pour countrymen; whom Of shutting shop! Hark, how the full-toned bell, accident or choice has assembled in With lingering solemness, the long hour tolls !

a stranger's country, with spirit and 0! whe! thou clappest nine, I love thee, bell, With all thy solemness ; and joy I wish

enthusiasm. Faces that you never

saw before are greeted in the kindlies Which thou, when striking nine, diost tell to me, Attend, yo youths of Glasgow-writer's clerks,

tone in the friendliest voice and in Or meruorinen, or whatsoc'er may be

the cheering words of welcome. The Your occupation, calling, character!

conversation is home. Oceurrences Attend the strain, in which your poet will, With art suprem-with wonder-working wit,

that formerly had but little intrinsie Make kaowo to you a groat and glorious set importance, become valuable from the Of reasons, emblems of man's wisitom! which Make him, ayd you yourselves, perhaps,

places in which they fell out. This Like nine o'clock, the hour of shutting up! company is a band of brothers, whom Lab'ring all day with packing stick or peu, With hezd, or feet, or tongue, or hand, or naught,

distance has endeareil to cach other How tired are we of working, at the time

by the tenderesi ties of nature. Here, When the stars rise, and the sun goes to bed! we revise and give utterance to those Then, then, also; then, the!'s the time, ye youths When Mutton-Pyes, of delicate make, are hot! passages of early life which were, oriAnd. O to cut them so, and to drink then, ginally, either &musing or distressing From pewter pot, fine Porter from the butt, Most surely is the summum of all happiness !

Our hearts are nourished by the reThese are the reasons, these the wise like whys," membrance of the past. And here, Which make me love aye the nine-striking bell ! There's quantum suff of them-think ye not so?

we enjoy, in recollection, what for Yes, and the hour is past, the shuts are on;

merly imparted but a slender pleasure. Ont is the Gas, and we must go, or else


should have occasion to over

haul your trunk this pair of Bibles, Away! thc Pyes are hot, The Beer is running in the Pewter Pot. I got from my mother--my sister Away, away! and sing as ye do go,

gave me these neckcloths this is her O Pyes and Porter, Pyes and Porter 0!

marking on my shirts and this

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 ]۶۰۹) - .

broach she used to wear my brother

bought this case of razors this 1,;'

pocket-book was my father's-1-and my THE

uncle made a present of this wateh to PLEASURES of RECOLLECTION, For hours together, you take To the Editor of the Melange.

pleasure in reviewing the contents of

your trunk ; ' and every time you red * Mr. Editory The pleasures of turn to it, some 'one object, or anrecollection, though perhaps not so other, recals forcibly to your mind a varied as those of imagination, are train of the most pleasureable ideas. yet as, exalled in their nature. Next Should you pass on year after year, to our religious feelings and hopes,' the mind freskens at the sight of the

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saine objects-new trains of thought stitution, and it is are suggested-new recollections arise. it is this delusion that animates the They take fast hold of the soul ; and breast of the patriot, and that makes they become the joy and the rejoicing every one fond of prolonged existence, of your heart.

and this delusion is a consolation Your return home after a long ab-fondly to be indulged. The aspect of the town and

D. M. J. the country is changed. The recol- Anderston Walk, lections of past days are, however,

5th November, 1822. ill the subjects you take most delight in 1 talking of. You ask for this person and that. You are told they are

A SAILOR'S JOURNAL. dead. Then you remember some interesting occurrence, in which you Hove out of Portsmouth, on board, and they were concerned. He is the Britannia Fly, a swift sailor-man dead! you say, 'when died he? I outside birth—-rather drowsy first had a strong liking to him. I met watch or two—like to have slipt off once with a good-hearted fellow, to the stern-cast anchor at the George whom I was very much attached on —took a fresh quod, and a supply of account of a similarity of character. grog-comforted the upper-works for him.

spoke several homeward-bound friYou avuil yourself of the first op- gates on the road—and, after a tolerportunity of perambulating those able smooth voyage, entered the port scenes which delighted you, in re- of London at ten minutes past five, collection, when far distant. You post meridian-steered to Nan's ludg. visit the places that in youth you fre- ings-unshipt my cargo - Nair adquented. Their presence recals many mired the shiners so did landlord an interesting occurrence, many an gave them a handful a-piece-emptied amusing past-time, and many a fro- a bottle of the right sort with landlord, licsome diversion. The eddying pool to the health of Lord Nelson-all where you learned to swim-the three set sail for the play-got a birth fields in which you used to chase the in the cabin to the larboard side butterfly, and the wild-heo--the woods wanted to smoke a pipe, but the boatand hollges in which you had disco- swain would not let me--Nan called vered the nest of the linnet, and of the the play Pobzaro, with Harilkin Hama" black-birdthe streamulets from which let---but d me, if I 'knew stem you were wont to take the timorous from stern-remember to rig out trout, and the lake on which you, in Nan, like the fine folks in the cabin the winter season, had learned to right a-head-saw-Tom Junk aloft in skate. These are the places that de- the corner of the upper deck-hailed lighted you in recollection. You him—the signal returned—some of the saunter among them with more heart- lubbers in the cock pit began to laugh felt enjoyment, than all the fields of — Tipt them a little forecastle lingo Elysium have ever produced. The till they sheered off-emptied the grog beauties of your birth-place never lose hottle-fell fast asleep_dreamt of their power to charın. Call all this, the battle of Camperdown my landa Mr. Editor; a delusion, if you choose ; lord told me the play was over-glad it is a delusion to which I yield with- of it-crowded all sail for 'a haekrieg out a grudge--it is a part of my con- coachi--got on board_squally weather

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sifatket ihelined to be sea-sick-ar with all their divine eloquence, they fived at Nani's lodgingsdgave the pi- are nothing more than men. The lót a two pound note, and told him endless compass of Milton's genius not to mind the changesupped with the world of imagery with which his Nan, and swang in the same hammock mind was stored, and his'acquaintance looked over my rhino in the morn- with every species of literature, have ingh great deal of it to be sure but proved, in many instances, more that I hope, with the help of a few frieuds, a match for his judgment, leading to spend every shilling of it in a little hiih away into digressions which his tinie, to the honour and glory of old admirable taste would have enabled England...

him to avoid: This is nowhere more sitt plassbestehen

remarkable than in his speeches. The

beauty of some of these have obtained vion 1373

universal applause, but the tediousness, CRITIQUE ON CERTAIN PASSAGES OF pedantry, and prolixity of others, are hu, A PARADISE LOST. justly liable to censure: witness that

of the angel Raphael to Adam, Every person of taste, who has read Book V. line 404 et seq." In that this, immortal

, poem, must have risen beautiful hymn, from which Thomson from the peruşal with sentiments of profound admiration. The grandeur

a century after, took the idea of his

no less beautiful one to the Seasons, of the subject, the astonishing fertility Adam speaks of the fixed stars, the of invention-the daring fights of fancy, and the heavenly spirit which planets

, and other circumstances, fa presades the whole-have stamped it, ledge. not merely, as the first of British

There is a curious conceit in Book poems but as one of the greatest in- v. line 215 et seq. tellectual performances ever atcheived

Issit ses it by the mind of man. But, in this

or they led the vine

To wed her elm; she’spouset about him twing, poem, 89 honourable to Milton, and

her brings

Her dower, th' adopted clusters to the country which gave him birth,

4*, W 100 furona there are athousand faults intermingled After all, conceits of this kind are: with its beauties, and a thousand not unfrequent, and produce a very omissions and inconsistencies, which a incongruous figure in such a dignified lesser, but more correct genius, would poem as Paradise Losto, Milton bad have avoided. These errors, in truth, undoubtedly a wonderful genius for are attached to every man of great ori- amplification ; but the exercise of this ginal mind. They are mingled like faculty, it must be admitted, rather exweeds in a garden of flowers, and cites admiration at his fertility, than. stand up as foils beautiful objects which surround them. similes, the main objects are frequently

billets, to the more any real feeling of pleasure. In his.. There is not a page of Shakespeare noble; but by amplifying and narrating or Homer without blemishes of this circumstances connected with the obe? description, Even when the minds jects assimilated,' he is apt to tire the of these, diving writers are elevated on memory, and prevent us from petçein1 the pinions of the highest genius, fre- ing, at one glance, the true nature of quem bursts of error and absurdity his comparisons. We are told by all break forth to spoil the purity of their critics, that the power of every skumle za emanations, and to remind us that, lies in its briefness, aptness, intelligini

Her marriagable arms, and

His barren leaves.'


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bleness, and power that it should son. weaken its force, and render it strike us at one glancemand not difficult to be understoode Upless, a merely enoble, lut as it were, illustrate siunile is comprehended at pace, its the subject. The Osianic símiles ade magie is broken instead of enlighn every where of this descriptions are tening the mind, it spreads overig the sublimest.comparisons of the sacred nothing bnt mystery. and confusion. writings So are those of almost every There is hardly an, author, against great poeto Milton must be allowed whom so many charges of the same to stand an eminent exception; but kind may be brought. If, in many his singularity is to be made no rule cases, the circumstance alluded to pres for imitation or does it, in any degree, duces an agreeable effect, and, if in affect the soundness of the remark, all, it enhances, in our opinion, the that every simile to be strong, should authors fertile fancy, yet we must be be short and simple. The complexity allowed to say, that it is extremely of Milton's comparisons is not their liable to weaken the main object to beauty, but their fault. They are draw off too much the attention, and great amidst all their expansion, and weary it by searching for the real would undoubtedly be greater, if they bearing of the passage. Besides such were of a simpler kind.

clipping down is often · inconsistent The following is a very striking il- with the fervour, and conveys an idea lustration, book I. line 301. of the poet rather purposely expanding "His legions, angel-forms that lay entranced,

his subject than composing, as Milton Thick as autumnal leaves that strew the brooks undoubtedly did, under the very in In Vallombrosa, where the Etrurian shades High over-arch'd imbow'r; or scatter'd scdge spiration of poetry: ' A float, when with fierce winds Orion arm'd Hath vexd the Red Sea poast, whose waves o'er.

It may be observed, that poems!

which interest the passions chiefly, Busiris and his Mernphian cavalry.'

are more generally read and tellished In the first place, we are here apt to than those which touch the imaginaforget the objects to which the multi- tion. Almost every one has a heart tude of his followers are compared. capable of understanding appeals 'di_? Not contented with comparing them rected to it-but every one has tot tout autumnal leaves,' he says, they that brillianicy of fancy which can føle were thick as autumnal leaves that low after, and relish the ideal 'Aights strew the brooks in Vallombrosa, of imagination. Fancy and passion where Etruriani slades high over- are different faculties. Often they are arch'd imhow't! This last circum- found blended powerfully in one stance has little connection with the mind-but sometimes they are com? objects of comparison, leaves. It pletely separated each exercising therefore amplifies the scene, and, by unrivalleled empire. Hence the an over-gorgeousness of objects, dis-grand division of poetry into that of tracts the mind, as to the one body fancy and pasions. The former, wide, compared to the other. The same and varierl, is the product of a mind remark applies to the introduction of glowing with imagery and invention. the Red-Sea, and of Busiris, and his The latter issues purely from a warm," Memphian cavalry, with other circum- ardent heart-brings home everything stances which follow after these. Now to our bosom, and makes us witnesses these are very beautiful, when ab- of feelings we ourselves háve often? strictedly considered ; but it is quite felt. The former astonishes the obvious, that they clog the compari- latter delights. The first is more


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- plearly allied to the epio, the last to great phénoinena of nature. Now all

the tragic Muse." We seldom indeed these conjectures seem to be insuffifind an anthor,' who has the one in cient to explain convulsions so extenany considerable degree without the sive, produced at the same time over other. At the same time we must such large portions of the earth, as observe, that the loftiest of the facul- those which take place during earthties is that of imagination. There is quakes. The most probable opinion, absolutely no part of the first order of the only one which seems to us to genius who has it not in a high de- reconcile, in a certain degree, the gree. The niost splendid images of energy, the extent of these phenomena, poetry—the intricacy of every situa- and often their frightful correspondence tion, and the speil which binds the in the most distant countries of the whole, are all brought about by the globe, would be to suppose, conformplay of a vigorous fancy. But this able to many other physical indications, talent, the prerogative of genius, is that the solid surface on which we denied in any potency to more hum- live is but of inconsiderable thickness ble minds, whose powers are rather in comparison with the semi-diameter strong than comprehensive, and exer- of the terrestrial globe ; is in some cise themselves with vigour, though measure only a recent shell, covering in a narrow range. Whence we may a liquid nucleus, perhaps still in a faceount for the tict, that the greatest state of ignition, in which great chepoets please less, universally, than mical or physical phenomena, operatthose of a secondary order, and that ing at intervals, cause those agitations the pages of Milton can be perused, which are transmitted to us.' The by many persons of strong minds and countries where the superficial crust acute feelings, only as a task in which is less thick or less strong, or more the judgment is bewildered and lost, recently or more imperfectly consoliin a maze of incomprehensible gran- dated, would, agreeably to this hypodeur.

thesis, be those the most liable to be convulsed and broken by the violence

of those internal explosions. "Now, if # EARTHQUAKES.

we compare together the experiments M. Biot, in a paper on earthquakes, on the length of the pendulum, which which he lately made public, concludes have been made for some years past with the following passage:- In the with great accuracy, from the north of infancy of Cheinistry and Natural Scotland to the south of Spain, we Philosophy, it was imagined that earth- readily perceive, that the intensity of quakes might be easily explained : in gravitation decreases on this space, as proportion as these sciences have be- we go from the Pole towards the come mure correct and more profound, Equator, more rapidly than it ought this confidence has decreased. But, to do upon an ellipsoid, the concenby a propensity for which the character tric and similar strata of which should

ofthe hunan mind sufficiently accounts, have equal densities at equal depths ; all the new physical agents which have and the deviation is especially sensible been successively discovered, such as about the middle of France, where too electricity, magnetism, the inflamation there has been observed a strikiug itof gases, the decomposition and re- regularity in the length of the degrees composition of water, have been main- of the Earth. This local decrease of tained in theories as the causes of the gravity in these countries should seem

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