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struction, through the medium of a free As there are few heiresses, marriuges $"" press would be beneficial to the colony at are usually contracted either from motives large. he

of personal affection, or a desire of posThere are few of the elements of repub- terity. Now, as the forner of these oblicanism to be discovered here, nor can I jects may be attained without the shackles find any point of resemblance between of matrimony, which is by many considered

these Africans and the old Spartans, but essential only for the purpose of legitimiza ssd in their common 'admiration of thieving, ing the issue, they sometimes have re111; both mistaking tascality for a proper de course to a very delicate sort of arrangeni gree of dexterity and ingenuity. A ment, which is worthy of notice. 'The swindler is called a slim fellow at the Cape. parties meet together under a provisional

There are å Lutheran, a Calvinistic contract or promise of marriage as man church, and numerous dissenting chapels and wife: if the lady conceives, the cereat the Cape; but the lessons of religion mony is performed in good time; if there are little taught, and still less put in prac- is no appearance of progeny, their inno tice. The moral virtues seem not to be cent pleasures may be prolonged without implanted by nature. There is no law of detriment, till passion is satiated, or other nature, that I know of, which teaches the motives may induce a separation. I am restraint of those dangerous propensities, sorry to say, our own countrymen are, as

the indulgence of which infringes upon usual when from home, most forward in Til the peace and order of society, Nature every excess. This is an old saying in

does not prohibit the coveting another Italy: Inglese Italionato e diavolo incar. man's wife, or another man's goods, but nato.'

rather seems to say, . If this thing hits thy The word delicacy, which has under?fancy, take it to thyself—if this man gone such revolutions, and at this day

troubles thee, even put away his life.' means such different things in different Have, then, those philosophers by whom countries, may be said to have no place at virtue is termed, tyrannic custom,' and all in the Dutch Cape nomenclature. As faith, "an obscene worm,' maturely consi- an instance of this, the ceremony of mar

dered the nature of man, when they talk riage is usually performed in open church $huis of disencumbering him of his shackles ; on Sundays, during the hours of public

for he does not appear to move with service. On such occasions, men are apt greater ease or dignity without them. to sneak into church, and sneak out again;

Decency is seldom openly outraged in but a young lady of the Cape is not satis the disgraceful manner we daily witness tied unless she can display her unblushing at home, though vice has an unlimited sway charms and her wedding dress to the gaze "in the walks of private life. There is more of an unlimited number of spectators. temperance and moderation amongst the A Dutchman was engaged to be married female part of the world, because a lack to an English lady residing at the Cape, of chastity is more a thing of course. whose father had stipulated to pay down a Where women can be profligate without certain sum of money, by way of portion, shame, they rarely exhibit to the eye those on his daughter's wedding day. The day grosser excesses which, in other countries, arrived, and the bride and bridegroom, where disgrace and infamy are attached to with the friends of both parties, assembled the indulgence of these · venial delights,'

: in splendid attire at the father's bouse, on so frequently shock us. Conjugal fidelity their way to church. At length, every is rarely to be met with here. The men preparation for the ceremony being comhave their slave girls, without any dis- pleted, all rose up to go, when thie brideagreeable feelings on the part of their groom, instead of leading his fair bride to wives; and these, again, hare their cicis- the altar, paused for a few inoments, in an boés, with the good will and permission of attitude of calculation, and then suddenly

their husbands. An intrigue, with an un- advancing to the father, and striking his married young lady, under a promise of fist upon the table, broke out into this de marriage, has this unpleasant consequence licate exclamation before the whole party. attending it: if the lady can bring proof I tell you vat, if I no get the rix-dollar

of such promise, and chooses to exact the I no take the vife.' - performance of it, the party is compelled Slave girls, when possessed of any pereither to marry her or to leave the colony. sonal charms, are an invaluable property,

They are sent forth clegantis equipped, alt

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and are immediately hired of the owner, ! When we consider the long time
either by the month or year, or perhaps that Greece has been under the do-
purchased altogether by some enamoured mmion of conquerors, "and especially
admirer, ,If this property should belong
to a lady, the traffic is not considered as the dreadful tyranny under which it
indelicate, but an honest source of emolu- at present labours, we ought not
ment, which it would be fastidiousness to surely to be surprised that the present
decline. A married lady, of great respec- Greeks are sodiiferent from the former.
tability, was possessed of a slave girl,
whom she had regularly hired to an Easi Oppression is the sure cause of de-
India officer by the month; but the girl moralization; it spreads its båneful
had the presumption to engage in other effects over all under its power,
amours, and he made a complaint of this purses in the breasts of the oppressed,
impertinent conduct to the mistress in the deceit and cunning--alarmed to give
public dancing assembly, with an intent of
having her punished, The lady very com-

free vent to their feelings of indignaposedly told him the fault was his own, tion at the injuries they receive, their that he ought to purchase the girl at once. complaints are uttered in low and sul• Ex una disce omnes.'

len murmurings-unable to assert This is a very disgusting, but a very true their just rights, and to punish their “: picture of natural morality.

oppressors by open force, they employ The pusillanimity of the Africanos was artifice for the gratification of their conspicuous enough in the last capture of the Cape. The epitaph in Westminster revenge. Thus, that free and manly Abbey, which so nobly commemorates the spirit, possessed by nations enjoying the family of the Lord Lucas of Colches- the blessings of liberty, 'will never be ter, wherein it is said, that all the broth- found in Greece, or any other country ers were valiant, and all the sisters virtu- in similar circunstances.' ous,' might be aptly reversed to pourtray the qualities of an African family.

But it cannot be justly said, that the Greeks are more debased than some other people in Europe. By

the misrepresentation of travellers, and To the Editor of the Melange. the prejudiced accounts of merchants REMARKS

in the Levant, we have formed the lowest opinion of their moral state.

But these individuals have seen the 1, PRESENT STATE of the GREEKS.

worst of the Greeks, and even those In the present state of the affairs in the most unfortunate circumstances, of Greece, any thing connected with unprotected by any law, liable to be that country cannot but be interest- imposed on, and defrauded by the

ing.' The history of ancient Greece - Franks, equally with the Turks, they its poets, statesmen, and the heroic are forced, for their own preservation, exploits of its warriors, have been the to resort to the same means of deceit subjects of our early education, and and injustice, which are employed by

the admiration of our more advanced others against them. The enlightened " years. Now, learning and liberty have and disinterested scholar," who repairs

deserted their former favourite abodes, to Greece, not for personal aggrandize

and the present inhabitants are so ment, but to view those scenes already it changed, and possess so few of the familiarized to him in story, and for

characteristics of their predecessors, wbich he has cherished feelings of that it is 'now become a matter of veneration, and who has had an opdispute, whether or not they can lay portunity of observing a Greek of the claim to them as ancestors.

better sort, has been at no loss to dis


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cover, in the degenerate son, the own country, and the possession of true lineaments of his illustrious father. which has cost them a life of severe

Nor is it true, that the Greeks do studya : The Greeks, in general, senot possess the genius of their ances ceive a good, though not a liberal tors. Greece has given birth to men education ; but, from the system of of the most cultivated ability, who policy in the country, they éan never would reflect honour on any coun- arrive at any great proficiency in the try ; but the recollections of the for- more useful departments of literature. mer glory of their nation, contrasted They possess no means of improvewith its present condition—the un- ment ; no books are allowed to be supportable tyranny of its rulers—the disseminated, but a few of the most debased and servile state of their countrifling and despicable kind. Thus the trymon-have forced them from their learning of the Greeks must remain native soil. Though exiles in a fo- light and superficial. ' reign land, their thoughts are ever Poetry is the chief study of the turned to their former homes : and Greeks, and gives them great delight. they have devoted all their talents to It is wild and unconnected_filled the improvement of their countrymen. with figures and similies--more reGrammars, Lexicons, and other liter- markable for passion and imagination Tary productions, are the labours of than feeling and nature-possessing, some ; but others, fired by a more ac- however, a considerable sweetness. tive patriotism, have lampooned, and It partakes more of the Eastern richassailed in other ways, the enslavers ness than the Grecian simplicity. of their country.

Every trifling circumstance calls forth Although it is comparatively few the Muse; and the great number of of the Greeks that possess a liberal their love and convivial songs, 'shows education, which is only to be pro- the fertility of their poetic powers. cured abroad, yet the whole nation Bad as the Grecian poetry is, we canare acute and ingenious. The an- not believe it could obtain among a cient Greeks devoted no part of their people so degraded as the Greeks are time to the study of any language but represented to be. their own. The whole force of their But there are a few poets of a genius was directed to the study of the higher rank than those to whom we - arts and sciences, and to this perhaps have already alluded, who tune their may be ascribed their perfection in lyres to nobler strains the injuries those things to which their attention and emancipation of their country. was turned. But the exertion of the Possessing, in an eminent degree, the modern Grecks have been directed to poetical genius of their pation, and, the acquirement of languages, and in fired by patriotism, they have com

this, they have displayed the most un- posed songs that are sung thoughout rivalled "powers. Possessing a fine all Greece, and which kindle, in the and discerning ear--a flexibility of breasts of their countrymen, the greattongue-and a most astonishing me- est enthusiasın. Very remarkable "mory, the youngest is soon enabled to is the similarity of idea in the song speak a variety of tongues : Jikewise, with which I will conclude these rethose of the lowest ranks are able to marks, and one of our own at present make themselves understood in lan- so much admired and so popular. guages that are spoken only by the To some it may appear that the most learned and accomplished of our translation is unworthy to be com

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pared with our native ballad; but he Though you have made a slight alwho consults the original will perhaps teration in the letters of your names

, I find that Riga was scarcely inferior to will not affect ignorance of the person Bwins.

who so unaccountably addresses me; WAR SONG,

and I wish, for your own sake, that BY RIGA, A GREEK.

you had shown the same want of afGreeks arise! the day of glory fectation on your part. Your pretendComes at last, triumphant dawning : Let us all in future story,

ing to belong to the respectable family Rival our forefathers fame!

of the Ogles, when there is such good Under foot the yoke of tyrants,

grounds to suspect that you belong to Let us now indignant trample, the Goggles, which every body knows Mindful of the great example,

is but a distant branch of the Ogle And avenge our country's shame.

family, and long since disowned by
To arms, then, our country cries: them for their misbehaviour in church,
Sons of the Greeks, arise ! arise !
Until the blood, in purple flood,

is a piece of presumption which, by no From the hated foe,


enhances you in my estimation. Beneath our feet, shall flow. That you belong to this family, there Whether now, alas! retreating,

can be little doubt, and if there were Limbs where Grecian blood is beating ?

any, the strong family likeness you beBreathe again, ye spirits fleeting. Now your scattered force recal,

tray, particularly about the eyes, will At my trumpet's voice resounding,

always be sufficient to identify you, Towards the seven hill'd city bounding when you happen to go a-miss-ingFly, and conquer for your all.

The Ogle family have always been To arms, &c.

remarked for the becoming diffidence Sparta ! Sparta! why in slumber? of their demeanour ; and when the Why in lethargy so deep ? Rouse thyself, thy friend awaken,

gentlemen belonging to this family Glorious Athens, from her sleep. were disposed to have a look at a Call to mind thy ancient warrior, lady, their eyes were raised from the Great Leonidas, of old,

ground, with respectful timidity, to the Mighty man of fame immortal,

object of their regard, and withdrawn, The tremendous, and the bold.

with modest confusion, when their To arms, &c. See him, where the noble patriot,

tender secret appeared to be discoverAll the invading war withstands.

ed. Their amiable feelings woull At Thermopylæ victorious,

have been shocked at the idea of alO'er the flying Persian bapds.

lowing their eyes to fall, from the With his brave three hundred heroes, roof of a church, upon any lady, more Forward on the lion goes, Planging through the blood of battle,

so on the lady they professed to esteem. To the centre of his foes.

You seem to take a little merit to To arīns, &c.

yourself, for not lifting your eyes off the minister and casting them upon me.

If I may judge of the weight ANSWER FROM MISS A.

of your eyes, from the heaviness To Mr. John Ogle.

of your eye-brows, it would be a lift SIR-As you have thought pro- not easily accomplished; and, as før per to enclose me a No. of the Me- casting them, that is out of the Jange, with a request that I would question ; your wisest plan would be carefully peruse the letter signed John to let them fall, which, I suppose, you Ogle, as it contained the genuino sen- did, on a late occasion, on the head timents of your palpitatory bosoin. of the precentor, which might be the

G. D.


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cause of his being so uncommonly, on this head, for believe 'me, John, heavy, when he ought to have been at- we really felt for your situation., tending to bis duties. You also in- Hoping you will be able to collect form that you are not the head so much from my answer, as will serve taller than any in the congregation, to regulate your conduct in future, and that

i do not stand upon any

I remain, thing. Of the comparative stature of

Your most obt. gentlemen, I don't pretend to be a

A judge ; but as to your standing, you P.S.Be a good bay, and it's hard . at least don't to stand upon ce to say


may happen. b, remony, when you can address, in so

public a manner, a person who has not the honour of your acquaintance.

"LORD LOVAT, Your experience in optics,' Mr. of all the Chiefs who figured in Ogle, I am not inclined to call in the unfortunate attempt of 1745, cerquestion, for really, John, considering tainly the most singular and notorious, their size, your management of them was Simon Fraser of Lovat. To the is remarkably expert, and you make wild ferocity, unsubdued passions, and them perform their obliquities with as cunning and caprice of savage life, he much precision, as if their motions added the insinuating address, dissiwere regulated by a pendulum.-mulation, and crafty policy, of a more That they make impressions is also a civilized state. Bold, restless, aspirtruth, which the poor female, who ing, and avaricious in the extreme, he fainted beside me, found to her expe- was continually plotting the means of rience, as you, no doubt, had been self-aggrandizement ; false and deceit

ogling and frightening into fits, as the ful, he was profuse of oaths and pro14 poor crcature, no doubt, imagined she mises, when in his heart he had rehad seen something

solved to act contrary to his protestaI am sorry to be obliged to say any tions. But his schemes often failed thing harsh to a gentleman who seems through a refinement of cunning; to stand so well with himself ; but while his restless and turbulent dispothere is a degree of self-sufficiency in sition was continually leading him into your epistle, which is quite subversive new plots, until at last his intrigues of that respectful line of conduct, which brought him to the scaffold. His ought to be pursued by every gentle- station in life, and the period in which man, who acknowledges him.self af- he lived, were unfortunately too fafected with a palpitation in the sto-vourable for the developement of such mach.' Your' suspicion, that I am a character. Living in a remote part privy to your · glances,' and have set of the country, and the head of a peoa young lady to watch you, is ridicu-ple, who knew no law but the nod of culous enough. To be serious with their chief, he exercised an authority you, Mr. Ogle, we were both equally nothing short of regal sway, his vioat a loss to tell what could be the lent passions raged without controul, matter with you; and, from your and there was no enterprise, however

glances,' as you are pleased to call lawless, oppressive, or criminal, in them, were father inclined to suspect which he was not seconded by his folit was a paralytic affection, than an lowers. affection of a more tender description;

Simon was the son of Thomas your letter, however, has made us easy Fraser of Beaufort, the male heir of

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