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member, or to the house : I meant| A member then started up, saying, nothing ; King, lords and commons, “ I rise to reply to the right honourlords, king and commons.--com
member."- Lord Chatham mons, lords and king ;ria june to turned back, and fixed his eye on the ' in uno. I meant nothing ! indeed orator, who instantly sat down dumb:
I meant nothing."-" I don't wish then his lordship returned to his seat, * to push the matter further," said repeating as he hobbled along, the Lord Chathamn, in a voice a little above verses of Virgil: a whisper :--then, in a higher tone,-- * Ast Danaum progenes Agamemnoni* the moment a man acknowledges his æque phalanges, error, he coases to be guilty:--I
“ Ut videre virum, iulgentiaque arma per
umbras, s have a great regard for the honour
“ Ingenti trepidare metu, -pars vertere * able member, and as an instance of
retro, " that regard, I give him this advice :" “ Seu quondam petiere rates,-pars tolla pause of some moments ensuod,then, assuming a look of unspeakable
“Exiguam, inceptus clamor frustratur derision, he said in a kind of coilo
But Argive chefs, and Agamemnon's train, quial tone,--"Whenever that member when his refulgest arms tash'd through the shidy
means nothing, I recommend him to Tled from his well-known face, twith wonted fear, „“ say nothing."
As when his thund'ring sworri and pointed spear
Drove headlong to their ships, and gleand the On one occasion, while he was
They rais'd a feelie ety, with trembling notes : speaking, Sir William Young called But the weak voice deceird their gasping throats. out, “ question, question !"-lord Then placing kimself in his seat,-ie Chatham paused, then fixing on Sir exclaimed, ** Now let me hear what William a look of inexpressible disgust," the honourable member has to say exclaimed.--" pardon me Mr. Speak-" to me ?” On the writer's asking the “ er, my agitation :-when that mem- gentleman, from whom he heard this “ her calls for the question, I fear I anecdote--if the house did ni t laub * hear the knel of my country's ruin. at the ridiculous figure of the poor
When the Prussian subsidy, an un- member?—“ No sir,” he replied, "we popular measure, was in agitation in " were all too much awed to laugh.” the house of commons, lord Chatham But the most extraordinary instance justified it with infinite address : in- of his command of the house, is, the sensibly, he subdued all his audience, manner in which he fixed indelibly on and a murmur of approbation was Mr. Grenville, the appellation of the heard from every part of the house.- gentle shepherd.” “At this time," a Availing himself of the moment, his song of Dr. Howard, which began lordship placed himself in an attitude with the words, “ gentle shepherd tell of stern defiance, but perfect dignity, me where,”—and in which each stanza and exclaimed in his loudest tone,- ended with that line,-- was in every “ Is there an Austrian among you ? mouth. On some occasion, Mr. *** Let hin stand forward and reveal Grenville exclaimed, “ where is our “ himself.”
money ? where are our means? I On another occasion, immediately " say again, where are our means? after he had finished a speech, in the “ where is our money ?" he then sat house of commons, he talked out of down,—and lord Chatham paced slowit; and, as usual, with a very slow ly out of the house, humming the line siep. A silence ensued, till the door • Gentle Shepherd tell me where.”was opened to let him into the lobby: | The effect was irresistible, and sest
on Mr. Grenville the appellation of " is abstemious, temperate and regular. " the gentle shepherd.”
" Mr. Rigby indulges more in conviA gentleman mentioned the two last " vial pleasure, is an excellant bon circumstances to the late Mr. Pitt; “ vivint. amiable and engaging. Mr. the minister observed, that they were “ Pitt, by the most manly sense, and proofs of his father's ascendancy in the “ fine sallies of a warm and sportive house ; but that no specimens remaine 1“ imagination, can charın the whole od of the eloquence, by which that's day, and, as the Greek said, his enascendancy was procured. The gen-" tertainments please even the day tleman recommended to him to read after they are given. Mr. Rigby slowly his father's speeches for the re- “ has all the gybes and gambols, and peal of the stamp-act; and, while he “ Hashes of merriment, which set the repeated them, to bring to his mind,“ table in a roar; but--the day after, as well as he could, the figure, the “ a cruel headach at least frequently look, and the voice, with which his " succeces.-In short, I wish to spend father might be supposed to have pro- “ all my days with Mr. Pitt, but I nounced them. Mr. Pitt did so, and “ am afraid that at night, I should admitted the probable effect of the “ often skulk to Mr. Rigby and luis speech thus delivered.
“ friends." In private intercourse, lord Cha- Mr. Pitt's acceptance of a peerage tham though always lofty, was very in- would have been defensible, if it had sinuating. The prince of Wales, the not had the fatal effect of lessening the grandfather of our preseut sovereign, belief of public virtue, already shaken and Mr. Pitt, were once walking in by the apostacy of Mr. Pulteney.the garden at Stow, apart from the His insisting on the retention of Cageneral company, who followed thein nada, — which might have proved an at some distance. They seemed to be effectual check on the rebellious proengaged in earnest conversation ; lord jects of the American colonists-in Cobham expressed to Mr. Belson, from preference to the islands, which France whom the writer received this anec- was willing to cede to us, was, at the dote, an apprehension of Mr. Pitt's time, a matter of surprise to many: drawing the Prince into some measures M. de Vergennes used to mention it, which his lordship disapproved. Mr. as one of the greatest political errors Belson observed to his lordship, that that had ever been committed. the tete-a-tete could not be of long duration. “ Sir," said his lordship with eagerness, “ you don't know Mr. DUBLIN IN 1822. « Pitt's talent of insinuation ; in a very (From the New Monthly Magazine. ) “ short quarter of an hour he can per- Dublin is a miniature of London : it is suade any one of any thing."
built like a metropolis, and has its squares As a companion in festive moments and great streets. It is not like any of the Mr. Pitt was enchanting.
Mr. Wil great provincia! towns which are places of
trade, and only inhabited by persons more kes closed a humorous comparison, or less directly connected with trade ; nor after Plutarch's manner, of Mr. Pitt, is it, like Bath, a great theatre of amusewith Mr. Rigby, by the following ment.
It exhibits the same variety of words :—" In there more private its viceroy, with all the attendants upon his
ranks as London. It has its tittic court, “ characters both Mr. Pitt and Mr. redected royalty ; it has its little aristocracy
igby have generosity and spirit : and its leaders of bon ton ; it has its corpoother things they differ ; Mr. Pitt | ration; it has its Lord Mayor, and all ingen:
pageantry of city grandeur; it has its slang arose, and very generally prevailed manufacturing, its mercantile, and its mo- amongst the lower orders, which was of a nied interests: it is the Westminster of most curious character, and which gave ad. Ireland, and is accordingly the locus in quo ! ditional zest to their farcical sayings and of judges, barristers, attorneys, &c. Al- jests. The dialogue between two shoe. most every thing we find in London may blacks playing pitch and toss, which apbe found also in Dublin. The difference peared in Edgeworth’s Irish Bulls, is exis but in degree, and the similitude may be quisite in its kind. What dandy of the · traved in the minutest details. Dublin has highest water could make a proposition to
its club-rooms, just as we have ours in St. a brother fop in a finer spirit of enjouement · James's-street; there are also balls on the than that conveyed in the phrase" Tim, same aristocratic plan as ours at Almack's; will you sky a copper?" and the glorious and the gardens attached to the Rotunda conclusion spoken in a tone of such protti. are, during the season, lighted up in hum- gate valour, and “ So I gives it him, plaise ble and distant imitation of Vauxhall. your honour, into the bread-basket with Dublin too resembles the English capital my brcad-winner (knife) up to the Lampin its ebbs and flows. At the commence- sey (maker's name)!” Even better than ment of the long vacation the gentlemen of this we deem “ The night before Lorry was the long robe take wing, and the whole i stretched,” one of the best slang songs ever moveable population disembogucs itself made. In the records of Irish crime such · into the cottages, villas, and mansions offenders as Larry are often found. Our which line the Bay. Before the Union Old Bailey culprits are dark, gloomyknaves; the resemblance was, no doubt, more com- but the Irish rogues are all Macheaths plete; and the state of society then existing and Don Juans in their way, “ gay, bold, must have been exceedingly worthy of ob dashing villains.” An Irishman was asked servation, and the varieties it presented by an acquaintance one day why he looked highly entertaining. The recollections of so sad. « Al!” was his reply, “ I have this period cherished by the elder inhabi- just taken leave for ever of one of the tants of Dublin are very lively, and their pleasantest fellows, a friend of mine, whom representations of the great excitement and the world ever saw."_" How, for ever?" festivity which prevailed are probably cor- -“ Yes, for ever; he's to be hanged to
While the rich nobles and gentry day for a burglary !” It was a fact that were attending in their places in the par- this gentleman, now enjoying name and liament, all was gaiety and animation.- station, used to frequent the Dublin NewThe wealth which was necessarily diffused, gate, and found his boon companions increased the shrewdness and enlivened the among some of its inmates; and cerhumour of the most quickwitted people of tainly those who have a stomach strong Europe. The very chairmen, porters, and enough for coarse low humour, could not shoe-blacks (a fraternity now, alas! nearly make a better selection. extinct) partook the general hilarity, and While Dublin was the seat of legislature, cracked such jokes and said such excellent there was a great commixture of the Bar things as they are now seldom heard to ut, with the members of the House of Conter. The mob, perhaps to the extinction mons: almost every lawyer of any emi. of the Irish parliament, took a warm inter. nence had a seat in parliament; the scene est in the subject of its debates, which were was a strange one. Not merely all interests, of a popular nature ; and several choice but all the varieties of human character had spirits arose, whose feats and prowess are their suitable representations. In the Brirecorded in many a ballad and ditty. Par- tish House of Commons the active men ate ties ran high, and one quarter of the city all endowed with much the same qualities : was sometimes arrayed against the other. there is some small distinction between the The coal-porters were at one time at va- great orators and the men of business ; riance with the weavers of the Liberty ; ; every man is expected, bowever, to exhibit the burden of their war-cry ran thus:--- good sense and information.' In the Irish * We'll not leave a weaver alive in the Combe,
parliament it was not so. Business was We'll cut their weft, and we'll break their loom.” carried on there in every possible diversity But the feuds of the coal-porters and of means. There were the fighting memweavers are now nearly forgotten. Had bers, ready to take off an obnoxious man if they not had a bard, we should not now lic did but “ bite his thumb;" there were have mentioned them. At this period a the jokers, who prostrated a foe with a bon
mot, or a sneer at liis expense ; there were passing some time in the hall of the Four the vehement declaimers, whose weapon Courts, as it is called, each day; and here, was invective, and who leveiled abuse at afier playing off his puns and saying his him whose views and reasonings tiey could good things, he used to make up his occanot impugn. Let any one look to the sional dinner-parties, to which he invited Irish debates, and he will find ample fund the cleverest of the young men he met, and for astonishment. The entire city used to arnong whom, till his latest hour he was be pervaded with anxiety upon the subject the youngest of all. To them he gave under discussion in the house. Multitudes abundance of wine, in the use of which he used to throng its avenues and cheer the was limselt sparing. Kind and benevolent popular members. All this is now past, , to eaclı, every guest felt at ease, and the and the scene is comparatively dull; but incomparable host limself, without cerethere is much yet in Dublin to repay en- mony abandoned and resumed hag seat, quiry skilfully directed, and to eseite in- walked about discoursing delicious eloterest. The great proprietors no longer quence, or took up his violenerlo as ta. telt residing in Dublin, the first place in so- inclined. In the habits of the profession ciety has naturally devolved to the Bar, there is, perhaps, nothing to remak bud which, generally speaking, is held in higher their general character, which partakes more estination in Ireland than in this country. of pleasure and (may we say so?) genteel The profession is by no means so much de- life than does that of our denizens of the tachedashere, and acounsillor, as he is terna Temple and Lincoln's Inn. ed, is expected to be not merely acquainted The traders of Dublin are divided into with law, but to be well-informed on every three descriptions, which are strongly dissubject, and he is accordingly regarded as tinguished. There is the Corporation class, an authority upon all points. An English which is perhaps, the least reputable ; the practitioner would be much surprised at great Catholic body, and the Presbyterian, the course of an Irish barrister's life. The which last is chiefly engaged in the linen courts do not sit till near cleven o'clock, and American trade. It is among the and no business is dane after dinner. second that the stranger will find inost There are no inns of court, and each indi- matter for observation. Their religion has vidual lives in that part of the city he raised a line of demarcation between them chooses. The judges lead an easy life; and other classes of the community, and in Here is seldom any press of business, and consequence they retain more traces of the in Chancery we believe there is not (when old Irish customs and mode of life. The will the same be said of the English court?) institution of fasting two, and often three a single case in arrear. Nor is this strange, days each week, as well as in Lent, is a when it is considered that, for a country so great prevention of social intercourse be greatly inferior in wealth and size, the tween Catholies and Protestants. The same number of courts and judges is con- rules of the Church are observed in Dublin stituted. Strictly, this is not the case as to with the utmost strictness, strictness Chancery, there being in Ireland no vice- unknown elsewhere. Among themselves chancellor; but when the business of ap- they live in a style of great hospitality and peals in the House of Lords, and the duty luxury. Indeed the same may be observof the Chancellor there as speaker, are con- od of the mode of life of all classes in Dubsidered, the position may be made with lin. The market is very fine; the supply safety. The courts are all held in the of fish, that prime article in an epicure's same building, to which also are attached catalogue of the goods of life, ample and the various law offices. It is a very loud regular in all its species, shell, white, red, some edifice. In the centre stands a fine &c. The common beverage, that most circular hall with a dome, and the passages used, and though cheapest, most prized, is to the courts open around. It is the cus- whisky-punch. Though called puucl it tom for all barristers, whether having any would, howwer, as most frequently drunk, business or not, to attend each day during be more properly denominated toddy ; tie term a few hours in this hall, around which essential difference being, as we appreherd, they walk, intermixed with attorneys and that puncli contains lemon and that todely suitors. Here circulate, speaking without does not. Whisky is of two kinds--malt, a metaphor, all the tattle and news of the and corn, that is made from barley or from city. There can be no more agreeable lounge. oats, the first of which is most esteemed. "The late Mr. Curran was in the habit of But there is another distinction, and that is between parliament whisky, and poteen, all sit down with fresh zest for enjoymene, or whisky made in defance of parliament and with the anticipation of separating to and all its ordinances, in a small still or impart its sweet inclancholy. To dinner pot. This last acquires, from the use of belong your discussions of politics, ani turf or peat in the process, a smoked taste, sombre dissertations on the weather. More as to the agreeableness of which there is a jocund themes attend supper. There is great diversity of sentiment, the strong pre- mirth and song and laughter; and the ponderance of authorities being in favour maid, who has been eoy and reserved dur. of the smoke. The spirit is an excellent ing the preceding hours, at length siniles spirit, “ a dainty spirit,” as Shakespeare favour. says. It is not very palatable to one who It may perhaps, be afirmed that litcran has revelled on claret and hock and bur- ture has inade less progress among the Cagundy, but it is sweet and delicious to those tholic gentry of Dullin than any deseripBuniated to drink it, and it is extremely tion of individuals in these countries.-innocent. It may be safely said, that an | They are, however, in their manncrs easy excess in quantity of alcohol can be taken and chearful, and endowed with that nain no shape less injurious; and assuredly tural courtesy which is the great characterthe potency of its malignity is well tried. istic of the Irish people. In England we The good old days are gone when the door are too much a people of business-“na_ was used to be locked, and the guests kept tion of shopkeepers,” as we are somewhat in durance till they became quite drunk : severely called. Our gravity does tend to but a great deal of hard drinking yet pre- produce somewhat of moroseness. In Irevails in Dublin. The middle classes are land every man seems to be more or less a 'very much disposed to the enjoyments of man of pleasure. We sce few persons the table ; nor are they without a tendency wedded to and delighting in one occupato another modish vicc. They play cards tion as with us at home. There is a large. for sums small and trivial indeed in the body, the Preshyterian settlers in the north, apprehension of a dowager at Bath, or a to whom these observations apply with less man of mettle in town, but yet consider- force; but there is no question that the able when the circumstances of the parties original Scottish character has been muciz are taken into account. The wife of a mellowed by transplanting into the Irish man not worth, root and branch, as the soil. We are apt to confound the various saying is, 10,0001. perhaps rot half that descriptions of Irish, but the distinctions sum, will lose on occasion six or eight or are worth remarking. In Dublin a juditen pounds at loo; and her husband will cious cicerone may point out the dissipated be guilty of a more masculine indiscretion, and refined southern, the primitive Mileand perhaps double that amount. Supper sian of the west, and the more sober and is, in Dublin, a meal of great enjoyment. stern inhabitant of the north, all strongly At supper, it was that often during the contrasted to an observing eye, and the latter years of the last century, the whole brogue of cach varying in character and company used to stand up, join hands, and richness. In England many a wealthy sing altogether the bold national anthem manufacturer or factor would prefer to hear of Erin go bragh. The effect of this was himself termed tradesman to gentleman ; wonderful. It was enough to have ani- but on the other side of the water it is not mated the veriest slave and coward. Old så. Every man is there a gentleman.and young, the aged sire, and the youthful we cannot better illustrate this fact than by beauty, all united their voices and hands. mentioning that the term esquire is almost we apprehend that many a democrat must universally applied. There is no middle thus bave been created. Stubborn, indeed, class in Ireland ; there are no individuals must have been the heart that could thus who can be content with being well fed resist the example of age and the influence and clothed, remaining in their original of enthusiastic beauty. This meal-con- grade in society. As soon as an Irish tinues to be the chosen one. During the trader makes a little money, he extends his course of the previous evening, the mem- domestic, not his mercantile establishment. bers of the party have become acquainted He applies the surplus not to auginentation with each other; restraint has worn off of his capital, but to increase of his plealittle friendships liave grown up-people sures. There is a great want of proper have attached themselves to each other pride, and a great prevalence of vanity. the belles have selected their admirers, and People retire from trade in Ireland with