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room without a possibility of your become the elements of knowledge to communicating, except by signs; and the youth of the next. It is nearly us the whole arrangement of the society the reverse in conversation. The is regulated by mechanical pressure, anecdotes which form the buz of cand you may happen to be pushed against parties and dinner parties in one cen. those to whom you do not wish to tury, are, in the lapse of g hundred speak; whether bores, slight acquaint- years, and sometimes less, transplanted ances, or determined enemies. Con, | into quarto volumes, and go to in. fined by the crowd, stifled by the heat, crease the stock of leaming of the most and dazzled by the light, all powers of grave and studious persons in the new intellect are obscured ; wit loses its tion; a story repeated by the Duchess point, and sagacity its observation; in- of Portsmouth's waiting woinan to deed, the limbs are so crushed, and Lord Rochester's valet, forms a subthe tongue so parched, that, except ject of investigation for a philosophical particular undrest ladies, all are in historian ; and you may hear ani ago the case of Dr. Clarke, who says, sembly of scholars and authors, discus: when in the plains of Syria, some might' sing the validity of a piece of scandal blame him for not making moral re- invented by a maid of honour two flections on the state of the country: centuries ago, and repeated to an obbut that he must own the heat quite scure writer by Queen Elizabeth's deprived him of all power of thought. housekeeper.
Hence it is, that the conversation The appetite for remains of ad you hear around you, is generally no- kinda. has certainly increased of láto thing more than Have you been to a most surprising extent! every here long?"_“Have you been at thing which belongs to a great mom is Mrs.
Hs?"-" Are you going' eagerly hunted out, and constantly to Lady D's?" But even if published. I Madame de Sévigat there are persons of a constitution ro- wrote some letters when she was half bust enough to talk, they yet do not asleep; if Dr. Johnson took the paitis dare to do so, when twenty heads are of setting down what occurred to hide forced into the compass of one square before he was breeched, this age is foot;
i nay even if, to your great de. sure to have the benefit of seeing these light, you see a person to whom you valuable works in hot-pressed paper : have much to say, and, by fair means all that good writers threw by 28 inns ot foul, elbows and toes, knees and perfect, all that they wished to be con. shoulders, have got near them," they cealed from the world, is now'editod often dismiss you with shaking you in volumes twice as magnificent us by the hand, and saying " My dear their chief works. Still groter is their Mr. - how do you do?" and then avidity for ana ; it is a matter of the contique a conversation with a person greatest interest to see the letters of whose ear is three inches nearer. At every busy trifier-a-yet who does not two or three o'clock, however, the laugh at such men? To writo to crowd diminishes; and if you are not our relations and frimds on eventos tired by the five or six hours you al- which concern their interests and a ready have had, you may be very com- fections, is a worthy employment for fortable for the rest of the evening.
the-head and heart of a civilised mugs It has been-said very justly of sci- but to engrave upon the title tatile ence, that the profound discoveries of the day, with all the labour and polita the greatest philosophers of one age which the richest gent could destroy 4$ 2 contemptible abuse of pen, paper, horses are low and thick, and like all and time which is on our hand. of this make, very sready, sure, and
It must be confessed, however, that strong. They will make a stage of knowledge of this kind is very enter-thirty miles without a bait, and will taining; and here and there among eat the coarsest food. From some the rubbish, we find hints which may indications of former habits about my give the philosopher a clue to impor- own horse, I was several times led to tant facts, and afford to the moralist conclude, that he had been more aca better analysis of the human mind, customed to feed about the lanes, and than a whole library of metaphysics. live on his wits, as it were, than in album
any settled habitation, either meadow tour
20 or stable. I never had a brute comcres CALAIS.
panion to which I took a greater fancy. Solgosolido
30971 Having a letter to a gentleman re-Notwithstanding the merited repro- sident about two miles from Calais, I bation to be met with in every travel- had occasion to inquire the way of a ler, of French beds and French cham- very pretty peasant girl whom I overberlains, we had no cause to complain took on the road, just above the town. of our accommodation in this respect The way was by a path over the fields : at Dessein's. This house though it the young peasant was going to some has changed masters, is conducted as house a mile or two beyond the object well as formerly; and there was no. of my destination, and as I have reason thing in it, which could have made to believe, not exactly in the same line. the most determined lover of ease re- Finding me a stranger, however, she pent his having crossed the Channel. accompanied me, without hesitation,
After our breakfast on the morning up a narrow cross-road, that she might following our arrival, I began to con- put me into a foot-path; and when we sider with myself on the most suitable had come to it, finding some difficulty way of executing my purpose of see in giving intelligibly a complex direcing France and Frenchmen, the sce- tion, she concluded by saying she nery and manners to the best advan- would go that herself. I was too rage. I called in my landlord to my pleased with my companion to decline consultation ; and having explained her civility. I learned in the course my peculiar views, was advised by him of my walk that she was the daughter to purchase a Norman horse, one of of a small farmer : the farm was small which he happened to have in his sta- indeed, being about half an arpent, or bles; a "circumstance which perhaps acre. She had been to Calais, to suggested the advice. Be this as it take some butter, and had the same may, I adopted his recommendation, journey three mornings in the week. and I had no cause to repent it. The Her father had one cow of his own, hargain was struck upon the spot; and and rented two others, for each of for twenty-seven Louis I became which he paid a Louis annually. The master of a horse, upon whom, taking two latter fed by the road-sides. Her into the computation cross-roads and father earned twenty sols a day as a occasional deviations, I performed a labourer, and had a small pension from journey not less than two thousand the Government, as a veteran and miles ; and in the whole of this course, wounded soldier. Upon this little without a stumble sufficient to shake they seemed, according to her answers, me from my seat. The Norman to live very comfortably, not to say
substantially. Poultry, chestnuts, milk, in war as well as in peace, and had no and dried fruit, formed their daily sup- reputation either for honesty of indus-> port. “ We never buy meat,” said try; that she had no visiting society' she, because we can raise more at Calais, and never went to the town' poultry than we can sell.”
hut on household business; that the The gentleman to whom I had price of every thing had doubled with brought a letter of introduction was at in four years, but that the plenty, Paris ; but I saw his son, to whom I and the successes of the
Emperor, was therefore compelled to introduce were bringing every thing to their formyself. The young man lamented mer standard; that hor father paid much that his father was from home, very moderate taxes;' her brother stated and that he could not receive me in a about five Louis annually; but they manner which was suitable to a gentle differed in this point. The house was man of my appearance. All these of that size and order, which in Engthings are matter of course to all land would have paid at least thirty Frenchmen, who are never at a loss for pounds, and added to this was a do-! civility and terms of endearment. A main of between sixty and seventy are young English gentleman of the same pents. age with this youth (about nineteen,) The dinner, whether in compliment would either have affronted you by his to me, or that things have now all-tasulky reserve, or compelled you as a ken this turn in France, was in sub matter of charity to leave him, to re- stance so completely English, and lease him from blushing and stammer- ! served up in a manner so English, ay* ing. On the other hand, young Tana | almost to call' forth an exclamation of tuis and myself were intimate in the surprise. When we enter a new counc! moment after our first introduction. try, we so fully expect to find every
Upon entering the house, and a thing new, as to be surprised at almose! parlour opening upon a lawn in the any necessary coincidence. This chais back part, I was introduced to Made- racteristic difference is rapidly wearing moiselle his sister, a beautiful girl, a off in every kingdom in Europe. - Å year, or perhaps more, younger than couple of fowls, a rice pudding and at her brother. She rose from an Eng- small chine, composed our 'dinner. lish piano as I entered, whilst her It was served in a pretty kind of china, brother introduced me with a preamble, and with silver forks. The cloth wasi which he rolled off his tongue in a removed as in England, and the table moment. A refreshment of fruit, covered with dried fruits, confectioncapillaire, and a sweet wine, of which ary, and coffee ; a tall silver, epargne} I knew not the name, was shortly supporting small bottles of capillaire, placed before me, and the young peo- and sweetmeats in cut glass. The ple conversed with me about England fruits were in plates very tastily. painted and Calais, and whatever I told them in landscape by Mademoiselle ; - and of my own concerns, with as much at the top and bottom of the table was ease and apparent interest, as if we a silver image of Vertumnus and Pohad been born and lived in the same mona, of the same height with the village.
epergne in the centre. The covering Mademoiselle informed me that the of the table was a fine deep green people in Calais had no character at all; cloth, spotted with the simple Hoveci that they were fishermen' and smug called the double daisy, glers, which last business they earried on
I am the more particular in this de. Besides the fallow, they manure for &cription, as the dinner was thus ser. wheat. The manure in the immediate ved, and the table thus appointed, vicinity of Calais is the dang of the without any apparent préparation, as stable-keepers and the filth of that if it was all in their due and daily town. The rent of the land around course. Indeed, I have had occasion Calais, within the daily market of the frequently to observe, that the French town, is as high as sixty livres ; but ladies infinitely excel those of every beyond the circuit of the town, is about other nation in these minor elegancies; twenty livres (sixteen shillings.) Since in a cheap and tasteful simplicity, and the settlement of the Government, the in giving a value to indifferent ihings price of land has riseri; tweney Louis in a manner peeuliar to themselves... in acre is now the average price in the Mademoiselle left us after the first cup perchase of a large farm. There are of coffse, saying, that she had heard no tithes, but a small rate for the ofthat it was a custom in England, that ficiating minister. Labourers earn georlemon should have their own con- thirty sous per day (about fifteen-pence versation after dinner. I endeavoured English) and women, in picking stones, to turn off a compliment in the French &c. half that sum. Rents, since the soyle upon this observation ; but felt Revolution, are all in money; bat extremely awkward, upon foundering there are some instances of personal in the middle of it, for want of more service, and which are held to be lefyriliar acquaintance with the langu- gul even under the present state of age. Monsieur, her brother, perceived things, provided they relate to hussny embarrassment, and becoming my bandry, and not to any
servitude of interprofers helped me out of it with attendance upon the person of the land, mush good-humour, aid with some lord. Upon the whole, I found that dexterity. I resolved, however, ano- the Revolution had much improved ther time, never to tilt with a French the condition of the farmers, having Lady in eortipliment.
relieved them from feudal tenures and Being alone with the young man, I lay-tithes. On the other hand, some made some inquiries upon subjects of the proprietors, even in the neighupon which I wanted information, and bourhood of Calais, had lost nearly the found him at once comminicative and whole of the rents, under the interpreintelligent. The agriculture of the tation of the law respecting what were cpiantry about Calais appears to be to be considered as feudal impositions, wretched. The soil is in general very The Commissioners acting under these goods except where the substrátum of laws had determined all old rents to chatte or mimla, fisos too near the cur- come under this description, and had froti which is the case immediately on thus rendered the tenants under lease the cliffs. The course of the crops is proprietors of the lands. bud indeedia-fallot, rye, oats. In The young lady who had left us too some land it is fallow, wheat, and bara tumed towards evening, and by het. lay. In no fm, however, is the fal- heightened colour, and a small parcel low lide aside; it is considered as in- in her hånd, appeared to have walked diapie sable for wheat, and on poor some distance. Her brother, doubtlands for ryteThe produce, tedaeed less from a sympathetic naturo, guessed to Engliate Winchester measura, is in an instant the object of her walk, about nineteen bushels of wheat, atid “ You Have been to Calais," said he. twenty-three or twenty-four of barley. Io. Yes," replied she, with the lovely