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sary to blush, or to hang down her but yet there are many exceptions to head, or to look archly, or to play the rule. How may widows of clerwith the ring finger. Neither was she gymen, of officers of the army and a widow; for then she would have navy,--how many reduced gentlewomen sighed, and looked as interesting as are forced to let lodgings ? How she could. Nor had she bad many half-provided females, or unmerhusband : else she would have looked ited unfortunates, derive benefit from grave, and probably have begun a this resource ? How many wives of chapter of grievances. She replied, men of talent and genius, struggling that she was married, that she had to establish the fame they well deserve, a small family, and that her hus- cheerfully endeavour to assist their band was struggling with the world, husband by this means, during the and opposing industry to hard times. season of obscurity and hardship ?I immediately felt an interest in their Such characters know how to act tomutual welfare, and paid, with tenfold wards the inmate of their roof; can pleasure, the stipulated price of my feel for his wants, take an interest in apartments.

his welfare, and respect his situation, A man may proudly enter an Inn, whether retired, studious, sick, or command about him, treat all with solitary. Can a true gentleman, then, indifference, from mine host, or fat be too delicate towards such as these, hostess, down to the flippant waiter too correct in payment, too nice in and John the hostler, He may be so blending good breeding with his conabsent or self-important, as not to duct in every respect. know the man of the house from boots, The man who makes an Inn of the or boots from the bull dog : but in a humble roof of genteel poverty, is an lodging it is otherwise. The objects ignorant ruffian. Nay indeed'I could are fewer; they are more immediately never enter an Inn without a feeling proximate, and assume a more impor- of interest for my fellow-men there ; tant form. The rattling of fresh post and if good treatment and fair charges horses, the mail horn, or Dolly' the accompanied my fare, I considered chambermaid, does not perpetually that I owed a subordinate debt of ring in your ears, so as to make you gratitude to my landlord, for the rewish to be off

, giving you at the same mote species of hospitality, namely civil time an inimical feeling towards the and kindly accommodation, maker-out of the bill. There one A fellow traveller once asked a coup de chapeau at parting does for surly cynic whether he did not observe host, bostess, family, and all the tribe that the Inn-keeper at which they had of charges; but in a lodging you have rested, had a remarkably open counto pass the landlady daily, and bows tenance ? The latter replied, that he and inclinations of courtesy may be observed nothing open in the house, exchanged very frequently in the course except an open door and open hands. of each week between you ; so that a One who could thus close his heart man must be void of all sensibility, if and' his accounts with his fellow creahe be wholly uninterested about the tures, should travel through life alone. family in which he lodges.

To the child of sensibilitý, there is no The common race of lodging-letters class, no situation, no abode which it is true, are guided by self interest, excludes the movements of the heart, and are callous to delicacy and scru- which forbids kindly intercourse, or pulous feeling towards their lodger : prevents his sympathies from coming

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life ;

into action, whether in a lodging-house penny tracts. We have literally an Inn, a stage coach, or a passage the sword into the ploughshire. We boat, for the journey is always that of slay whales with Congreve rockets, and

man is our companion, and hu- we conduct the powerful gas through manity is the first and most pleasurable the bowels of the deadly musket. duty.

With this exordium we proceed to the subject we design more immediate

ly to pourtray, viz. the Perambulatory PERAMBULATORY Literature of Glasgow. Whether it was LITERATURE.

from our lengthened rains, or continued

east winds we know not, yet somehow or Made to erigage all hearts, and charm all eyes; Though meck, magnanimous, though witty, wise, other this our western climate has been

Lyttleton.

--and by manya southern is still-held We have already had the iron age, ungenial to the growth of the plant of -the golden age,—and the dark age, Literature, even under the fostering and we discover no reason why the protection of the hot beds of the Unipresent should not be ycleped the versity and Andersonian Institution, the Literary age. The spread of We grant that from some cause Glass learning is now amazing. Charle-gow generally calls up to the imaginamagne we are told could not subscribe tion the association of checks and his name, whereas there is now scarce- bandannas with far greater alacrity than ly a felon who cannot “ subscribe his disertations, polemical, philosophical, banishment.”—Did the benefits of or literary. 'Lately however, we hail Clergy still exist, the body of laymen a higher stretch in our literary horizon, would be limited indeed, and our tem--the harbinger we trust of a rich harporal courts might be gazetted. Li-vest. We have now our Literary Soterature and Science have now obtain- ciety, where all, without distinction of ed a most imposing eminence, and class or talent, may for the small honlittle indeed seems left to our children. orarium of one shilling, descant on We now bridle the ocean and defy the the various important topics announced temp est. We now walk upon the water for debate. We have only, in like and skim through the air. Our deaf and manner, to glance at the correspondumb are taught the polite arts. Our dential columes of the Chronicle to blind are more favored than those of discover innumerable seeds of embryo Palestine—for our Pool of Siloam is genius, under the names of Civis, Aliitinerant. Our hardened felons are quis, Readers, Constant Readers, and reformed by being obliged to grind other the like Classical appellativesa the air, and indeed it is even projected There we find our civic literati discusto banish vice entirely from society, cussing all the grave questions of poliby compelling the poor to live in quad-tical economy, even froin the question rangular buildings, and to cultivate of the Czar's balance of power, down to kail yards of a certain dimension and Captain Black's system of watering the form. We are now no longer annoyed streets—or cosmographical topics, even with wars, yet (thanks to the Glasgow from the north-west passage to that from Courier) disturbed with the “rumours.” Monteith Row—and philosophical In perfect peace ourselves, we are subjects, from the principia of Newton making rapid progress in the extir- to the propriety of the Albion Steampation of war, utterly from the world, boat sailing precisely at the hour.by means of the circulation of two. We have also a vast variety of minor

literary rarities, which, like Colonel we have an account of the Coronation, Hunter's Skirmisherspounce at our face and then of an Air Balloon—this day and then quickly disappear. Thus we we read a parliamentary contest—and must have every Justiciary trial publish- the next day of a great battle between ed in a variety of forms and editions. Turner and Cooper-in the forenoon Every parliamentary debate or assem- we have a melancholy shipwreck-in bly speech condensed into a pamphlet the afternoon a funny marriage, and in and these accompanied with state- the evening a Turkish masacre. These ments and answers, and sometimes we have interspersed with frequent branching out into catholic contentions, executions---processions—murdersOban controversies, and Socinian dis- marriages_sea serpents—piracies putes, and all the etceteras of literary duels—shipwrecks--mermaids-prohostility. Before introducing our phecies and songs. Now laying jest inain subject, our readers must learn aside, we ask what a delightful prosthat until these few years our reading pect does this afford of the spread of population consisted of the gentlemen knowledge and the rapid strides of lisubscribers to the coffee room or pub- terature. When we consider that lic newspapers, and it comprehended knowledge is thus conveyed into every no part of the great bulk of our man- alley and hovel ; and when we con

uring inultitude, save indeed, where sider too, the character and occupasome lean weavers joined their penny

tions of those who read with avidity into a fund and in deep divan read the these sweet morsels, we must say here pages of the Chronicle or Scotsman indeed is truly The REPUBLIC OF for their radical advantage. In those LETTERS! days the useful class of literary labour

X. Y. Z. ers now to be lauded were almost concentrated in the redoubted « Blue Thumbs" who held an undisturbed monopoly of this branch of Literature,

SPECIMEN OF A The only productions too which then issued from the plebeian press were pe- PROSPECTIVE NEWSPAPER

riodical“ last dying speeches and coni fessions," with prophetic details of“ be. The North American Luminary, 1st July,

4796. haviour the scaffold." This dreary - waste might betimes be enlivened in A celebrated professor of chemistry the sad months of winter by some has discovered a method of composing

bloody inurder" in Yorkshire, or and decomposing the surrounding ghostly appearance in Cock Lane of atmosphere, so that any farmer can, London or Sneddan of Paisley-yet with the greatest facility, and at a small

all besides was barrenness, and no en- expense, avert rain, or produce it in
: livening ray cheered the populace any quantity necessary for the perfec-
Now “ how altered is the theme !"- tion of his crops. The professor re-
the multitude of Planatory Stationers cently dispelled the clouds over the
amount to near a hundred, and two or city of New York and its suburbs for
three presses groan under the diurnal the space of a week, couverting the
burden of matter to support their er- cold, damp weather of our winter into
ratic demands. Thus all that is acted a clear and comparatively warm season.
on the stage of the world is cheaply By this useful contrivance, any mari-
retailed to the greedy multitude. Now'nermayallaythe violence of a hurricane,

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or give the wind the direction and de- from their researches into two of the gree of force best suited to the objects countries of ancient Europe. By means of his voyage.

of a new invention, Dr. Clarke crossed
the Atlantic in seven days. He sailed

up the ancient river Thames, to a spot The corporation of Baltimore have which our antiquaries are now agreed subscribed a sum for erecting one of must be the site of the once renowned the newly-invented telescopes. It is city of London, but not a vestige of a to be liberally appropriated to the use human habitation remained. There of all the citizens, so that the meanest existed the mutilated portion of a grainechanic may amuse himself in his nite arch, which Dr. Clarke conceived leisure moments by viewing the dif- might be the last remains of the once-ceferent occupations of the inhabitants lebrated bridge of Waterloo.* The of the moon. The effect of this in- Doctor proceeded further up the river, vention upon morals is beyond all cal. Ito an elevated situation on the left culation. The labouring classes now bank, which commanded a view of give up the enjoyment of spirituous savage but delightful scenery. This liquors, for the superior pleasure of our antiquary conjectured might be contemplating the wonders which this the ancient Richmond Hill, but he invention exposes to the human could not procure a single coin, or

discover any one object of antiquarian research. Our traveller was extremely

desirous of ascending the river yet The army

of the northern states will take the field against that of the Windsor, once the proud abode of

higher, in order to reach the ancient southern provinces early next spring. England's monarchs, but he was so The principal northern force will consist of 1,490,000 picked troops. he found it impossible to proceed.

annoyed by the tribes of savages, that General Congreve's new mechanical Dr. Clarke intends next year to renew cannon was tried last week at the siege his travels in this once glorious, and of Georgia. It discharged in one hour now almost forgotten, island ; and he 1120 balls, each weighing five hundred will take with him a hody of five and weight. The distance of the objects twenty of the United States' troops, fired at was eleven miles, and so per- which will effectually repel any force fect was the engine, that the whole of that the savage inhabitants can bring these balls were lodged in a space

of twenty feet square.

Our traveller Baron Humbold di

rected his researches to France. " He According to the census just taken by river Seine, and attempted to ascend

discovered the mouth of the ancient the order of government, the populalation of New York amounts to 4,892, as far as the site of the once-famed 568 souls, that of Philadelphia to city of Paris, but he found the river 4,981,947, and the population of entirely choaked with weeds; and afWashington, our capital, exceeds six millions and a half.

The origin of this name of Waterloo is now irrecoverably lost, unless it be a corruption of the terms water low, or low

water, the bridge perhaps having been built Our celebrated travellers Dr. Clarke at & spot of less depth than the contiguous and Baron Humbold have just arrired' parts of the river.

against him.

a

ter he had proceeded about thirty same instrument ; and they very ably
miles, the stream became mere refute Dr. Camden's conjecture that
muddy brook. The baron, however, the violin of ancient Europe was an in-
found the inhabitants of the country strument of parchment and bells, played
so inoffensive and coinmunicative that upon by the knuckles.-Vide Report
he proceeded to his object by land, of the Antiquarian Society of New
protected only by two servants and | York, folio, vol 1783, p. 860*.
three American sailors. The people
could give the baron no information
whatever, but seemed by far more

The late
voyage

of Professor Wanignorant than the savages of England; derhagen to the moon took up a space . making up for this ignorance however,

of nearly seven months, but the present by a cheerfulness of disposition at once expedition, it is expected, will take up admirable and ridiculous. These

much less time. The body of the

poor barbarians appeared fond to excess of balloon will be filled with the new gas decorating their heads and bodies with

discovered by our chemist Dr. Æthfeathers and skins died in the most erly; and which is 800 times lighter gaudy and varied colours. The baron than the lightest gas koown to the observed numberless groups of these ancient Europeans. The body of this people using the most ridiculous gri

balloon will not be circular, but a polyznaces, -and twisting the body into a gon, of an infinity of angles, and åt dozen ridiculous attitudes. They

each angle, a pair of wings, all of which, then began to dance, an exercise which are worked with the greatest precision they seemed so attached to, that it and facility, by the most simple but appeared to be their only recreation. beautiful machinery. These wings at The musical instrument to which these once create a draft, and determine the

direction of the air at the will of the poor creatures were so fond of jumping and dancing, was about two feet aeronaut, whose halloon is easily steered long, and consisted of a hollow body, by a newly-constructed air-rudderwith a solid handle of about the saine. The boat of the balloon will contain

length, and curved at the extremity. twenty-five persons, and provisions for : It had four strings, extending from the a twelvemonth. This boat has two im

extremity of the handle, beyond the mense self-acting wings, which, like a middle of the instrument itself, and bird's, condense the air underneath the being held between the chin and the boat so as to assist in supporting the collar-bone by the left hand, was played machine. The boat itself will be covered op by the right with a bent stick,

of curved at the two ends, being drawn cork, as a non-conductor of heat ; and together with horse-hair. This we

Professor Wanderhagen, having sufhave no doubt is some species or de- fered so much from the cold in his scription of that instrument so celebrated previous voyage, will provide himself amongst the Europeans between the

with a store of the “ condensed essence. sixteenth and nineteenth centuries

of caloric," a cubic inch of which will under the name of fiddle or violin : ** The ancient siddle, with its cognomen,

for the Society of Antiquarians, in or monosyllabic præfixture, was, we fancy, .. their last report, have given it as their a low instrument, very generally played y decided opinion that the ancient fiddle, upon by the vulgar. Professor Von Helviola, violin, violoncello, and bass-viol,

mont conceives it to have been not a string

ed, but a wind instrument ; but this is vipere merely different kinds of the little more than conjecture.

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