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SLI general chapter having been held the tion has been quite inacessible to the day before. He ordinarily resides at monks themselves, they have frequent. Martigny in the valley. Even the ly dragged frozen persons over the young men are frequently alcted with shows to their masters, by whose timely cramps, rheumatisins, and other dis- care they háve been restored to lifes orders. The superintendance of the A magnificent dog, from the St. Bertemporal affairs and duties of the es- pard, is preserved stuffed in the Mus tablishment finds ample employment seum at Bernes who is said to have for a large number. Their "rents (now been the means of saving the lives of dreatfully diminished) are to be re- twenty eight individuals. Unhappily ceived-provisions laid in--wood these noble creatures suffer, like their fetched from the forests in the valley: masters, from the severity of their lives twenty or thirty horses are generally and labours. They are short-livedy employed in these labours. Strangers and old age soon comes upon them ! are to be lodged and provided accord A dog of seven or eight years, the ing to their rank and appearance,-se- Superior informed us, is generally inven or eight thousand persons are firm and disabled. At the hour of com puted to pass the St. Bernard in a suppėr we met all the monks in the year, the greater part of whom spend refectory, and were presented to the the night at the Convent ; and above Superior, an interesting man, thin in all, during seven or eight months of person, somewhat bowed in years, the year, several of the monks and wearing the collar and cross of his servants of the establishment are em- dignity over the ordinary garb of the ployed in the humanė and perilous Convent, and whose manners and conoffice of exploring the most dangerous versation had a grace and refinement and difficult passages among the gla- which rendered his good senseand intelciers and snows in quest' of distressed ligent remarks peculiarly interesting, as travellers. The celebrated dogs, which our visít happened unluckily on a Frithey use on these expeditions, are in- day, we were not able to form a fáirestideed noble animals. "We saw two or mate of the Convent kitchen Soups, three stalking about the Convent in omelettes, and other dishes of eggs temporary repose. They are large, and vegetables, formed the bill of fare, strong and muscular, short-haired, and which to say the truth, was not of the of a dull sandy colour, with black most satisfactory kind to travellers who muzzles and thiek heads, resembling had rode ten long leagues on mules, both a Newfoundland dog and an and found themselves, at the end of English mastiff, with a character of their journey, in a climate of a most great strength and sagacity. They animating rarity. An'agreeable wine carry, in their perambulations, a bas- from the vineyards of the Convent in ket furnished with provisions and the Vallais, called the St. Bernard wine, woolen elothes, which seasonable com was a pleasant accompañímeñit to our forts have often been the means of lenten and the conversation of the :

saving the lives of half-frozen and fa- Superior and his brethren, agreeably misked sufferers. They have a quick enliveriod our potationis. In About nine scent, and are easily attracted to the o'clock the Superior withdrew, and we spot where a human being lies. Their presently retired to our chambers, sitnatural sagacity is improved by train- uated in a vast gloomy corridor, run- , ing; and they either lead their mas- ning the whole length of the building, ters to the place, or, where its situa- divided in the middle by a heavy iron

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grille, and adorned with old dusty occurred to a German student, or a pictures of a long line of superiors, young lady well-read in Mrs. Radcliffe). priors, protecting popes, and princely

s, and princely 1 can only ascribe in part to bodily benefactors of the house. My bed- fatigue, and in part to that provoking room was ta spacious lofty chamber, scepticism which has hitherto marred with double casements, a wainscot | all my efforts to see a ghost. hung closely with fresh pictures of I awoke early next morning, and mitred, croziéred, and cassocked went to mass in the chapel situated at churchmen, frowning in all the stiff one end of the long corridor. It is a di outlines of the sixteenth century; and neat handsome little building, with a a lofty bed of nearly the same date, decent organ-one of the monk's with heavy red maroon hangings, and formed mass, and several others at :: vallances, whose old-fashioned solidity tended. Three Vallaisanne girls, dress : I found extremely serviceable in fenc- sed in the singular costume of the ing out the cold of the apartment. A canton, attended the service, having few.old Latin volumes of Theology come up to the Convent for a day to le were ranged on a shelf, and a fine mo- see a relation among the monks, and dern telescope of Dollond's was placed to gratify their curiosity as to this wonon a stand, which appeared, from the der of the neighbourhood. On onei inseription, to have been presented by side of the chapel is placed a simple an English general officer to the Con- and elegant marble monument to the vent. No chamber in the Castle of memory of Generał Dessaixa sin- it' Otranto could possibly have been, in gular place of repose for the ashes of al: all respects, 'a more fitting scene for an a French republican General and the encounter with a bleeding nun, or the bosom friend of Napoleon Dessais shade of ar departed prior. As I lay fell at the battle of Marengo, at the down, and drew the maroon curtains head of the victorious army which he very close round the bed, I could not and Napoleon had just conducted over $19. help thinking - If ever 'I am to be the St. Bernard. The army consisted in gratified with a spectral visit, for of 50,000 men, with fifty-eight pieces 47 which so nary' have sighed, this is of cannon. On commencing the assis. certainly the time and place—seven cent, every soldier was provided with bs thousand feet nearer heaven than 'my a supply of biscuit for three days, and friends in England_many leagues each man received a draught of wine : from the abodes of man—under a roof on passing the Convent. At St. nis , which has weathered the alpine blast Pierre the cannon were dismounted s and the avalanche for three centuries, and drawn on sledges: it being ime zone grey friars and pale huis, in effigy, all possible to use horses, forty four men) around me and perhaps the troubled were employed in dragging each pieces spirits of the poor beings who bleach to the summit of the passage. Na- ni. on the rocks without sepulture, 'fitting poleon and his Staff passed one night and about in the winds which moan against at the Conyent. The monks describes1 B: 2 the casemenoa. If I see no ghost here ed their sufferings during the constanta! I am certainly ghost-proof. That 1 passage of the armies as beyond all do. did see inone, that I slept soundly, conception. For one year, a garrison anal undisturbed by many ominous rattling of one hundred and eighty men was b of the casement, or rustling of the old constantly stationed in the Convent & rat pictures (which must infallibly have and sometimes not less than eight 1

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hundred men were crammed into the pendence, small taxes, paternal governcells and chambers for several days to- ment, and his consequence in the gether.

Canton council. Certainly there canAlthough there is no kind or shade not be better or surer foundations for: of picturesque charm, which an 'ex- patriotisin than these--and it would ** ploring traveller does not find in the be absurd to expect any people to forAlpine scenery, from the pretty simple get these excellent reasons for loving home view, full of peace, and love, and their country, and to doat upon it onrustic repose, to the wildest magni- | ly for its barren rocks and frozen ficence of overpowering nature ; and mountains ; but the Swiss appear to : its scenes are not merely to be visited love its comforts alone, and to have no s and wondered at, but to be dwelt upon, soul for its beauties. You find per- ! contemplated, and inhabited ; yet it is sons who have passed their lives with=; singular to see how either habit or in fifty miles of Mont Blanc, and have s phlegmatic temperament, or both, fre- never visited Chamounix; and half quently render the Swiss indifferent to the people of Berne have never taken its charms, and indeed to those of the trouble to travel forty miles to see? their country in general. They appear the Glaciers of Grindenwald and the to me to possess singularly little en- Jungfrau. The mal du pays, ot-home : thusiasm." You scarcely find one per- sickness, which affects a Swiss, in sore jy son in twenty, among the cultivated markable a manner, when out of his own classes, who has explored much of country, appears little connected with si his country, or who takes any warm any ardent recollections of its sublime interest in its curiosities and beauties. scenes. It is a yearning for the snug A German, from his dull sandy plains, secure comforts, the little, tranquil, and certainly an Englishman who primitive habits of life, 60 contrasted never saw a mountain higher than the with the bustle and turmoil of greater it Brighton Downs, is far more alive to countries. It is not the wild mouná. ' ., ; grandeur of scenery than these moun- taineer sighing for his bleak but native : 14 taineers. I cannot think that habit rocks, but the sober thriving peasant,"ti" and use make the difference. A or burgher, regretting his re publicar Highlander has none of this phlegm : comforts and consequence, and long he loves his mountains and glens for ing to fly from aristocratical splendout their own beauties, as well as because and noise, to the confined circle of his they are the home of him and his an ordinary pursuits and homelypleasures. cestors: he is proud to shew his crags It is the household gods, not the troand lakes to strangers, and feels a po- phies of the republic, or the sublimia etical and enthusiastic attachment to ties of nature, to which he is attached.", a every wild scene of his native land,

Do not imagine that I wish to unity on I have seldom seen any of this glow dervalue the sober patriotism of the *), and romance in an inhabitant of Swit. Swiss—their history for five centuries, 9, zerland. He’ is a good patriot, and is its best eulogium. It is not the 'in ? attached to his canton and the con- less constant or sincere for being likes ! federacy, but it is a staid phlegmatic, all their sentiments singularly reflected** and calculating feeling, connected with and unimpassioned. no romantic love of its alps, and lakes, and mountain-circled valleys, but built Unknown those powers that raise the soul upon the sober bases of home and its Catch every nerve, and vibrate through the comforts-his snug cottage, his inde

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Their level life is but a mouldering fire vance to read these volumes without Vaquenced by want, unfann'd by strong being thoroughly persuaded of this, undesire is the

less they are thoroughly blinded by prejudice. We know not how to

frame a censure sufficiently strong for the REVIBW.

conduct of Mr. O'Meara in publishing the most shameful things of a number

of individuals merely because BonaNapoleon in Exile; or, a Voice from parte uttered them, if indeed he utter1. St. Heiena. The opinions and ed all that is set down for him. A vt reflections of Napoleon on the most man who is so tenacious of his repuimportant events of his Life and tation as to horsewhip the first person Government in his own words.- he meets in the street, that happens

By BARRY E. O'MEARA, Esq., to bear the same name with a party his late Surgeon. 2 Vols.-Con that has charged him with having in tinued. Wit

serted falsehoods in his book, should 9141:10.51 ? ?

be much more chary of the reputation 2* The very extraordinary character of of others than Mr. O'Meara has shown Bonaparte is the vastness of the plans, himself. In the mean while we would over the execution of which he pre- have him recollect that a horse-whipsided; the effects produced upon the ping proves nothing more than that affairs...of Europe, or rather of the the party inflicting it is a stronger man world, by the military power of France than the party receiving it. The only under his direction, and the strange character to be established by the are events and variety of characters with gumentum Þaculinum is that of a cerwhich he was conversant, give an in- tain kind of courage. terest to the book of Mr. O'Meara should horse-whip fifty men, he will

Though he which induces us to continue our no- not thereby persuade us that he is jus tioei vand's extracts. We would not, tifiable in imputing the taking of a however, be thought to attach an un- bribe to any editor of a newspaper, due importance to the opinions, or merely on the ground of being able to rather the expressions of Bonaparte; affirm that Bonaparte assured him of since we perceive that a thousand the fact. Mr. O'Meara is guilty of things were said by him for the pur: many improprieties of this kind, which pose of producing an effect. He well cannot be sufficiently reprobated. But knew that whatever was published con- we return to Bonaparte. cerning him in England, would create accertain interest. The examples of

The following passage needs no the publications of Warden and San- comment from us :at were not lost on him. It is evi- mentioned the retreat of Moreduz and មន° 49 dent

that Mr. O'Meara asked if he had not displayed great military intended to make a great sensation talents in it? That retreat, replied the

emperor, " instead of being what you say about himnize and he spoke, and, in

was the greatest blunder tbat erer Moreau many instances, acted accordingly. committed. If he had, instead of retreat We believe it impossible for the warm- ing made a detour, and marched in the est admirers of Bonaparte-those who rear of Prince Charles (I think he said;) are resolved to see in him to the last he would have destroyed or taken the Aus

army.The directory were jealous of only a magnanimous hero of a sublime me, and wanted to divide, if possible, the and noble mind, incapable of coptri- military reputacion ; apd as they could not

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give credit to Moreau for a vietory, they those canaille, when they contrast their own did for a retreat, which they caused to be deserts with the fine provinces they have extolled in the highest terms; though even left, will always have an itching after the the Austrian generals condemned Moreau latter, well knowing also, that no nation for having done it. You may probably will retaliate, or attempt to take their dehereafter,' continued Napoleon, have an serts from them. Those canaille,' continopportunity of hearing the opinion of ued he, possess all the requisites for conFrench generals on the subject, who were quest. They are brave, active, patient of present, and you will find it consonant to fatigue and bad living, poor, and desirous mine. Instead of credit, Moreau merited of enriching themselves. I think, however, the greatest censure and disgrace for it.- that all depends upon Poland. If Alex As a general, Pichegru had much more ander succeeds in incorporating Poland talent than Moreau,'

with Russia, that is to say, in perfectly The following observations prove reconciling the Poles to the Russian goneither the penetration of Bonaparte, vernment, and not merely subduing the nor the justness of his views, nor the country, he has gained the greatest step

towards subduing India. My opinion is, propriety of his estimate of the cha- that he will attempt either the one or the racter of the Emperor Alexander other of the projects, I have mentioned, They prove simply the extraordinary and I think the last to be most probable. facility with which he himself could We think Madame de Staeb owes resolve on similar enterprises :

much of her brilliant reputation to her * By invading other countries

, Russia powers of conversation. Their style is has two points to gain, an increase of ci- one of the chief merits of her writings: vilization and polish, by rubbing against she was, probably, vain ; though we other powers, the acquisition of money, do not think that she would throw and the rendering friends to herself the inhabitants of the deserts, with whom some her friends into the sea, that at the years back she was at war. The Cossacs, instant of drowning she might have a Calmucks, and other barbarians who have opportunity of saving them. We to accompanied the Russians into France, and tally disbelieve the assertion made by other parts of Europe, having once acquired a taste for the luxuries of the south, will Bonaparte, that she offered to sett carry back to their deserts the remembrance herself

, and become black and white of places where they had such fine women, for him.See pp. 66-7. -fine living, and not only will not themselves The following account of Murat'is be able to endure their own barbarous and

interesting:

** 38 a.si sterile regions, but will communicate to

I answered, it was asserted that Murat their neighbours a desire to conquer these had imputed the loss of the battlo of Watin delicious countries. In all human proba- erloo to the cavalry not having been pre bility, Alexander will be obliged either to perly employed, and had said, that if he take" India from you, in order to gain (Murat) had commanded them, the French riches and provide employment for them would have gained the victory." It is very and thereby prevent a revolution in Russia; or he will make an irruption into Europeo be every where; and Murat was the best

probable, replied Napolcon, it could not at the head of some hundred thousand of those barbarians on horseback, and two have given more impetuosity to the charger

cavalry officer in the world. He would hundred thousand infantry, and carry every There wanted but very little, I assure you thing before him. What I say to you confirmed by the history of all ages, during three battalions, and in all probability Murde

10 gain the day for me ; to destroy two ton which it has been invariably observed, that would have effected that. wlaenever those barbarians once got a taste I believe, two sueh officers in

There were not of thesouth of Europe, they always returned | Murat for the cavalry, and 990 world

for the to attempt new iconquests and have finally succeeded in making themselves character. Pour and twenty years agor

artillery. masters of the country. It is natural for when he was a captain, I made him tay man to desire to better his condition, and

aid.de-camp, and subsequently raised him The literal English of his words. to what he was, He loved, I may rather

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