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opening the mind of man. It sung acterised, and still characterises, the of themes which then, prevailed, -lite poetryl: of the North It was the displayed the pomp of chivalry and poetry of a fude and free people religion, and lent its fascinating aid in Bold and original

, although without sounding the praises of religious waressthé graces of refinement; it exhibited bufare, and in setting forth the glory of in perfection the ardent undisguised

the crusades against the infidels emotions of the heart.slet sag

Such were the motives of the priestadt.As chivalry began to appear, man hood in, encouraging poetry. Exery became more refined, though not more

other kind of literature, save the taless morala. Chivalry was the product of of Romance, was destroyed with the that religiousenthusiasm which brought same recklessness and barbarism which on the crusades. These formidable actuated the overwhelmers

of the Ro-s and tremendous combinations of the man Empires au But the motives were, European against the Infidel nations, in every sense more dishonourable and these exhibitions of all that was ab

depraved. ds A total insensibility to the surd fanatical and cruel in the human sa value of what they destroyed was that race, this mental debasement and

which drew down the rage of the last bigated prostitution ; these were the sabut of the first, the true inducementwas causes of refinement in manners.

an oblique, and crafty polioy :ba policy. Chivalry was the commencement of a founded on obtaining an universal dos pnew era in politics and mörals ; and a

minion, qve, the consciences cof men, sort of barrier between that distnafera to obtain which, it did not serople tool which immediately followed the subaksacrifice the glorious relies whicheven version of the Roman Empires and be Gothic barbarism had spared. That that no less gloomy period which came

poetin did not suffer in its spirit dur-dimmediately after. The first may be sing these troubled a periods, we can termed the gothic era, the second the cudeadily believe from the specimens hand- era of poperyo The Crusades gave

ed down tordise The taste of the rise to chivalry, and chivalry by operksmiostrele suffered withoutādoubt theating on the imagination, produced

general yitiation of the age His mind new era in poetry. The knights of

was not chastened down to the per- that age did not fight for plunder, but susception of simple beauty alone In the for honour, and this honour was to

gothic periode strength, not atmixed be obtained by their exertions in the with ardent, dendemesso vprevailed. — cause of religion, viitae and beauty.

There was then no known model of These rude warriors imbibed thus 2.ancient, excellence tgs found a systema generous sentiments, which no doubt

upon. These were lost sight of, and hung for years loosely abour them, but hid in the general ignorance. The by degrees they fell upon their offmind of man, as yet rude, was obliged spring, and the knights from Being to trust its unaided exertions, and to merely barbarous chiefs, became the

depend for effect upon its native fires-souls of honour and pf valourThe sorVigorons and imcourteous, it felt few.poetry of that age was equally bold,

of the finer emotions, and was natur- but more replete with gallantry and Jo rally dişposed to strengths by the en- love than that which went before ;

energetic scenes, which it beheld. the feats of warriors and the love of Hence the flaming heroie charaeter of ladies were tits themes a Witness the the ancient gothic poetry: thence the ballads of the old Troubadours, witress

cnergy and intense feeling which char-dl the love songs of modern Italy, and to pa so to Spads sida sota do vidsoq siis no bang bang ganda

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e modern Germany and in them may Virgil. He arose when Rome we

be discovered even yet, the spirit and at its pinnacle of gloty, and sung of

feeling of their originals. It is im- arms and empire. His strain was b possible to conceive a time better full of his native land; full of expede by adapted than this for the exercise of tation at her future greatness, and

poetic talent time pregnant with beaming with the glow of heroisen, the highest achievments, when the which warmed every rank of society. S

nardour of achievment urged men on, Appearing in the thirteenth century, 3. to deeds almost super-human,—when when the densest clouds of igtrance 3 every knight was a warrior, and every obscured the human mind, Dante at si warrior a hero. A certain delicacy of tuned his mysterious - lyre to themes

feeling unknown before, was then es- of religion: he follows a path untrode tablished ; and while honourable sen- before, and almost unattempted since, timents sprung up, the fair sex met Hell, Paradise, and Purgatory were

with courtesy and attention. his themes. To probability of incihm. The ardour of war, of religion and dent he paid no attention. This is se of love,

stimulated the poet, and raised | indeed universally disregarded by the a flame of enthusiasm in his mind.— poets of this romanticage. Nordid he Where praise and honour were the regard more, the conduct of the precertain rewards of bravery, and where ceding poets. As original as Homer,

a devotion to the cross of Christ en- he wove a wondrous poem of his own d sured unfading laurels, there were not construction. He is however little bo wanting enthusiasts, who aspired at studied, even in his native land. His si such distinctions ; nor were poets, writings have been lately translated sd wanting to sing their praises ; whence into English with great talent by Caryo sharose many of the loftiest efforts of but few, very few are to be met wit

genius, and that turn for the wild and who have explored the mysterious romantic existing in those perturbed creations of this astonishing poet. ages. It was then that Dante, Ariosto, In the fifteenth century mankind had 7o and Tasso arose, and whether in true rapidly improved : Petrarch wrote his fervour of genius, in grandeur of ima- incomparable sonnets, and Boccacio o gination, in pathos or description, they his exquisite romances, but the glories sa may stand a parallel with the greatest of the age were Tasso and Ariostos

bards of ancient or modern times.- of these we cannot speak at present,

If we except Shakespeare and Milton but we shall shortly endeavour to give sd the world has produced no such poets a sketch of the Orlando Furioso of su since their time, and if four or five of the latter. Jeol 92901

the ancients be set aside, there has apputorgilsis para asli mi bisi a preceded them none with whom it ada bun shunar la bartar i would not be doing them injustice to be institute a comparison. Many perhaps

ANNETTE DELARBREK I biwill go the length of saying that Vir- | In the course of a tour that I onges bugil and Homer in the ancient world, made in Lower Normandy, I remained's are alone their equals.

for a day or two at the old town of: That the different forms of govern- Honfleur, which stands near themouth ment in Italy gave a tum to its poetry of the Seine. It was the time of **

there cannot be a doubt. If we look fete, and all the world was thronging b back to the happy era of Augustus, in the evening to dance at the fair) holda

we may cast a glance on the poetry of before the Chapel of our Lady of

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Graee. As I like all kinds of inno- rows of grotesque saints in wood and cent merry-making, I joined the throng. wax-work, were offered for the pur

The chapel is situated at the top of chase of the pious. a high hil or promontory, from whence v The scene before me was perfectly

Is its bell may be heard at a distance by enchanting, the assemblage of so many the mariner at night.att is said to fresh and

blooming faces; the gay brave given the name to the port of groups in fanciful dresses; some dancHavre de Grace, which lies directly ing on the green, others strolling about, opposite, on the other side of the Seine or seated on the grass; the fine clumps The road up to the chapel went insa of trees on the foreground, bordering zig-zag course, along the brow of the the brow of this airy height, and the steep coast, it was shaded by trees; broad green sea, sleeping in summer from between which I had beautiful tranquillity, in the distance,

abuse peeps at the ancient towers of Hon- Whilst I was regarding this animatdeur below, the varied scenery of the ed picture, I was struck with the apopposite shore, she white buildings of pearance of a beautiful girl, who passed Havre in the distanee,

and the wide through the crowd without seeming to sea beyond. xo The road was enlivened take any interest in their amusements. by groups of peasant girlso in their She was slender and delicate in her bright crimson dresses, and tall caps; form ; she had not the bloom upon and I found all the flower of the neigh-lher cheek that is usual

among

the bourhood assembled on the green that antry of Normandy, and her blue eyes erowns the summit of the hill. an'a had a singular and melancholy expresa The, chapet of our Lady of Grace sion. She was accompanied by a is a favourite resort of the inhabitants venerable-looking man, whom I of Honfleur and its vicinity, both for sumed to be her father. There was pleasure and devotion. At this little a whisper among the by-standers, and chapel, prayers are put up by the a wistful look after her as she passed

Hiosos mariners of the port previous to their the young men touched their hats, voyages, and by their friends during and some of the children followed her their absence; and votive offerings are at a little distance, watching her move-esia

បង។ hung about its walls, in fulfillment of nents. She approached the edge of vows made during times of shipwreck the hill, where there is a little platform, and disaster, Thechapel is surround from whence the people of Honfleur, ed by trees. On a level spot near the look out for the approach of vessels.

Toat chapel, under a grore of inoble treesse Here she stood for some time waving

mo the populace, dance on-fine summer her handkerchief, though there was evenings; and here are held frequent nothing to be seen But two or three fairs and fetes, which assemble all the fishing boats, like mere specks on the rustic beauty of the loveliest parts of bosom of the distant ocean.

pas shenimo Lower Normandy.s. The present was faoThese eircumstances excited my

strooid an occasion of the kind. Booths and touriosity, and I hade some inquiries tents were erected among the trees about her, which were answered with there were the usual displays of finery readiness and intelligence by a priested to tempt the rural coquettes and of of the neighbouring chapel. Our con. di wonderful shews to entice the curious; versation drew together several of the mountebanks were exerting their elo- | by-standers, each of whom had some-bauon quence; jugglers and fortune-tellers thing to communicate, and from them

slod astonishing the credulcuss while whole all I gathered the following particulars, so von wegiate ale sloga su uger duroc de mud sed of goigtail ob new ste starla asosan nem wol bra

te bouw.yod nadmuo tenien blow abim zid tri gribas

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Biotingilips
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Annette Delarbre was the roplyi ever meeting again. Ant

of the higher order of Weeks, moriths, years flew by Carrer de farmers, or small proprietors, as they Annette increased in beauty as she are called, who lived at Port d'Evequer incrensed in years, and was the reigning a pleasant village not far from Hon- belle of the neighbourhood. Her time Heur, in that rich part of Lawer Nor- passed innocently and happily, Herre mandy, called the Pays d'Ange.father was a man of so:ne consequence Annette was the pride and delight of in the rural community, and his house her parents, and was brought up with Jwas the resort of the gayest of the vila the fondest indulgence. She was gayet lager Arinette held a kind of rural" tender, petulant, and susceptible, all court she was always surrounded by her feelings were quick and ardent, and companions of her own age, among having neverexperienced contradiction. whom she shone unrivalled. Much or restraint, she was little practiced in hof their time bwas passed in making self control : nothing but the native lace, the prevalent inanufacture of the goodness of her heart kept her from neighbourhood. As they sat at this running continually into error. delicate and femenine labour, the merry

Even when a child, her suscepti- tale and sprightly song went found? bility was evinced in an attachment none laughed with a lighter heart which she formed to * playmate, Eu-than Annette; and if she sang, het gene La Forgue, the only son of a voice was perfect melodyło Their evenwidow who lived in the neighbourhood.ings were enlivened by the dance, or Their childish love was an epitome of by those pleasant and social games so maturer passion ; it had its caprices, prevalent among their French and and jealousies, and quarrels, and re- when she appeared at the village ball conciliations. It was assuming some on Sunday evening, she was the theme? thing of a graver character as Annette of universal admiration. d breaksyon entered her fifteenth, and Eugene his. As she was a rural heiress, she did nineteenth year, when he was suddenly not want for suitors. Many advanta

om carried off to the army by the .con- geous offers were made her, but she

madinyal refused them all. e She laughed at the 10 It was a heavy loss to his widowed pretended pangs of her admirers, and

dan mother, for he was ber only pride and triumphed over them with the caprice comfort; but it was one of those of buoyant youth and consciousbeauty. bereavements which mothers were per With all her apparent levity however, petually doomed to feel in France, could any one have read the story of during the time that continual and her heart, they might have traced in it bloody wars were incessantly draining some fondi remembrance of her early mo her youth. It was a temporary afilic playmate, not so deeply gråven -as todas tion also to Annette, to lose her lover. be painful; but too deep to be easily 1 With tender embraces, half childish, obliterated, and they might have nohalf womanish, she parted from him. ticed, amidst all her gafely, the tender-át The terms, streamed from her blue, eyesness that marked her manner towards tada u she bound a braid of her fair hair the mother of Eugene. She woulæra round his wrist; but the smiles,

still often steal away from her youthful broke through; for she was yet to companions and their amusementai feel how serious a thing is separation, pass whole days with the good time and how many chances there are, when dow; : listening to ber fond talk shout! parting in this wide world, against our her boy, and blushing with secret plesa

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sure when his letters were read, at him, the more her light, playful fondness finding herself a constant theme of of former years deepened into an arrecollection and inquiry,

dent and powerful affection. But Atlength the sudden return of peace, Annette was a rural belle. She had which sent many a warrior to his na- tasted the sweets of dominion, and had sive cottage, brought back Eugene, a been rendered wilful and capricious by young sun-burnt soldier, to the village. constant indulgence at home, and ada I need not say how rapturous his re- miration abroad. She was conscious is. tum, was greeted by his mother, who of her power over Eugene, and delighted saw in him the pride and staff of her in exercising it. She sometimes treated old age. He had risen in the service him with petulant caprice, enjoyingthe by his merit; but brought away little pain which she inflicted by her frowns, from the wars, excepting a soldier-like from the idea how soon she would air, a gallant name, and a scar across chase it away again by her smiles.his forehead. He brought back how- She took a pleasure in alarming his ever, a nature unspoiled by the camp. fears, by affecting a temporary preferHe was frank, open, generous, and ence to some one or other of his rivals ; ardent. His heart was quick and kind and then would delight in allaying in its impulses, and was perhaps a lit- them, by an ample measure of returntle softer from having suffered it was ing kindness. Perhaps there was full of tenderness for Annette. He some degree of vanity gratified by all had received frequent accounts of her this; it might be a matter of triumph from his mother; and the mention of to show her absolute power over the her kindness to his lonely parent had young soldier, who was the universal rendered her doubly dear to him.-object of female admiration. Eugenebs He had been wounded; he had been a however, was of too serious and ardent prisoner i he had been in various a nature to be trifled with. He lovede troubles, but he had always preserved too fervently not to be filled with doubt. the braid of her hair, which she had He saw Annette surrounded with adbound round his arm. It had been mirers, and full of animation; the a kind of talisman to him ; he had gayest among the gay at all their rural many a time looked on it as he lay on festivities, and apparently the most gay the hard ground, and the thought that when he was the most dejected. Every he might one day see Annette again, one saw through this caprice but himand the fair fields about his native self ; every one saw that in reality she village, had cheered his heart, and en- doted upon him, but Eugene alone abled him to bear up against every suspected the sincerity of her affection, hardship

360ded For some time she bore this coquetry Ho had left Annette almost a child, with secret impatience and distrust; he found her a blooming woman. If but his feelings grew sore and irritable he had loved her before, he now adored and overcame his self-command. Ata her. Annette was equally struck with slight misunderstanding took place a the improvement which time had made quarrel ensued. Annette unaccustomed on her lover. She noticed, with se- to be thwarted and contradicted, and cret admiration, bis superiority to the full of the insolence of youthful beauty, other young men of the village a the assiimed an air of disdąmat She refrank, lofty military air, that distin- fused all explanations to her lover, and guished him from all the rest at the they parted in anger. That very evenrural gathering. The more she saw ing Eugene saw her, full of geiety,

is a good boomzod sodno to

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