opening the mind of man. It sung acterised, and still characterises, the

of themes which then pirevailed, ite poetryl: of the North. It was the e displayed the pomp of chivalry and poetry of a sudo and free people.religion, and lent its fascinating aid in Bold sand original

, although without sounding the praises of religious waressthé graces of refinement; it exhibited bufare, and in setting forth the glory of inziperfection the ardent undisguised

the erusades against the infidels-emotions of the heart.slet og

Such were the motives of the priested: As chivalry began to appear, man hood in, encouraging poetry og Jexery became more refined, though not more so other kind of literature, sayé the taless morales Chivalry was the product of

of Romance, was destroyed with the that religiousenthusiasm which brought same recklessness and barbarism whicho on the crusades. These formidable actuated the overwhelmers

of the Ro-sand tremendous combinations of the man Empire. But the motives wered European against the Infidel nations, in every sense more dishonourable and these exhibitions of all that was ab

depravedad: A total insensibility to the surd fanatical and cruel in the human sa waluepof what they destroyed was that race,--this mental debasement and as which drew down the rage of the last 6 bigated prostitution ; these were the sabut of the first, the true inducementwas causes of refinement in manners.

angeblique, and crafty poligy:ha policy. Chivalry was the commencement of a founded on obtaining an universal do- new era in politics and morals; and a minion over the consciences of men, a sort of barrier between that disinalera to obtain which, it did ngtsseruple to which immediately followed the sub

sacrifice the glorious relies whicheven version of the Roman Empires Vand be Gothic barbarism had spareds i That that no less gloomy period whick came

Poetiydid not sufferinlits spirit dur immediately after The first may be

ing these troublodsperiods, we can termed the gothic era, the second the cu readily believe fromthespecimens hand- era of popery The Crusades gave

ed down toadsz The taste of the rise to chivalry, and chivalry by operminstrela suffered withoutādoubt theating on the imagination,"produced a

general yitiation of the agea His mind new erals in poetry. The knights of ci was not chastened down to the per- that age did not fight for plunder, but es ception of simple beauty alones In the for honour; and this honour was to : gothic periode strength, not onmixed be obtained by their exertions in the

with ardent dendemess, vprevailed cause of religion, vitae and beauty, There was then ino known smodel of These rude warriors imbibed thus ancient excellence tgs found a systema generous sentiments, whieh no doubt upon. These were lost sight of, and hung for years loosely abour them, but hid in the general ignorance. Thea by degrees they fell upon their offmind of man, as yet rude, was obliged spring, and the knights from Being to trust its unaided exertions, and to merely barbarous chiefs," became the

depend for effect upon its native fires souls of honour and of valour. The Gore

Vigorons and imcourteous, it felt few poetry of that age was equally bold, Los of the finer emotions, and was natur- but more replete" with gallantry and

rally disposed to strength, by the en- love than that which went before ; energetic scenes which it beheld the feats of warriors and the love of Hence the flamingjheroje character of ladies were tits themes Witness the

the ancient gothic poetry: thence the ballads of the old Troubadours, witress Licnergy and intense feeling which char-el the love songs of modern Italy, and 10 ஓa esio to Kerasa ஆவி ன்னவர் to rrisoq sale ஸ்லோக பல (பா


modern Germany and in them may Virgil. He arose when Rome ww

be discovered even yet, the spirit and at its pinnacle of gloty, and sung of quo feeling of their originals. It is im- arms and empire. His strain was bpossible to conceive a time better full of his native land; full of expeds by adapted than this for the exercise of tation at her future greatness, and

poetic talent—a time pregnant with beaming with the glow of heroista,

the highest achievments, when the which warmed every rank of society. sardour of achievment urged men on, Appearing in the thirteenth century, 3. to deeds almost super-human,when when the densest clouds of igttorance si every knight was a warrior, and every obscured the human mind, Dante ate si dwarrior a hero. A certain delicacy of tuned his mysterious lyre to themes

feeling unknown before, was then es- of religion : he follows a path untrode tablished ; and while honourable sen- before, and almost unattempted since timents sprung up, the fair sex met Hell, Paradise, and Purgatory were

with courtesy and attention. his themes. To probability of incihrs. The ardour of war, of religion and dent he paid no attention. This wide s of love, stimulated the poet, and raised indeed universally disregarded by the

a flame of enthusiasm in his mind poets of this romanticage Nordid he Where praise and honour were the regard more, the conduct of the precertain rewards of bravery, and where ceding poets. As original as Homer, a devotion to the cross of Christ en- he wove a wondrous poem of his own

sured unfading laurels, there were not construction. He is however little bawanting enthusiasts, who aspired at studied, even in his native land. His s such distinctions ; nor were poets writings have been lately translated sd wanting to sing their praises ; whence into English with great talent by Caryo sd arðse many of the loftiest efforts of but few, very few are to be met with,

genius, and that turn for the wild and who have explored the mysterious romantic existing in those perturbed creations of this astonishing poeto

ages. It was then that Dante, Ariosto, In the fifteenth century mankind had 7 and Tasso arose, and whether in true rapidly improved : Petrarch wrote his s fervour of genius, in grandeur of ima- incomparable sonnets, and Boccacio

gination, in pathos or description, they his exquisite romances, but the glories but may stand a parallel with the greatest of the age were Tasso and Ariostop

bards of ancient or modern times.- of these we cannot speak at present

If we except Shakespeare and Milton but we shall shortly endeavour to give sd the world has produced no such poets a sketch of the Orlando Furioso of

since their time, and if four or five of the latter. deol sraw sa9dT . the ancients be set aside, there has stromgi 1792 asli biri preceded them none with whom itido shum la briar would not be doing them injustice to

Dinaai.tary an institute a comparison. Many perhaps

ANNETTE DELARBRE. biwill go the length of saying that Vir- In the course of a tour that I once *6 gil and Homer in the ancient world, made in Lower Normandy, I remained are alone their equals.

for a day or two at the old town of: That the different forms of govern- Honfleur, which stands near the mouth ment in Italy gave a turn to its poetry of the Seine. It was the time of a 3894

there cannot be a doubt. If we look fete, and all the world was thronging back to the happy era of Augustus, in the evening to dance at the fair holde we may cast a glance on the poetry of before the Chapel of our Lady of

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Grace. As I like all kinds of inno- rows of grotesque saints in wood and scent merry-making, I joined the throng. wax-work, were offered for the pur

The chapel is situated at the top of chase of the pious. a high hilor promontory, from whence The scene before me was perfectly

sna its bell may be heard at a distance by enchanting; the assemblage of so many the mariner at night. It is said to fresh and

blooming faces; the gay. have given the name to the port of groups in fanciful dresses; some dancHavre de Grace, which lies directly ing on the green, others strolling about, opposite, on the other side of the Seine or seated on the grass; the fine clumps The road up to the chapel went in a of trees on the foreground, bordering zig-zag course, along the brow of the the brow of this airy height, and the steep coastd

it was shaded by trees; broad green sea, sleeping in summer from between, which I had beautiful tranquillity, in the distance, peeps at the ancient towers of Hon- Whilst I was regarding this animatfeur below, the varied scenery of the ed picture, I was struck with the apopposite shore, the white buildings of pearance of a beautiful girl, who passed Havrein the distance, and the wide through the crowd without seeming te sea beyond... The road was enlivened take any interest in their amusements. by groups of peasant girls, in their She was slender and delicate in her bright crimson dresses, and tall caps; form; she had not the bloom upon and I found all the flower of the neigh-lher cheek that is usual among the peas.. bourhood assembled on the green that antry of Normandy, and her blue eyes erowns the summit of the hill. had a singular and melancholy, expres

The chapel of our Lady of Grace sion. She was accompanied by is a favourite resort of the inhabitants venerable-looking man, whom I pret of Honfleur and its vicinity, both for sumed

to be her father. There was pleasure and devotion. At this little a whisper among the by-standers, and

1. chapele prayers are put up by the a wistful look after her as she passed mariners of the port previous to their the young men touched their hats, sig voyages, and by their friends during and some of the children followed her their absence: and votive offerings are at a little distance, Watching her move

Datens hung about its walls, in fulfillment of ments. She approached the edge of vows, made during times of shipwreck the hill, where there is a little platform, and disaster, Thechapel is surround from whence the people of Honfleur ed by trees. On a level spot near the look out for the approach of vessels. chapel, under a grore of noble trees, Here she stood for some time waving the populace, dance on fine summer her handkerchief, though there was evenings ; and here are held frequent nothing to be seen" but two or three fairs and fetes, which assemble all she fishing boats, like mere, specks rustic beauty of the loveliest parts of bosom of the distant océan. Lower Normandy.s. The present was aro These circumstances excited my

hooid an occasion of the kind. Booths and puriosity, and I made some inquiries

ចត់ tents were erected among the trees ; about her, which were answered with

e noia there were the usual displays of finery readiness and intelligence by a priest to tempt the rural coquettes and of of the neighbouring chapel. Our con- t wonderful shews to entice the curious; versation drew together several of the mountebanks were exerting their elo- by-standers, each of whom had some

wou erle og quence; jugglers and fortune-tellers thing to commumicate, and from them

the batut

diod astonishing the credulcuss while whole all I gathered the following particulars.

Bald ontpil, ob ud, ona sasa asoratlam wool bas.

3 g 6,9 vodnenierz Estin ride si alte

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130 st not brotto on WEEKLY REGISTER

193 Annette Delarbre, was the only ever meeting again. Antano daughter of one of the lyigher order of Meeks, months, years' flew by. farmers, or small proprietors, as they Annette increased in Beauty as she are ealled, who lived at Port l'Eveques increased in years, and was the reigning z pleasant village not far from Honel belle of the neighbourhood. Her time fleur, in that rich part of Lawer Nor- passed innocently and happily, Her mandy, called the Pays d'Ange.-father was a man of sone

consequence Annette was the pride and delight of in the rural community, and his housert her parents, and was brought up with was the resort of the gayest of the vil2 the fondest indulgence. She was gayet lager: Annette held a kind of rural tender, petulant, and susceptibles all court she was always surrounded by her feelings were quick and ardent, and companions of her own age, am having never experienced contradiction whom she shone unrivalled. Much or restraint, she was little practiced in of their time was passed in making self control : nothing but the native lace, the prevalerit manufacture of the goodness of her heart kept her from neighbourhood. As they sat at this running continually into error. delicate and femenine labour, the merry

Even when a child, her suscepti- tale and sprightly song went found bility was evinced in an attachment none laughed with a lighter heart which she formed to a playmate, Eu-than Annette; and if she sang, hert gene La Forgue, the only son of a voice was perfect melody.o Their evenwidow who lived in the neighbourhood.lings were enlivened by the dance, or Their childish love was an epitome of by those pleasant and social games so

do maturer passion ; it had its caprices, prevalent among their

French and and jealousies, and quarrels, and re- when she appeared at the village balla conciliations. . It was assuming some- on Sunday evening, she was the theme thing of a graver character as Annette of universal admiration. vd bnis alagayan entered her fifteenth, and Eugene his As she was a rural heiress, she did nineteenth year, when he was suddenly not want for suitors. Many advantgarde carried off to the army by the con-geous offers were made her, bút she scription.

cosa adi squirrefused them all.le She laughed at the titre heavy loss to his widowed pretended pangs of her admirers, and

0768 mother, for he was her only pride and triumphed over them with the caprices comfort; but it was one of those of buoyant youth and conscious beauty, bereavements which mothers were per. With all her apparent levity however, it is petually doomed to feel in France, could anyone have read the story of during the time that continual and her heart, they might have traced in it bloody wars were incessantly draining some fond remembrance of her early mo? her youth. It was a temporary afflic playmate, not so deeply graven as todas tion also to Annette, to lose her lover. be painful; but too deep to be easily fat With tender embraces, half childish, obliterated, and they might have nohalf womanish, she parted from him. ticed, amidst all her gately, the tender-at

The tears, streamed from her blue eyesness that marked her manner towards txow as she bound a braid of her fair hair the mother of Eugene. «She would round his wrist; but the smiles still often steal away from her youthful broke through; for she was yet to companions and their amusements, to ih feel how serious a thing is separation, pass whole days with the good wik and how many chances there are, when dow : listening to her fond talk about parting in this wide world, against our her boy, and blushing with secret plea*

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sure when his letters were read, at him, the more herlight, playful fondness finding herself a constant theme of of formen years deepened into an arrecollection and inquiry or do were dent and powerful affection. But

Atlength the sudden return of peace, Annette was a rural belle. She had which sent many a warrior to his na- tasted the sweets of dominion, and had tive cottage, brought back Eugene, a been rendered wilful and capricious by young sun-burnt soldier, to the village. constant indulgence at home, and ad I need not say how rapturous his re- miration abroad. She was conscious's tum was greeted by his mother, who of her power over Eugene, and delighted saw in him the pride and staff of her in exercising it. She sometimes treated? old age. He had risen in the service him with petulant caprice, enjoyingthe by his merit ; but brought away little pain which she inflicted by her frowns, from the wars, excepting a soldier-like from the idea how soon she would air, a gallant name, and a scar across chase it away again by her smiles.his forehead. He brought back how. She took a pleasure in alarming his ever, a nature unspoiled by the camp. fears, by affecting a temporary prefer He was frank, open, generous, and ence to some one or other of his rivals ; ardent. Hisheart was quick and kind and then would delight in allaying in its impulses, and was perhaps a lit-them, by an ample measure of returnale softer from having suffered it was ing kindness. Perhaps there was full of tenderness for Annette. He some degree of vanity gratified by all had receiyed frequent accounts of her this ; it might be a matter of triumph from his mother; and the mention of to show her absolute power over the ber kindness to his lonely parent had young soldier, who was the universal rendered her doubly dear to him. object of female admiration. Eugene He had been wounded; he had been a however, was of too serious and ardent prisoner ; he had been in various a nature to be trifled with. He loved a troubles, but he had always preserved too fervently not to be filled with doubt.** the braid of her hair, which she had He saw Annette surrounded with adbound round his arm. It had been mirers, and full of animation their a kind of talisman to him ; he had gayest among the gay at all their rural many a time looked on it as he lay on festivities, and apparently the most gay the hard ground, and the thought that when he was the most dejected. Every he might one day see. Annette again, one saw through this caprice but him and the fair fields about his native self; every one saw that in reality she village, had cheered his heart, and en- doted upon him ; but Eugene alone abled him to bear up against every suspected the sincerity of her affection. hardship

300dated For some time she bore this coquetry Ho had left. Annette almost a child, with secret impatience and distrust; he found her a blooming woman. If but his feelings grew sore and irritable he had loved her before, he now adored and overcame his self-command... Ata her. Annette was equally struck with slight misunderstanding took place ; a the improvement which time had made quarrelensued. Annette unaccustomed on her lover. She noticed, with se- to be thwarted and contradicted, and cret admiration, his superiority to the full of the insolence of youthful beauty, other young men of the village ; the assumed an air of disdainan She refrank, lofty military air, that distin- fused all explanations to her lover, and guished him from all the rest at the they parted in anger. That very even rural gatherings. The more she saying bugene saw her, full of geiety,

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