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has been found to exist, in a greater draws closer the links of family and or less degrec, in every age and nation, kindred, and rivets with an impression and may, therefore, be deemed natural ineffaceable by time, the localities conto, and for the most part, adherent in nected with their soothing influence. man.. It is moreover the basis of all The home of poverty, therefore, nethe charities and virtues of our nature, cessarily the lot of by far the greater and ever-burns brightest in the breast part of mankind, is, to an extent per of him who is the most tender, phi, haps little calculated upon by the rich lanthropic, and humane..
and luxurious, an object of love and í It may, in fact, be asserted that he preference to its hardy inmates; and who has not strongly felt this domestic would be in a still higher degree, were tie: will never, in any of the relations inflictions which so often haunt the of life, be either happy in himself, or roof of the opulent, its listless vacuity, useful to others; for on the love of and heartless dissipation, more present home is founded that of his country to their minds.
1823 And, of his species, and without the It is upon this principle, therefore, first of these affections, which includes the association of pleasurable ideas with all the nearest and dearest affinities of the home of our earlier years, that every our common kind, the heart must ever individual prefers his own country to remain selfish, desolate and cold, and a foreign one, and the spot of ground consequently void of all those sympa- which gave him birth to any other thies which can stimulate to any social portion of the globe, whatever
may be sor patriotic feeling.
the physical hardships or inconvenienheSeldom, indeed, and most fortu- ces attending them. Indeed it genernately for mankind, is an individual to ally happens that the more forcibly these be found, who is totally dead to all the have been felt
, provided they have relations both of country and of home; solely arisen from the influence of ex.
for such an one would be capable of ternal nature, the more durable," the Jevery atrocity in the annals of cruelty more dear and impressive, become and crime. It has even been made a the mental combinations of opening i question whether a human being exists life. sentirely divested of the less concentrated Many are the circumstances, indeed, of these attachments, affection for his which tend to modify, to strengthen, i native soil.
or to enfeeble, our attachment to ħome, 0 But of this, we may be certain, that of these, one of the most operative is she who flies, not to the home of his the period of life.' In Childhood and youth with sensations of mingled gra. Youth, where all is fairy ground, where
titude and pleasure, has either suffered the delightful illusions of hope and there from an unnatural series of per- novelty are always in play, where the secution and pain, or is defective in morning comes without a care, and intellect, or hardened in vice. Mere the evening ushets in the bland te poverty and its attendant privations pose of health and innocence, home, bave no power in diminishing the force the seat of pastime and protective love, of this attachment ; for, though the must necessarily induce associations -finer emotions of polished life be want- dear and durable as life itself. Here, ping, its too often enervating effects are unassailed by the temptations, vices, anescaped, and there is that pressure and suspicions of more advanced age,
from sorrow, and misfortune which, friendship is guileless and affection unwhen the heart is uncorrupted, ever alloyed, and whatever may be the lot
of man in his subsequent pilgrimage, of display, or from the obligation too whether that of joy or sorrow, he looks often imposed upon grandeur, changes back upon this season of his existence frequently his place of residence, knows with never-failing regret, as upon visions little of that attachment which belongs of bliss which can never return to him who has but one asylum from Lost, gone-like wild flower's wreath'd the world. xe, i hround the dead,
The close of life, however, like its Or lovers' lips that met to part for ever.
commencement, is friendly to those 1: It is in proportion as the kindlier feelings which spring from local affeeaffections animate the bosom of man- tion. It is the privilege of old age, choodand old age, as virtue and religion provided the days of our strengtlı have been acted upon and cherished have been laudably employed, to feel through life, that the home of early the attachment for home renewed with
youth is valued and regretted as the all the fondness and endearment of scene which, in purity and simplicity, youth. We have experienced the fumost approximates that which awaits tility and nothingness of worldly pur. JUs in a better world. More especially suits, and we return to the homes of do we love to dwell upon those recol- our youth well prepared to place a due Jections of the home of our youth, when, value upon the innocence and simpliin conjunction with the festivities of city of our opening days, and desirous that tender age, we were first taught of nothing so much as that the close of the joy of making others happy. life may be marked by the same peace
In manhood the influence of local and repose which distinguished its earattachment, and consequently the love liest dawn. We are sensible also of an of 'home, whether in actual enjoyment additional bond of affection for the place or in remembrance, is liable to be di- where our fathers are at rest, and with verted and weakened by a thousand a sense of dependency somewhat causes. The necessity imposed on similar to that which is felt in infancy, the bulk of mankind, during this pe- we look to those who are around us. riod, of seeking their bread in various for sympathy and support. and distant places, amid the distractions Another circumstance operating of incessant oceupation, or the pressure strongly in augmenting our affection of engrossing evils; but more parti- for home, is built on that intermixture cularly the darker passions which now of sorrow and disappointment which so agitate the breast, and, in the higher generally forms the destiny of man. classes, the apathising effects of luxury When the chill blasts of adversity meet and dissipation, will easily account for us abroad, or death robs us of a porthis result. If we reflect that, to the tion of our comforts at home, it is enjoyment of domestic happiness, then we become conscious of the weakmany of the milder and nobler virtues ness and instability of our nature, and of the soul are essential, we can easily we turn to that roof, or to those ties conceive why ambition, avarice, and which remain to us beneath its shelter, ,2 sensuality, why vanity, splendour, and with increasing tenderness and love. b the pride of affluence, are so inimical Greatly also is the love of home e to its attainment ; and that while these advanced by the physical character of absorb the man, how futile it is to ex- the scene which has nursed our infancy
pect, within the shades of privacy, and youth. The more striking and zaught that is great, or generous, or singular this has been, the more vivid good. Even he, who from the love and endearing will be the impression
left upon the mind. It is ou this ac- tle, which has for ages been the seat - 2count that a sequestered but pictur- of our fathers, must in every breast open
esque situation, or a piece of mountain to a sense of man's true happiness and scenery, or a feudal castle will be re- dignity, awaken the warmest estimate collected as the place of our birth, with of the blessings of ancestral worth and infinitely more strength and attachment honourable independency. Heredithan the home which shall have fallen tary property, indeed, if united to a to us in a populous city, or busy lineage of great and good deeds,' is one neighbourhood. The breadth, sim- of the strongest incentives to domestic plicity and unity of the former being virtue and public utility; and he who much more easily blended and asso- has a just value for himself and his ciated with our feelings and recollections descendants, would struggle hard, and than the multiform and distracting endure much, to preserve to his posimagery of the latter, and which too, terity a possession connected with so as shared with us by thousands, loses many delightful and heart-stirring all that peculiarity and singleness of associations. :. application which attaches to and en- In no instance does the local flame dears the solitary mansion of our burn brighter than where the ties which fathers.
bind the feudal proprietor and his de• Still stronger is the impression, and pendants have been long established; the 'consequent links of association, where the family of a hereditary chief where the scene which formed the tain has for ages, from his towers 'of cradle of our infancy, and has become strength, extended a patriarchal sway the theatre of our toils, assumes a over districts-filled with retainers, arstill bolder and more decided cast ; a dent, faithful, and affectionate, and faet which is daily exemplified by the whose honourand interests areidentified inhabitants of mountainous deserts, with those of their lord. who are uniformly more attached to The love of home may indeed be their native soil than those who people considered as a test of the goodness the level country. Such; - indeed, is of the human heart ; for without it, the force of the attraction which is often we again repeat, neither the domestic found to bind the peasant who has nor patriotic virtues can be said to exbeen brbught up among regions of ist. "It is of all our feelings the most wild and awful sublimity, that a se- generous and amiable, and, if duly paration from his beloved hills is fre- cherished, will ever prove one of the quently followed by unconquerable best preventives of vanity, selfishness, regret, and not seldom by death itself. and dissipation ; of discontent, turbuMore particilarly is this known to be lence, and disaffections Home is the the case in that land of wintry tempest haven to which, after all the storms and romantie horror,
and vexations of life, we return with Where the bleak Swiss their stormy mán- the added conviction, that if happiness sions tread,
be any where resident on earth, it is And force a churlish soil for scanty bread; only to be found within its still retreats, " Another very powerful cause of local when vice and folly stand aloof, and affection is founded, -as hath-been al- when the soul uncontaminated by its ready hinted, on the love and pride passage through the world, can prepare
with which we regard what has long in peace, and in the sunshine of domes„been in the possession of our own tic love, for that not dreaded hour Family: hence, an old mansion of cas- I when the frame it now informs shali
mingle with its parent dust.
250 pieces of cannon: but my troops were so good, that I esteemed them sufficient to beat 120,000, Now Lord Wellington had
under his command about 90,000, and 250 REVIEW.
pieces of cannon; and Bulow had 30,000, making 120,000. Of all these troops, however, I only reckoned the English as
being able to cope with my own. Napoleon in Exile ; or, a Voice from others I thought little of. I believe that
St. Helena. The opinions and of English there were from 35 to 40,000.. reflections of Napoicon on the most These I esteemed to be as brave and as important events of his Life and good as my own troops ; the English army
was well known latterly on the continent; Government, in his own words.
and besides, your nation possesses courage By BARRY. E. O'MEARA, Esq., and energy. As to the Prussians, Belgi
his late Surgeon. 2 vols.-Con- ans, and others, half the number of my avtinued from our last.
troops were sufficient to beat them. I only
left 34,000 men to take care of the Prus We give some further details re- sians. The chief causes of the !oss of that pecting the battle of Waterloo :
battle were, first of all, Grouchy's great
tardiness, and neglect in executing his orNapoleon conversed a good deal about ders ; next, the grenadiers a cheval and the the battle of Waterloo, - the plan of the cavalry, under General Guyot, which I had battle,' said he will not, in the eyes of in reserve, and which were never to leave the historian, reflect any credit on Lord me, engaged without orders, and withWellington as a general. In the first place, out my knowledge; so that after the last he ought not to have given battle with the charge, when the troops were beaten, and armies divided. They ought to have been the English cavalry advanced, I had not a utrited and encamped before the 15th. In single corps of cavalry in reserve to resist the next, the choice of the ground was bad; them ; instead of one which I esteemed to because if he had been beaten he could not be equal to double their number. In conhave retreated, as there was only one road sequence of this, the English attack sucleading to the forest in his rear. He also ceeded, and all was lost. There was no committed a fault which might have proved means of rallying. The youngest general the destruction of all his army, without its would not have committed the fault of ever having commenced the campaign, or leaving an army entirely without reserve, being drawn out in battle; he allowed which however occurred here, whether in himself to be surprised. On the 15th Iconsequence of treason, or not, I cannot was at Charleroi, and had beaten the Prus say. These were the two principal causes sians without his knowing any thing about of the loss of the battle of Waterloo." it.': I had gained forty-eight hours of ma- • If Lord Wellington had entrenched noeuvres on him, which was a great object; himself,' continued he, I would not have and if some of my generals had shown the attacked him. As a general, his plan did vigour and genius which they had displayed not show talent. He certainly displayed in other times, I should have taken his ar- great courage and obstinacy; but a little my in cantonmentts without ever fighting a must be taken away even from that, when battle. But they were discouraged, and you consider that he had no means of rem fancied they saw an army of 100,000 men treat, and that, bad he made the attempt, every where 'opposed to them. I had not not a man of his army would have escaped. time enough myself to attend to the minu- First, to the firmness and bravery of his tiæ of the army. I reckoned on surprising troops, for the English fought with the and cutting them up in detail. I knew of greatest obstinacy and courage, he is prinus Bulow's arrival at Il o'clock, but I did cipally indebted for the victory and hot to! not regard it. I had still 80 chances out his own conduct as a general and nex of 100' in my favour. Notwithstanding to the arrival of Blucher;" to whom thel the great superiority of force against me, victory is more to be attributed than to I was convinced that I should obtain the Wellington, and more credit due as a ge victory. I had about 70,000 men, of eral; becaue he, though beaten the day: ahom 15,000 were cavalry. I had also, before, assembled his troops, and brought