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of your soul, nor have I found any differ- imputable to newspapers and other perioda,
- ence between us, but in a different choice ical effusions of the press, how much useful
: of life; a certain sort of ambition has led information is conveyed by them, to every
ane earnestly after bonour, while other mo- rank of Society? Tlie autlior pf an exa
tives, by no means blameable, induced you cellent article in the Edinburgh Review,
to adopt an honourable leisure ; honestion for October, 1809, şlıews, that in a given
osium.” These motives appear in the inter- time, an Englishman reads about seventy-
esting, mensoirs of this man of letters a five times as much of the newspapers of bis
content of political intrigues with a desire country, as a Frenchiman does of luis :-
to excape from the bustle and splendor of What a spread of information !-It may
Rome to the learned leisure of Athens; be said, that the reading might be more
to dismiss a pomqwus train of slaves for the useful and edifying; Lut what an exercise
delight of assembling under his roof a lite of the mental powers! What an excito.
rary society of readers and transcribers ; ment to better reading, to further attain-
and there having collected the portraits or

But, while the dissemination of busts of the illustrious men of his country, useful and ornamental knowledge among de carglit their spirit, and was inluenced persons of every rank in this country is by their virmies or their gerus, as he in- thus generally mentioned, it. would be

scribed under thein, in concise verses, the wrong not to take particular notice of its · characicus of their mind. Valuing wealth extensive diffusion among the purest and

only for its use, a dignified economy gentlest portion of the community. enabled hiin to be profuse, and a modleratu “ Women,” says Fenclon, in bis Treatise expenditure aliowed him to be generous.

on Female Education, “were designed, by The result of this literary life was the

“ their native elegance and softness, to on, strong tructions of the Athenians; at the dear domestic life to man, to make virtue

first opportunity, the absence of the man of " lovely to children, to spread around thein letters oilered, they raised a statue to him,

“ order and grace, and to give to society : conferring on our Pomponius the fond sur- “ its highest polish. No attainment can

name of Atticus. To have received a name “ be above beings, whose end and alin it from the voice of the city theyinlabited, has

"" is to accoinplish purposes at once so eledampened to inore than one man of letters, gant and so salutary: every incans shouli

Suci: Are these men of letters! but the “be used to invigorate, by principle ar: last touches of their pieture, given with all “culture, such native excellence and grace. - the delicacy and varinth of a seif-painter, Ilow generally, and in what a high degre may come froin the Count de Caylus, ce- these attainments are possessed by t lebrated for liis collections and for his daughters of Albion, all persons must liave generous patronage of artists. :

observed, to whom opportunities of observe “ His glory is confined to the more ing it liave been given, and who have avail. power which he has of being one day use

ed themselves of them. Even in the tal to letters and to the arts; for his irhole Icarned languages, and the abstruse scienlite is employed in collecting materials of ces, several are respectably informed; those, wluich learned men ari artistinake no use

to whom the best writers of their own till after the death of him win amassed country, and the best in the French and them.

It al?crds hin a very sensible plea- Italian languages are familier, are numesure to lahour in hopes of being useful to rous; few are so scantily instructed as not those wio pursue the saine course of stu

to listen with pleasure and advantage to cies, while there are so great a number who the conversation of men of learaing and

die uitlaat discharging the debt which they taste, or who do not view with taste the vincur to society."

productions of the painter or statuary :-
It is rare to find among them onc, who

does not express herself both in conversaTHE PRESENT GENERAL DIE- tion and upon paper, with correctness and FUSION OF LEARNING AMONG grace.

The Letters of the late lady HerALL RANKS OF PERSONS.

vey are deservcely admired.- Are there From Reminisc"!!C's of Charles Butler, Esq. letters, wirich, if compared with hers, would

not many English ladies capable of writing 'The circgistance which most distir:- noi suffit on the comparison ? guishes the present cia of Eritish Literature Their mild, retiring and unpretending from all others, is the general difusion meaners add to the charm of their accom bot” of useful and orname:ital krowlage plisdiments. Vost Gallic elegmates have avions cery rark of society, in a manner something of that spirit of exhibition, which unknown tofcrirer times, and yeunknown we see displayed by the Corinne of Madame

ry oil r nation. With all ibe fuclts do Stacl : nothing of that is discovereblo,

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in our countrywomen. With all their ac- knowledge of them can scarcely be obtainjlisiuneats,

ed, except at a public school, where the “ Hue me ftoin day's garish re."

boys acquire it much more by bearing their

school-tellows repeat over and over again MTON.

their daily tasks, than by learning their us to be their almost unii tsal wish. own. . Of this advantage poung ladies are

Freuchotan once triumpliantly asked the necessarily deprived. Reminiscent, whether any English lady It is observable, that, at a certain time

could have't riuen the Cunsiderations sur of life even gentlemen, who are most ar. nics Principeter Erenements de l'Eurye of dent in literary pursuits, relax in their zeal

Madanie de Siacl, a work certainly of ex. for the prosecution of them, if their studies traordinary merit. The writer believes Le not directed to a particular object; and there are many; but that there are none that, from the want of such an oluject, they tho would have written the pages of egrit-! generaily fall into a course of desultory isa with which it abounds...life must add listless reading, which leads to nothing.. that Madaire de Staal, the witty protegee This was remarked by Mr. Burke to the of the ductags de Maine, wouid lave Remind-ent; and he acknowledged that, written better and more inicresting Con- ; in ono period of his life, he himself, with sick.rations.

all his literary enthusiasm, experienced Pope says, ,

something of this paralysis. To prevent it

would it not be advisable for ladies of oul"Siost women have no char.:ctor at all,"

tivated minds, when they begin to feel its and intended to be satirical : but this line approach, to employ their minds on sene in one application of it, may be considered literary or historical enquiry, which will to espress a very bigh degree of praise. fix their attention, and, while it confines, Women are never so perfect as when they will aniinate their daily application ? possess an assemblage of excellences, cach

A course for female reacling should emof thera suited to the rest, but no one ont bri: ce “ Anquetil's Abridgment of Ancient shining the others, and thus making it her & Modern Ilistory,"attending particularly chamcter. Such are the women by whom to its geography, and minuting down its Shakespeare attracts the favour of the spec- chronalogy :-Or, if modern history only tators; his Desdemona, Imnogen, Miranda be the object, to peruse,--but with partiand Ophelia. Such too, is the Amelia of cular attention, and with a proper map Fielding, the Rebecca of Sir Walter Scott. always in view, the “ Tableau des Revolu. Each is the perfection of female excellence; tions de Europe, par M. Koch," now in cach attracts love and reverence ; each ex- 4 vols. 8vo. cites interest; in all there is an union of Here, the Reminescent presumes to charms, but no one charm predoininates; inention an observation made to him by a gone shines with surpassing glory. learned and intelligent friend, on the sub

Whether ladies, even with the greatest ject of pursuing the study of the learned dispositions for literary acquirement, should languages too far. For some time aiter study the learned languages, may be thought the Reminiscent quitted college, he cona question. The contrary was once sug- tinued smitten with the love of Greek and gested by the Reminiscent to a lady of Roman lore. His friend remarked to him great mental ardour : she observed that, that it was a vain pursuit : “ You and I," the inferiority of the female capacity for he said, “ are willing to think that we unacquiring the dead languages, should not “ derstand the French language, as well as be taken for granted :-"I'll engage,” she “ we do our own : most gentlemen, who , said, “ that if we were sent to Eton or “ have received a liberal education, do the

Harrow, we should becoine as good clas- same. Yet, how little do any of us feel “sical scholars a boys.' “ True,"—it “ the beauties of French poetry? How was replied, “ but you are not sent to Eton “ little are we sensible of that indescimbable " or Harrow : this makes the difference.” “ charm of Raçine, of which every FrenchThe fact is that the structure of the Greek « man talks to us with so niuch rapture ? and Latin differs so much from that of: “ Now, if this be the case, in respect to a modern languages; their grammars are so language, which we hear spoken every complex and obscure, their prosody so ak)- 1 day, and the writers in which are countstruse, and, for several years the acquisition' “ loss, how much more must it be the case of it is, in a great measure, so much a mere' “ in respect to a dead language, where the act of memory, and without a perfect know-, “ writers, whom we possess, are so few ? ledge of it, the real beauty of the diction is The utmost knowledge, which, by the so litue felt, that any thing like a competent , “ most persevering application, we can oba He

INTERESTING

OF

“ tain of the literary merit of their compo- although it had been as feasible as they " sitions, so far, at least, as respects the had represented it to him, yet no pre“ beauties of their style, must be very “ limited.” In this observation, there paration had been made, nor was any spains to be good sense : one; of an inport ready to carry it into execution, sonucwhat sin.ilar, and leading to a similar was convinced that he was deceived, conclusion, was made to inie Reminescerit and theretore, after a stay in Londoir by Mr. Porson :-" The number of an, of fire days only, he returned to the cient writers," said that gentleman, “which “ have rcaciell us, is so smail, that we

As to

place from whence he came. “ cannot be judges of the expressions, cr

his person, he is tall and well male, "cven of die words appropriated to any brit stoops a little, owing, perhaps, to

particular style. Many, suited to the t!ie great fatigue which lie underwent “ general style of Livy, would not be suited in his northern-expedition. He has " to that of Tacitus: of this, we necessarily

handsome face and good eyes; (I “ are, in a great ineasure, insensible; and “ use them indiscriminately. This must think his busts, which about this time “ be wrong; when therefore we write in were commonly sold in London, are “the Latin language, our style should be

more like-, him than any of his "* mest unaniitious; we should carefully pictures which I have yet secn) (2) but«, « avoid all tins words anıl expressions, we “ should use the most obvious and most

in a polite company he would not pass “ simple diction ; beyond this, we should for a gentleman.

He had a quick ap" not aspire: if we cannot present a re- prehension, and speaks French, Italian, " semblunce, let us not exhibit a carica- and English, the last with a little of “ ture." (To be continued.)

a foreign accent.

As to the rest, very little care seems to have been taken of

his education. He had not made the ACCOUNT THE belles-letters or any of the finer arts PRETENDER, FROM THE POLITI-his study, which surprised me much, CAL AND LITERARY ANECDOTES considering his preceptors, and the or fiiS OWN TIMES, BY DR. WIL- noble opportunities he must have al

ways had in that nursery of all the ele. This is a curious and amusing book. gant and liberal arts and sciences. But It contains many curious anccdotes of I was still more astonished, when I the Jacobite party, to which the au- found hiin imacquainted with the histhor was strongly attached, and with tory and constitution of England, in the leaders of which he was intimately which lie ought to have been very early acquainted. It may be necessary to instructed. I never heard him express add, that the writer was bom in 1685, any noble or benevolent sentiments, in the county of Middlesex, and that the certain indications of a great soul the present work was written in his and a good heart ; or discover any

sorrow or compassion for the misfor“ Sept. 1750, I received a note tunes of so many worthy men who had from

my
Lady Primrose, who desired suffered in his cause.

But the most to see me inmediatly. As soon as I oxious part of the character is his love waited on her, she let me into lier of money, a vice which I do not redressing-room, and presented me to member to have been imputed by our

(1). If I was surprised to historian to any of his ancestors, and find hin there I was still more asto. is the certain index of a base and little nished when he acquainted me with mind. I know it may be urged in lus the motives which had induced in to vindication, that a Prince in exile ought hazard a journey to England at this to be an oconomist. And so he ought; juncture. The impatience of his but nevertheless his purse should be friends who were in exile had formed i always open, as long as there is any a scheme which was impracticalle; but things in it, to relieve the necessities

LIAM KING.

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of his friends and adherents. King then was, who had instructions to inCharles the seconil, during his banish- sist that Mrs. Walkinshaw should be ment, would have shared the last pis- removed to a convent for a certain terin; tole in his pocket with bis family. But, but her gallant absolutely refused to I have known this gentleman, with comply with this demand, and although two thousand louis d'ors in his strong Mr. M.Namara, the gentleman who box, pretend he was in great distress, was sent to him, who has a natural and borrow money from a lady. in eloquence, and an excellent understand. Paris, who was not in aifuent circum- ing, urged the most cogent reasons, stances. His most faithful servants, and used all the arts of persuasion to who had closely attended him in all induce him to part with his mistress, his dishculties, were ill retarded. To and even procgecled so far as to assure this spirit of avarice may be added his him, according to his instructions, that insolent manner of treating his imme- an immediate interruption of all cordiate dependents, very unbecoming a respondence with his most powerful greșt Prince, and a sure prognostic of friends in England, and in short that whật might be expected from him if the ruin of his interest, now was daily ever he had obtained sovereign power. increasing, would be the infallible Sir J. Harringion and Colonel Goring, consequence of his refusal: yet he conwho suffered themselves to be imprisorio tinued inflexible, and all Mr. M‘Na'ed with hin, rather than desert him, mara's remonstrances were ineffectual. when the rest of his family and attend- Mr. M‘Namara staid in Paris some ants fied, were afterwards obliged to days beyond the tiine prescribed him, quit his service on account of his il endeavouing to reason the Prince inliberal behaviour. But there is one to a better temper: but finding him part of his character, which I must obstinately persevere in his first answer, particularly insist on, since it occasion- he took his leave with concern and ined the defection of the most powerful dignation, saying, as he passed out, of his friends and adherents in Eng-what has your family done, Sir, thus land, and by some concurring accidents to draw down the vengeance of Heatotally blasted all his hopes and pre- ven on every branch of it through so tensions. When he was in Scotland, many ages. It is worthy of remark, he had a mistress, whose name is that in the conference which Mr. : Walkinshaw, and whose sister was at M‘Namara had with the Prince on that time, and is still, housekeeper at this occasion, the latter declared, that Leicester House. Some years after it was not a violent passion, or indeed he was released from his prison, and any particular regard, (3) which attachconducted out of France, he sent for ed him to Mrs. Walkinshaw, and that this girl, who soon acquired such a he could see her removed from him dominion over him, that she was ac- without any concern ; but he wouldquainted with all his schemes, and not receive directions in respect to his trusted with his most secret corres- private conduet from any man alive." pondence. As soon as this was known in England, all persons of distinction,

(1) “ The Pretender, who were attached to him, were greatly ings and drank tea with me : my servant,

(2) “ He came one evening to my lodg-: alarmed; they imagined that this after he was gone, said to me, that he wench had been placed in his family thought my visitor very like Prince by the English Ministers; and, con

Charles :' Why,' said I, have you ever sidering her sister's situation, they seem- the fellow, but this gentleman, whoever

scen Prince Charles ?' • No, Sir,' replied ed to have some ground for their sus- he may be, exactly resembles the busts picion; wherefore they despatched a which are sold in Red Lion-street, and are gentleman to Paris, where the prince said to be the busts of Prince Charles.'

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A

Poctry.

But thou wilt burst this transient sleep,
And thou wilt wake, my babe, to weup-
The tenant of a frail abode,

Thy tears must flow, as mine have flowed
TO MY DAUGHTER,

Beguiled by follies, every day,
ON THE MORNING OP HER BIRTH-DAY.

Sorrow inust wab the faults away ; ( By Lord Byron.)

And thou inay'st wake perchance to prove Hall, to this teeining stage of strifo

The pang of unrequited love. Hail, lovely miniature of life!

Unconscious bobe! though on that brow Pilgrim of many cares untold!

No hait-1.tlg d misery nesties now--
Lanıb of the world's extended fold !
Fountain of hopes, and doubts, and fears ! Maternal fondness shall heg ili,

Scarce round the placid lips a smile
Sweet promise of ecstatic years !

Ere the moist fooiste;'s of a tgar How fainly would I bend the knce,

Shall plant their shewy traces there,
And turna idolater to thee!

And prematurely pave the way
'Tis nature's worship-felt-confessed For sorroxys of a riper day.
Far as the life which waris the breast : Oh! could a father's prayer repel
The sturdy savage, 'midst his clan

The eye's sad grief, the bosom's swell!
The rudes: portraiture of man,

Or could a tatiser hope to bear In trackless woods, and boundless plains,

A darling child's allotiei careWhere everlasting wildness regals,

Tien tliou, mybabe, should'st stuinber still, Owns the still throb—the secret start

Exempted trom ali inivan išl; The hidden inipulse of the heart.

A parent's love thy pesce should free, Dear babe! ere yet upon thy years And ask its wounds again for thoe. The soil of human vice appears

Sieep on, my child, the siuniber brief Ere passion hath disturbed thy check,

Too soon shall melt arag to griefAnd prompted what thou darest not speak; | 'i'oo soon the dawn of woe shall break, Ere that pale lip is blanched with care,

And briny rilis bedew thy clicekOr from those eyes shoot fierce despair,

Too soon shall sadness quench those cyes Would I could meet thine untuned ear

Tha: breitst be agonised with sighs ; And gust it with a father's prayer:

And anguish a'er die beams of noon But little reek'st thou, oh my clnid ! Lead clouds of care-ah! much tou soon. Of travaillon life's thorny wild,

Soon wilt thou reck of cares unknowr., Of all the dangers, all the woes

(f wants and sorrows all their own, Each loitering footstep which encloseAh! little reck'st thou of the scene

Of niany a pang, and many a woe,

That thy dear sex alone can kzow So darkly wrought, that spreads between Of many an ill, untold, unsung, The Biule all we here can find,

That will not, may not find a tongue ;
And the dark' mystic sphere behind !

But kept concealed without control,
Little reck'st thou, my earliest born! "Spread the fell cancers of the soul!
Of clouds that gather round thy morn, Yet be thy lot, iny babe, more blest
Of arts to lure thy soul astray,

May joy still animate thy breast !
Of snares that intersect thy way,

Suli 'midst thy least propitious days
Of secret foes, 'of friends untrue,

Shedding its rich inspiring rays!
Of fiends who stab the hearts they woo- A father's heart shall daily bear
Little thou reck'st of this sad store ! Thy name upon its secret prayer ; .
Would thou unight never reck them more! And as he seeks his last repose,
The truth is, these busts were taken in

Thine image ease kilo's parting throes plaster of Paris from his face.

Then hail, sweet miniature of life! (3). I believe he spoke truth, when he Hail to this teeming stage of strife! declared he had no esteem for his northern Lamb of the world's extended and fears!

Pilgrim of many cares untold ! mistress, although she had been his com

fold! panion for so many years. She had no

Fountain of hopes, and doubts, elegance of marmers ; and as they had Sweet promise of ecstatic years ! both contracted an odious habit of drinking, How fainly could I bend the knes so they exposed themselves very frequently,

And turn idolater to theel, not only to their own family, but to all their neighbours. They often quarreled,

BRIDAL SONG, and sometimes fought'; they were some of Ix Genoa's streets gay steeds are prancings. These drunken scenes which, probably, oc- Through Genoa's streets thick crowds ad, conscried the report of lus padres. "

vazers

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