manie are garnished with silver) or at To this interesting sketch a few parthe leastwise in, pewter, all which not- ticulars shall be added in order to withstanding are selde me set on the render the picture more complete'; table, but each one as necessitie urg- and, in the first place, we shall give eth, calleth for a cup of such drinke an account, from an eve witnesse, of

as him listëtli to have: so that when the ceremonies accompanying the dinhe hath tasted of he delivered the ner-table of Liizabethi is vihile the cúp againe to some one of the standers Queen was still at prayers," relates by, who making it clean by pouring Hentzner, “ we saw her table set cult out the drinke that remaineth, restor- with the followin, solemnity:

eth it to the cupboard from whence he “ A gentleman entered the room • fetched the same. By this device, bearing a rod, and along with him · much idle tippling is further more cut another who had a table-cloth, whichi,

off, for if the full pots should ontinu- after they had both kneeled three times allie stand at the elbow or neer the with the utmost veneration, he spread trencher, diverse would alwaies be on the tabls, and after kneeling dealing with them, whereas now they again, they both retired. Then came drinke seldome and onelie when neces- two others, one with the rod again, the sitie 'urgeth, and so avoid the note of other with a salt seller, a plate and great drinking, or often troubling of bread ; when they had kneeled as the the servitors with filling of their bols. others liad done, and placed what was Neverthelesse in the noble men's hals, brought upon the table, they too re* this order is not used, neither in anie tired with the same ceremonies perman's house commonlie under the de- formed by the first. At last came an gree of a knight or esquire of great unmarried lady (we were told she was revenués. It is a world to see in these 'a countess) and along with her a mar* our daies, wherein gold and silver mostried one, bearing a tasting knife ; the aboundeth, how that our gentelitie as former was Iressed in white silk, who, lothing those mettals (bicause of the when she had prostrated herself three plentie) do now generallic choose ra- times in the most graceful manner, apther the Venice glasses both for our proached the table, and rubbed the wine and beere, than anie of those plates with bread and salt, with as mettals or stone wherein before time much awe, as if the queen had been we have beene accustomed to drinke, present : when they had waited there but such is the nature of man gene-' a little while, the yeomen of the guards rallie that it most coveteth things dif- entered, bareheaded, clothed in scarlet,

ficult to be atteined; and such is the with a golden rose upon their backs, “estimation of this stuffe, that manie: bringing in at each turn a course of

become rich onelie with their new trade twenty-four dishes, served in plate : unto Murana (a town neere to Venice most of it gilt; these dishes were re

situat on the Adriatike sea) from ceived by a gentleman in the same or'whence the verie best are dailie to be der they were brought, and placed had, and such as for beautie doo well upon the table, while the lady-taster neare match the christall or the an- gave to each of the guard a mouthful cient Murrhina vasša, whereof now no to eat, of the particolar dish he had mun hath knowledge. And as this brought for fear of any poison. Duris seen in the gentilitie, so in the ing the time that this guard, which wealthie communaltie the like desire consists of the tallest and stoutest men of glasse is not neglected.”

that can be found in all England,


being caretully selected for this service, I fell at his feet, though I rather think were bringing dinner, twelve trunpets it was in his face. Much was the and two kettie-crums made the ball hurry and confusion ; cloths and napring for half an hour together. At kins were at hand, to make all clean.com the end of all this ceremonial a num- His Majesty then gut up and would ber of unmarried ladies appeared, who, dance with the Qucen of Sheba ; but with particular solemnity, lifted the he fell down and humbled himself beineat off the table, and conveyed it fore her, and was carried to an inner into the queen's inner and more private chamber and laid on a bed of state ; chamber, where, after she had chosen for which was not a little defiled with the herself, the rest goes to the ladies of presents of the Queen which had been the court. The queen dines and


bestowed on his garments; such aş alone with few attendants.". wire, cream, jelly, beverage, cakes,

The strict regularity and temperance spices, and other good matters. The which prevailed in the court of Eliza- entertainment and show went forward, beth, were by no means characteristic and most of the presenters went backof that of her successor, who, in his ward, or fell down ; wine did so occonvivial moments, too often grossly cupy


chambers. Now did transgressed the bends of sobriety.appear, in rich dress, Hope, Faith, When Christian IV. King of Denmark, and Charity: Hope did assay to speak, sisited England in July, 1606, the but wine rendered her endeavours so carolisals at the palace were carried to feeble that she withdrew, and hoped a most extravagant height, and their the King would excuse her brevity influence on the higher ranks was Faith was then all alone, for I am cersuch, that “o'r good English nobles," tain she was not joyned with good remarks Harrington," whom I never works, and left the court in a staggercould get to taste good liquor, now ing condition : Charity caine to the follow the fashion, and wallow in beast- King's feet, and seemed to cover the ly delights. The ladies abandon their multitude of sins her sisters had comsobriety, and are seen to roll about in mitted ; in some sorte she made obey; intoxication;" accusations which he sance and brought gifts, but said she fully substantiates whilst relating the would return home again, as there was following most ludicrous scene ;- no gift which heaven had not already “ One day,” says he,

a great given his Majesty. She then returned fcast was held, and, after dinner, the to Hope and Faith, who were both representation of Solomon his Temple, sick and spewing in the lower hall

. and the coming of the Queen of Sheba Next came Victory, in bright armour, was made, or (as I may better say) was and presented a rich sword to the meant to have been made, before their King, who did not accept it, but put Majesties, by device of the Earl of it by with his hand; and by a strange Salisbury and others. But, alas ! as medley of versification, did endeavour all earthly thinges do fail to poor mor- to make suit to the king. But Vic- ; tals in enjoyment, so did prove our tory did not triumph long; for, after , presentment hereof. The Lady who much lamentable utterance, she was did play the Queen's part, did carry led away like a silly captive, and laid most precious gifts to both their Ma- to sleep in the outer steps of the antijesties; but, forgetting the steppes chamber. Now did Peace make entry, arising to the canopy, overset her cas- and strive to get foremoste to the kets into his Danish Majesties lap, and ( King; but I grieve to tell how great

Wrath she did discover unto those of yet it makes a kitchen also oftentimes her attendants ; and much contrary to in the inward parts of men, soyling þer semblance, most rudely made war , and infecting them, with an unctuous with her olive branch; and laid on the and oily kind of soote, as hath beene pates of those who did oppose her found in some great Tobacco takers, coming." The facetious Knight con- that after their death were opened.”

cludes his story by declaring that “ in Such were, indeed, the tales in com. our Queen's days I neer did see such mon circulation among the lower orders, lack of good order, discretion, and so- and which Ben Johnson has very hubrittyy sou have now done." morously put into the mouth of Cob in

To the reign of Elizabeth is to be Every Man in his Humour > By attributed the introduction of a luxury, Gods me," says the water-bearer, “ I which has since become almost univer- marle what pleasure or felicity they sal, the custom of using, or, as it was have in taking this rogueish tobacco ! then called, of taking tobacco. This It's good for nothing but to choak a C'herb, which was first brought into man, and fill him full of smoke and England by Sir Francis Drake, about embers : there were four died out of

the year 1586, met with an early and one house with taking of it, and two *Violent opposition, and gave birth to a more the bell went for yesternight; e multitude of invectives and satires, and one of them, they say, will ne'er

among which the most celebrated is scape it; he voided a bushel of soot * King James's “Counterblast to To- yesterday, upward and downward.

bacco." This monarch entertained By the stocks, an' there were no wiser is the most rooted antipathy to the use

men that I, I'd have it present whipof tobacco in any form, and closes his ping, man or woman that should but 3. treatise by asserting that it is “ a cus- deal with a tobacco-pipe; why, it will

kom loathsome to the eye, hatefull to stifle them all in the end, as many as I the nose; harmfull to the braine, dan- use it ; it's little better than ratsbane -5.gerous to the lungs, and in the blacke or rosaker."

stinking fume thereof, nearest resem- It would appear that the prejudices bling the horrible Stigian smoke of the against the use of this narcotic required pít that is bottomless. He also tells much time for their extirpation ; for us in another work, that were hre to in- Burton, who wrote about thirty years vite the devil to a dinner, " he should after its introduction, and at the very * have these three dishes—Ist. a pig; close of the Shakespearean era, seems - 2dl a poole of ling and mustard ; and as violent against the common use of

3d. a pipe of tobacco for digesture." tobacco as even James hiinself :-"A

Tobacco may be said, indeed to good vomit,” says he, “ I confesse, a have' - made many inroads in domestic vertuous herbe, if it be well qualified,

cleanliness, and, on this account, to opportnnely taken, and medicinally se have deservedly incurred the dislike of used, but as it is commonly used by

that large portion of the female sex on most men, which take it as Tinkers

whom the charge of household econo- do ale, 'tis a plague, a mischiefe, a ** my devolved. “Surely," says James, violent purger of goods, lands, health, 19:17 a smoke becomes a kitchen farre bet- hellish, devilish damn'd tobacco, the

ter than a dining chamber," a remark ruine and overthrow of body and which is as applicable now as it was soule.” then; but we cannot help smiling when Nothwithstanding this abuse howhe adds, with his usual credulity; " and ever, and the edicts of King James

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fo bidding its consumption in all ale

THE BASHFUL MAN houses, tobacco soon acquired such general favour, that Stowe tells us in



Herbaruit 1911 his Annals, “ it was coinmonly used.

in rm149 1 - bý most men and many women;" and I labour uuder a species of distress James appealing to his subjects, which I fear will at length drive me exclaims,-“ Now how you are by utterly from that society in which I this custome disabled in your goods, am most ambitious to appears, but I let the gentry of this land beare wit- will give you a short sketch of my nesse, some of them bestowing three, origin and present situation, by which some foure hundred pounds å yeere you will be enabled to judge of my upon this precious stinke;" a sum so difficulties. enormous, that we must conclude thèm My father was a farmer of no grgat to have been as determined smokers property, and with no other learning as the Buckinghamshire parson record than he had acquired at a charityed by Lilly, who “ was so given over school: but my mother being dead, to tobacco and drink, that when he and I an only child, he determined to had no tobacco, he would cut the bell give me that advantage, which he fanropes and smoke them.”

cied would have made him happy Snuff-taking was as much in fashion viz. a learned education. I was sent as smoking; and the following passage to a country grammar-school, and from from Decker proves, that the gallants thence to the university, with a view of his day were as extravagant and of qualifying for holy orders. Here ridiculous in their use of it as our having but small allowance from my modern beaux, whether we regard the father, and being naturally of a simid splendour of their boxes, or their af- and bashful disposition, I had no opfectation in applying the contents ; it portunity of rubbing off that native appears also to have been customary awkwardness, which is the fatal cause to take snuff immediately before din- of all my unhappiness, and which I ner. “ Before the meat come smok- now begin to fear can never be amending to the board, our gallant must draw ed. The consciousness of this unout his tobacco-box, and the ladle happy failing made me avoid society, for the cold snuff into the nostril, -all and I became enamoured of a college which artillery may be of gold or sil- life, particularly when I reflected that ver, if he can reach to the price of it; the uncouth manners of my father's then let him show his several tricks in family, were little calculated to imtaking it, as the whiff, the ring, &c. prove my outward conduct: I there, for these are compliments that gain fore had resolved on living at the gentlemen no mean respect. “ It is University and taking pupils, when singular,” remarks Dr. Nott, alluding two unexpected events greatly altered to the general use of tobacco at this the posture of my affairs, viz-my period, “ when the introduction of father's death, and the arrival of an this new indulgence had so engaged uncle from the Indies. - the pen of almost every cotemporary My uncle was but little affected, for playwright and pamphleteer, nay, even he had been separated from his broroyalty itself, that Shakespeare should ther more than thirty years, and in that have been totally silent upon it. time he had acquired a fortune which

he used to boast, would make a Ne bob happy: in short he had brought,


over with him the sum of sixty thou- grown up, and living with their mothsand pounds, and upon this he built er and a maiden sister of sir Thomas's his hopes of never-ending happiness. at Friendly-hall, dependant on their While he was planning schemes of father. greatness and delight, whether the Conscious of my unpolished gait, change of climate might affect him, or I have for some time past taken priwhat other cause, I know not, but he vate lessons of a professor who teachwas snatched from all his dreams of

grown gentlemen to dance ;" and joy by a short illness, of which he though I at first found wondrous died, leaving me heir to all his pro- difficulty in the art he taught, my

perty. And now behold me, at the knowledge of the mathematics was of age of twenty-five, well stocked with prodigious use in teaching me the latin, greek, and mathematics, posses- equilibrium of my body, and the due sed of an ample fortune, but so awk- adjustment of the centre of gravity, to ward and unversed in every gentleman- the five positions. Having now aclike accomplishment, that I am pointed quired the art of walking without totat by all who see me, as the wealthy tering, and learnt to make a bow, I learned clown.

boldly ventured to accept the baronet's *** I have lately purchased an estate in invitation to a family dinner, not the country, which abounds in what doubting but my new acquirement *is called a fashionable neighbourhood : would enable me to see the ladies with and when you reflect on my parentage tolerable intrepidity. But alas ! how and uncouth manners, you will hardly vain are all the hopes of theory, when think how much my company is court- unsupported by habitual practice. ed by the surrounding families, (espe- As I approached the liouse, a dincially by those who have marriageable ner-bell alarmed my fears, lest I had daughters); from these gentlemen I spoiled the dimer by want of punchave received familiar calls and the tuality: impressed with this idea, I most pressing invitations, and though blushed the deepest crimson as my

I wished to accept the offered friend- name was repeatedly announced by ship, I have repeatedly excused my- the several livery servants, who ushered self under the pretence of not being me into the library, hardly knowing quite settled : for the truth is, that what or whom I saw: at my first enwhen I have rode or walked with trance I summoned all my fortitude, a full intention to return their several and made my new-learned bow to lady visits, my heart has failed me as I ap- Friendly; but unfortunately in bringproached their gates, and I have fre- ing back my left foot to the third poquently returned homeward, resolving sition, I trode upon the gouty toe of to try again to-morrow.

sir Thomas, who had followed At length, however, I determined to close at my heels to be the nomenclaconquer my timidity; and three days tor of the family. The confusion this ago accepted of an invitation to dine occasioned in me, is hardly to be conwith one whose open easy manners, ceived, since none but bashful men left me no doubt of a cordial welcome; can judge of my distress, and of that sír Thomas Friendly, who lives about description the number I believe is two miles distant, is a baronet with small. The baronet's politeness by about five thousand pound a-year es- degrees dissipated my concem, and I tate, joining to that I purchased; he was astonished to see how far good has two sons and five daughters, all breeding could enable him to suppress


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