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le meillera de tous les japins de la vie 6. Avez-vous encore quelques uns, m., quelques unes, f., are used absolutely, with de l'argent? 7. Je sa 18 argent mais j'ai encore du crédit. 'the same meaning. Plusieurs means several, and is invariable. 8. Avons-noos en ore de la malade ? 9. Vous n'en avons plus. ' Le Danois a-t-il quelques pommes? Has the Dane a fow apples? 10. Nous n'avo n de rande. 11. Qui en a encore ? 12. Il en a quelques unes,

He has a few. Mes frites et mes som en ont encore 13. En avez-vous encore nl en a plusieurs,

He has several, beaucoup? 14. Je n'en ai pian guere. 15. Votre tante a-t-elle

Résumé OF EXAMPLES. plus de robes que totee miree ? 16. Elle n'en a pas beaucoup. 17. Votre neren est-il plas savant que votre nièce ? 18. Il n'est

Combien de poires avez-vous ? How many pears have you ? par anni ravant qu'enje. 19. Elle est plus savante que lui. 20.'

Nous avons beaucoup de poires. We have many pears.
Nous en avons beaneoup.

We have many of them).
Avez-vous encore froid? 21. Je n'ai plas froid, j'ai bien chand. I Sca

Nous avons sesez de cerises. We hare cherries enough. 22. N'avez-vous plus de nouvelles ? 23. Je n'en ai plus. 24. Nous n'en avons pas assez. We have not enough (of them). En avez-vous beancap? 25. Je n'en ai guère.

Vous n'avez guere de pêches. You have but few peaches.

Votre jardinier a bien des pêches. Your gardener has many peaches. EXERCISE 28.

N'avez-vous pas de peches? Have you no peaches ? 1. Ham your brother a very good dictionary? 2. His dictionary J'ai beaucoup de pêches et d'abri- I have many peaches and apricots.

cots.

[bon ? is not very correct. 3. Has your father more courage than he ?

Le boucher a-t-il quelque chose de Has the butcher anything good ? 4. He has much more courage than your nephew. 5. Have m

n a quelque chose de bon et de He has something good and bad.

onela your brothers credit ? 6. They have but little credit, but they mauvais. have money. 7. Is your aunt obliging? 8. My aunt is very ! Il n'a rien de bon.

He has not anything (nothing) good. obliging. 9. Have you still books, pens, and paper? 10. I have Quelles poires (f.) avez-vous ? What or which pears have you ? no more books, but I have still good peng and excellent English Nous avons celles de votre seur. We have your sister's. pap. 11. Who has still paper? 12. I have no more, but my

Quel habit (m.) avez-vous ?

Which or what coat have you? brother has some more. 13. Have you any news, Sir? 14. No,

Nous avons celui du tailleur.

We have the tailor's.
Qu'avez-vous de bon ?

What have you good ?
Madam, I have none to-day, 15. Have you a mach wood as

Lequel avez-vous ?

Which (one) have you ? my brother's son? 16. I have more than yod or he. 17. Are

Lesquels votre frère a-t-il ?

Which ones) has your brother ? you still wrong? 18. No, Sir, I am no longer (plus) wrong, I am right. 19. Are your sisters still hungry? 20. They are

VOCABULARY. neither hungry nor thirsty, but they are still sleepy. 21. Is Abricot, m., apricot. | Fleur, f., flower, | Pomme, f., apple. your niece as learned as he? 22. She is more learned than he Ananas, m., pineapple. Légume, m., vegetable. Pomme de terre, L., and (que) his aunt. 23. Have you no news, Sir ? 24. No, Beurre, m., butter. Magasin, m., ware potato. Madam, I have no more news. 25. Who has news ? 26. I have Cerise, f., cherry.

Prune, f., plum. Do more. 27. Have you them all? 28. Yes, Sír, I have them

Epicier, m., grocer. Oncle, uncle.

Sucre, m., sugar. all. 29. Hay your aunt much of it left? 30. She has but

Etranger, -e, foreign. 1 Poire, f., pear.

Thé, m., tea.

Jardin, m., garden. Poivre, m., pepper. little more of it. 31. Has your brother any more English horses? 32. He has no more. 33. He has two more. 34.

EXERCISE 29. Have you a handsome French shawl left? 35. I have no more 1. Combien de pommes de terre votre frère a-t-il? 2. Il n'en French shawls, but I have an English one.

a pas beaucoup. 3. L'épicier a-t-il beaucoup de sucre dans son

magasin? 4. Il n'en a guère, mais il a beaucoup de beurre et SECTION XVII.-ADVERBS OF QUANTITY, ETC. de poivre. 5. Votre jardinier a-t-il beaucoup de cerises ? 6. 1. The adverbs of quantity, combien, how much, how many; Il a plus de cerises que de prunes. 7. Les prunes sont-elles trop, too much, too many; beaucoup, much, many; assez, enough;

meilleures que les cerises ? 8. Les cerises sont meilleures que pou, little, few; guère, but little, few; and the word pas, meaning

les prunes. 9. Avez-vous quelques poires mûres ? 10. Nous en na, when coming before a noun or an adjective, are followed by avons quelques unes, nous avons aussi beaucoup d'ananas et the preposition de.

d'abricots. 11. Votre oncle a-t-il quelque chose de bon dans

son jardin ? 12. Il a quelque chose de bon et de beau. 13. Il Combien de fleury avez-vous ? How many flowers have you ? a de beaux légumes et de belles fleurs. 14. Avez-vous des fleurs J'ai beaucoup de fleurs, I have many forcers.

étrangères ? 15. J'en ai quelques unes. 16. Lesquelles avezVous avez trop de loisir,

You have too much leisure. Votre sour a assez de temps, Your sister has time enough.

vous ? 17. J'ai celles de votre frère et celles de votre jardinier.

18. N'avez-vous pas aussi les miennes ? 19. Non, Monsieur, je 2. The adverb bien, used in the sense of beaucoup (much, ne les ai pas. 20. Qui en a beaucoup ? 21. Personne n'en 2 many), is followed by the proposition de, joined to or blended

beaucoup. 22. J'en ai quelques unes. 23. Avez-vous assez de with the article le, la, les (Sect. IV.).

thé ? 24. J'en ai assez. 25. J'en ai plus que lui. Vous avez bien de la complaisance, You have much kindness.

EXERCISE 30.
Elle a bien des amis,
She has many friends.

1. Has your gardener many vegetables ? 2. Yes, Sir, he has 3. Quelque chose, something, anything [Sect. V., VI.], and rien

many. 3. How many gardens has he? 4. He has several

gardens and several houses. 5. Have you many books ? 6. I nothing, not anything, take de before an adjective.

have but few, but my friend has many. 7. What coat has your Votre ami a quelque chose d'agré- Your friend has something pleasant, brother ? 8. He has a good cloth coat. 9. Has your uncle able,

many peaches ? 10. He has but few peaches, but he has many Avez-vous quelque chose de bon ? Have you anything good ?

cherries. 11. How many plums has the tailor? 12. The tailor Je n'ai rien de bon, I have nothing (not anything) good,

has no plums, he has cloth and silk. 13. What silk has your 4. Quel, m., quelle, f., quels, m. pl., quelles, f. pl., are used

friend the merchant ? 14. He has a great deal (beaucoup) of interrogatively for which or what before a noun.

silk, and a great deal of money. 15. Has the gardener anything

good in (dans) his garden? 16. He has many pineapples. 17. Quelle serviette avez-vous ? What or which napkin have you ? Has he more vegetables than fruit? 18. He has more of these Quelles bourses votre ami a-t-il ? What purses has your friend ? than of those. 19. Has your uncle many pears and cherries? 5. Que is used for what before a verb.

20. He has a few, and he has many apples and plums. 21. Hare

you a few? 22. I have still many, but my brother has no more. Qu'avez-vous ? What is the matter vith you ? 23. Which peaches has he? 24. He has large (grosses) peaches.

25. Which (ones) have you ? 26. I have the best peaches. 27. 6. Lequel, m., laquelle, f., lesquels, m. pl., lesquelles, f. pl., are Has the merchant anything good in his warehouse ? 28. H used absolutely for the word which, not followed by a noun, and has nothing good in his warehouse, but he has something good equivalent to which one, which ones.

in his garden. 29. How many potatoes has the foreigner 30 Lequel votre film a-t-il ? Which (one) has your son ?

He has not many. 31. Has he good vegetables ? 32. He has Lesquellos avons-nous ? Which (ones) have we?

good vegetables. 33. Is he right or wrong? 34. He is right,

but you are wrong. 35. He has neither this book nor that, he 7. Quolquos in used before a plural noun for a few, some ; has the bookseller's.

LESSONS IN PENMANSHIP-VIII. a a, bb; but, as there is not a single letter into whose compo

sition a straight stroke of this length enters, it is obviously AFTER one more exercise in letters formed by combinations of absurd, as well as almost useless, to oblige the pupil to comthe bottom-turn, top-turn, and top-and-bottom-turn, the learner, mence his lessons by copying a stroke that he is never called in Copy-slip No. 25, passes on to a new elementary stroke, the upon to make afterwards in any copy that he may write. In fourth in order of the simple foris of which the letters of the our system of teaching the art of Penmanship, we cause the writing alphabet are compounded.

pupil to write the simplest and easiest letters first, and then This new stroke is called the “ straight stroke.” It is a down- proceed to those that are more difficult, in all cases teaching stroke of uniform breadth from top to bottom, formed by bringing him first to write the elementary strokes of which each set of the pen from the top line ee to the bottom line bb, with an equal letters in its sequence is formed, and then to combine them, so pressure throughout. The chief difficulty in forming this stroke as to form the letters themselves. This, therefore, will explain lies in lifting the pen smartly and quickly from the paper when why we did not commence our lessons with the straight stroke, it has been brought as far as the line bb, so that the termination | according to the usual practice, and why we now introduce this

tum

COPY-SLIP NO. 24.—COMBINATION OF THE LETTERS 1, u, m.

COPY-SLIP NO. 25.—THE “STRAIGHT STROKE.”

COPY-SLIP NO. 26.—THE "STRAIGHT STROKE" AND THE “TOP-AND-BOTTOM TURN.”

COPY-SLIP NO. 27.—THE LETTER h.

of the stroke on that line may be as square and clearly defined stroke as the fourth in order of the simple elementary strokes, in every respect as its commencement on the line ee. The and in the only form in which it is used in writing, instead of learner has already had some practice in terminating a thick the short form usually given, in which shape, as we have down-stroke on the line bb, in making the “hanger” or top- observed, it is never afterwards used by the pupil. turn, and all letters into whose composition the top-turn enters. In Copy-slip No. 26 the pupil proceeds to form the straight Bat these have been short strokes, and in making the letter 1, stroke and the top-and-bottom-turn in alternation, and in Copythe only letter that he has yet made that is equal in length to slip No. 27 he finds that these strokes, when joined together, the straight stroke, he has been accustomed to lessen the pressure form the letter h. The straight stroke enters into the compoon the pen before he reaches the line bb, in order to finish the sition of three letters—h, p, and k; but of these we confine letter with a fine hair-stroke turned upwards towards the right. ourselves to h and p for the present. Any trifling difficulty, however, that he may experience in making the straight stroke at first will soon vanish, if when he has

ESSAYS ON LIFE AND DUTY.-I. brought his pen down as far as the line cc he remember that he has only to finish the stroke as if he were making the simple

INTRODUCTORY. top-turn, which must now be easy enough to him.

IF we stand still for a moment in the great rush and he In learning to write, the pupil is generally taught, first of all, this time, and look both around us on what is, and a to make a straight stroke, no longer than that portion of the ward as far as the eye can reach on what has br stroke in Copy-slip No. 25 which is contained between the lines struck at first sight with the vastness of the wor)

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HISTORIC SKETCHES.—IV.

cision which were fatal to success in his career as a tyrant.

There were also stronger men opposed to him than resisted CHARLES I. WHEN THE COMMONS CRIED “PRIVILEGE.”

Henry VIII. The luckless king had come in evil times for THE 4th of January, 1641-2, was one of the most momentous him; but the people of England reaped the benefit of his misdays for England that ever dawned. Westminster Hall, which fortunes, and won many a fair privilege, which they left " as a had been the scene of so many an important national drama, | rich legacy unto their issue.” and which was yet to be the scene of many more, was the Before Charles had been three years upon the throne, the place in which the events that made this day momentous | Commons, who had during that time suffered very greatly in were enacted. The coronation and the fall of kings, the trial several particulars, presented for his signature the petition of and condemnation of great subjects, the meeting of the first Right, a statute which was not intended to declare, as it did not Parliament, the concession of great national boons, those walls declare, any new privilege, but merely set forth—for the purpose had witnessed. The occasion about to be mentioned was, if of having them confirmed-some rights which had been invaded, inferior to these in point of pomp and circumstance, second to but of which the origin was as old as Magna Charta. The none of them in importance. The 4th of January, 1641, was petition contained but four demands, which the king was the day on which the great question was practically tried, required to grant, viz. :whether the King of England should or should not rule without 1. That no money should be levied in future, under any prothe aid of his Parliament. In various forms, more or less out- tence whatever, by virtue of the king's prerogative. rageous, the question had been submitted before. Henry VIII. 2. That the committal to prison of Mr. Hampden and four tried it, and so, with less pertinacity, did Elizabeth, and the others for refusing to pay an unlawful impost, should be Parliament had withstood them. It was hardly likely that recognised as illegal. what the men of 1530 and the men of 1601 had resisted, 3. That soldiers should not be billeted on private persons. against the influence and power of the great Tudors, their 4. That no man should henceforth be tried by martial law. descendants would accept in 1641 from the hands of Charles The petition was presented in 1628. Charles tried every expeStuart.

dient, every shift and turn, in the hope of avoiding the necessity During the reign of James I.-1603 to 1625—the House of of complying with it. When at length compelled to give some Commons had successfully striven to curb the royal power. answer, he gave a most unusual and evasive one, which clearly Popular rights which had long lain dormant, and were likely to showed his intention to ride rough-shod over the Act at the rust for want of use, had been revived, not without opposition. first opportunity. It was only on the peremptory refusal of James I., the “ British Solomon," or, as he was called by a wise the Commons to accept his qualified assent, and after much man of his own day," the wisest fool in Europe," clung with pressure had been brought to bear, that he agreed to give the tho tenacity of a leech to those attributes of royalty which a royal assent in the usual way: "Soit droit faist comme est small-hearte i man would most value, and which were not the désiré." (Let right be done as prayed.) less annoying because they were so petty. Not all petty, Scarcely was the ink of his signature dry ere the king set though ; some of the claims which the Commons disallowed about to evade the petition. He levied fresh taxes under new were important enough. They re-established on the firmest names; he imprisoned six members of Parliament for their possible basis the principle, that the king has no right to levy, / conduct in the House; with the help of the Earl of Strafford, under any pretence whatever, a tax upon his subjects, without he attempted to govern the kingdom without a Parliament, and the consent of Parliament; they procured the abolition of an with the help of Archbishop Laud, to govern despotically the enormous abuse of the power to grant monopolies or patents; Church. Sentences the most severe and cruel were procured in they asserted, in the most solemn manner, the inviolability of the Star Chamber against those who resisted the Government, the persons of members of Parliament, unless in cases of felony; and in the High Commission Court against those who offended and they revived the power which, Hallam says, "had lain like in matters ecclesiastical. So great was the oppression, both a sword in the scabbard,” unused since the reign of Henry VI., in Church and State, that many, unable any longer to endure a period of 175 years, to impeach the king's ministers for bad it, sailed across the Atlantic, to seek in the New World a conduct. They had impeached Lord Bacon and Lord Middlesex home and a soil in which freedom might flourish. Then came for their misdemeanours in office, and these noblemen, as in all honourless wars, undertaken against the wish, and in favour of cases where the House of Commons is the accuser, were tried the enemies, of the nation; then came the troubles in Scotland, by the House of Lords. They were heavily punished; but the which quickly throw off the yoke Charles tried to lay upon effect of their punishment was salutary beyond the cases imme- it; there were the disputes respecting the king's favourite, diately concerned. Ministers feared the new edge of the old Buckingham; there were the trials and executions of Strafford weapon of the Commons, and were cautious beyond what they and Archbishop Laud; the Irish rebellion; the angry reception had been; and so the arm of the king was paralysed down quite of the Grand Remonstrance; and finally, there was the attempt half its length. Some ministers there were in the next reign, to arrest the five members of the House of Commons. that of Charles I., who neglected the warning, or thought them This last was the drop that filled the bucket, and made it selves able to despise it, and they fell like the Earl of Strafford overflow. Charles, indignant at the speech and behaviour of and like Land, whose fall brought the king's head also to the Lord Kimbolton (son of the Earl of Manchester), and fivo block.

members of the Lower House (Sir Arthur Hazelrig, Messrs. Having done so much, the Parliament-many of the leading Hollis, Hampden, Pym, and Strode), during the recent differspirits in James's Parliaments sat in the Parliaments of Charles I. ences between the king and the Parliament, in an evil hour

--was not disposed, certainly, to recede. On the contrary, it listened to the advice of Henrietta, his queen, and to the advice was bent on yet further restraining the royal power, by putting of Lord Digby and the courtiers. They urged him to show checks on the Court of Star Chamber (an irregular tribunal, himself a king, advised him that no private gentleman would acting above and withont the law of the land, and of late years suffer himself to be addressed as he had been by the accused, much abused) and High Commission (an equally irregular and and recommended the arrest of the members on a charge of illegal tribunal for ecclesiastical causes), by all the constitutional high treason. means in their power. Unfortunately, the king was as much Orders were accordingly given, on 3rd of January, 1641, for the resolved to win conquests for the royal prerogative as the arrest of the persons named. Their houses were occupied, their Commons were to win them from it. Without the ability, with studies sealed up, and their papers seized. A pursuivant went out the brutality of Henry VIII., before which many obstacles down to the House of Commons, and, in the king's name, dewent down, Charles I. had all that monarch's greed of power, manded the surrender of the accused. He was, however, sent and even more exalted notions of the nature of the royal back without any definite answer; the House voted that what dignity. He rested his claims on the so-called "right divine had been done by the royal officers was a breach of the privilege of kings," to govern rightly or wrongly, according to their of Parliament; and the king, angry at the non-compliance with conscience, which had to give account to the King of kings, his demand, resolved to go next day in person to the House, and but under no circumstances to the people committed to its himself arrest the accused men, care. He lacked the ferocity which was half the battle to Mr. Isaac D’Israeli says, " When Charles went down to the “bluff King Hal," and, linked with a certain amount of cruelty House to seize on the five leading members of the Opposition, which he had in common with him, wore a timidity and inde- the queen could not restrain her lively temper, and impatiently

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babbled the plot, so that one of the ladies in attendance dis- | The Speaker of the House, Lenthal, had been instructed to patched , hasty note to the parties, who, as the king entered sit still, with the mace before him; but when the king entered the House, had just time to leave it." The lady in question and the whole House rose and uncovered their heads, Lenthal was the Countess of Carlisle, who was on intimate terms with also rose and stood in front of the chair. Charles removed his several of the accused. On receipt of her note, which was com- hat, and bowed to either side of the House as he came up. manicated to the House, a brief but excited debate took place. “Mr. Speaker, I must for a time make bold with your chair," Some were for directing the accused to absent themselves, hoping he said, as he approached Lenthal, who made way for him, thereby to avoid an unseemly quarrel; others were inclined to though the king did not sit down in the chair, but stood on have them remain, and to make common cause with them in the step of it. case of any violence being offered. While the debate was yet A deep silence reigned in the House, till the king, who had going on, the gentlemen most concerned being themselves un- been occupied in looking round for the five members, said, decided as to the best course to adopt, a friend of Mr. Fiennes, breaking in upon the silence,“ Gentlemen, I am sorry for this 3 member, came hurriedly, and told him that the king had | occasion of coming unto you. Yesterday I sent a sergeant-atalready left Whitehall, at the head of 200 armed men, and was arms upon a very important occasion, to apprehend some that, coming in the direction of the House. There was no time for by my command, were accused of high treason; whereunto I farther talk. Action must be taken forthwith. A motion was did expect obedience, and not a message. And I must declare harriedly passed, giving leave to the five members to absent unto you here, that albeit no king that ever was in England themselves, and they quitted the House a few seconds only shall be more careful of your privileges, to maintain them to before the King entered it.

the uttermost of his power, than I shall be, yet you must know Up Westminster Hall—the place which was in a few years that in cases of treason no person hath a privilege. And thereto witness his trial and condemnation-King Charles walked, fore I am come to know if any of these persons that were followed by his ordinary retinue, and a force of soldiers variously accused are here."

stimated at two, three, and even five hundred men. “It struck No one answered. Charles, after a pause, made a few more such a fear and terrour into all those that kept shops in the remarks, and then asked specifically for each of the accused. said Hall, or near the gate thereof, as they instantly shut up No one informing him, he turned to Speaker Lenthal, requiring their shops, looking for nothing but bloodshed and desolation” to be told; but Lenthal, kneeling, humbly desired to be excused, -30 wrote an eye-witness of the affair. Arrived in the Hall, saying: “I have neither eyes to see nor tongue to speak in this the armed men formed a lane, stretching down the whole length place but as the House is pleased to direct me, whose servant I of it; the king passed along, and going up the staircase out of am here; and I humbly beg your Majesty's pardon that I cannot the Hall went into the Commons' House, “where never king give any other answer than this to what your Majesty is pleased was (as they say) but once King Henry the Eighth.”

to demand of me." Attended only by his nephew Rupert, the son of the Elector Baffled by the silence, and by the extreme courtesy evinced Palatine of the Rhine, the king entered the House, the door of by the attitude of the House, the king went on to make some Which, however, was kept open; and through the open door were further remarks, with difficulty concealing, in the midst of his to be seen officers and soldiers armed with swords and pistols, excitement, the natural infirmity of his speech. Not seeing Fhile the Earl of Roxborough and a Captain Hide stood within those for whom he sought, he said, “Well, since I see all my the door, and leaned upon it.

| birds are flown, I do expect from you that you will send them

unto me as soon as they return hither. ... I will trouble

READING AND ELOCUTION.-IV. you no more, but tell you I do expect, as soon as they come to the House, you will send them to me; otherwise, I must take

PUNCTUATION (continued). my own course to find them."

V. THE SEMICOLON. With the same show of respect they had shown him when he came in, the assembled members waited on him as he again passed down their ranks. Bareheaded and in silence, they 33. THE Semicolon is formed by a period placed above a commo. allowed him to get as far as the door ; but ere that had closed 34. When you come to a semicolon in reading, you must in upon him low mutterings of anger were raised, and the cry of general make a pause twice as long as you would make at a “Privilege! Privilege!" mingled ominously with the conversa- !

comma. tion in which the king told his friends in the Hall of the result

35. Sometimes you must use the falling inflection of the voice of his errand.

when you come to a semicolon, and sometimes you must keep The five members were not arrested, though the king spared

your voice suspended, as directed in the case of the comma. no pains to take them. By all means in his power he tried to Whatever may be the length of the pause, let it be a total ces. get hold of them-by warrants, by proclamations, by personal sation of the voice. application. No one would betray them; and it having been

Examples. resolved to restore them to their seats in the Commons' House, the king feared the temper of which this resolution was the

That God whom you see me daily worship ; whom I daily call upon sign, and within a week of his foolish visit to Westminster to

to bless both you and me, and all mankind; whose wondrous acts

Lo are recorded in those Scriptures which you constantly read; that arrest the members he was a fugitive from London, deeming 'God who created the heaven and the earth is your Father and himself not safe from the violence his actions had aroused.

Friend. By his recent conduct, no more than consistent with his My son, as you have been used to look to me in all your actions, former conduct, he had thrown down a challenge to the nation. i and have been afraid to do anything unless you first knew my will: The House of Commons took it up. Mr. Forster well says: I so let it now be a rule of your life to look up to God in all your " It had become clear that the attempt upon the members could actions. not be defeated, without a complete overthrow of the power of

If I have seen any perish for want of clothing, or any poor without

covering; if his loins have not blessed me, and if he were not warmed the king. He could not remain at Whitehall if they returned

with the fleece of my sheep; if I have lifted up my hand against to Westminster. Charles raised the issue, the Commons accepted

the fatherless, when I saw my help in the gate ; then let mine it, and so began our Great Civil War."

arm fall from my shoulder-blade, and mine arm be broken from the

bone.

SYNOPSIS OF THE LIFE AND REIGN OF CHARLES I.

The stranger did not lodge in the street; but I opened my doors to

the traveller. Charles I. was the second son of James I., by his Queen, Anne If my land cry against me, or the furrows thereof complain ; if I of Denmark. He was the twenty-fifth sovereign of England have eaten the fruits thereof without money, or have caused the after the Norman Conquest, and the second of the Stuart owners thereof to lose their life; let thistles grow instead of wheat, dynasty,

and cockles instead of barley.

When the fair moon, refulgent lamp of night, o'er heaven's clear Born at Dunfermline Nov, 19, 1600 Bat. of Newbury (1) Sept. 30, 1643

azure spreads her sacred light; when not a breath disturbs the deep Began to Reign. Mar. 27, 1625 Bat. of Cropredy Br. June 6, 1644

serene, and not a cloud o'ercasts the solemn scene; around her throne Petition of Right presented. 1628 Bat, of Marston Moor July 2, 1644

the vivid planets roll, and stars unnumbered gild the glowing pole; Persecution of the Puritans . 1633 Bat. of Newbury (2) Oct. 27, 1644

o'er the dark trees a yellower verdure shed, and tip with silver Refusal of Hampden to pay | Montrose raises forces for

every mountain's head: then shine the vales, the rocks in prospect ship-money . . . . . 1634 1634 the King in Scotland . 1644

rise, a flood of glory bursts from all the skies; the conscious Hampden prosecuted . 1636 Execution of Archbishop

swains, rejoicing in the sight, eye the blue vault, and bless the useful Scotch Covenant against Epis.

Laud. . . . . Jan. 10, 16-15

light. copacy . . . . . . . 1638 Conference at Uxbridge . . 1615

When the battle was ended, the stranger disappeared ; and no per. The "Long Parliament" sum. Battle of Naseby . June 14, 1645

son knew whence he had come, nor whither he had gone. moned . . . . . . . 1610 Charles I. retires to Scot.

lief was so timely, so sudden, so unexpected, and so provi. Impeachment of Laud and

land . . . . . . . . 1616

dential : the appearance and the retreat of him who furnished it were Strafford . . . . . . 1640 Betrayed to the Parlian

so unaccountable ; his person was so dignified and commanding; Execution of Strafford. . . 1641 by the Scotch. Jan. 30, 1647

his resolution so superior, and his interference so decisive, that Impeachment of the Five Imprisoned at Carisbrook Members

the inhabitants believed him to be an angel, sent by Heaven for their demanded by

Castle . . . . . . . 1617 Charles . . . . . . . 1642 Cromwell, by the aid of the

preservation. The " Troubles" commence . 1612 army, assumes supreme

36. Sometimes you must use the falling inflection of the voice Royal Standard raised at Not | power, and controls the when you come to a semicolon, in reading.

tingham. . . . Aug. 25, 1612 Parliament. . Battle of Worcester Sept. 23, 1642 The King brought to White

Examples. Battle of Edge Hill Oct. 23, 1642 hall . . . . . . . . 1648 Let your dress be sober, clean, and modest; not to set off the beauty Bat. of Stratton Hts, May 16, 1643 His Trial for Treason com.

of your person, but to declare the sobriety of your mind; that your Death of Hampden June 19, 1613 mences. .. Jan20, 1619

outward garb may resemble the inward plainness and simplicity of Battle of Lansdown July 5, 1643 | Beheaded at Whitehall Jan. 30, 1619 | your heart.

In meat and drink, observe the rules of Christian temperance and SOVEREIGNS CONTEMPORARY WITH CHARLES I.

sobriety ; consider your body only as the servant and minister of your Denmark, Kings of. John II. (some.

This prince assumed soul; and oply so nourish it, as it may best perform an humble and Christian IV. 1588 times styled the leadership of the obedient service.

[This prince was for | Casimir V.) 1619 Protestant League in Condescend to all the weaknesses and infirmities of your fellowmany years the head of Portugal, Kings of. 1630, and fell at Lutzen. creatures ; cover their frailties; love their excellences; encourage the Protestant League John IV. . . . 1640 Interregnum . 1632-3 | their virtues ; relieve their wants; rejoice in their prosperity ; comagainst Ferdinand II. [Portugal was an Christina III. . 1633 passionate their distress ; receive their friendship; overlook their of Germany.)

nexed to Spain from Turkey, Sultans of unkindness : forgive their malice: be a servant of servants; and Frederick III. 1648 1580 to 1610.]

Mustapha I. (re condescend to do the lowest offices for the lowest of mankind. France, Kings of. Rome, Popes of. stored). . . 1622 Struck with the sight of so fine a tree, he hastened to his own, Louis XIII, . . 1610 Urban VIII.. 1623 Amurath IV. 1623 hoping to find as large a crop upon it; but, to his great surprise, he Louis XIV. , . 1613 Innocent X. . . 1644 Ibrahim . . . 1640 saw scarcely anything, except branches, covered with moss, and a few Germany, Emperors of. Russia, Czars of. Mahomet IV. . 1649 1 yellow leaves, Perdinand II. 1619 Michael Feodoro

United Prorinces

In sleep's serene oblivion laid, I've safely passed the silent night; Battle of Lutzen, 1632 vitch ... 1613 of the Netherlands, again I see the breaking shade, again behold the morning light Ferdinand III. , 1637 | Alexis . . . . 1615 Stadtholders of. | New-born, I bless the waking hour; once more, with awe, rejoice Close of the Thirty

Spain, Kings of. Frederick Henry 1625 to be; my conscious soul resumes her power, and soars, my guardian Year War. . 1648 Philip IV.. . . 1621 William II. . . 1647 God, to thee. Daland, Kings of. | Steden, Sovereigns of. [This prince married That deeper shade shall break away; that deeper sleep shall leave -4 III. . 1587 | Gustavus Adol- Mary, eldest daughter of mine eyes; thy light shall give eternal day; thy love, the rapture of . 1632 phus. ... 1611 Charles I.]

I the skies.

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