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Art. 47. An Enguiry into the Question, Whether the Brother of the

paternal Grand-Mother shall succeed to the Inberitance of the Son, in preference to the Brother of the paternal Great-Grand-Mother. The Affirmative having been advanced by Mr. Justice Manwoode; acceeded to by Mr. Justice Harper, Mr. Justice Mounson, and the Lord Dyer; and adopted by Lord Bacon, Lord Hald, and the Lord Chief-Baron Gilbert; and the Negative maintained by Mr. Robinson (the late Chief Justice of Gibraltar) and Mr. Justice Blackstone. By Charles Watkins, Esq. of the Middle Temple, Author of an Essay on the Law of Descents, &c. &c. 8vo. pp. 40. 25. Butterworth.

After the history of this question which is conveyed by the titlepage, and of the authorities by which it is supported and resisted, it is necessary for us only to observe that Mr. Watkins, in the present pamphlet, and in his former publication of Gilbert's Tenures, (see our 21st vol. N. S. p. 114.) has considered the subject in the same point of view in which it had been previously placed by the learned Commentator on the Laws of England.

S.R. Art. 48. A Treatise on Copybolds. By Charles Watkins, Esq. of

the Middle Temple, Author of the Essay on the Law of De-
scents, &c. Vol. II. 8vo. pp. 290. 68. 6d. Boards. Buta
terworth. 1799.
We noticed the first volume of this work in our 24th vol. N. S.
p. 452, to which article we would refer our Readers, as it contains an
account of the author's plan, and our opinion of its execution. We
need only observe on the present occasion, that those subjects which
are introduced into the second volume, and which complete Mr.
Watkins's design, are discussed with the same ability which we have
mentioned with pleasure, and in terms of praise, in all this writer's
publications.


CLASSICS, EDUCATION, &*c.
Art. 49. Saggio di Novelle e Favole : Moral Tale and Fables, in

Italian, by G. Polidori, Teacher of that Language. Small 18mo.
embellished with neat Engravings. London, 1798. Printed for
the Author, No. 42, Broad.street, Carnaby-market.

This little book seems well calculated to allure young students in the Italian language, by simple and interesting stories, within their comprehension. It is with propriety dedicated to the governesses of an eminent boarding-school, of which the author is one of the language-masters.-We have lately had occasion to speak of Signior Polidori as a tragic writer, of no mean abilities. See Rev. March last, p. 352.

D! B..... Art. 50. Petit Parnasse François, &c. i. e. The Little French

Parnassus ; being a Collection of the most beautiful Examples of
French Poetry in every Species of Versification ; for the Use of
Students in that Language. By M. des Carrières. Pocket 4to. 58.
bound. Law. 1797.

We do not recollect to have before seen so well chosen a collection of French poems printed iu England, as is here offered to our accepte Ii3

ance.

ance. No lover of French poetry can open this miscellany without meeting with something that will seize his attention. Though most of the pieces are short, yet there are some of considerable length; such as lArt Poctique, the Lutrin of Boileau, the Henriade of Vol. taire, and the Ver-Vert of Gresset ; each of which has frequently been deemed of sufficient length to be published alone as the contents of a whole volume, or at least a pamphlet, at a price equal to that of the volume before us; which contains nearly forty thousand verses.

· DIB. Art. 51. An Etymological Chart, exhibiting, at one View, just Defini.

tions of all the Parts of Speech ; the Modifications and Inflections of such as are variable, &c. The Whole carefully compiled from the best Writers on English and Universal Grammar, but pecu. liarly adapted to Lindley Murray's English Grammar. By Adam Taylor. A large Sheet. 6d. Darton and Harvey.

Of Mr. Lindley Murray's English Grammar, we have spoken with approbation more than once. To that work, this neat etymological chart is adapted by a similarity of classification : it forms, indeed, an epitome or compendium of it, and may conveniently assist the recollection of young persons who have learned their English by that authority. Art. 52. A Complete Introduction to the Knowledge of the German

Language. Containing the Substance of the most approved German Grammars, particularly Adelung, and arranged on a Plan perfectly new and easy. By George Crabb. 12mo. Pp. 327, ós. Boards. Printed at York : sold by Johnson, &c. London.

1799..

The author of this grammar has excited great expectations from 'it, both in the title-page and in the preface: but we cannot think that it will promote the accurate knowlege of the German language. Throughout the book, we observe indications either of great haste, or of a very incompetent acquaintance with the subject, as will ap. pear from a few examples. The genitives of Friederich and Mars are said to be Friederichens and Marsens, whereas the former ought to be Friederichs, and the latter des Mars. See Adelung's Grammar, Berlin, 1795, p. 161. sect. 260. We are surprised that Mr. Crabb, knowing that Adelung is considered by his countrymen as their prin. cipal grammarian, and professing particularly to pursue his plan, could have overlooked such explicit rules concerning the declension of nouns proper, as are contained in sect. 253-272. of that author's grammar. -At p. 46. in the declension of zwey, Mr. C. has given the three genders of that numeral : but those genders, the student ought certainly to be told by his guide, are almost fallen into disuse, (consult Adelung, seet. 329.) and, if uttered by a polite speaker, would expose him to the reproach of affectation. At the same page, the word worem exhibits two errors of the press, which is but too fre* quently incorrect.--The translation of nouns, though but a secondary

consideration in a grammar, should at least not be such as to mislead the learner : but this would be unavoidable in the following mistranslations : Ballen, a ball to play with, (for a bale); Fladen, acup

tards

tard, (for a bun); Hacke, an axe, (for a hoe), &c. &c. By what author, or in what province, the terms Heit and Kalmink are used, we should be glad to learn, having never heard of any such words in the German language. We might considerably increase this catalogue of errors, if it would answer any useful purpose.

The syntax, and the exercises elucidating it, occupy the major part of this volume, and have more claim to praise than the grammar, though they are very exceptionable. At p. 125. the author says: 2. In the following cases, the Germans use the dative at the end of the sentence: Example. The book was John's; Das buch war dem Fohann.' No one, offering himself as a guide to the knowlege of the German language, ought to have thus arranged the words of a very easy sentence; which, according to the laws of grammar, must be changed into: Es war Johann's buch. (Consult Adelung, sect. 371. fin.) In the same page, we read the words he shewed rendered by fr zeucht, instead of er zeigte; an error obviously not chargeable to the press, and too gross for a teacher of the language. When the English say, there is, (il y a,) the German grammar substitutes other phrases, as es greit, es ist, &c.: nothing is more common :-but Mr. Crabb, p. 157. telis the beginner to translate the sentence, Is there any one who is always wise ? thus : Ist hier-- weis. Here two not , slight mistakes are committed in one line.- Virtuous, in several places of the exercises, as for example p. 139. is rendered by fugendsam, instead of tugendhafi : the former term has long been banished, as finical, from all good prose writings, as well as from conversation.

Through the whole of this book, indeed, we have met with sa many words, turns, constructions, and spellings, which are erroneous, provincial, affected, antiquated, or totally foreign to the German tongue, that we suspect that Mr. Crabb was either not sufficiently read in the best German authors, or never had an opportu. nity of conversing with natives of Germany who had a competent knowlege of their own language. He tells us, in the title-page, that he has selected the substance of the most approved German grammars :' but, though that method has been successfully adopted in grammars of the dead languages, the propriety of it may justly be doubted in modern idioms, the standard of which is unsettled, and is claimed by each succeeding age.-Even if the present clementary book could fulfil the expectations which we have a right to form respecting any new grammar, and especially one which holds out such promises, the errata in the German words are so numerous as to make ít unfit for the use of beginners. At p. 127. we have counted fourteen errors of the press; and we doubt whether a dozen pages can be found in the whole book, that are exempt from such mistakes. A list of nearly seventy errors, in the first 110 pages, is prefixed by the author, Art. 53. Practical Accidence of the French Tongue ; or Introduction

to the French Syntax; on a more extensive and easy Plan than any extant; shewing the Connection and Difference there is between the English and French Grammars: wherein Learners are brought to do, and consequently to understand, what it is customary to make them get by heart, and which will prove peculiarly useful to 114

Gover

Hunt!

Governesses. By Bridel Arleville, M. A. &c. &c. 12mo. 38. - bound. Sael, Boosey, &c. ...

We cannot applaud the execution of the design so vauntingly set forth in the title-page of this grammar. It appears to us to be recom. mended by no useful yovelty; and to be a very perplexed perform, ance throughout. A new hypothesis in grammar is the effort of no mean mind; and 'rashly to attempt one betrays a cloudy intellect. We refer, in this observation, to page 45, where the author talks of pronouns interrogative and indefinite. **

Smyth, Art. 54. The Little Emigrant; a Tale. Interspersed with Moral

Anecdotes and Instructive Conversations. For the Perusal of
Youth. By Miss Peacock. 12mo. 35. bound. Sold by the
Author, 259, Oxford-street; and by Carpenter, &c.

Though it be not always an easy task for grey-beards, as we are, to r..] with a relish books suited to the nursery, yet we are şarry to withhold any praise that is due to respectable authors of this kind. The publication before us affords many useful lessons for youth; and it is not without instructive passages in science. In the twentysecond chapter, the forward ignorance of a young lady, a pretender to science, is justly and pointedly described. Altogether, we recom. mend this little volume to our young friends.

DO Art. 55. A short Introduction to English Grammar. In two separate Volumes. By Blanch Mercy. izmo. 38. ód. bound. Law. 1799.

The first of these volumes is intended for the young scholar, and bears the price of one shilling; the second, which rises to half-acrown, is designed for the instructress. We fear that Mrs. Mercy has had too much reason for the regret which she expresses, when she says, “I have frequently been witness to children's toiling through three different grammars, without even knowing how to make the verb agree with the nominative case.'— The remedy here proposed for the evil is, ' to give the pupil little to learn by heart, but much 10 put in practice.' ---This is done in the first volume, which explains the parts of speech, with their variations, and adds suitable exercises for the scholar. The other volume, which is modestly offered only to such as have not yet formed any particular plan for themselves, is designed to assist the understanding, and the ready application of such rules and observations as had been before exhibited. • The only way (it is remarked) of teaching any thing effectually, is, by asking them repeated questions.' • Works of this nature multiply, perhaps, too rapidly; yet we think that the present performance, if used with attention and thought, is likely to prove beneficial. It is designed for the use of

young ladies. · Art. 56. The English Reader.; or Pieces in Prose and Poetry, &c.

&c. By Lindley Murray, Author of an English Grammar, • 12 mo. 35. 6d. bound. Longman.

This selection reflects much credit on the taste of the compiler ; and the arrangement of the various pieces is judiciouş.- The differ ent authors, from whom these extracts are taken, enforce vir. tue by the graces of their composition. The preliminary rules for

enunciation

Hi

enunciation are useful, and clearly delivered. We therefore recom.
mend this small volume to those who wish to attain, without the
help of instructors, the important advantages of thinking and speak.
ing with propriety :--but a very diligent perusal is necessary to ren-
der the compilation useful to persons of this description.
Art. 57. A Set of Questions, comprising the History of the Four Gose

pels, and the Acts of the Apostles : with References to the Scriptures,
'instead of Answers : designed for the Exercise and Improvement
of Young Persons. 12mo. pp. 104. Jolinson. 1799.

This is the second edition of an useful work, formed somewhat on the plan of Dr. Priestley's Scripture Catechism. The questions are confined according to the accounts given above : but this new pub. lication is extended so far as to embrace some parts of St. Paul's epis. tles; and thus, with a little resemblance to Paley's Hore Pauline, the history and epistles may mutually illustrate and confirm each other. Whether it be any advantage to this work, that it proceeds on a supposition that the public ministry of Christ did not exceed one year and a few months, we are uncertain: but the use of the questions needs not be prevented, and will not be incommoded, although per, sons should adopt a very different opinion.

A calendar is added, marking in course of time the events during our Lord's ministry, until his ascension : also a chronological table from the birth of Christ to A. D. 63, the period of the Scripture history: this table commences at the twentieth year of the reign of Augustus, within which is placed the birth of Jesus. Art. 58. The History of John Wise, a poor Boy in the Parish of

- , published for the Use of all Little Children. 12mo. 6d. bound.' Willis.

This small volume is likely to entertain and instruct those early readers for whom it is designed. The story will interest them, and impress religious and moral truth on their minds. They may hence learn virtue, industry, and contentment; though they should not at. gain an advancement like that with which John Wise was favoured, The poetry is suited to their years.

DO AMERICAN AFFAIRS, Art. 59. The American Gazeteer, exhibiting, in Alphabetical Order,

a much more full and accurate Account than has been given, of the States, Provinces, Counties, Cities, Towns, Villages, Rivers, Bays, Harbours, Gulfs, Sounds, Capes, Mountains, Forts, Indian Tribes, and new Discoveries, on the American Continent : also of the West India Islands, and other Islands appendant to the Conti nent, and those newly discovered in the Pacific Ocean : describing the Extent, Boundaries, Population, Government, Productions, Čom. merce, Manufactures, Curiosities, &c. of the several Countries, and of their important Civil Divisions; and the Longitude and Latitude, the Bearings and Distances, from noted Places, of the Cities, Towns, and Villages : with a particular Description of the Georgia Western Territory. The Whole comprizing upwards of seven thousand distinct Articles. Collected and compiled from the þest Authorities, and arranged with great Care, by, and under the

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