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now ordain. Oh! how empty will be our ta k about an apostolic ministry, if we fall so far short of the spirit of apostolic times ! if both men and means are so niggardly afforded for the great work of the Church, to go into all the world and preach the Gospel to every creature !
There is one fact which concerns the increase of our ministry that has a two-fold aspect; it is both painful and pleasurable. We refer to the accessions we are receiving from the ministry of the several denominations of Christians around us. There are many such, how large a proportion of the whole increase we can not say, but the many instances cited in the several conventional addresses, satisfy us that their number is very large. Believing, as we do, with implicit confidence, that ours is preëminently a Scriptnral ministry, and convinced as we are, that there must be a return to the platform of the primitive Church, before Christianity can achieve its highest conquests over our sin-disturbed earth, we rejoice in the testimony that is every day borne by the men, high in intellectual and moral worth, who are asking for orders at the hands of onr Bishops, so that their ministrations may be not only valid but also regular. Yet we ask, with much concern, Where are our own sons? Where are the men whose infancy was cradled in the Episcopal Church, whose baptism was at our fonts, whose catechising was at our chancels, whose nurture was under our system? Have their mothers con ecrated them, as Hannah did Samuel, to the Lord? Have our Sunday-school teachers, our ministers—have Christian parents amongst usset before our lads and our young men, as they ought, the office of the Christian ministry as one worthy of their highest and holiest aspirations? Or have they dwelt too much on the sacri. fice, the self-denial, the unrequited toil which this work too often involves ? Oh! that more of the sons of the Church were pressing into the ministry of the Church, with no need to unlearn, as have those whose youth and early manhood (and it may be, maturer life) were spent under other training than that of our own Scriptural Liturgy; with no such temptations to ultraism as the experience of the past twenty years has so largely marked, besetting at least a numerous section of the class just described. Yet we welcome all who come, no matter whence they came, so that they but love Christ, and preach His blessed Gospel “ as this Church hath received the same."
Our readers will observe, in the table (A) here given, that the most defective column is that which perhaps ought to be most complete: the number of CANDIDATES FOR ORDERS in the several Dioceses. We have not been able to ascertain this from the Journals of Md., Va., S. C., Ga., or Michigan. It is evident, however, that there has been little, if any, increase since 1856. There has not even yet been time for the largely awakened religious interest of the past year to show itself in the enlarged number of Candidates for the Ministry; but we may rejoice in the assurance that two or three years hence this precious fruit will become more and more apparent. Meanwhile there is heard afresh the Master's voice, bidding His people pray the Lord of the Harvest to send forth laborers; and if their prayers are sincere, they will be accompanied by corresponding exertions. Our Theological Seminaries must be furnished with larger means. Our churches must realize that it is a blessed privilege for them to assist not only in sustain. ing Missions, Diocesan, Domestic, and Foreign, but also in aiding those whom the love of Christ prompts to desire a preparation for the work.
Our columns enumerating the BAPTISMS in the several Dioceses, are worthy of examination. It is pleasant to observe that the Infant Baptisms reported in 1858 exceed by 6000 (or about 33 per cent) the average for the three years, from 1853 to 1856. We look upon it as one of the signal services ren. dered by our Church to Protestant Christendom that it presents so firm a front against the error which would deny to our children their rightful place in the Kingdom of Christ on the earth; and at the same time we rejoice in the confidence that this Sacrament is less and less looked upon as a mere ceremony, on the one hand, or as an infallible guarantee of salvation on the other. The increase of Adult Baptisms is equally remarkable; and when we read of 6000 adults baptized by our ministers in a single year, it is worth while to remember that nearly all these were probably brought up, or at least born, among these non-Episcopal communions whose members are accnstomed to think lightly of Infant Baptism. God grant to all that are living out of that vast army of 32,000 Christian soldiers, who, in a single year, have thus been enrolled and signed and sealed for Christ, in our own division of the Church militant, that they all may fight manfully under the banners of the Captain of their salvation; that the solemn vows and covenants thus made may ever be remembered; that all those names may be found in the Book of Life. And now comes back the thought, how many of these 6000 newly-baptized adults have devoted themselves to the work of the Ministry? How many will offer to go and tell the heathen of Christ and His salvation? Ilow many of them have written upon their property, “ Holiness unto the Lord ?”
The CONFIRMATIONS for the year give, it will be seen, a total of 17,414, whilst the average of the three years preceding the last General Convention was but 10,216, an advance of 7200, or more than 70 per cent. It must be borne in mind, too, that most of our Conventions are held in May or June, so that the fruits of the especial religious awakening of 1858, so far as concerps many of our Dioceses, are yet to be noted in the Journals for the present year. There is a striking difference in the exhibits made as to the several Dioceses in this particular. In some, the illness of the Bishop may have prevented his usual ministrations. In others, there is peculiar cantion exercised lest any make a hasty profession of personal faith in Christ. But those expressive words, “I do,” have been spoken, as the professed faith and purpose of all those hearts. With the apostolic “ laying on of bands” there has gone up to heaven earnest prayer for the gift of the Holy Ghost. If these professions have been all sincere and intelligent, if these prayers have been prayers of faith, what may not the Church expect, under God, in the accumulated energy and zeal thus brought to her membership?
We turn our view now to the columns representing the num. ber of COMMUNICANTS. These, if accurate and full, would give us the most reliable data whereon to build expectations as to the work which the Church has to do. In only five of the Dioceses is there even a seeming falling off from the numbers of 1856; and in all these, we are satisfied, a full report would give a different result. The total, it will be seen, gives a net increase of 10,000 in two years; by no means, however, what we might expect, when, in one year, 17,400 were confirmed. The losses by deaths, if three per cent per annum, would indeed, in two years, amount to about 7000, (a solemn thought truly,) yet if there were 10,000 confirmed in 1856-7, and 17,000 in 1857-8, our gain ought to have been 20,000 instead of 10,000; for there are few, we trust, who would now present for Confirmation those who did not expect, at least, shortly to become communicants. We are sure that there are not so many as this would indicate withdrawing from our communion. It is to be remembered that the numbers confirmed are taken from the Bishop's Addresses which are reliable, the summary of communicants is from Parochial Reports, which are very incomplete. South-Carolina, for example, seems to have lost, in two years, 440 coinmunicants; yet more than 800 were contirmed in the one year. But aside from all corrections, we have a total of 130,000 communicants; of those who habitually avow their faith in Christ and devotion to Him at His holy table : so many soldiers not only enlisted, but marshaled and accoutred for the Christian warfare. What are they doing in Christ's service? What might they be expected to do? Our limits of time and space forbid us to follow up or to attempt to answer these questions.
There are two or three aspects of these figures, at which however, we would like for a very short time to look. See Table B.
There is a wonderful inequality in the Dioceses thus measured. Only one, New-York, has over 20,000 communicants. Only three, Pa., Conn., and W. N.Y., have from 10,000 to 20,000. Five, Md., Mass., Va., S.C., and Ohio, have from 5000 to 10,000. N. J., III., N. C., R. I., Wis., Mich., have froin 2000 to 5000. Sixteen Dioceses have less than 2000 each; they all together, with Michigan and Wisconsin added, not equalling the single Diocese of New York. And yet, in our General Conventions, New-York has its one Bishop, and these have 18; New-York
In the order of estimated population.
In the order of re. In the or- Ratio of Com-i lative growth, from der of Com- municants to 1988 to 1858, comparmunicants population.
ing Communicants 1859. 1858.
over 2,000,000. over 1,000,000.
times. 1 Texas, .....237,500 1 Penn. 1 N. Y. | 1 Conn. 34 1 Ala.*gain 15-61 2 California,...156,000 2 Ohio. 2 Penn. 2 R. I. 56 2 Maine, 15-43 3 Missouri, ... 67,380 3 N. Y. 3 Conn. 3 Md. 71 3 Ga., 14-75 4 Virginia, ... 61,350 4 W. N. Y.) 4 WNY. 4 N. Y. 87 4 Vt, 14-33 5 Florida, .... 59,268 5 Va.
5 Md. 1 5 Del. 98 5 Tepn. 12-21 6 Georgia, .... 58,000 6 III.
6 Mass. 6 S. C. 122 6 La., 11:21 7 Michigan, .. 56,243 7 Ind.
7 Va. 7 N. J. 123 7 Ky., 10-41 8 Illinois...... 55,405 8 Mass. 8 S. C. | 8 WNY 151 8 Del, 9-64 9 Wisconsin, . 53,924 9 Ky.
9 Ohio. 9 Mass.162 9 Ind.it 7-76 10 lowa,...... 50,91410 Tenn. 10 N. J. 10 Pa. 190 10 II).. 7-73 11 Alabama, .. 50,722 11 Geo. s 11 Ill. 11 Vt. 200 11 N. H., 12 N. Carolina. 50,70412 N. C. 1912 N. C. 12 Va. 216 12 Conn., 6-55 13 Mississippi... 47,156 13 Ala. 113 R. I. 13 Mich.219'13 N. C., 5-91 14 Penn........ 46,000 14 Missouri. 14 Wis. 14 Flo. 220'14 Miss., 5.78 15 Tennessee... 45,600 15 Miss. 15 Mich. 15 Wis. 240'15 N. J., 5-12 16 Louisiana, .. 41,255 16 Md.
16 Ga. 16 N. C. 324 16 S. C., 4-71 17 Ohio,...... 39,964 17 S. C. '17 Vt. 17 La. 400 17 Va.
3-80 18 Kentucky... 37,68013 Maine. 1. 18 Ky 18 0. 438 18 N. Y. 3-71 19 Indiana,.... 33,809 19 La.
! 19 La.
19 Iowa414 19 Florida, 3-59 20 Maine ...... 31,766 20 Wis.
20 Ala. 20 III. 452 20 Mass., 3-55 21 S. Carolina, . 29,385 21 N. J. 21 Me. 21 N. H. 467 21 Md., 2-90 22 New-York, .. 21,751 22 Mich. j 22 Mo 22 Me. 482 22 Mich., 2-62 23 W. N. Y. .. 21,463 23 Iowa. 23 Ind. 23 Ga. 500/23 Penn., 2-59 24 Md.
Md., ....... 11,184 24 Conn. 24 Tenn. 24 Ala. 508 24 Ohio, 2-23 25 Vermont, ... 10,212 25 Texas. 25 Miss. 25 Mo, 557 25 R. I., 1.30 26 N. H........ 9,280 26 Vt. 26 Del. 26 Mis. 613
* The per centage of 27 N. Jersey,..
27 Iowa. 27 Ky. 700 increase of Communi8320,27 N. H. 7800 28 Cal.
28 N. H. (28 Cal 800 cants exceeds that of 467429 R. I. 29 Cal. 29 Tex. 800 population 80 many 30 Delaware,... 2120 30 Florida. 30 Flo. 30 Ten 1000 times. Of course, Dio.
ceses formed since 81 R. Island ......1306 31 Del.
31 Texas. 31 Ind.1050 1989 are not brought
into the comparison.
+ Communicants of 1889 taken as basis of comparison
28 Mass., ..... 29 Conn........
has four Clerical Delegates, and these may have 72. Still more, the work of administering that great Diocese devolves on one Bishop; has he too much to do, or have these eighteen too little? Should that Diocese be divided, or should some of the others, if practicable, be consolidated ? In New-York county alone, there are reported 8500 communicants, and a full report would make the number exceed 10,000; so that were this county to be made a Diocese it would rank fifth ; in this respect exceeding twenty-four of the existing Dioceses. So it is