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But let us observe in what way this in society-whether moving in the polished portion of the Holy Book is profitable for circles of refinement and opulence, or in instruction in righteousness. Not to the lowly routine of artisanship and labor dwell on the example of Christian courtesy --whether tradesman at the counter, or which it affords, we may first notice the mechanics in the workshop -- whether interesting insight which it gives us into gaining their bread by the toil of the mind the state of the early Church. By means or the sweat of the brow-we would desire of it we perceive how the Christians of to see all enlisted in the ranks of Christhat day delighted to labor in the service tian helpers. Would that every heart of Christ, sometimes by active effort in which has been touched and changed by spreading the knowledge of the Gospel ; | the Gospel were ambitious to rival and sometimes by ministering to the wants of excel in Christian exertion that Phæbe, the afflicted, or the necessities of the evan- who was a succorer of many ; that Prisgelists and teachers. Several benefactors cilla, and Aquila, and Urbane, who were of this kind are mentioned in the last chap- the apostle's helpers in Christ Jesus ; ter of the Epistle to the Romans. Various that Tryphena and Tryphosa, and the bewere their positions in life. But one mo-loved Persis, who labored much in the tive animated them all. Phæbe, who car-Lord! Every walk of life affords a sphere, ried the apostle's letter to Rome, is and every day an opportunity. These, specially commended. Her most Chris doubtless, neglected no duty which had a tian kindness had diffused itself like the prior claim ; but combined together the refreshing stream, carrying sympathy and Christian diligence, and the large-hearted succor wherever they were needed. sympathy and love, which enabled them Aquila and Priscilla had helped the to rule their own households well, and at apostle much, periling their lives on his the same time to strengthen the hands of account at some time of personal danger, the apostle, and minister to the wants and thus had laid all the Churches under of the necessitous and the feeble. Who deep obligation. Others also were worthy shall say with how mighty an energy, of special remembrance, for one cause or with what increased power, the work of another. Shall we say there is nothing God would progress in the land, nay, in profitable in Scriptures like these? Do the world, if every Christian felt a perthey not, on the contrary, point out a path sonal interest and a call to personal effort ? of duty and of love untrodden by a large Who shall say what a sanctifying influmajority of Christians? Do they not ence would pervade every department and teach us that every Christian, however relation in life, did each one determine to humble, should and may do something for labor, not merely for his own salvation, the increase of the Redeemer's kingdom? | but that of others? How many a seed of By this we mean, not the mere attendance infidelity would be stifled in the germ, if at the house of prayer, not the casting of the Christian laborer and mechanic made a gift into the treasury of Christian charity, his religion a relative as well as a personal but active personal labor, and diligent thing. Where is the faith that quickened painstaking effort. It would show an to exertion those helpers of St. Paul of utter forgetfulness of the lessons of God's whose labors he had such an affectionate truth, it would curtail some of the highest remembrance? Where the love which Christian privileges, and dam up many a constrained the Christians, of whom this stream of piety and love, to shut out from chapter tells, to gather proselytes from these labors and efforts any Christian, every circle in which they moved ? Where however lowly their earthly position, or the self-denying devotion which prompts to say that none but the ordained minister, to effort wherever there is a call for it and or the elevated in social position, should a place for its exercise, wherein a Chrislabor for the Lord, and be fellow-workers tian needs sympathy or a sinner is ignoin the kingdom of God. All together rant of the great salvation ? make up the body of Christ, and each one A second thought suggested by these is a member in particular. “The eye can- salutations of St. Paul is worthy of special not say to the hand, I have no need of notice. They afford a striking example thee; nor the head to the foot, I have no for Christian women. They prove them need of thee.” All Christians, then, of to have had an important place in the early whatever rank in life, and whatever grade | Church. Or the names which this chapter gives, the greater part belong to wo-thoughts to him who can be touched with men. This proves, moreover, the high the feeling of our infirmities? Is there esteem in which their labors were held. no young Christian, just starting on the Why should it be otherwise ? Why should heavenly way, to whom she might give not that high-souled devotion which marks counsel and encouragement ; to whom the female character be consecrated to the must come many an hour of trial and many service of God? What should prevent a blast of temptation ; whose inexperience her deep sympathy, her overflowing ten- | needs guidance; whose steps, as yet feeble derness, being exercised on Christ's behalf and unsteady through the weakness of to the suffering children of humanity ? | faith, she might uphold by her sympathy Why may not her powers of winning and and example; and whose perplexities she persuasion be employed in drawing to the might resolve by the light of a larger and feet of Jesus the outcast and the wanderer? more mature experience ? What change is there in the Church, its Should this reference to the “ Salutaresponsibilities or its duties, that can jus- tions” of St. Paul be the means of stirring tify or excuse the neglect of so mighty a up one to be diligent who has been slothpower for good as the earnest devotion and ful, or of inspiring courage in one who piety of Christian women? What should has been diffident, we should hail it as prevent them filling still a high place in another evidence that even the words of the ranks of Christian laborers? It is no Scripture, often rashly regarded as trivial narrow field that lies open to them. From and unworthy of the Spirit's inspiration, the circle of their own home, which, how are profitable indeed for “instruction in ever small, is yet the chief in importance, righteousness," tending to make us perfect, to the widest range of Christian benevo- thoroughly furnished unto all good works." lence, opportunities abound for laboring inuch and in many ways for the Lord.
THE LEGEND OF SAINT ZITA. First at home, and then abroad, how much may be done by the earnest heart and the VITA is the patron saint of cooks, and diligent hand! So long as a child remains U is as worthy of her place as any other ignorant of Jesus Christ; so long as the in the Romish calendar. She was, so needs of our youthful population demand runs the legend, faithful to her master's the efforts of the Sunday-school teacher; diet, but more faithful to God. She had so long as a single dwelling or cottage in the misfortune of serving a family who our land remains unblessed by the voice were somewhat indifferent to religious matof Christian kindness, and counsel, and ters. They were worthy people enough, sympathy; so long, in truth, as the Church | however, living in a quiet way on moderof Christ is militant on earth, so long ate means, and not disposed to prevent do the needs of the Gospel and the ex- her from performing her devotions, proample of the early Church bid to the vided their kitchen did not suffer, and that work of Christ the Christian woman. their modest repasts were served at the Is there no sick neighbor to whom she appointed hour. They say that Zita was may minister-at whose bedside she may very skillful in her profession. ... Now spend half an hour, from time to time, her employers were not at all scrupulous in reading God's Holy Book, or some in their observance of those days when the suitable tract? Is there no ungodly Church orders us to abstain from flesh. neighbor or friend whom she might allure, | Zita thought it her duty to venture some by kindness and persuasion, to the house timid counsels and respectful remonof God on the Sabbath day? When she strances on this subject. Counsels and hears of affliction visiting the home of remonstrances were ill-received, and had friend, or neighbor, or acquaintance—some no other result than to change the simple calamity, perhaps, which touches the mind negligence of the family into a regular rather than the body, and though it rack practice of eating flesh on the prohibited not the flesh with pain, yet wrings the days, so that they might not appear to heart with anguish-who can tell what the yield to the opinions of their servant. voice of kindly sympathy may do for that! Zita asked herself whether she ought stricken soul ? how, through the clefts of to obey and prepare prohibited dishes. the broken heart, some words of affection. After some reflection, she devised, by a ste counsel may enter, and raise the miracle of her art, a means of giving to
the fish and vegetables cooked in oil the the house. « Truly,” said she,“ whoever taste and appearance of butcher's meat made that ragout is a skillful body." And and vegetables cooked with gravies. | then there awoke in her a little feeling of This secret died with her.
| human pride, which she suppressed inAs for Zita, on those days she fasted, stantly. "I thought I was the best, but or at best ate nothing but bread.
there is some one here who is at least as One day the family gave out invitations good as I." And Zita entered the kitchen. for a dinner-a rare thing, a marked event Just as she entered, she heard a sound in that country, and Zita received on the like the whirring of wings. She saw nooccasion numerous instructions from la body, and thought it was the rustling of Signora. She arose before daylight, went the new cook's gown, who had probably to the market, and returned with two just passed rapidly into the next room. porters laden with provisions. Then she | The range was lighted, the stew-pans went to the church. But there she be- were all on, and each one sent forth an came so profoundly absorbed in prayer and exquisite flavor. Zita lifted the covers meditation that she fell into a sort of and tasted. “I was wrong,” she thought ecstasy, and did not observe when the to herself, “ in saying that she who made mass was ended, and everybody left the these ragouts was equal to me; I am not church. She remained alone, sunk in worthy to untie her apron-strings; I did contemplation, and did not perceive the not know that my art could go so far. flight of hours.
| But where can she be?" Suddenly awakening from her trance Zita waited ; no one came. “But," and returning to earth, she was surprised said she, “ how can such a skillful cook to find the church so still and dark. She run such a risk of letting her dishes burn ?" hurried out, supposing that the day was She drew the stew-pans a little off from cloudy. The sky was of the purest blue, the fire, and saw that the fire was blue. but the sun was setting. Zita was struck She looked for the cook in vain. In the with terror; she thought of her dinner, dining-room, where she found the table which had begun to be prepared at an set with the utmost care and neatness, hour when it ought to be ready to be serv- | she met her mistress, who said : “Well, ed up. She directed her steps homeward | Zita, are you ready?" "Signoria," rein all haste, although believing that she plied Zita, “the dinner is ready, but I canwould be turned away, and that she de- not find the person.” served to be, for she had failed in her duty “What person? The guests are on toward them, and caused them a great the terrace with my husband, and there is embarrassment.
| no one here but you and I.”. There was no heavenly patron of cooks Zita thought she was dreaming or had then; for it is Zita who was destined to been dreaming. She served up the dinbecome one. So she knew not to what ner. It was exquisite. It is talked of to saint to turn, and addressed herself to this day in certain families where tradivirgin Mary, and prayed fervently that she tion has preserved the memory of this would give her strength to support the banquet that took place two hundred years bitterness of the trial to which her inex-ago. cusable negligence had exposed her. Zita had only to return thanks. AnWhen she had said her prayer she went gels, they say, came to get her dinner into the house, humbly but resolutely. ready during the ecstasy in which she was
Suddenly she stopped in the entry-way; absorbed at the church. It must have a grateful odor of stewed meats assailed been a charming scene; all those pretty her nostrils. “ What can this mean?" | little angels, like those, no doubt, which we she thought to herself. “A ragout, as I see in the pictures of Murillo! Imagine am alive. My mistress discovered my them with their little aprons and little absence, and has sent for another cook. I white caps, fluttering from one pan to anshall be turned away all the same, but other, stirring the sauces and tasting there will be dinner, and no one will suffer them with the end of their little rosy for my fault but myself.”
fingers. Zita went a few steps further, then And that is the legend of Saint Zita, as stopped again, and snuffed up a whiff of it was told me at Nerri by my cook there, that savory odor which exhaled through / who, alas ! did my cooking herself.
(For the National Magazine.)
troubles at Canton have greatly increased HONG-KONG.
this ratio. In Hong-Kong, as in Singapore
and the open ports of China, the “foreign TTEANG-KEANG (Fragrant Streams) population” is a mere sprinkling. Out of Il is the easternmost of an archipelago the thousand and thirty-eight " foreign of rocky islets lying at the mouth of the residents" in China, at the commencement estuary leading to Pearl River and Canton. of the present year, three hundred and From the moment of its cession to the nineteen, according to the Anglo-Chinese British crown in 1841, this hitherto insig- calendar, sojourned in Hong-Kong, and nificant retreat of a few thousands of small only fifty-nine of this number are reported agriculturists, quarrymen, pirates, and fish- as having families. The great mass of ermen, acquired singular importance on the buildings that line the narrow streets the map of the Eastern hemisphere. Hong- are mere bungalows, interspersed with the Kong, though by no means impregnable, habitations of the more opulent West. Spabecame to China what Quebec is to upper cious “ go-downs" monopolize the quays, America and Gibraltar to the Mediter- / and palatial residences perch upon all the ranean, the rocky throne of local dominion lofty and more eligible situations. But to the “mistress of the seas.” “Twelve we anticipate. We commenced with the millions" to reimburse the expenses of the design of recording the personal impreswar; “six,” to replace the commercial sions of a stay of ten or twelve days in value of an abated nuisance; “ five ports" the city of Victoria, a name that seems open to trade and residence ; and “ Hong- almost a feeble sobriquet beside the sonoKong," were the terms on which China rous, world-wide-known and world-widepurchased the cessation of the “ opium used “Hong-Kong." conflict." Great Britain still vindicates We anchored in this celebrated harbor, her conquest by the possession of this key the well-remembered transition point of to the entrance of one of the principal | nearly all the missionaries to the far East, ports of the empire, and the dispensation | at two o'clock in the morning, on the from this point to the five open marts, twenty-fourth of May last, one hundred of an authority which the “Celestials” and thirty-five days, including a stay of may diplomatize to evade, but dare not eighteen at Singapore, from New-York. disobey. In Hong-Kong, a British island, The night was cloudy, warm, and almost tenanted by an Anglo-Chinese colony, one breezeless. What little wind there was, is not surprised at the presence of the came in irregular puffs, loaded with vapor, wholesome stringency of British rule : yet and dashed with occasional sprinklings of nothing more sensibly strikes the stranger, rain. We got out of our berths at a sigfrom the moment he sets foot on the con-nal from the captain, to make out, through tinent adjacent, than the ascendency of the darkness, as our bark drifted wearily to British influence within the borders of the her anchorage, the character of the place empire itself. Their magnificent consular toward which our expectations had been so establishments, under the supervision of long and anxiously directed. Nothing was the titled representative of the throne, visible, save a gloomy range of mountains, palaced in Hong-Kong, are really, like the towering high up among the clouds of the East India Company's government, impe- dusky night sky, and the low range of rium in imperio; though here, it is Britain misty lights which dimly outlined the within China, and not Britain within Brit- place before which we lay. The morning ain, as is the case in subjected India. opened bright and beautiful. The hills Hong-Kong is the seat of the Oriental pow were clothed in mossy green to their very er of“ Victoria, regina Dei gratia," as well summits; the white and green houses of as the site of the Victoria founded by her the far-reaching town nestled in the straitauthority, and commemorative of the style ened intervals at their bases, while tho of her reign. Ten years ago, four-fifths land-locked harbor, sparkling in the comof the dwellers in this newly-founded, free ing sunlight, spread loving protection commercial mart, acknowledged, like de- about myriads of native sanpans, and a yout Romanists, two allegiances, one to glorious fleet of the ships of all nations. the “Son of Heaven," the other to the Boats of all descriptions flocked to the far-off queen of a nation of despised and newly-arrived vessel. Here were clerks hated “outside barbarians." The recent I of foreign establishments in faultless white,
from hat and umbrella to bootees inclu- by the restless waters. The sanpan is sive, seeking news from home and busi- the church of the pious boatmen. In that ness for their respective houses ; beautiful dark recess, right under your seat, is the girls, with glossy black hair elaborately shrine of the grim and gilded god, before done up à la “phenix," or flat-iron han- which the family daily burns incense and dle! and loaded with glittering ornaments offers daily prayers. and decorative flowers, with glossy black Hong-Kong is one of the up-hill places coatees and ample sleeves, and pantalets of creation. It is up-hill to the American that would rejoice the heart of Madame consulate, up-hill to the house of Rev. Bloomer-asking, in “ pidgeon English,” J. W. Johnson, consignee-general of for the “ ship's washing." So great is the American missionaries, up-hill to the escompetition, that the importunity of the tablishment of the London mission, upcrowding applicants, like that of a mob hill to the college of the bishop and palace of hack-drivers, will hardly yield to the of the governor, and it is up-hill-try it, peperemptory “No!"
destrian !-to the summit of Victoria Peak, Your Chinese sanpan is no cockle-shell. rising nearly two thousand feet, in its It is a good, substantial, sloop-like looking robes of green and gray, above the level craft, with masts and sails as well as oars, of the harbor that cradles its morning and fitted to grapple with a bit of a typhoon, shadows, and reflects the play of its sunas well as to paddle securely about the set lights. Like your panting self, the harbor. Ours is the spacious dwelling of town is laboriously working its way up a whole colony of Chinese. Here they the rocky ravines and along the ribs of were born, and here they are nurtured in gravelly swells, bravely contesting with labor and hardihood, those black-eyed girls sheer precipices and abrupt declivities for and bare-legged and bare-bodied boys, foothold for roads, and foundations for habrowing for dear life amid ships, those tod- itations. Hong-Kong has beautiful roads, dling“ wee" things, sprawling naked about everywhere adapting themselves to the the decks, or scrambling over the bamboo serpentine course of the hills, and the picroof that shelters the passenger-cuddy | turesque undulations of the stony soil on from sun and rain, and that bright babe which they are constructed. Like those lashed to the mother's back as she tends of India, they are “ the ways of transthe sheets and manages the helm astern, gressors," the labor of British convicts, while her indolent better-half lounges and who are thus taught to patch up their own plays the “skipper" over his long-handled ways by being set to mend those of their pipe in the bow. Thousands of “boat- neighbors. population" throng the harbor of Hong- Our host is seven years a resident here, Kong. In our geography-lesson days we and general missionary consignee as aforeused to read of multitudes in China living said. The reason for this is, that he is upon the water, and imagined rafts and the only American missionary in the place; boats securely fastened to the shore or to and that, toward those who are expected each other, until they formed wooden to take “neither purse nor scrip for their islands that might defy the treacherous journey," public hotels are no better subwinds and unstable waters. Fancy is sel stitutes for private Christian hospitality dom true to fact. The Chinaman's family in Hong-Kong than in New York. He occupies the boat as a permanent home; meets us on shipboard, and when the but the boat is plying about the harbor at sanpan ejects us, bag and baggage, upon the service of the public, or goes out of the granite quay, directs the officious the harbor on fishing excursions, or even coolies in their own gibberish, while halfputs out to sea in quest of some vessel toa-dozen trunks and as many band-boxes pilot into port. Under those bright decks, and carpet-bags, slung on bamboo poles, scoured with sand till they emulate the trot off in Indian file, threatening fearful floor of the New-England parlor of olden inundation to any house with narrow actime, are the furnace, the stewpans, the commodations. Fortunately, the dwelling bowls, the rice, tea, fish, and chop-sticks of of our host, like his heart, is large. His the culinary department, and the matting present elegant and accomplished lady is for seats by day and bedding by night, Dutch, who, in addition to her native when the stars are their canopy, and the tongue and considerable acquisitions in Chisleep of infancy and age is alike rocked I nese, writes and speaks English, French,