The parts

multitude in a body surrounded me, and ex our author should have instantly discovered their pressed the utmost astonishment at my dress complaints upon feeling the pulse, and that he and appearance. Some stood motionless with could cure every disease instantaneously. He their hands lifted up, their eyes fixed, and their found them prond and vain of their persons, and mouths open, in wonder and surprise. Some extremely ignorant. Among many ridiculous burst into fits of laughter; while others with un- questions, they asked my interpreter,' says M. common attention eyed me from head to foot. Lempriere, if I could read and write ; upon

of my dress which seemed most to at- being answered in the affirmative, they expressed tract their notice were my buckles, buttons, and the utmost surprise and admiration at the abilities stockings ; for neither men nor women in this of the Christians. There was not one among country wear any thing of the kind. With respect them who could do either; these rudiments of to the club of my hair, they seemed utterly at a learning are indeed only the lot of a few of their loss in what view to consider it; but the powder men, who on that account are named Talbs, or they conceived to be employed for destroying explainers of the Mahometan law. Their needlevermin. Most of the children, when they saw work is performed by Jewesses; their food is me, ran away in consternation; and I appeared dressed, and their chambers taken care of, by as singular an animal, and I dare say had the slaves and domestics. They have no amusement honor of exciting as much curiosity and atten- but a rude and barbarous kind of melancholy tion, as a lion or a man-tiger just imported from music, without melody, variety, or taste ; and abroad, and introduced into a country town in conversation with one another, which must inEngland on a market-day. Every time I visited deed be very confined, uniform, and inanımate, the harem I was surrounded and laughed at by as they never see a new object. Excluded from this curious mob, who, on my entering the gate, the enjoyment of fresh air and exercise, so necesfollowed me close to the very chamber to which sary for the support of health and life; deprived I was proceeding, and on my return universally of all society but that of their fellow sufferers, a escorted me out. The greater part of the women society to which most of them would prefer soliwere uncommonly fat and unwieldy ; had black tude itself; they are only to be considered as the and full eyes, round faces, with small noses most abject of slaves-slaves to the vices and caThey were of different complexions; some very price of a licentious tyrant, who exacts even from fair, some sallow, and others again perfect nee his wives themselves a degree of submission and groes. One of my new patients being ready to respect which borders upon idolatry, and which receive me, I was desired to walk within her God never meant should be paid to a mortal. room; where to my great surprise I saw nothing SERAI, a building on the high-road or in but a curtain drawn quite across the apartment, large cities in India, erected for the accommodasimilar to that of the theatre which separates the tion of travellers. stage from the audience. A female domestic SERAMPEI, a district in the interior of Subrought a very low stool, placed it near the cur- matra, bounded on the north and north-west by tain, and told me I was to sit down there, and Korinchi, on the east, south-east, and south, by feel her mistress's pulse. The lady, who had by Pakalang, Jambee, and Sungei-tenang; and this time summoned up courage to speak, intro on the west and south-west by the greater Ayer duced her band from the bottom of the curtain, Dikit River, and chain of high mountains borand desired me to inform her of all her com- dering on the Sungei-ipu country. It compreplaints, which she conceived I might perfectly hends fifteen fortified independent villages, do by merely feeling the pulse. It was in vain to besides several talangs, or small open ones. Their ask her where her pain was seated; the only ap entrenchments consist of large trees laid horiswer I could procure was a request to feel the zontally between stakes driven into the ground, pulse of the other hand. I was under the ne- about seven feet high, and six feet thick, with cessity of informing her in positive terms that to loop-holes for firing through. The inhabitants understand the disease it was absolutely necessary further defend themselves by planting ranjaus, to see the tongue as well as to feel the pulse; and which are small sharp-pointed rods, in the paths, that without it I could do nothing for her. My and carefully concealed, which wound the feet eloquence, or that of iny Jewish interpreter, was, in a distressing manner. They decapitate the however, long exerted in vain; and she would bodies of their enemies, stick the heads on poles, have dismissed me without any further enquiry, and address abusive language to them. Those had not her invention supplied her with a happy taken alive are made slaves. In general the inexpedient. She contrived to cut a hole through habitauts seem to be quiet and inoffensive. The the curtain through which she extruded her women are ugly, and their manners uncouth. tongue, and thus complied with my injunction, These people are very strong, being capable of but most effectually disappointed my curiosity. carrying heavy loads during journeys of twenty I was afterwards ordered to look at another of or thirty days. They acknowledge themselves the prince's wives, who was affected with a scro the subjects of the sultan of Jambee. The counphulous swelling in her neck. This lady was, try produces cocoa-nuts and cassia. Of the caiin the same manner as the other, at first excluded mal productions the rhinoceros is the most confrom my sight; but, as she was obliged to show siderable; unless we except an annoying insect me her complaint, I had an opportunity of seeing which drops in myriads from the trees, and being her face, and observed it to be very handsome.' very long and slender, penetrates the clothes, It is curious to observe the childish notions of when travellers sometimes strip, and go into the persons who have been totally secluded from the water in order to wash them off. Part of Seworld. All the ladies of the harem expected that rampei is hilly; it is intersected by several

rivers, and contains hot springs, near which co- form are separated into a great number of differlumns of smoke are seen to issue from the earth. ent apartments, which afford lodging to the The inhabitants are Mahometans.

priests and attendants; and around are refectoSERAMPORE, so called after Siri Ram, one ries, council chambers, &c. The temple itself is of the Hindoo deities, a town of Bengal, belong- adorned with columns, and has walls of marble.' ing to the Danes, and pleasantly situated on the Ptolemy, the son of Lagus, bad built this serawestern bank of the Bhaggarutty or Hooglypeum on a spot by which, for a long time before, River, twelve miles north of Calcutta. The ter- had stvod a chapel consecrated to Serapis and ritory attached extends about a mile along the Isis. Both this and the new temple, however, river, by half a mile in breadth. The houses are were destroyed by order of the Christian empeof brick, plastered with mortar, and have flat ror Theodosius. The statue of Serapis, accordroofs, with balconies and Venetian windows, but ing to Macrobius, was of a human form, with a few of them are more than two stories high. basket or bushel on his head, signifying plenty. There is a handsome church, and a battery of His right hand leaned on the head of a serpent, twelve pieces of cannon near the flag-staff. It whose body was wound round a figure with three carries on a trifling trade with Europe, China, heads-of a dog, a lion, and a wolf. In his &c., but is principally distinguished as the resi- left hand he held a measure of a cubit length, as dence of the Baptist missionaries, and of the it were, to take the height of the waters of the British subjects who take refuge here from their Nile. This celebrated statue was destroyed with creditors. About the year 1676 the Danes ob- the temple; its limbs first carried in triumph tained this site for their factory, from the nabob through the city, and then thrown by the ChristShaista Khan, who gave great countenance to ians into a fierce fire kindled for that purpose in European and other merchants. During the the amphitheatre. The figure of Serapis is found short war with the Danes it was taken pos on many ancient medals. session of by a British force, but soon after re SER’APH, n. s. Heb. 7870, literally, a stored. Long. 88° 26' E., lat. 22° 45' N.— There SERAPH'ıc, adj. I burning one. One of the are several other places of this name in Hin- supposed orders of angels: seraphim is the prodostan.

per plural : seraphic is relating to or like seraSERANGANI, a cluster of islands in the phim. eastern seas, about five leagues from the southern

Then flew one of the seraphims unto me, having a extremity of Magindanao, and between 5° and live coal in his hand.

Isaiah vi. 6. 60 of N. lat. The largest, named Humu is

To thee cherubim and seraphim continually do cry. about thirty miles, and the next in size about

Common Pruyer. twenty-five miles in circumterence. There is Love is curious of little things, desiring to be of also another of inferior dimensions. This island, angelical purity, of perfect innocence, and scraphicul which is the most westerly, is very high, making fervor.

Taylor. a sugar loaf. Its north coast is bold; it is well Of seraphim another row.

Milton. cultivated, and, is called Belk. It produces

Seraphick arms and trophies. most of the tropical fruits, together with rice, of his nature, from the highest and perfectest of all

He is infinitely more remote, in the real excellency sugar-canes, pine-apples, mangoes, sour oranges, created beings, than the purest seraph is from the limes, jacks, plantains, cocoa-nuts, sago, sweet

most contemptible part of matter, and consequently potatoes, tobacco, Indian corn, and honey. The

must infinitely exceed what our narrow understand-. castern has not near so good an appearance, ings can conceive of him.

Locke. neither are there any cocoa-nut trees to be seen As full, as perfect, in vile man that mourns, on it. These islands abound in refreshments, As the rapt seraph that adores and burns. Pope. with which they abundantly supply ships. The 'Tis to the world a secret yet, articles most in request among them are white or Whether the nymph, to please her swain, printed cottons, such as loose gowns or jackets, Talks in a high romantic strain ; colored handkerchiefs, clasp knives, razors, and

Or whether he at last descends bar iron : metal buttons are also in demand, and To like with less seraphick ends.

Swift. a coat is soon stripped. The inhabitants speak SERAPH, or SERAPHIM, has been considered, but the same language, and are of the same descrip- upon what grounds we know out, as a spirit of the tion, as those on the sea coast of Magindanao, highest rank in the hierarchy of angels; who are being complete Malays. They have canoes, and thus called from their being supposed to be most larger boats, armed with small brass cannon; and, inflamed with divine love, by their nearer and like the other natives of the eastern isles, are ad- more immediate attendance at the throne of God, dicted to piracy. Their prows are covered with and to communicate their fervor to the remoter an awning of split bamboos. The Dutch East and inferior orders. See ANGEL. India Company claimed a sovereignty here, but do SERAPIAS, in botany, a genus of the diannot appear to have exercised any of its functions, dria order, and gynandria class of plants; natural or to have founded any colonies.

order seventh, orchideæ; the nectarium is eggSERAPEUM, Lat., in archaiology, a temple shaped and gibbous, with an egg-shaped lip. of Serapis, the Egyptian deity. The most fa- The species, according to Linnæus, are eleven; mous of these edifices was that at Alexandria. viz. S. Capensis; 2. cordigera; 3. erecta; 4. Rufinus, who witnessed it while standing, has falcata; 5. grandiflora, or ensifolia; 6. lanci: left us the following description :- This vast mass folia; 7. latifolia; 8. lingua; 9. longifolia ; of building is square, and forms an immense 10. palustris; 11. rubra. Of these the followplatform, supported on arches, and upon which ing are the most remarkable:-1. S. grandiflora, stands the temple itself. The vaults of the plat- or white-flowered helleborine, grows in woods,


and flowers in Juņe. Its characteristics are, of fire. Ptolemy discovered his vision to the fibrous bulbs, sword-shaped leaves, erect flowers; priests; but, finding them ignorant of Pontus, he and the lip of the nectarium is obtuse and had recourse to an Athenian, who informed him shorter than the petals. The flowers are large that near Sinope, a city of Pontus, there was a and erect, and consisting of six or eight in a thin temple much resorted to by the natives, which spike; the petals are all white, and connive to was consecrated to Pluto, where he had a statue, gether; the lip of the nectarium is inclosed near which stood that of a woman. Ptolemy pegwithin the petals, is white and streaked with three lecting the injunctions of the apparition, it again yellow prominent lines. It is a native of Britain. appeared to him in a menacing attitude; and 2. S. latifolia, the broad-leaved helleborine, is the king immediately dispatched ambassadors to distinguished by fibrous bulbs, by ovate stem- the Serapian monarch, loaded with presents. The clasping leaves, and pendulous Aowers. The king of Sinope consented; but his subjects opstalk is erect, about a cubit high, and furnished posed the removal of the statue. The god, how with six or eight nervous oval leaves; the spike ever, of his own accord, as we are informed, conis about six inches long; the three upper petals veyed himself to the ambassador's ship, and in are of a green color, and of an oval acute form; three days landed in Alexandria. The statue of the lateral ones are a little shorter, and of a white Serapis was erected in one of the suburbs of the color, with a little tinge of green. It is a native city, where a magnificent temple was afterwards of Britain. 3. S. longifolia, the long leaved reared. This statue, according to Macrobius, was helleborine, is also a native of Britain. It has of a human form, with a basket or bushel on his long leaves. 4. S. palustris, the marsh hellebo- head, signifying plenty; his right hand leaned on rine, grows in rough boggy pastures and marshes, the head of a serpent, whose body was wound and flowers in July. It is distinguished by round a figure with three heads, of a dog, a lion, fibrous bulbs, sword-shaped sessile leaves, pendu- and a wolf; in his left hand he held a measure of lous flowers; and the lip of the nectarium is a cubit length, as it were to take the height of obtuse, somewhat serrated, and longer than the the waters of the Nile. The figure of Serapis is petals. The flowers grow to the number of fif- found on many ancient medals. The famous teen or twenty in a loose spike. The three ex- temple of Serapis at Alexandria was destroyed by terior petals are green mixed with red; the la- order of Theodosius; and the celebrated statue teral ones are white with a red blush ; and the of this deity was broken in pieces, and its limbs nectarium is marked with red lines and yellow carried first in triumph by the Christians through tuberculous spots.

the city, and then thrown into a fierce fire, SERAPIO, a Greek poet, who flourished in kindled for that purpose in the amphitheatre. the reign of Trajan. He was intimate with Plu- As the Egyptians ascribed the overflowing of the tarch.

Nile, to which was owing the fertility of their SERAPION, a physician of Alexandria. He country, to the benign influence of their god Seand Philinus of the isle of Cos were both scho- rapis, they concluded that now he was destroyed lars of Herophilus, and founders of the empiric the river would no longer overflow, and that a sect; about A. A.C. 287.

general famine would ensue; but when they obSERAPION (John), an Arabian physician, who served, on the contrary, that the Nile swelled to flourished about A. D. 890. He is by some con a greater height than had been known in the founded with the Alexandrian, though he lived memory of man, and thereby produced an im600 years later. His works were printed at Ve mense plenty of all kinds of provisions, many of nice, in folio, in 1497, and 1550.

the Pagans, renouncing the worship of idols, SERAPIS, in mythology, an Egyptian deity, adored the god of the Christians. who was worshipped under various names and attributes, as the tutelary god of Egypt in gene withered; no longer green. See Sear.

SERE, adj. Sax. rearian, to dry. Dry;' ral, and as the patron of several of their principal cities.' Herodotus, who describes all the other

The muses, that were wont green bays lo wear, Egyptian deities, makes nu mention of Serapis

. Now bringen bitter elder-branches sere. Spenser. Tacitus informs us that he was worshipped as a

He is deformed, crooked, old, and sere, kind of universal deity that represented Æscula- Ill-faced, worse bodied, shapeless every where; pius, Osiris, Jupiter, and Plato; and he was Vitious, ungentle. Shakspeare. Comedy of Errours. sometimes taken for Jupiter Ammon, the Sun,

Ere this diurnal star and Neptune; and the honors that were rendered Leave cold the night, how we his gathered beams to him at Alexandria were more solemn and ex

Reflected may with matter sere foment. Milton. traordinary than those of any other place. Plu They sere wood from the rotten hedges took, tarch, Clemens of Alexandria, and Tacitus inform And seeds of latent fire from flints provoke. Dryden. us, that while the first Pto.emy was employed in

On a sere branch, fortifying Alexandria with walls, adorning it with Low bending to the bank, I sat me down, temples and stately buildings, there appeared to Musing and stil. Rowe's Royal Convert. him in his sleep a young man of extraordinary SERE, n.s. Of this word I know not the beauty, of a stature more than human, admonish- etymology. Can it come, like sheers, from Sax. ing him to dispatch into Pontus some of his most reynan, to cut ?—Johnson. Ital. serri; Fr. trusty friends to bring thence his statue: he serre ; of Lat. sero.— Thomson. Claw; talon assured him that the city and kingdom which

Two eagles, possessed it should prove happy, glorious, and That mounted on the winds, together s'ill powerful. The young man, having thus spoke, Their strokes extended; but arriving now disappeared, mounting up into heaven in a blaze Amidst the council, over every brow

Shook their thick wings, and threatening death's cold Whatever practical rule is generally broken, canfears,

not be supposed innate; it being impossible that Their necks and cheeks tore with their eager seres, men would, without shame or fear, confidently and

Chapman. serenely break a rule which they could not but eviSERE, in hawking, is used for the yellow dently know that God had set up.

Locke. part of a hawk between the beak and the eyes I cannot see how any men should ever transgress (see Falconry); but this cannot be Chapman's those moral rules, with confidence and serenity, were meaning.

they innate, and stamped upon their minds. Id. SEREGIPPE, or Sergippe, a prorince of

Take care Brasil, bounded north by Pernambuco, south by The muddy beverage to serene, and drive the proviace of Todos Santos, east by the sea, Precipant the baser ropy lees.

Philips. and west by interior deserts. It is very fertile Exciting them, by a due remembrance of all that and well cultivated, abounding in cattle, grain, is past, unto future circumspection, and a serene ex

Grew's Cosmologia. tobacco, and sugar, in all of which it carries on a pectation of the future life. Hourishing trade. Its ports do not admit large Serenely pleasant, calmly fair :

The nymph did like the scene appear, vessels. Population 20,000.

Soft fell her words as flew the air.

Prior. SEBEGIPPE, the capital of the above province,

In the constitution of a perpetual equinox, the is situated on the shore of the river Vazabaris, best part of the globe would be desolate ; and, as five miles from the coast. It has a very hand- to that little that would be inhabited, there is no some parish church, but is not a large or very reason to expect that it would constantly enjoy that flourishing place.

admired calm and serenity.

Bentley. SERENADE', n. S. Fr. serenade ; Ital. sere

The moon, serene in glory, mounts the sky. Pope. nata, whence in Milton serenate, from Lat. sere

The setting sun now shone serenely bright. Id. nus, the lovers commonly attending their mis

Pure serenity apace tresses in fair nights. Music or songs with Induces thought and contemplation still. Thomson. which ladies are entertained by their lovers in A black cloud hangs hovering over their minds ; the night.

which, when it falls in showers through their eyes, Mixt dance, or wanton mask, or midnight ball, is dispersed, and all within is serene again. Mason. Or serenate, which the starved lover sings

Can hopes of Heaven, bright prospects of an To his proud fair ; best quitted with disdain.

hour Milton.

That come to waft us out of Sorrow's power, Foolish swallow, what dost thou

Obscure or quench a faculty that finds So often at my window do,

Is happiest soil in the serenest minds? With thy tuneless serenade?


Religion curbs indeed its wanton play,
Shall I the neighbours' nightly rest invade,

And brings the trifler under rigorous sway.
At her deaf doors, with some vile serenade? .

Cowper. He continued to serenade her every morning, till SERENE is also a title of honor given to several the queen was charmed with his harmony.

princes, and to the principal magistrates of reSpectator.

publics. The king of Britain, and the children Will fancies he never should have been the man of the king of Spain, are called most serene ; as he is, had not he broke windows, and disturbed

were also the late republic and doge of Venice : honest people with his midnight serenade, when he


and, when the was a young fellow.

pope or the sacred college write A SERENADE is a kind of concert given in the to emperors or kings, they give them no other

titles. night by a lover to his mistress, under her win. dow. These sometimes cousist only of instru

SERENUS SAMMONICUS, a celebrated physimental music, but at other times' voices are cian, who flourished in the reigns of Severus and

He wrote several added; the music and songs composed for these Caracalla, about A. D. 200.

treatises on history and the works of nature ; but occasions are also called serenades. SERENE, n. s. & v. a. Fr. serein ; Latin

there is only one poem extant, On the Remedies SEREN E’LY, udv.


of Diseases. The best edition is that of AmsterSEREN'ITUDE, n. s. placid; quiet: the dam, in 8vo., 1706. He was murdered, at a SEREN'ITY.

adverb and

festival, by the order of Caracalla. He had a substantive corresponding.

library that contained 62,000 volumes, which Wherever death doth please t'appear,

Quintus Serenus Sammonicus, his son, gave to Seas, serenes, swords, shots, sickness, all are there.

Gordian the Younger, to whom he was preceptor. Ben Jonson.

SERERES, a tribe of the Joloffs, in Western From the equal distribution of the phlegmatick Africa, inhabiting the country in the vicinity or humour will flow quietude and serenilude in the af- Cape Verd. They are dispersed into small refections.

Wotton. publics, which unite into one body against a Spirits live insphered

common enemy, and go naked. They appear to In regions mild of calm and serene air. Milton. have few or no ideas of religion; but seem an

There wanted yet a creature might erect inoffensive industrious people, and hospitable to
His stature, and upright with front serene
Govern the rest.


These eves that roll in vain,

SERES, or Sirus, a large inland town of moSo thick a drop serene hath quenched their orbs.

dein Macedon, situated in an elevated plain, at Id. some distance to the east of the ancient Strymon,

now the Carasou or Pondus. It has a number of A general peace and serenity newly succeeded a general trouble and cloud throughout all his king. handsome mosques, baths, and other public edi. doms.

Temple. fices. Its manufacture of towels and strong



The serge

linen cloth is the most noted in the Levant: versely, equally, and" alternately, one after those of cotton stuffs are also very extensive. another, with his feet, in proportion as the The surrounding district is fertile in cotton, to- threads are raised and lowered, throws the shutbacco, and different kinds of corn and fruit. Ittle across from one side to the other; and each is to this fertility, and the health of the situation, time that the shuttle is thrown, and the thread of that the town owes its increase. It is the resi- the woof is crossed between those of the warp, dence of a Greek archbishop. Population strikes it with the frame to which the reed is 30,000. Forty-five miles north-east of Salonica. fastened, through those teeth the threads of the

SERGE, n. s. Fr. serge; Span. serga, which warp pass; and this stroke he repeats twice or Covaruvias derives from Arab. ririca, Skinner thrice, or even more, till he judges the crossing from Germ. serge, a mat.

A kind of woollen of the serge sufficiently close: thus he proceeds cloth.

till the warp is all filled with woof. The same wool one man felts into a hát another

now taken off the loom is carried to the fuller, weaves into cloth, another into kersey or serge, and who scours it in the trough of his mill with a another into arras.


kind of fat earth, called fuller's earth, first purged Ye weavers, all your shuttles throw,

of all stones and filth. After three or four hours And bid broad-cloths and sérges grow.


scouring, the fullers' earth is washed out in fair Serge is a woollen quilted stuff, manufactured water, brought by little and little into the trough, commonly on a loom with four treddles, after out of which it is taken when all the earth is the manner of rateens, and other stuffs that have cleared : thén, with a kind of iron pincers, or a wale. The goodness of serges is known by plyers, they pull off all the knots, ends, straws, the quilting, as that of cloth by the spinning, &c., sticking out on the surface on either side, Of serges there are various kinds, denominated and then return it into the fulling trough, where either from the different qualities thereof or from it is worked with water somewhat more than the places where they are wrought. The most lukewarm, with soap dissolved therein, for nearly considerable is the London serge, highly valued two hours; it is then washed out ull the water abroad, particularly in France, where a manufac- becomes quite clear, and there be no signs of ture is carried on with considerable success, soap left; then it is taken out of the trough, the under the title of serge façon de Londres. The knots, &c., again pulled off, and then put on the method of making the London serge is as fol- tenter to dry, taking care as fast as it dries to lows:-For wool, the longest is chosen for the stretch it out both in length and breadth till it be warp, and the shortest for the woof. Before brought to its just dimensions. When well dried, either kind is used it is first scoured, by putting it is taken off the tenter, and dyed, shorn, and it in a copper of liquor, somewhat more than pressed. lukewarm, composed of three parts of fair water SER'GEANT, n.s. and one of urine.

Fr. sergent ; Ital. serAfter having staid loug


gente ; from Lat. sete enough therein for the liquor to dissolve, and SER'GEANTSIIIP. viens. An officer whose had the grease taken off, &c., it is stirred briskly business it is to execute the commands of about with a wooden peel; taken out of the li- Others ; his office : for the legal use see below. quor, drained, and washed in a running water, dried in the shade, beaten with sticks on

When it was day, the magistrates sent the ser

Acts xvi. 35. wooden rack to drive out the coarser dust and geants, saying, Let these men go.

Had I but time, as this fell sergeant, Death, filth, and then picked clean with the hands. Is strict in his arrest, oh! I could tell

. Thus far prepared, it is greased with oil of olives,

Shakspeure. Hamlet. and the longest part, destined for the warp, is

This is the sergeant, combed with large combs, heated in a little fur- Who like a good and hardy soldier fought. nace for the purpose. To clear off the oil again,

Id. Macbeth. the wool is put in a liquor composed of hot None should be made sergeants but such as prowater with soap melted therein : whence being bably might be held fit to be judges afterwards. taken out, wrung, and dried, it is spun on a

Bacon. wheel. The shorter wool, intended for the woof, Grand sergeantry is that where one holdeth lands is only carded on the knee with small cards, and of the king by service, which he ought to do in his then spun on the wheel, without being scoured of own person unto him: as to bear the king's banner its oil. It must be remarked that the thread for

or his spear, or to lead his host, or to be his marshal, the warp is always to be spun much finer, and the land ; or to find a man at arms to fight within

or to blow a horn, when he seeth his enemies invade better twisted than that of the woof. The wool, the four seas, or else to do it himself; or to bear the both for the warp and the woof, being spun, and king's sword before him at his coronation ; or on that the thread divided into skains, that of the woof is day to be his sewer, carver, butler, or chamberlain. put on spools (unless it has been spun upon Petit sergeantry is where a man holdeth land of the them) fit for the cavity or eye of the shuttle ; and king, to yield him yearly some small thing towards that for the warp is wound on a kind of wooden his wars; as a sword, dagger, bow, knife, spear, bobbins, to fit it for warping. When warped, it pair of gloves of mail, a pair of spurs, or such like. is stiffened with a kind of size, whereof that

Cowel, made of the shreds of parchment is held the SERGEANT, in war, is an uncommissioned ofbest; and when dry is put on the loom. When ficer in a company of foot or troop of dragoons, mounted on the loom, the workman raising and armed with a halberd, and appointed to see dis. lowering the threads (which are passed through cipline observed, to teach the soldiers the exera reed), by means of four treddles placed under- cise of their arms, to order, straighten, and form neath the loom, which he makes to act trans- their ranks, files, &c. He receives the orders

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