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Obfervations on Mr. Wesley's Second Calm Aditrefi ; and inch

dentally on other Writings upon the American Question. Together with Thoughts on. Toleration, and on the Point how far ibu Conscience of the Subjekt is concerned in a War: Remarks on Consitutions in general, and thet of England in particular; 0% the Nature of Colonial Government, and a Recommendation of a Plan of Peace. 12mo. is. Dilly.

Mr. Wesley being almost as much out of his element in turning politician, as he was when he commenced physician, it is no wonder that he lays himself open to refutation by adepts of both profesiions. Our peace-maker hath hence evidently the advantage over himn in the present dispute. He might as well have kept his plan of peace, however, to him telf, till the belligerant parties are better disposed than they teem at present to make an end of the war.

A Brief Description of the Cities of London and Welminfier, &c, To which are added, some proper Cautions to the Merchants,

Iradesmen, &c. By Sir John Fielding, one of bis Majesty's Justices of the Peace, &c. 12mo. 35.

12mo, 3s. Wilkie. A species of forgery, for which Sir John Fielding, whole name is here artfully, and unwarrantly abused, cannot legally illue his warrant to apprehend the offender. The Cautions to Merchants and Tradesmen were, it is true, dictated by this vigilant magiftrare; but the description of the Cities of London and Westminster is the production of foine Grub; who may probably fall into the Knight's clutches some time or other for some other species of petty larceny.

A Letter to the Master, Wardens, and Court of Afifiants, of the

Corporation of Surgeons, &c. By a Member of the Corpuration. 8vo. 1S. Lowndes.

A sensible call on the Company of Surgeons to exert themselves, to prevent the gross abutes and inhuman ravages daily comınitted by quacks and empirics. Surely the College of Physicians, with the Surgeons Company united, might do something this way; for which the public, the rising generation in particular, would be intinitely indebted to them,

Reflellions

Repeations an the State of Parties; on the National Debt, the Net

ceffity and Expediency of the present War with America. 8vo, IS. 6d. W. Davies.

A dealer in white-wash and black-ball, with which he al ternately beplaisters the Miniftry, and be patters the Americans : Like a vile dauber, however, he lays it on so thick, that the difference of colour makes no difference in the dirt,

An Enquiry, whether we have any Scripture-Warrant for a dirett

Address of Supplication, Praise, or Thanksgiving, either to the Son or to the Holy Ghoft. By the late Rev. Paul Cardale, Axthor of The true New Teftament Dobirine of Jefus Christ confidered, 5. To which are prefixed, A few Striêlures relative to the Autbor. And by Way of Appendix, a Letter on the Perfonality of the Spirit, which was sent to the Editor in the Year 1762. By the late Rev. Nath. Lardner, D.D. 8vo. 1S. Johnfon.

The texts of scripture chiefly infifted on and explained in this Enquiry are the invocations of the Apostle Thomas and St. Stephen. There appears, however, so much difficulty in the solution of this difficult scriptural problem, that we think these very able divines have left it much in the same state in which they found it,

A Treatise on the Charade. Translated from the French of the

Sieur Rondeaulet, Member of the Academy of Belles Lettres at Paris. . By Tobias Rigmerole, with Alterations adapted to the English Language. 4to. Is. Davies.

A treatise on a wretched species of writing, which certain frivolous females lately imported among other frippery fashions from France. Like most other articles of French manufacture, however, it does not appear adapted to the wear of this country

This SUPPLEMENT to be continued, and if poffible concluded, in our next. In the mean time the Editor would be obliged to fuch Authors and Publishers as may inform him of any article bitherto omitted,

CORRE

CORRESPONDENCE.

. To the AUTHORS of the LONDON REVIEW. GENTLEMEN, I have been so highly entertained by the essays of Mons. Falconet, which you have with much candour described in your Review for May, that I with to point out to the ingenious Translator iwo fmall errors, which, though apparently typographical, it may be very necesfary his readers should be apprised of. In the 5th line of p. 11, “ removed" should certainly be " unmoved ;” and in the latt line of p. 26, we should read “ cut out,” in the text, and “ renforcement” in the note.-Thele particulars may possibly be too minute for your notice ; but in a work of science, which in other respects appears extremely correct, it may not be iinpertinent to have noticed them...

A DISCIPLE OF FALCORRT.

Next Month will be published,

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Constructed about Fifty Years ago, at Hess E-Cassel

and other Parts of GERMANY, and now reconstructed in LONDON.

N. B. The Purchasers of this Pamphlet will be entitled to a Ticket of Admittance to the Exhibition of a Model, five Feet in Diameter, of a like Wheel, capable of supplying the Power of Water, Wind, or Cattle, in the Working of Mills, and other similar Machines, of any Weight or Magnitude.

The Subscribers to Dr. Kenrick's Introduction to the Mechanical Principles of Natural Philofopby, will reccive such Tickets of Admittance gratisa

Τ Η Ε

LONDON REVIEW W, ,

FOR SEPTEMBER, 1777:

Philosophical Transaflions, of the Royal Society of London. Vola

LXVII, Part 1. For the Year 1777. 73. 64. Davis.

The fir) Article, in this volume, is a very remarkable, though not fingular, case of a woman's living for several years without meat or drink : drawn up by Dr. Mackenzie physician at New Tarbat, and cominunicated by the Right Hon. James Stewart Mackenzie, Lord Privy Seal of Scotland. The case is well attested, and what renders it the more extraordinary is that the patient, after long remaining bent double and bed-ridden, in the most deplorable situation, recovered so much, as to be able to walk tolerably upright, and to sublift on the sustenance of an infant.

Article the Second, relates to the practice of washing and rubbing the stems of trees, to promote their annual increase : a pračtice recommended by the celebrated Dr. Hales and Mr. Evelyn. The experiment, here related, was 'contained in a letter

, from Mr. Marsham, to the Bishop of Bath and Wells; and is as follows.

" In the spring, as soon as the buds began to swell, I washed my tree round from the ground to the beginning of the head's viz. bé tween thirteen and fourteen feet in height. This was done first with Water and a stiff shoe-brush, until the tree was quite cleared of the mhofs and dirt; then I only washed it with a coarse fiannel. I repeated the wahing three, four, or five times a week, during all the dry time of the spring and the fore-part of the summer; but after the rains were frequent, 1 very feldom waihed. The unwashed tree, whose growth I VOL. VI.

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proposed

proposed to compare with it, was (at five feet from the ground) before
the last year's increase, 3 ft. 7 in. oths; and in the autumn, after the
year's growth was compleated, 3 ft: 9 in. 'sh; viz, increase 1 in.
Roths. The washed tree was lait spring 3 ft. 7 in. Sths, and in the
autumn it was z ft. 9 in. 7oths, viz, increase 2 in. sths, that is, one-
tenth of an inch above double the increase of the unwashed tree. As
the difference was so great, and as fome unknown accident might have
injured the growth of ele unwashed tree, I added the year's increase of
five other beeches of the fame age (vize all that I had measured), and
found the aggregate increase of the six unwashed beeches to be 9 in.
zdths, which, divided by fix, gives one inch and five-tenths and an
half for the growth of each tree; fo the gain by washing is nine-tenths
and an half. To make the experiment fairly, 'I fixed on two of my
largest beeches, sown in 1741, and transplanted into a grove in 1749.
The washed tree had been, from the first year, the largest plant till the
year 1767, when its rival became and continued the largest plant, until
I began to wash the other: therefore I fixed on the less thriving tree as
the faireft trial.”

Article the Third, is curious and entertaining, relative to a
fubject much controverted by naturalists; the propagation of
bees. We shall therefore extract the process of the whole ex-
periment, with the writer's * previous remarks.

“The republic of bees has at all times gained universal esteem and admiration : their culture, an object fo worthy of our attention, has attracted and still does engage that of many of the learned, and has arrived at a considerable degree of improvement of late' years; but their mode of propagating their species seems to this day to have baffled the ingenuity of ages in their attempts to discover it. The mott skilful naturalists have been strangely milled in their opinion, that the bees, as well as the other tribes of animals, are perpetuated by copulation ; though they acknowledge that they have never been able to detect them. in the act.

“ Pliny, who was likewise of the same opinion, that in this particular they do not differ from other animals, observes, “ Apium coitus, vifus eft nunquam.. Swammerdam, that sagacious observer, having never been able to discover it, entertained a notion, that the female or queen bee was fecundated without copulation ; that it was sufficient for her to be near the males ; that a vivifying aura, exhaling from the body of the males, and absorbed by the female; might impregnate her eggs. At last the incomparable Reaumur thought he had in a great measurë removed the veil, and brought their manner of generating nearly to a proof. This part of physics has been the principal object of my researches for screral years pait; having been insensibly engaged in it by the pleasure I took in so curious an inquiry; and although this pursuit has been attended with more difficulties and embarratiments than can be well imagined, I have not been discouraged, and have carefully avoided launching into conjectures. To introduce a new System in the doctrine of bees, which in a great measure contradicts all

* Mr. John Debraw, Apothecary to Addenbrooke's Hospital at Came bridge.

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