out it, and are apt to make as much noise with such logical tennis and distinctions, as the school-men used to do with their principle of indis viduation, substantial forms, &c. Whereas, if we could be pera suaded to quit every arbitrary hypothetis, and trust to fact and exo perience, a found sleep, any night, would yield sufficient satisfaction in the present case; which ihus may derive light even from the darkest parts of nature; and which will the more merit our regard, fince the Jame point has been in some measure confirmed to us by revelacion, as our author has likewile shewn in his Introduction to the Reasonableness of Christianity.”

Certain it is, as our judicious Editor observes, that Mr. Locke's Essay contains many refined speculations, which are daily gaining ground among thoughtful and intelligent persons, notwithstanding the neglect, to which studies of this kind are frequently opposed. It is to be remembered, however, that the thoughtful and intelligent are few in comparison of that herd of readers, which, to use the jargon of the times, give the ton to systems of philosophy as well as to fashions in dress. How else, in the name of common-Jense, could the nonsense of Reid, Oswald, and Beattie, have, under that plausible title, so generally seized and infatuated the minds of the pretended philosophers of this philosophizing age !

Their fyftem is, to be sure, a very convenient one, and saves a world of thinking ; making a Macaroni talk as wisely in half an hour as man of sense from the study of half a century.

We are pleased to find our Editor an advocate for a more orthodox system ; although we cannot help smiling that such a writer should be to foolishly affected with the frivolous cufmoins of the times, as to reflect with indignation, on such a character as Mr. Locke's wanting a magnificent tomb-Itone to perpetuate his memory.

“ When we view, says he, those very useful and important subjectsy which have been created in so able a manner by our author, and become sensible of the numerous national obligations due to his memory on that account, with what indignation muit we behold the remains of chat great and good man, lying under a mean mouldering tomb-stone fwhich but tno strictly verifies the predictions he had given of it, and its little tablet, as ipfa brevi peritura) in an obfcure country church. yard, by the side of a forlorn wood-while so many superb monnments are daily erected to perpetuate names and characters hardly worth pre. ferving?"

For our own parts, we rather regard with pity the memory of those, who have nothing but superb momments to tranfmie their names and characters to posterity. What a pitiful inheritance is the perpetuity of a splendid monument! What

mighty difference between even à marble tomb-stone and a wooden grare-rail! Our Editor himself hath ere&ted, in this publication, a more lasting and honourable monument; whose tablet, though repeatedly effaced, inay be as conftantly renewed with additional fplendour.

1 Collection of Novels, felelled and revised by Mrs. Griffitha

Vol. I. 35. Kearsly.

As there is no species of writing so useless and dangerous to young minds as a certain kind of novels, fo tliere is none perhaps more generally useful and infructive than some others. A select collection, therefore, of such as are proper to put into the hands of the rising generation, of both lexes, cannot fail of being acceptable to the public. But we can say nothing, in recommendation of such an undertaking, more pertinent than the ingenious collector' has said in her preface; which we, therefore, take the liberty to quote.

“ The extraordinary revolution which this nation happily experis cnced, both in its religious and political principles, by the restoratio of Charles the Second, naturally produced a change as striking, and as sudden, in the minds and manners of the people.

• Extremes of all kinds tend to promote their oppofites. Hence, the bigotry of Fanaticism became the fource of Irreligion; and the disguit ariling from a surfeit of puritanic zeal, drove weak minds into that chaos of licentiousness, miscalled free-thinking. Mirth and wice both which had been anathematized during the gloomy interregnum of Cromwell's ufurpation, broke forth, like light, with the returning fun of royalty. Exiled with the Monarch, they accompanied him home again; but, like him also, unreformed by chastisement, and una tutored by adversity. Sermons and homilies gave place to Shaftesbury's Characteristics; mystic hymns were exchanged for wantoa fonnets; and the stately romance religned its ftation in the female library, to the grofs effufions of amorous nonsense; which was, at that era, first in. troduced into these kingdoms, under the inore modern title of Nevelse

" Decency and good feuse, the natural characteristics of the Eng. lith, though for a cime inebriated with joy on the rettoration of Rei. gion, Liberty, and Law, at length fhook off the fascinating. Ilumber;

“ Then Shame regain'd the post that Wit betray'd,

« And Virtue call d Oblivion to her aid." Accordingly, most of the literary productions of those days, are now forgotten, with their authors; and the few that remain, particularly of the Norel kind, have long been proscribed to the Youth of GreatBritain, by every sensible Parent and Preceptor.

" Yet all young minds require a certain fupply of entertainment, as il a the body of nutriment; borb which, if not properly provided,

will anxiously be fought after; and writings of the most dangerous to #2 dency, conveyed through the vehicle of an amusing or iniciatiny tury like the most unwholesome viands, it rendere? palatabie, will be iwalo lowed with avidity, by the unformed taste and unexperienced judge: ment of our youth of both lexes.

“ Prejudices, as well as diseases, contracted in our early age, are always inost difficult to be eradicated. They become our second nature,

“ Grow with our growth, and strengthen with our fiengih.". “ An attention, therefore, to the amusements, as well as to the ftudies necessary to the forming of young minds to virtue, is doubileis an indispensable duty, in those who are intrusted with the imporiant province of education,

• To such, then, the Editor of the following Work more particuJarly addrefies herself, whether distinguished as Parents, Guardians, or Preceptors; and as the sole purpose of this Compilation is to unire the utile dulci, by selecting some of the best Novels now extant, and train. ing them into a Collection, in which no writing tending towards im. morality or indecency snail obtain a place, ne Hatters herself that the publication of these Pieces will be favourably received by the Public.

“ Upon this subject may be tairly quoted the learned bifhop Huet ; -who, in a letter addressed to M. de Segrais, author of Zayde, and other works of the same kind, speaking of Romances in general (the term Novel not having been then adopted into the French language), says, ** To which let me add, that nothing quickens the mind so much, or

conduces more to the forming and finishing it, than good Romances. “ They are a sort of silent initructors, that take us up just where the * Schools leave us, teaching us to think, speak, and live, after a me" thod more edifying and persuafive, than what is taught or practised " there; and to which Horace's compliment upon the Iliad may be

justly applied, That morality is more effettually recommended by ilsem, than by all the precepts of the most able Philosophers."

It is the intention of the Editor to carry this work as far back as the origin of this species of writing in England; which has already been remarked to have taken its rise in the reign of Charles the Second; and the progress which our language has made towards its preTent elegance, fince that era, will afford an amusing speculation to the critical Reader.”

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Almanach des Muses. — The Almanack of the Muses, for the

Year 1777

A mere Englishman, of the present refined taste, if it be pofsible for an Englishman to be refined without being frenchified, will be apt to smile at this title, and wonder how long fince it is that the Muses have been Almanack-makers. But, if they reflect on the Riders and the Moores, and particularly on the Gentlemen and Ladies Diaries, of our own country, they mult


own that, if the Muses have had nothing to do with almanacks, their hand-writing must have been horribly forged. But forgery is the bon ton in England; let us see how it is in France, -A foreign critic, whole word we will take, sooner than rely on our own judgement, in matters of French poesy, acquaints us, that if good sense, true taste, and impartial criticism, fhould preside at the head of the Muses' Almanack *, it would be leís voluminous than it is; but, says he, as every young poet is ambitious to have a specimen of his veries in this collection, the interest and arts, made use of to effect it, will of course make way for some pieces unworthy of it. Notwithstanding this, as the best writers are still proud of figuring in *the poctical almanack, it constantly affords a number of ingenious and amusing productions. As a proof of this, the almanack for the prelent year contains no less than twelve pieces, imputed, and with reason, to that wonderful phenomenon in literature M. de Voltaire. There are many other pieces, also, of other authors, in this volume, which will give much pleasure to the loyers of French poetry. For the amusement of fuch of our readers we hall therefore fele&t the following fable.

Un homme é:oit propriétaire
D'un aslez grand jardin fruitier ;
Fort beaux arbres en pleine terre,
Autres, fort beaux, en espalier.
Au printems, chaque abricotier
Donne sa flcur, puis le fruit noue;

Puis, petit-à-petit,

Il s'augmente & groffit ;

Il vient un vent fort, qui fecoue
Tous les abricotiers; vous juges que le fruit

Tombe à terre comme la grêle ;

Il en tombe au moins la moitié;
Notre homme se Jamente à vous faire pitié,

Un vieux jardinier, qui fe inele
De raisonner (des vieilles gens,
C'est là, le plus grand des talens),

Lui dit, pourquoi pleurer, mon maître !
Puvrons ces fruits tombés, & vous allez connoître

Que le coup de vent est heureux.
Voyez-vous! . . . Ils sont tous verreux;

De l'arbre, ils mangeoient la substance,
Et ne pouvoicnt venir à leur maturité.

C'est le vent de l'adversité
Qui fait des faux ami disparoître l'engeance."
* At the peril, we may fay, of being stuck with the darts of revenge,
Like the man at the bottom of our Engl'la Theet almanacks.


S U P P L E M E N T.

Continued from page 535 of the Appendix to Vol. V.

The Convill's Address to his unhappy Brethren. Delivered in the

Chapel of Newgate, on Friday, June 6, 1777. By Willianz Dodd, LL.D. Price is. Keartly.

A very proper and pathetic address to the unhappy obje&s to whom it was made; perhaps not the less proper for its being addrefled to them by a brother convict.-To a second edition has been added his fpeech to the court, previous to his receiving fentence of death. In both these pieces appear a regularity of composition and propriety of expresfion, not to be found in any of the unfortunate writer's former productions. -We are told, indeed, that they were actually written by one of the greatest mafters of ftile and composition now living."

- From the meanness of spirit, and inconsistency of thinking. displayed in the speech, we are, also, apt to believe it. With those, with whom “ to live is Chrift, to die is gain :" a christian, therefore, above all other characters, should be proof againft the fear of death.

The Trial at large of James Hill, otherwise James Hind, othera' wife James Aitzen; for

feloniously, & c. setting fire to the Ropehouse in His Majesty's Dock-yard at Portsmouth.--At the Alize at Winchester, March 6, 1777. Taken in short-hand, by Joseph Gurney. Published by permission of the judges. Folio, 25. Kearsly. Genuine and authentic.-A judicial monument of the dreadful effects of party madness, joined to personal insanity.

Elay on the Contrarieties of Publick Virtue. 4to. Davies.

A ludicrous amplification of the famous political proverb, 6 Thac private vices are public benefits.” The satire, however, is feeble, and the verfification, which is hudibraftic, frequently little better than doggrel,

A Supo

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