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long remembered by those beloved #gating the gospel. And such was relatives and friends, who heard them. his diligence, zeal and fidelity, as a When he retired to his chanber for missionary, that he was employed by the last time, but a few days before that highly respectable Society, until his death, he told the writer, with the his bodily infirmities rendered bim utmost composure, “ This evening I unable to serve them any longer. expect to go into my chamber, never He languished under a complieation to leave it till my body shall be carri. of disorders for more than a year and ed thence for burial.” At another a half; but the dropsy finally became tiine, he said, “I feel that the earth- the predominant complaint, and endly house of this tabernacle is dissolve ed the struggle.* ing, but blessed be God, I trust I He was a man of strong mental have a building of God, an house not powers, and of extensive information; made with hands eternal in the heav.. of a robust constitution, which was
The writer witnessed the literally worn out; hasty in spirit, deat of this good man, and never did but generous and sympathetic ; rehe behold such a scene of mingled sor- served, and to strangers rather forbid. row and joy. There was nothing in ding, in his manners, but very sincere it ghastly or awful. Not a limb was and faithful, as a friend. convulseil, nor a feature of the face He had his imperfections; but ma. distorted. A smile of joy even ny of the Christian graces shone with beamed on liis dying countenance. lustre in his life ; especially under the Closing his own eyes, he sweetly fell heaviest afflictions.
Indeed it may asicep, not to wake again till the res. be said, that as a good man, his urrection.
praise is in all our churches.” Such are the fruits of a pious life. It appears, that he was the subject Such the death of a Christian. of a gracious change of heart about “ Mark the perfect man and behold the time he came into this counthe upright, for the end of that man try. Before this experimental acis peace.” Where now is the spirit quaint:cle with the gospel he was at. of this departed saint? With whom tached to the Arminian sentiments, is he associated? What is his em- and opposed to the doctrines of grace; piloyment ? Were he now from the but, from this time, he was led into a blest abodes, to address us, who la. better understanding of the gospel. ment his departure, lie would say, His understanding being enlightened “ Weep not for me, Oh my friends, by the Holy Ghost, and his heart re. keep for yourselves ; prepare to meet conciled to God's character, he beyour God. Live to and for Christ, came a thorough Calvinist in i bile you live, and your death shall tinent, and considered the doc. be everlasting gain."
trines of grace, as the grand char. ter of Is salvation. Renouncing all dependence on his own righteousness
for acceptance with God, he placed Sketch of the Life of the Reo. Alexan
his entire dependence on the perfect der Mc Lean, who die.i at Newcastle,
righteousness of Jesus Christ, wlio is (Maine) January 11, 1803, in the
exhibited in the gospel as the only 64th year of his age.
propitiation for sin. And being con.
ficient that Jesus was able to keep THE Rev. Alexander McLean what he had committed to his care, was born in the Island of Skey, (Soot. he expressed a hope full of immor. Hand) educated at the University of tality, and appeared willing to depart
Aberdeen, and introduced into the and be with him. , ministry in his native country. In In preaching he used great plainthe year 1770 he came to America, ness of speechi, reproved with authorand was settled as a gospel minister in the town of Bristol, (District of * At the request of a respectable num. Maine) in 1773. About 1798 he gave ber of the inhabitants of Bristol, the reup his charge in that place, and spent mains of the Rev. Mr. Mc Lean were seven or eight years as a missionary removed from Newcastle, and deposited in the destituite parts of Mine, under among the people of his former charge, the direction of the Society for prop. who still looed him.
ity, proclaimed the terrors of the of the life and character of this emi. law, and published the glad tidings nent and faithful servant of Jesus of the gospel. He was discriminat. Christ, for the Panoplist. They still ing in his preaching ; dwelt much on expect it.
In the mean tiine they the peculiar and leading doctrines of give the following extract of a let. the gospel, and was ready to contend ter, written immediately after his for the faith once delivered to the death, which has been hitherto delaysaints, when he saw the enemy en- ed, in hope of a fuller account. deavouring to overthrow it. He considered the doctrine of Christ's real
October 12, 1807. divinity, as fundamental in the gos. REV. AND DEAR SIR, pel scheme of salvation, maintained You have doubtless, by the public the doctrine of man's total moral papers, been informed of the departdepravity, and insisted that he must ure of Father Hawley, I trust to a be born of the Spirit of God, that he better world. He expired on Satur. must repent, and believe, and bring day the 3d inst. I visited him on the forth the fruits of righteousness. Tuesday preceding. He appeared And though he discarded all idea of perfectly rational and tranquil. our being justified by works, and Speaking of his approaching dissolucontended, that we must be justified tion, and his prospect of furority, he by faith without the deeds of be law, observed, “I have hope of accepyet he did not fail to enforce the all- tance, but it is founded wholly on thority of the law, as a rule of life, free and sovereign grace, and not at all and to require, that those, who be- on my own works. It is true my la. lieve, should be careful to maintain bours have been many; but they have good works.
been so very imperfect, attended with As a missionary he was abundant so great a want of charity, humility, in labours, took great delight in his &c. that I have no hope in them as work, and “endured hardness as a the ground of my acceptance." He good soldier.” He preached the expressed his regret, at the same gospel to very many, sowed the good time, that so many of our modern seed over a very extensive field; and preachers failed in pointing out so we ardently hope, that those, who clearly, as they ought, the distinction have heard him, will remember how he between grace and works. His exhas spoken unto them in the name of pression was, that they so jumbled the Lord, and hold fast the truth; them together, that it was almost im. and that the good seed, which he has possible for common bearers to un. sown, will spring up and bring forth
derstand them." He added, “you much fruit.
know I was always a Calvinist.” “ The places that knew him will Have you not observed, Sir, that know him no more.” He has kept those, who have been, while in the faith, has finished his course, and health, advocates for the doctrines entered, (as we trust) into the joy of of grace, in a general sense, have his Lord. Them that sleep in Jesus been more explicitly and decidedly will God bring with him. May many so, in the near view of death ? I of those, to whom our highly re- Uhink I have. He expressed an af. spected friend bas spoken in the fectionate concern for his people, and name of his divine Master, be of that his bope that the Society would not number, and constitute his crown of forget them." rejoicing in that day. And may all that enter on missionary ground tread in the steps of this man of God, and Diel, suddenly, January, 1808, the be“ followers of him, even as he was Rev. Dr. William Linn, late one of of Christ Jesus our Lord,” “ who the ministers of the Reformed Dutch went about doing good.”
Church, in the city of N. Y. aged 55 years and 11 months.
Few ministers have attained such a high standing in society as he pos.
sessed before disease broke his The Editors have expected for strength, and impaired his activity, some time past a particular account God had every way filted him for
CHARACTER OF REV. GIDEON IIW
eminent usefulness. His natural tal- commenced in the Presbyterian ents were excellent, his acquired church. During the revolutionary knowledge was truly respectable, his war he was a chaplain in the army, disposition amiable. He appeared and ever since has been a true friend at first view to be reserved and rather to his country. A few years after austere ; but a fartner acquaintance the peace he connected himself with removed this impression and discover- the "Reformed Dutch Church, and ed the man. He was fond of society, settled in the city of New York. Inespecially in the last of his days, and disposition finally constrained him to was well qualified to shine in it. His resign his pastoral charge. The church great excellence, however, was in the of Christ, and society at large, have few pulpit. Long will he be remembered men like him to lose. As long as health by those who have sat under bis stated permitted, he devoted his talents and ministry. He had a happy faculty of time to the service of that cause which expressing himself in his discourses
he early espoused ; a cause which with plainness and neatness, beyond lay near to his heart ; which he loved. any one the writer of this was ever His complaints were considered in a heard. His eloquence, with a few
great measure as ideal by his numerous exceptions, was natural, impressive friends ; but his death has proved the and commanding. At times, he had
contrary. It is probable he has felt too much vehemence in his manner. more than he wisired to declare. He His subjects were generally practical. is gone ; we shall see him no more : He exalted the Saviour and directed hear him no more on this side of sinners to his Cross as their only ref. eternity. His memory, however, uge. He seemed to feel the im
will be ever dear to all who were portance of his work, and dealt favoured with his friendship, as well ss faithfully with the souls of his bear. to those who were allied to him by the
His exhortations were earnest, ties of nature. One who knew him pathetic, persuasive and alarmingwell, and has long been an intimate in He was peculiarly fitted for convincing his family, pays this feeble but sibthe sinner, and urging him to flee cere tribute of respect and affection to to Christ. His ministerial career he his merits.
ORDAINED October 14th, 1807, at At Lexington, Jan. 30, 1808, Rev. Dartmouth, Rev. Daniel Emerson. Mr. Avery Williams. Introductory Introductory prayer by Rev. Oliver prayer by the Rev. Mr. Gile, of Mil. Cobb, Rochester ; sermon by Rev. ton; sermon by Rev. Dr. Kendal of Eli Smith, Holles, N. H.; consecrat. Weston; consecrating prayer by ing prayer by Rev. Mase Shopard, Rev. Mr. Marrett of Burlington ; Little Compton ; charge by Rev. charge by Rev. Dr. Cushing of WalCurtis Coe, Missionary from M. M. tham; right hand by Rev. Mr. Fiske S. ; fellowship of churches by Rev. of West-Cambridge ; and conclud. Isaiah Weston, Fair Haven ; Con. ing prayer by Rev. Mr. Stearns of cluding prayer by Rev. Caleb J. Ten- Lincoln. ny, Newport.
Our Córrespondent on the subject of a General Association shall be heard in our next. Also others, whose coinmunications are received and approved, as fast as our pages will admit. Errata.--In No. 8, for Jan, page 357, line 19 from top, second column, for
threatened read treated.
SKETCH OF THE LIFE AND CHARACTER OF JOHN CALVIN, Taken from the Religious Monitor, with the addition of several extracts of a communication received from a learned and ingenious Correspondent.
Concluded from page 390. CASTALIO renewed his con- termined to reveal his discovetroversy in 1552 ; but became ries to the world. These he afterwards so conscious of his published at Vienne in 1553, errors, and of the injuries which in a volume, entitled, The Restihe had done to Calvin, that when tution of Christianity, in which on his death-bed, he declared the knowledge of God, of the that he could not die in peace if Christian faith, of justification, rehe did not receive his forgiveness. generation, baptism, and the eatCalvin quickly removed this ing of the Lord's supper, are pere ground of uneasiness, and sooth- fectly restored. So unscriptural ed his mind with the voice of were the sentiments which it friendship, and the consolations contained, that it was reprobated of the gospel.
even by the Papists, who felt so We have mentioned, that so indignant, as to condemn him to early as 1531, or 1532, Michael be burnt for heresy. He escapServede, or Servetus, began to ed, however, from Vienne, the speculate on the doctrine of the place of his condemnation and Trinity, and undisguisedly to op- subsequent imprisonment; but pose the orthodox faith. He the magistrates and clergy exewas a Spanish physician, but left cuted the sentence on his efligy, his native country, and settled at and along with it, committed his Vienne in France, where he ac- writings to the flames. Intendquired great reputation by his ing to retire to Naples, he travelprofessional knowlec ye and suc- led by the way of Geneva, where cess. But when he applied him- he was apprehended and imself to theology, the ardour of prisoned. After a trial, protracthis fancy seduced bim into the ed by various causes, a sentence dangerous path of error ; and in similar to that from which he the fulness of his zeal, he de. had so lately escaped, was pass. Vol. III. No. 10.
ed on him, in consequence of with whom he had no secrets, he which, he was burnt alive for his says, that if Servetus came to heretical opinions.
Geneva, he would undoubtedly This tragical history has open- lose his life. This he concluded ed the mouths of many, parti- from his knowledge of the concularly among the ancient So- stitution of the state, and the cinjans and the modern Unita- general opinion of the times rians, against Calvin, whom they concerning heresy. On this accuse of being the principal a- part of the accusation let us hear gent in the whole transaction. his own reasoning :“ It is affirmIt has been repeatedly affirmed, ed that I was the cause of Servethat to gratify a long concealed tus' being apprehended at Vienand inveterate enmity against ne. Whence, then, this sudden Servetus, he denounced him to and powerful intimacy with the the magistracy of Vienne, as a satellites of the Pope ? Is it crediheretic, and caused him to be ble that there should be such an apprehended immediately intercourse between those, who his arrival at Geneva. It is not are not less opposed to each othour intention to justify the con- er, than Christ is to Belial ? duct of Calvin in this business ; Four years have elapsed since but the following remarks may Servetus spread a similar report have the effect at least of so far at Venice : whether this was the exculpating him, as to prove, effect of hatred, or whether he that he was actuated by no pri- had been deceived by others, I vate personal inotive of malice know not. I only ask, if he was or cruelty; and that his behav- betrayed by my information, how iour throughout can be easily was he permitted to live quiet and justified on the principles which unmolested, for the space of were at that time commonly re- three years in the very midst of ceived by the mildest, the wis. his enemies? They must allow, est, and the best of men, though either that his pretended crime to us they now justly appear, was a falsehood which I inventequally inhuman, unreasonable, ed; or that this holy martyr and unchristian.
was in greater favour with the Bolsec, though the author of a Papists, than to be injured by life of Calvin, in which every any accusation of mine.' charge that malice could devise,
But it is farther said, that Calor falsehood propagate, is re- vin, informed that Servetus had corded ; and Maimbourg, cele escaped from prison at Vienne, brated for partiality and misrep- made him be seized immediately resentation, never so much as
on his arrival at Geneva. This insinuate, that Calvin and Serve. assertion is not supported by tus had a mutual hatred of each facts : for Servetus must have other; but on the contrary, ac- left Vienne before the 17th of cuse the latter only, of insolence June that being the day fixed for and pride.. That the magistracy his death ; yet he was not apof Vienne were not instigated by Calvin to persecute Servetus,
Tract. cui titul. An Christianis may be satisfactorily proved. judicibus hereticos punire liceat-Oper. In a letter to Farel and Viret, töm. viii.
i. p. 5. 7.