Oldalképek
PDF
ePub

magistrates, by whose suffrage, which also received the sanction with the concurrence of the peo

of the Senate. ple, he was chosen to be their Besides his own church, CalMinister and Professor of Divin- vin took on himself the care of ity in the year 1536.

believers, wherever they dwelt, Fully prepared by his long and, by his correspondence, adcourse of study, by his ardour of ministered to them the instrucmind and habits of devotion, for tion, reproof, or consolation, the faithful exercise of the min which their conduct or their cir: isterial functions, he commenced cumstances required. The conhis public labours by composing formity of multitudes to the Roa concise and simple Formula of mish forms of communion, Christian Doctrine, to which he while they secretly embraced the added a short Catechism, for the doctrines of the Reformed use of the church at Geneva, church, about this period particthen scarcely emancipated from ularly, called forth his zeal for antichristian bondage. Persuad- the truth, and was the occasion ed that some form of ecclesias- of his writing two miasterly and tical government was absolutely elegant Epistles, in which he ex. necessary for maintaining the horted the people to renounce unity and order of the church, their idolatrous communion, and and preferring the Presbyterian, the authority of their priests, as being not only the most simple whose conduct he' reprobated as in itself, the best calculated for flagitious and detestable. the impartial administration of His attention was, in the foldiscipline, as well as removed lowing year, occupied by dissenat once from the imperious- sions in his own city, which he ness of Episcopacy, and the in vain endeavoured to heal. irregularity of Anabaptism ;

When a whole state embraced but as, in their opinion, the the religious system of the Remost agreeable to the intima- formers, though all became by tions of scripture, Calvin, Far- profession Protestants, multiell, and Viret, resolved to estab. tudes, it is obvious, would retain lish it at Geneva. Though op- much of their original prejudice posed both by public violence and and error. At Geneva, accordprivate malignity, they succeed- ingly, though all professed the ed ; and after the people had sol. true religion, many continued in emnly abjured Popery, on the the practice of those impurities 20th of July, 1537, they took an to which they had been addicted oath of adherence to certain artis when their consciences were uncles of doctrine and discipline, der

the guidance of the priests of Rome. Political discussions

concerning the war then raging The Anabaptists of that time, or Mennonites, held opinions subver

in Savoy, were also the means sive at once of Christian truth and of producing variance and anisocial order. They employed arms mosities among the rich and to propagate their system, and were the noble, and consequently tendthe cause not only of commotions, but of bloodshed throughout the

ed to injure the cause of religion. provinces of the German empire. See Farell, Calvin, and Coraid, his Mosheim, Cent. 16. 5 3. pt. 2.

colleague, beheld with deep con

cern this departure from the Calvin, he said, “ Verily, if I had spirit of the gospel, and laboured served men, I would have had a at first by the arts of gentleness sorry reward ; but it is well that and persuasion, to bring back I have served Him, who does not their fellow citizens to a sense of forget a single promise that he their duty. When these means makes to his servants." were unsuccessful, they had re- This event might seem tothreate course to the established disci- en the ubversion of the Reformpline of the church, threatened ation at Geneva ; but it was overthe refractory with the sentence ruled by Providence for promoting of excommunication, and openly the interests of the gospelin other declared that they could not dis- piaces, for improving the talents pense the Lord's supper to per- of the exiled ministers, and even sons who had broken the bonds for purifying the corruptions, of charity, peace, and unity, and and rectifying the disorders of who resisted the ecclesiastical ju. the Genevan church. Obeying risdiction to which they had this unchristian edict, these sworn subjection. These divise three venerable pastors retired ions were increased by another to Zurich, where a synod of the cause: the church at Geneva Swiss churches being convened, had used common bread for the the church of Berne was requestsacrament, and abolished all ho- ed to use all its influence to proly days, while the Protestants at cure the re-admission of these Berne had retained the use of faithful men to their charges at wafers. In this they were con- Geneva. The attempt was infirmed by the synod of Lausan- effectual ; and Calvin, having ne, which also appointed the left Zurich, went first to Basil, Genevese to observe the same and then to Strasburg, where, by custom. Calvin and his col. the unanimous request of the leagues appealed to a synod Senate and ministers, he was which was to meet at Zurich. called to the theological chair, The newly elected syndics * of with the appointment of a compeGeneva, being leaders of the tent salary. There, he not only most numerous faction, taking taught divinity with universal advantage of this appeal, repre- applause, but with the consent of sented Calvin and his two col the Senate, modelled the church leagues as enemies to the peace after the Genevan form. In his of the church ; and having as- exile, he was not unmindful of sembled the people in a tumul- his former charge ; but kept up tuous manner, commanded these a constant correspondence with faithful men to leave the city them, exhorting them to return within two days, because they to the purity and unity of the refused to administer the ordi- faith. By these epistolary lahance of the supper. When bours, he succeeded in quieting this sentence was intimated to the commotions which the de

cree of the synod of Lausanne The syndics were the chief concerning the use of wafers in magistrates of Geneva, annually elected by the votes of the com. the sacrament had excited, and munity.

in preventing the influence of Sadolet, the bishop of Carpen- the Lord's Supper, which was of tras, (a city of Dauphiny) who singular use to the church at exerted all his powers of elo- that time, when the Lutheran quence to bring back his dear and Popish doctrines on this friends, as he styled the Senate point were the subject of freand people of Geneva, to the quent discussion. During this Romish communion. These period, he was the means of letters breathe a spirit of erdent converting several Anabaptists, affection for his beloved flock, some of whom afterwards became and inculcate on them the im• bright ornaments of the Protes. portant duties of self-examina- tant cause. In 1541, he was tion, humility, and repentance, called to assist at two diets held on account of their spiritual de- by the authority of the emperor clension ; of love to their pas. Charles V. at Worms and Ratistors, and of a tolerant disposition bon, for the purpose of accomtowards those who differed from modating matters between the them in matters of inferior im- Protestants and their adversaries. portance. Their dissensions he There he gained the friendship represents as marks of divine of Melanchton, whose gentleness judgment against their sins, and and modesty made him an advouniformly prays that they might cate for reconciliation, but whose be led by the Spirit of truth into timidity inade him often shrink the love and practice of Christian from that opposition, which virtue.

Luther carried on with such While at Strasburg, in 1540, vehemence and success, against he published an enlargcd edition the tenets and practices of of his Institutions, and a short Rome. but comprehensive Treatise on

To be continued.

Religious Communications.

OUTLINES OF

A

THEOLOGICAL INSTITUTION.

a

1. This Intitution shall be completed a course of liberal edequally open to Protestants of ucation, and sustains a fair moral every denomination, for the ad. character. He shall also declare mission of young men of requi- that it is his serious intention to site qualifications.

devote himself to the work of the 2. Every candidate for admis- gospel ministry, and exhibit sion into this seminary shall pro- proper testimonials of bis being duce satisfactory evidence, that in full communion with some he possesses good natural and church of Christ ; in default of acquired talents, has horqurably which he shall subscribe a decla. Vol. III. No. 8.

U u

ration of his belief of the Chris- on the peculiarities of the lantian religion.

guage and style of the New Tes3. Students in this seminarytament, resulting from this ver shall be aided in their preparation sion and other causes ; on the for the ministry by able profess- history, character, use, and auors ; w'hose duty it shall be, by thority of the ancient versions public and private instruction, to and manuscripts of the Old and unlock the treasures of divine New Testaments; on the canons knowledge, to direct the pupils of biblical criticism; on the auin their inquiries after sacred thenticity of the several books of. truth, to guard them against re- the sacred code ; on the apochJigious error, and to accelerate ryphal books of both Testaments; their acquisition of heavenly on modern translations of the wisdom.

Bible, more particularly on the 4 The public instruction shall history and character of our Engbe given in lectures on natural lish version ; and also critical theology, sacred literature, eccle- lectures on the various readings siastical history, Christian theolo- and difficult passages in the sagy, and pulpit eloquence.

cred writings. 5. In the kctures on natural 7. Under the head of ecclesi. theology, the existence, attributes, astical history shall be comprised and providence of God, shall be lectures on Jewish antiquities ; demonstrated ; the soul's im- on the origin and extension of mortality and a future state, as the Christian church in the first deducible from the light of na- three centuries ; on the various ture, discussed; the obligations sects and heresies in the early of man to his Maker, resulting ages of Christianity ; on the from the divine perfections and characters and writings of the his own rational nature, enforc- fathers ; on the establishment of ed; the great duties of social Christianity by Constantine, and life, flowing from the mutual its subsequent effects ; on the relations of man to man, incul- rise and progress of popery and cated ; and the several personal mahometanism ; on the corrupvirtues deduced and delineated; tions of the church of Rome ; the whole being interspersed on the grounds, progress, and with remarks on the coincidence doctrines of the reformation ; on between the dictates of reason the different denominations aand the doctrines of revelation, mong Protestants ; on the variin these primary points; and, ous constitutions, discipline and notwithstanding such coinci- rites of worship, which have didence, the necessity and utility of vided, or may still divide the a divine revelation stated. Christian church ; on the state

6. Under the head of sacred and prevalence of paganism in literature shall be included lec- our world ; and on the effect, tures on the formation, preserva- which idolatry, mahometanism, tion, and transmission of the sa- ' and Christianity have respectivecred volume ; on the languages, ly produced on individual and in which the Bible was originally national character. written ; on the septuagint ver- 8. Under the head of christian sion of the Old Testament, and theology shall be comprehended

a

on the

lectures on divine revelation ; on principles and precepts of an. the inspiration and truth of the cient rhetoric to this modern Old and New Testaments, as species of oration ; on the qualiproved by miracles, internal evi- ties in the speaker, in his style, dence, fulfilment of prophecies, and in his delivery, pecessary to and historic facts ; on the great a finished pulpit orator ; doctrines and duties of our holy methods of strengthening the Christian religion, together with memory and of improving in sa: the objections made to them by cred eloquence; on the character unbelievers, and the refutation and style of the most eminent dir of such objections; more par, vines and best models for imitaticularly on the revealed char- tion, their respective beauties acter of God, as Father, Son, and excellencies

excellencies in thought and Holy Ghost; on the fall of and expression; and above all, man, and the depravity of hu- on the transcendent simplicity, man nature ; on the covenant of beauty, and sublimity of the sagrace ; on the character', of- cred writings. fices, atonement, and mediation of :10. It shall be the duty of Jesus Christ; on the character the professors, by private inand offices of the Holy Spirit ; on struction and advice, to aid the the scripture doctrines of regen: students in the acquisition of a eration, justification, and sanctiti- radical and adequate knowledge cation ; on evangelical repent of the sacred scriptures in their ance, faith, and obedience ; on original languages, and of the Old the nature and necessity of true Testament in the septuagint vervirtue or gospel holiness ; on the sion ; to direct their method of future state, on the immortality studying the Bible and other of soul and body, and the eterni- writings; to superintend and anity of future rewards and punish- mate their pursuits by frequent ments, as revealed in tiie gospel ; inquiries and examinations, relaon the positive institutions of tive to their progress in books Christianity ; on the nature, in- and knowledge ; to assign propterpretation, and use of prophecy; er subjects for their first compoand on personal religion, as a qual- sitions, and to suggest a natural, ification for the gospel ministry. method of treating them ; fre

9. Under the head of pulpit quently and critically to examine eloquence shall be delivered a their early productions, and in a competent number of lectures on free, but friendly manner, to the importance of oratory ; on point out their defects and errors, the invention and disposition of in grammar, method, reasoning, topics ; on the several parts of a style, and sentiment ; to improve regular discourse ; on elegance, them in the important art of composition, and dignity in style; reading, and to give them oppor. on pronunciation, or the proper tunities of speaking in public, management of the voice and favouring them with their candid correct gesture, and on the im- remarks on their whole manner ; mense importance of a natural to explain intricate texts of scripmanner ; on the rules to be ob- ture, referred to them; to solve served in composing a sermon, cases of conscience; to watch and on the adaptation of the over their health and morals with

« ElőzőTovább »