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of wormwood. He plays yet like a young pren- Tell me not of the trim, precisely-arranged tice the first day, and is not come to his task of homes where there are no children ; "where," melancholy. All the language he speaks yet is as the good Germans have it, the fly-traps tears, and they serve him well enough to express always hang straight on the wall ;" tell me not his necessity. His hardest labour is his tongue, of the never-disturbed nights and days, of the as if he were loth to use so deceitful an organ; tranquil, unanxious hearts, where children are and he is best company with it when he can but not! I care not for these things. God sends prattle. We laugh at his foolish sports, but his children for another purpose than merely to keep game is our earnest; and his drums, rattles, and up the race:-10 enlarge our hearts, to make us hobby-horses, but the emblems and mockings | unselfish, and full of kindly sympathies and affecof men's business. His father hath writ him as tions; to give our souls higher aims, and to call his own little story, wherein he reacts those days out all our faculties to extended enterprise and of his life which he cannot remember, and exertion ; to bring round our fireside bright faces sighs to see what innocence he has outlived. and happy smiles, and loving, tender hearts He is the Christian's example, and the old man's | My soul blesses the Great Father every day, that relapse; the one imitates his pureness, and the he has gladdened the earth with little children. other falls into his simplicity. Could he put off
MARY HOwirt. his body with his litue coat, he had got eternity without a burden, and exchanged but one heaven
All minds, even the dullest, remember the for another.
days of their childhood; but all cannot bring Hang me all the thieves in Gibbet Street to.
back the indescribable brightness of that blessed morrow, and the place will be crammed with
season. They who would know what they fresh tenants in a week; but catch me up the
once were, must not merely recollect, but they young thieves from the gutter and the door
must imagine, the hills and valleys-if any such
there were-in which their childhood played ; steps; take Jonathan Wild from the breast; send Mrs. Sheppard to Bridewell, but take hale
the torrents, the waterfalls, the lakes, the heather,
the rocks, the heaven's imperial dome, the raven young Jack out of her arms; teach and wash
floating only a litile lower than the eagle in the me this young unkempt vicious colt, and he will run for the Virtue Stakes yet; take the young
sky. To imagine what he then heard and saw, child, the little lamb, before the great' Jack
| he must imagine his own nature. He must Sheppard ruddles him and folds him for his
collect from many vanished hours the power of own black Rock in Hades; give him some
his untamed heart; and he must, perhaps, transsoap, instead of whipping him for stealing a
fuse also something of his maturer mind into cake of brown Windsor; teach him the Gospel,
those dreams of his former being, thus linking instead of sending him to the treadmill for
the past with the present by a continuous chain, haunting chapels and purloining prayer-books
which, though often invisible, is never broken. out of pews; put him in the way of filling shop
So it is too with the calmer affections that have tills, instead of transporting him when he crawls
grown within the shelter of a roof. We do not on his hands and knees to emply them; let him
merely remember, we imagine, our father's know that he has a body fit and made for some
house, the fireside, all his features, then most thing better than to be kicked, bruised, chained,
living, now dead and buried, the very manner
of his smile, every tone of his voice. We must pinched with hunger, clad in rags or prison
combine, with all the passionate and plastic gray, or mangled with gaoler's cat; let him
power of imagination, the spirit of a thousand know that he has a soul to be saved. In God's name, take care of the children, somebody;
happy hours into one moment; and we must
invest with all that we ever felt to be venerable, and there will soon be an oldest inhabitant in
such an image as alone can fill our filial hearts. Gibbet Street, and never a new one to succeed
It is thus that imagination, which first aided the him!
growth of all our holiest and happiest affections, Suppose, again, that a teacher is gentle-spirited can preserve them to us unimpairedand of a loving disposition; the first soon dwin
“For she can bring us back the dead dies into a feeble non-resistance of injuries, and
Even in the loveliest looks they wore." the last hungers and thirsts often until it perishes
WASHINGTON IRVING. of inanition. I know it is a shocking thing to say, but the children are mostly selfish : so long. Young people who have been habitually as you are administering to their amusement or gratitied in all their desires will not only more comfort, they will love you, but the moment it indulge in capricious desires, but will infallibly becomes necessary to thwart a whim or control take it more amiss when the feelings or happiness a passion, you are altogether hateful; and they of others require that they should be thwarted, hate you for the time being, very cordially. I than those who have been practically trained to have been loved and hated myself a dozen times the habit of subduing and restraining them, and a week; and I know a little damsel now who, consequently will, in general, sacrifice the hap. when her temper is crossed, tells her governess piness of others to their own selfish indulgence. that she hates her pet cat, and is not above To what else is the selfishness of princes and giving the innocent pussy a sly blow or kick as other great people to be attributed ? It is i proxy for its much-enduring mistress.
| vain to think of cultivating principles of geneHousehold Word's. T rosity and beneficence by mere exhortation and
easoning. Nothing but the practical habit of Silly people commend tame, unactive chilovercoming our own selfishness, and of familiarly dren, because they make no noise, nor give encountering privations and discomfort on ac them any trouble.
LOCKE. count of others, will ever enable us to do it
I would not have children much beaten for when required. And therefore I am firmly
their faults, because I would not have thein persuaded that indulgence infallibly produces selfishness and hardness of heart, and that
think bodily pain the greatest punishment.
LOCKE. nothing but a pretty severe discipline and control can lay the foundation of a magnanimous If the mind he curbed and humbled too much character.
LORD JEFFREY. in children; is their spirits be abused and broken
too niuch by too strict an hand over them; they Yet it may be doubted whether the pleasure of seeing children ripened into strength be not
lose all their vivacity and industry. LOCKE. overbalanced by the pain of seeing some fall in Children, even when they endeavour their the blossom, and others blasted in their growth; utmost, cannot keep their minds from straggling. some shaken down by storms, some tainted with
LOCKE. cankers, and some shrivelled in the shade; and whether he that extends his care beyond him
Ir improvement cannot be made a recreation, self does not multiply his anxieties more than
they must be let loose to the childish play they his pleasures, and weary himself to no purpose,
fancy, which they should be weaned from by | being made surfeit of it.
Locke. by superintending what he cannot regulate. DR. S. JOHNSON: Rambler, No. 69.
The main thing to be considered in every I know that a sweet child is the sweetest action of a child is how it will become him thing in nature, not even excepting the delicate when he is bigger, and whither it will lead him creatures which bear them; but the prettier the when he is grown up.
Locke. kind of a thing is, the more desirable it is that
Forcing the empty wits of children to comit should be pretty of its kind. One daisy differs not much from another in glory; but a violet
| pose themes, verses, and orations. MILTON. should look and smell the daintiest.
To season them, and win them early to the
C. LAMB. love of virtue and true labour, ere any flattering It requires a critical nicety to find out the seducement or vain principle seize them wandergenius or the propensions of a child.
ing, some easy and ilelightful book of exlucation L'ESTRANGE. should be read to them.
MILTON. Children should always be heard, and fairly | A child's eyes! those clear wells of undefiled and kindly answered, when they ask aften any thought; what on earth can be more beautisul! thing they would know, and desire to be in- Full of hope, love, and curiosity, they meet your formed about. Curiosity should be as carefully own. In prayer, how earnest; in joy, how cherished in children as other appetites sup. sparkling; in sympathy, how tender! The man pressed.
LOCKE. who never tried the companionship of a little Children are travellers newly arrived in a
| child has carelessly passed by one of the great
pleasures of life, as one passes a rare Power strange country; we should therefore make conscience not to mislead them. LOCKE.
without plucking it or knowing its value. A
| chill cannot understand you, you think : speak He that is about children should study their to it of the holy things of your religion, of your nature and aptitudes : what turns they easily gries for the loss of a friend, or your love for take, and what becomes them; what their some one you fear will not love in return : it native stock is, and what it is fit sur.
will take, it is true, no measure or soundings of
LOCKE. your thought; it will not judge how much you If a child, when questioned for anything, di
should believe; whether your grief is rational rectly confess, you must commend his ingenuity,
in proportion to your loss; whether you are
worthy or fit to attract the love which you seek; and pardon the fault, be it what it will.
but its whole soul will incline to yours, and inLOCKE.
graft itself, as it were, on the feeling which is To keep him at a distance from falsehood, your seeling for the hour. and cunning, which has always a broad mixture
Hon. Mrs. NORTON. of salse hood,—this is the fittest preparation of a child for wisdom.
I seem, for my own part, to see the benevoLOCKE.
| lence of the Deily more clearly in the pleasures When one is sure it will not corrupt or effemi. of very young children than in anything in the nate children's minds, and make them fond of world.
PALEY. trifles, I think all things should be contrived to their satisfaction.
Amongst the causes assigned for the continu. LOCKE.
ance and diffusion of the same moral sentiments I am sure children would be freer from dis amongst mankind, may he mentioned imitation, eases if they were not crammed so much as they The efficacy of this principle is more observable are by fond mothers, and were kept wholly Grom in children; indeed, if there be anything in flesh the first three years.
LOCKE. " them which deserves the name of an instinct, it is their propensity to imitation. Now, there is There is another accidental advantage in marnothing which children imitate or apply more riage, which has likewise sallen to my share; I readily than expressions of affection and aver- | mean the having a multitude of children. These sion, of approbation, hatred, resentment, and the I cannot but regard as very great blessings. like; and when these passions and expressions When I see my little troop before me, I rejoice are once connected, which they soon will be by in the additions which I have made to my the same association which unites words with species, to my country, and to my religion, in their ideas, the passion will follow the expres. having produced such a number of reasonable sion, and attach upon the object to which the creatures, citizens, and Christians. I am pleased child has been accustomed to apply the epithet. to see myself thus perpetuated.
Sir R. STEELE: Spectator, No. 500. Do not command children under six years of All those instances of charity which usually age to keep anything secret, not even the pleas- endear each other, sweetness of conversation, ure you may be preparing as a surprise for a dear | affability, frequent admonition, all signification friend. The cloudless heaven of youthsul open- of love, tenderness, care, and watchfulness, heartedness should not be overcast, not even by I must be expressed towards children. the rosy dawn of shyness, otherwise children
JEREMY TAYLOR. will soon learn to conceal their own secrets as well as yours.
Nothing seems to weigh down their buoyant They who provide much wealth for their
spirits long; misfortune may fall to their lot, children, but neglect to improve them in virtue,
but the shadows it casts upon their lise-path are do like those who feed their horses high, but
fleeting as the clouds that come and go in an
April sky. Their future may, perchance, appear never train them to the manage. SOCRATES.
dark to others, but to their fearless gaze it Some who have been corrupt in their morals | loums up brilliant and beautiful as the walls of have yet been infinitely solicitous to have their l a fairy 'palace. There is no tear which a children piously brought up. SOUTH. I mother's gentle hand cannot wipe away, no · A house is never perfectly furnished for en wound that a mother's kiss cannot heal, no joyment unless there is a child in it rising three anguish which the sweet murmuring of her sost, years old, and a kitten rising three weeks. low voice cannot soothe. The warm, generous
SOUTHEY. impulses of their nature have not been settered Call not that man wretched who, whatever and cramped by the cold formalities of the ills he suffers, has a child to love.
world; they have not yet learned to veil a holSOUTHEY.
low heart with false smiles, or hide the basest
purposes beneath honeyed words. Neither are These slight intimations will give you to un.
they constantly on the alert to search out our derstand that there are numberless little crimes which children take no notice of while they are
faults and foibles with Argus eye: on the con
trary, they exercise that blessed charity which doing, which, upon reflection, when they shall
| Thinketh no evil.”
TEGNER. themselves become fathers, they will look upon with the utmost sorrow and contrition, that they
By frequent conversing with him, and scatterdid not regard before those whom they offended ing short apothegms, and little pleasant stories, were to be no more seen. How many thou.
and making useful applications of them, his son sand things do I remember which would have was in his infancy taught to abhor vanity and highly pleased my father, and I omiied for no vice as monsters. IZAAK WALTON: other reason but that I thought what he pro
Life of Sanderson. posed the effect of humour and old age, which ! In order to form the minds of children, the I am now convinced had reason and good sense first thing to be done is to conquer their will. in it! I cannot now go into the parlour to him | To inform the understanding is a work of and make his heart glad with an account of a time, and must, with children, proceed by slow matter which was of no consequence, but that I degrees, as they are able to hear it; but the subtold it and acted in it. The good man and
jecting the will must be done at once, and the woman are long since in their graves, who used
sooner the better; for, by neglecting timely corlo sit and plot the welfare of us their children, rection, they will contract a stubbornness and while, perhaps, we were sometimes laughing at obstinacy which are hardly ever conquered, and the old folks at the other end of the house.
not without using such severity as would be as Sir R. STEELE: Spectator, No. 263. painful to me as the child. In the esteem of Fidelia, on her part, as I was going to say, as the world they pass for kind and indulgent, accomplished as she is, with all her beauty, wit, whom I call cruel, parents, who permit their air, and mien, employs her whole time in care children to get habits which they know must and attendance upon her father. How have I afterwards be broken. When the will of a child been charmed to see one of the most beauteous is subdued, and it is brought to revere and stand women the age has produced, on her knees, in awe of its parents, then a great many childish helping on an old man's slipper! Her filial follies and inadvertencies may be passed by. regard to him is what she makes her diversion, Some should be overlooked, and others mildly her business, and her glory.
reproved ; but no wilful transgression ought to Sir R. STEELE: Spectator, No. 449. I be forgiven without such chastisement, less or more, as the nature and circumstances of the whose Silence, as well as his person, was alto. offence may require. I insist upon conquering gether divine. When one considers this subject the will of children betimes, because this is the only in its sublimity, this great instance could only strong and rational foundation of a religious not but occur to me; and since I only make use education, without which both precept and ex-of it to show the highest example of it, I hope ample will be ineffectual. But when this is I do not offend in it. To forbear replying to an thoroughly done, then a child is capable of unjust reproach, and overlook it with a generous, being governed by the reason and piety of its or, if possible, with an entire neglect of it, is parents till its own understanding comes to one of the most heroic acts of a great mind; maturity, and the principles of religion have and I must confess, when I reflect upon the taken root in the mind. Mrs. S. Wesley. | behaviour of some of the greatest men of anIn books designed for children there are two
tiquity, I do not so much admire them that they extremes that should be avoided. The one,
deserved the praise of the whole age they lived that reference to religious principles in connec
in, as because they contemned the envy and
detraction of it. tion with matters too trifling and undignified,
ADDISON: Tatler, No. 133. arising from a well-intentioned zeal, causing a forgetsulness of the maxim whose notorious
What can be a stronger motive to a firm trust truth has made it proverbial, “ Too much famil- Land reliance on the merc
and reliance on the mercies of our Maker than iarity breeds contempt.” And the other is the
the giving us his Son to suffer for us? What contrary, and still more prevailing, extreme,
can make us love and esteem even the most inarising from a desire to preserve a due reverence
considerable of mankind, more than the thought for religion, at the expense of its useful applica
that Christ died for him ? Or what dispose us tion in conduct. But a line may be drawn to set a stricter guard upon the purity of our own which will keep clear of both extremes. We
hearts, than our being members of Christ, and should not exclude the association of things
a part of the society of which that immaculate sacred with whatever are to ourselves trilling
person is the head? But these are only a speci. matters (for these little things are great to chil
men of those admirable enforcements of moraldren), but with whatever is viewed by them as ity which the apostle has drawn from the history trifling. Everything is great or small in refer- l of our blessed Saviour. ence to the parties concerned. The private
ADDISON: Spectator, No. 186. concerns of any obscure individual are very insignificant to the world at large, but they are! Being convinced upon all accounts that they of great importance to himself; and all worldly had the same reason to believe the history of our affairs must be small in the sight of the Most Saviour as that of any other person to which High; but irreverent familiarity is engendered they themselves were not actually eye-witnesses, in the mind of any one, then, and then only, they were bound, by all the rules of historical when things sacred are associated with such as faith and of right reason, to give credit to this are, to him, insignificant things.
When these learned men saw sickness and Annot. on Bacon's Essay, Of Studies.
frenzy cured, the dead raised, the oracles put to The influence exercised by such works is silence, the demons and evil spirits forced to overlooked by those who suppose that a child's confess themselves no gods, by persons who only character, moral and intellectual, is formed by made use of prayers and adjurations in the name those books only which are put into his hands of their crucified Saviour, how could they doubt with that design. As hardly anything can acci. of their Saviour's power on the like occasions ? dentally touch the soft clay without stamping its
AUDISON : On the Christian Religion. mark on it, so hardly any reading can interest a child without contributing in some degree,
However consonant to reason his precepts though the book itself be afterwards totally for- / appeared, nothing could have tempted men to gotten, to form the character; and the parents,
acknowledge him as their God and Saviour but therefore, who, merely requiring from him a
their being firmly persuaded of the miracles he certain course of study, pay liutle or no attention
ADDISON. to story-books, are educating him they know not Who would not believe that our Saviour how.
WHATELY: healed the sick and raised the dead when it was, Annot. on Bacon's Essay, Of Studies. published by those who themselves osten did the
Let a man's innocence be what it will, let his. CHRIST.
virtues rise to the highest pitch of perfection,
there will still be in him so many secret sins, so But Silence never shows itself to so great an many human fraillies, so many offences of igadvantage as when it is made the reply 10 norance, passion, and prejudice, so many uncalumny and defamation, provided that we give guarded words and thoughts, that without the no just occasion for them. We might produce advantage of such an expiation and atonement an example of it in the behaviour of One, in as Christianity has revealed to us, it is impossiwhom it appeared in all its majesty, and One I ble he should be saved.
We sometimes wish that it had been our lot Tacitus has actually allested the existence of to live and converse with Christ, to hear his Jesus Christ; the reality of such a personage ; divine discourses, and to observe his spotless his public execution under the administration of behaviour; and we please ourselves with think. Pontius Pilate ; the temporary check which this ing how ready a reception we should have given gave to the progress of his religion ; its revival to him and his doctrine. ATTERBURY. a short time alier his death ; iis progress over The resurrection is so convincingly attested
the land of Judea, and to Rome itself, the me.
tropolis of the empire ;-all this we have in a by such persons, with such circumstances, that
| Roman historian. DR. T. CHAI.MERS: they who consider and weigh the testimony, at
Evid. of Chris., chap. v. what distance soever they are placeri, cannot entertain any more doubt of the resurrection For my own part, gentlemen, I have been than the crucifixion of Jesus. ATTERBURY. ever deeply devoted to the truths of Christianity;
and my firm belief in the Holy Gospel is by no Our Saviour would love at no less rate than
means owing to the prejudices of education death; and from the supereminent height of
(though I was ieligiously educated by the best glory, stooped and debased himself to the sufierance of ihe extremest of indignities, and sunk
of parents), but has arisen from the fullest and
most continued reflections of my riper years himself to the bottom of abjectedness, to exalt
and understanding. It forms at this moment our condition to the contrary extreme.
the great consolation of a lise which as a shadow BOYLE.
| passes away; and without it I should consider He that condescended so far, and stooped so my long course of health and prosperity (too low, to invite and bring us to heaven, will not long, perhaps, and too uninterrupted to be good resuse us a gracious reception there.
for any man) only as the dust which the wind BOYLE. scatters, and rather as a snare than as a blessing.
Lord CHANCELLOR ERSKINE: You have the representatives of that religion which says that their God is love, that the very
Speech in the Prosecution of Paine as au
thor of The Age of Reason, 1794. vital spirit of their institution is charity,-a religion which so much hates oppression, that, 1 In the mystery of Christ's incarnation, who when the God whom we adore appeared in hu- was God as well as man, in the humiliation of man form, he did not appear in a form of great his life, and in his death upon the cross, we be. ness and majesty, but in sympathy with the hold the most stupendous instance of compas. lowest of the people, and thereby made it a firm sion; while at the same moment the law of God and ruling principle that their wellare was the received more honour than it could have done by object of all government, since the Person who the obedience and death of any, or of all, his was the Master of Nature chose to appear him-creatures. In this dispensation of his grace he self in a subordinate situation.
has reached so far beyond our highest hopes BURKE:
that, if we love him, we may be assured that he Impeachment of Warren Hastings. will with it freely give us all things. Access to He prophesied of the success of his gospel : | God is now opened at all times, and from all which after his death immediately took root, and
| places; and to such as sincerely ask it he has spread itself everywhere, maugre all opposition
promised his Spirit to teach them to pray, and
|io help their infirmities. The sacrifice of Christ or persecution.
has rendered it just for him to forgive sin; and He walked in Judea eighteen hundred years whenever we are led to repent of and to sorsake ago : his sphere melody, flowing in wild native it, even the righteousness of God is declared in tones, took captive the ravished souls of men, the pardon of it.
ROBERT Hall: and being of a truth sphere melody, still flows Excellency of the Christian Dispensation. and sounds, though now with thousand-fold ac
That he shall receive no benefit from Christ is companiments and rich symphonies, through all our hearts, and modulates and divinely leads
side the affirmation whereon his despair is founded ; them.
' and one way of removing this dismal apprehenCARLYLE.
sion is, to convince him that Christ's death (if In like manner did the King eternal, im- he perform the condition required) shall cer. mortal, and invisible, surrounded as he is with stainly belong to him. the splendours of a wide anı everlasting mon
HAMMOND: Fundamentals. archy, turn him to our humble habitation; and
All the decrees whereof Scripture treateth are the footsteps of God manifest in the flesh liave
conditionate, receiving Christ as the gospel offers been on the narrow spot of ground we occupy;
him, as Lord and Saviour; the former, as well and small though our mansion be amid the orbs
as the latter, being the condition of Scripture and the systems of immensity, hither hath the King of glory bent his mysterious way, and
election, and the rejecuing, or not receiving him
Thus, the condition of the Scripture reprobation. entered the tabernacle of men, and in the disguise of a servant did he sojourn for years un
HAMMOND. der the roof which canopies our obscure and The end of his descent was to gather a church solitary world. DR. T. CHALMERS: of holy Christian livers over the whole world. Discourses on Mod. Astron., Disc. IV.