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to another still greater, which cost him his life. A legal gentleman, named Macdonald, having, with some others, assisted Fitzgerald's father in opposing the son's importunities, Fitzgerald, with Brecknock and a number of associates equally desperate, waylaid, assailed, and openly murdered them on the highway. Macdonald himself and another were shot under circumstances of revolting cruelty ; several others were wounded ; and Fitzgerald was not arrested until a company of horse and several pieces of artillery surrounded the house in which he and his gang took shelter. So odious had he become to some of the common people, that these, having rescued, or seized him for a moment, when in custody of the officer, inflicted a punishment which was supposed to be fatal ; and for this they were brought to trial the day before Fitzgerald himself. They were acquitted by the grand jury, although the evidence was conclusive; so determined were the gentlemen of the county to, at all hazards, get rid of Fitzgerald.
His own trial proceeded next, and, notwithstanding that he was still suffering severely from the effects of the popular resentment, he spoke for three hours with extraordinary ingenuity and brilliancy in his defence. But spite of all his efforts, he was convicted and ordered for execution in an hour. He in vain supplicated delay, and made a pathetic speech to the bench in arrest of judgment. The judge informed him that the execution of the sentence depended on the sheriffs ; and no gentleman in the county considering himself in safety while Fitzgerald lived, these conducted him to the gibbet immediately on the adjournment of the court. The circumstances of his death were exceedingly revolting. No time was taken to erect a scaffold, and he was at once thrown off a ladder, beneath a temporary wooden erection, employed in building or repairing the gaol of Castlebar. The dreadful affair was so mismanaged, that the rope broke ; and Fitzgerald rising, with his shoulder dislocated in consequence of falling on it from the height of the drop, exclaimed : “ By G-d, Mr. Sheriff, you ought to be ashamed of yourself; this rope is not strong enough to hang a dog, still less a Christian.” It is but charitable to believe that the poor wretch was then beyond reason's sway, for he next cursed the officials for their bungling, and ordered another rope to be procured without delay. But the second attempt was almost equally unfortunate ; the cord being in this instance so long that his feet reached the ground, and it was not without the interposition of the horrid myrmidon of the law, who strangled him by leaping on his shoulders, that his career at last was terminated.
Such was the fate of “ Fighting Fitzgerald.” It has been customary to compare him to Lord Camelford, another noted duellist ; but there is, in reality, no resemblance. The peer, in every sense of the word, was a gentleman; and if it frequently were his lot to destroy his opponents, it was solely in consequence of his unerring precision and imperturbable coolness. Though of an irritable temper, too, his lordship more frequently received than offered an insult, and he resorted to no unworthy means for his own protection. On the contrary, it is well known he exposed his life as freely, as for many years he contributed to alleviate that of others by his singular habit of arraying himself in an old coat, and dispensing at their humble residences, his munificence to numbers of indigent persons, on whom he annually bestowed thousands, without allowing it to be known who was the donor. It was only on his death when the supply ceased, that it transpired the money came from a peer of the realm, and that it was his custom to leave a fashionable evening party, to visit and relieve, in this disguise, some poor family in the neighbourhood of Drury Lane or the Strand. With the exception of the solitary feeling of fraternal affection, for which, to the last, he was remarkable-and, strange to say, it was reciprocal on the part of a surviving brother of exemplary character. Fitzgerald, on the other hand, possessed not one redeeming virtue, save, perhaps, the questionable one of profusion, formerly attributed to many of his countrymen. In every other respect, and to every other person, including his wife who outlived him, he seems to have been a miscreant of the blackest dye, whose ferocious temper and unmitigated crimes, form such an exception to the ordinary rule, as to be inexplicable on any other supposition than that the shot which, in the outset of his career, carried away a portion of his brain, also vitiated or deprived him of the due control of his intellect.
Brecknock, it may be added, was executed next day. He was seventy years of age, and there seemed also to have been some singularity about bim, as he requested to be hanged in an old brown wig ; on receiving which, he dispensed with the services of four clergymen, who were anxious to convert him, and went to the gallows apparently quite contented.
Tue CLANS OF SCOTLAND, WILH THEIR BADGES OF DistixCTIONS.
The Chiefs of Clans to have two Eagle's Feathers, with the Badge of their Clan in their Bonnets.
The FOLLOWING IS A List of PRINCE CHARLES's OFICERS AND MEN
In November, 1745. REGIMENTS.
MEN. Lochiel, Cameron of Lochiel, . . . . . . . . 740 Appin, . Stewart of Ardshiel, . . . . . . . . 360 Atholl, . Lord George Murray, . . . . . . . 1000 Clanronald, Macdonald of Clanronald, junior,
200 Keppoch,. Macdonald of Keppoch, . . . . . . . 400 Glenco, . Macdonald of Glenco, . . . . . . . .
200 Ogilvie. Lord Ogilvie, . . . . . . . . . .. 500 Glenbucket, Gordon of Glenbucket, . . . . . . . 427 Perth. Duke of Perth (and Pitsligo's foot,) . .. 750 Robertson, Robertson of Strowan, . . . . . . . 200 Maclachlan, Maclachlan of Maclachlan, . . . . . .
In several small corps, . . . . . . 1000
To the Editor of the “ Patrician.” SIR-I am a subscriber to your interesting journal, the “ Patrician." and from your known research in matters of Antiquity, Genealogy, &c., I feel I am applying to the most likely quarter for a satisfactory answer to a question lately several times mooted before me, and one which I have taken much trouble to reply to
What was THE AGE of Cromwell's mother when she died, or the date of HER BIRTH ?
She died, as you know, during the Protectorate, and was buried with pomp in Westminster Abbey. Was she disinterred at the restoration ? if so, is there any record of the inscription on her tomb? for, if disinterred, I presume the tomb may have been destroyed.
I shall look with interest to your two or three next numbers for some notice of my request, and in the mean time, am, Sir, yours obediently,
CROMWELLIAN. Kew Park, Nov. 29th, 1847.
[We publish this letter in the hope that some of our readers may kindly favour us with the particulars “ Cromwellian" seeks.]
THE LANDS OF ENGLAND.
Sodbury, co. Gloucester. To the antiquary, the Christian, and the lover of the picturesque, Sodbury presents objects of peculiar interest.
A Roman camp of great magnitude—the Manor House where Tyndale translated the New Testament—the church in which he constantly preached —and scenery unrivalled in beauty, extent of prospect, and agricultural richness ; produce associations, elsewhere rarely to be found.
There are three places contiguous bearing this name: Old Sodbury, Chipping Sodbury, the market town, and Little Sodbury, in which stands the old Manor House. Winchcombe Henry Howard Hartley, Esq., is the present Lord of the Manor, and possesses about four thousand acres in the three parishes.
Sodbury derives its name from the camp on the summit of the hill, meaning literally, the South camp, in distinction to the camp called the Castles, at Horton, a mile northward, Bury being the Saxon for camp, and Sod generally used for south. This seems to be one of the encampments that Tacitus mentions,* formed by the Proprætor, P. Ostorius, to protect this side of the Severn from the incursions of the Silures, or Welsh, and the camp occupies a most commanding position. The only entrance to it is on the east, between two ditches, and two aggera, or mounds, that surround it on three sides, but on the west it has but one ditch, and one agger, the ground there being so steep as to have been deemed inaccessible. The length from north to south is about nine hundred feet, its breadth three hundred. The view is most extensive; the course of the Severn is perceived for many miles, and at certain seasons, the sea itself is discovered glittering beneath the rays of the golden sun, whilst the long line of coast, on the Welsh side, melts away in the haze of the distant horizon ; so comprehensive is the prospect over the vale of Gloucester, that no large body of men could advance from Wales unperceived by the camp of the Legions. This position was occupied by Queen Margaret, and afterwards by Edward the Fourth, previous to the fatal battle of Tewksbury : indeed, some fighting took place in the vicinity, and several of Edward's army were taken prisoners. A few Roman coins have been found near. Descending the hill, a quarter of a mile distant, we find
LITTLE SODBURY Manor House, one of the oldest private residences in England. Built at different periods (a great part as far back as the fourteenth century), its antique gable, fine old porch, festooned with luxuriant creepers, and its elegantly curved oriel window, make it an object of peculiar interest. Sir John and Lady Walsh• resided here at the beginning of the sixteenth century, and engaged the learned William Tyndale as tutor to their children. Tyndale had just finished his University education, and his mind seems before this period to have been deeply impressed with the solemn truths contained in this sacred volume. Now, Sir John having been Henry the Eighth's champion and especial favorite (indeed the Manor was given him by that monarch), his society was much courted by the abbots and dignified ecclesiastics of the county, who frequently partook of the worthy knight's hospitality. The vaulted roof of the fine old dining-hall still remains as in the days of vore, when lordly bishops, belted knights, and beauteous Indies, with their dependants and retainers, feasted here, and the walls rung with mirth and merrirnent. The conversation at these entertainments frequently turning on religious subjects, Tyndale was often drawn into discussions with the clergy, who, in general, opposed and resisted his cloquence and picty.
* Tacitus, Lib. 12, Sect. 31 and 32.
Still, though persecuted, opposed, and calumniated by a powerful hierachy, and a despotic monarch thirsting for his lite, did this undaunted man persevere, till having triumphed over every obstacle, the plan formed within the walls of Sodbury, was completed; and the resolution, uttered in this old Hall, was fulfilled! A distant age still regards with astonishment the stupendous changes that have tnken place in the framework of suriety, by giving to Englishmen the Bible in the vernacular tongue.
In the year 1936, a tremendous storm visited this place, and while Maurice Walsh (Sir John's eldest son, and the pupil of Tyndale) with his seven children were at dinner, the lightning entered the room at the door, and passing through to the opposite window killed one child on the spot, whilst the other six, with their iinhappy father, were so dreadfully injund, that they all died within two months.
In the reign of James the First, Thomas Stephens, Esq., an eminent lawyer, and Attorney-Gencral to the King's sons, the Princes Henry and Charles, purchased the Manor and estates of the Walshes. Thomas was the third son of Edward Stephens, Esq., of Eastington. The family of Stephens is of ancient standing in Gloucestershire, having been settled there more than 700 years. Ralph and William, two brothers, were jointly High-Sheritfs in the reign of Henry the Second ; and William was HighSherifl alone from the twenty-second year of that monarch's reign to the first vear of Richard Caur de Lion - having thus filled the office for thirteen successive years. This Thomas Stephens must have been extremely wealthy, probably, through his marriage with a rich London heiress, who was the mother of his three sons, Edward, John, and Na
• Aly Walsh was the danghter of Sir Robert Prynta, of Iron Acton, a neighbminik village. The family of Poynte is very ancient; they are descended from Primo de l'uni, who came to England with William the Conqueror, and for nearly 600) years were settled at Iron Acton. By the death of Wilham Stephen Poyntz, 1 . of (owtray Park, and Mugham, the family is now become extinct in the male lue, Mr. Povna's two sons having tren unfortunately drowned; his daughters are married mto the noble families of Clinton, Spencer, and Exeter; and his sisters were married to be there, the present Earl of Cork, and the late Admiral Sir (urtney
yle. It seems hixhly probable that the Poyntı, who so long protected Tyndale, aid wise diantofi sted attachment to the martyr had very nearly involved himn albu in death and ruin, was of the same famiy.
VOL. V.NO. XXI.