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campaign; and Henry, when in conjunction with the Dutch, was afterwards defeated by supposing the Spanish leader would pursue a course diametrically opposed, had the magnanimity to declare that “ Other generals deceived by falsehood, but Spinola, by adhering to truth.” On his arrival at Madrid, Spinola was received with caresses, but the condition of affairs was too critical for him to be long allowed inactive. Early in 1605, accordingly, having again been appointed Generalissimo in the Netherlands, he started for Brussels, and, with forty thousand men, took the field against Maurice of Nassau, who had made several conquests, and laid siege to Ghent in his absence. The Dutch prince was compelled to relinquish the town, and Spinola thence making his way into the Low Countries, by the ability of his maneuvres and rapidity of his marches, in a few weeks overturned all the arrangements resulting from the victories of his opponent. Over-Yasel was over-run, Linghen taken, and Rhinberg reduced, before Maurice, celebrated also for the promptitude of his operations, could come up; and at last, when he did arrive in presence of his redoubtable foe, a series of brilliant, but now unimportant, actions occurred, which, at the present day, it were idle to trace. Three years were spent in this species of strife, momentous to contemporaries, but by posterity forgotten. The Dutchman on the whole prevailed, yet not by the success of his arms; for Spinola, though deserted by his court, from whom, during greater part of the period, he had received neither supplies nor reinforcements, was in a position more formidable than ever, when the Spanish government, after twenty years of struggle, at last terminated the conflict with its rebellious provinces at the moment when it seemed on the eve of crushing them. Spinola was appointed principal negociator, and now, for the first time, came into pacific contact with his redoubted opponent. The prince received him, with great distinction, half-a-league from the Hague, and conducted him to head quarters amid the acclamations of the people ; although, it may be remarked, the taciturn Dutchman could not be induced to acknowledge either inferiority or equality, his complacent answer to an inquiry, “Who is the first general in Europe ? ” being, “ Spinola is the second.” After a protracted negociation, the treaty acknowledging the independence of Holland was finally signed on the 9th of April, 1609; and Spinola, on its completion, set out for Madrid, where he was received with apparent cordiality by the king, but almost open murmurs by the court, though he had spent twothirds of his fortune, and incurred debt to the amount of two million of crowns in their service.
A long interval of inaction succeeded. The pride of the old Castilian court, though she had concluded a connection with her republican insurgents, could not stoop to acknowledge it as peace : it was by the term “twelve years' truce,” that the agreement was known; and both parties, it was understood, were to resume hostilities on its expiring. This, by many, was considered but a salvo for mortified Spanish haughtiness; and Spinola supposing that the struggle was over, sought another field in Europe, for the exercise of his arms. But it there presented no opportunity for display. The struggles of Henry the Fourth were over, and those of Gustavus, of Sweden, had not yet begun. England was ruled by the cowardly James, and the dissensions in Germany, though impending, had not yet been produced by the inordinate ambition of his son-in-law, the Prince Palatine. The republic of Genoa was the only power that offered Spinola employment; but he declined it,-aware not only of the ingratitude generally experienced by greatness in the place of its nativity, but also again panting for distinction in arms, and confident that the ambition of the house of Austria would at no distant day again demand his services.
His anticipations were confirmed. Immediately on the expiring of the twelve years' truce in 1621, (April 10,) Isabella, the widow of Philip the Third, summoned him to her aid, and despatched a body of troops under his command, to annoy her late subjects in the Netherlands. The states, it must be owned, had afforded cause for hostility; having, in the interval, formed relations with France and England, with all the craft and promptitude which characterised the republican vigour. But their arrangements had not been completed, when Spinola burst in. Reide accordingly surrendered to his summons: St. Julier's was taken after a brief assault; and his lieutenant Velasco despatched to invest Berg-op-Zoom. The Prince of Nassau, however, approaching with superior forces, prevented the latter operation from being carried into effect, and the future movements of Spinola were nullified or impeded by orders from Madrid, where the court, adopting that policy which, if it has sometimes restrained the ambition, has more frequently marred the success of its generals, had come to the resolution of directing manæuvres from head-quarters. Spinola's movements, therefore, were henceforth as interrupted as those of modern arch-dukes, by the Aulic council of Vienna. A march, before he could venture to make it, was late ; an operation was frequently ordered when premature. The minister Olivarez, for instance, now ordered him to lay siege to Breda ; and when Spinola represented that the command was impolitic, a despatch from Philip the Fourth, the new sovereign, brought him the peremptory instructions: “ Marquis, take Breda. I, the King." The order was obeyed : and its execution added fresh lustre to his reputation : but a long time elapsed before he could subdue the obstinate courage of the Dutch, and though he, in the interval, defeated the Prince of Nassau, with the loss of ten thousand men, and by baffling his design upon Antwerp, caused him to die of chagrin, he himself was recalled by a court intrigue, and in 1627 removed from his command.
In his return to Madrid, Spinola again passed through the headquarters of the French court, and witnessed the siege of Rochelle, then exciting the attention of Europe. Louis the Thirteenth and Richelieu, in person, had arrived to subvert this famed seat of Protestantism, and its overthrow was in no sligl.t degree owing to the advice which Spinola gave the ambitious Cardinal. “Shut the port and open the hand," was his reply, when asked for an opinion by the martial priest; and Richelieu, rightly interpreting it, constructed that celebrated sea-wall, and displayed that liberality to his troops, which enabled him, at last, to bring the memorable siege to a close. But Spinola had, in the interval, arrived at Madrid, and given umbrage to its court by refusing to undertake the city's relief. “I have seen the enemy's plans,” he said ; “ their preparations were imparted to me in confidence ;” and the honour of a soldier, he considered, precluded him from taking part in the design, which the Spanish government had formed for the annoyance of the French.
It did not, however,- prevent him from acting against them in Italy, where Louis and his domineering minister almost immediately precipitated hostilities with Spain, by supporting the Duke of Nevers in his claim to the Duchy of Mantua. The Spanish Cabinet espoused the cause of the Duke of Savoy, his opponent; and Spinola was dispatched to maintain it. He laid siege to Casal ; but Louis arrived with such overpowering odds, that the Spaniards were constrained to abandon it. Yet their leader obtained almost equal honour by the ability with which he defended himself, against the vastly superior forces of the French, on the confines of Montferrat. On the retirement of Louis, who, with an army of forty thousand, accomplished no further result, Spinola again invested the town, and took it. All bis efforts, however, failed to subdue the troops in the citadel; and he ultimately allowed them to march out with the honours of war, declaring that “ with fifty thousand kuch mon he could conquer Europe."
Spinola, at this period, possibly longed for a new career. He was now experiencing the proverbial ingratitude of courts, and with resources diminished, left to oppose the furmidable army which the French government was again pouring into the l'ateline. “They have rubbed me of my honour," he exclaimed, on finding himself abandoned, and constrained to sign a truce with his old opponent, the Manhal de Thoirus ; and repairing to Castle Nuovo, he shortly afterwards expired, a victim of di-appointment, in the sixtieth year of bis age.
Such was the sudden dissolution of Spinola, on the 30th of September, 16:0, after a career, which, for upwards of a quarter of a century, had filled Europe with the blaze of his name. The Spanish government ngretted his death, when regret was unavailing; and assuredly he was the only man then in existence capable of averting its declining fortunes. It were fucile to speculate on what might have been the result, had he not been untimely neglected, and hurried to the grave before Gustavus of Sweden, “ the Lion of the North," commenced his extraordinary conquests. Protestantism might not have prevailed in Germany, but the country might have escaped from the desolation of the thirty years war, which it has sourcely yet survived. All such surmises are closed by his death ; and he lives now in posterity's recollection only, as a man eulogized by Strada, Grotius, and De Thou, for his virtues, and as a general infe. rior to none, in an age more productive of great captains than any, till the revolutionary era of recent times.
PEDIGREE OF SPENCER’S FAMILY.
To the Editor of the Patrician. Sir,-I am sure you will deem the following authentic pedigree of the poet Spencer's family a valuable contribution to genealogical literature. It is the result of minute investigation and considerable labour, and may be confidently relied on.
Your constant reader,
Edmond Spencer, of Kilcoleman Castle,=.. dau. of - Sarah 'Spencer,= John Travers of co. Cork, Esq., born in London 1553; got
whose marriage | St.Finbarry's and a grant of lands in Ireland, dated the
settlement is now of Ballynamona, 25th Oct.* 1591 (Gents. Mag., 1842), con- | Her name is in the possession co. Cork, Esq., sisting of 3028 acres English. Entered supposed to have of John Travers, eldest son or Pembroke College, Cambridge, 20th May, been Elizabeth, Esq., of Birch Brian Travers of 1569; B. A. 16th Jan. 1573; M.A. 26th and a co. of Hill, Co. Cork, Nateby, in LanJune, 1576. Clerk of the Council of Mun: Cork lady, but late of Garry: cashire, Esq.(and ster, 1596; High Sheriff of co. Cork, 1598, her family one cloyne, a lineal had issue, Sir in which year he died in London, on the is unknown.f descendant of Robert and Za16th of Jan.
this intermarri- chary Travers),
Sylvanus Spen-=Ellen, eldest Lawrence Spen- Peregrine= .... Catherine =Wm.Wisecer, of Kilcole- | dan. of David cer, Esq., is said Spencer,
Spencer, s.p. man, Esq. man Castle, co. Nagle, of Mon- to have been who cer- Name of who is called of Banden. Cork, Esq., 1602. | aning, co.Cork, another son, and tainly was | wife un- in some pe- That suck Is said to have | Esq., by Ellen, that he resided a son of known. digrees eldest a person died previous to dau. of Wm. at Bandon. A the poet.
dau. Of this did exist I 1638. Called | Roche, Esq., of will of such a
lady I have am aware, eldest son of | Ballyhooly, co. person is now at
no proof but not of Edmond Spen Cork, Esq. Mr. Cloyne, dated in
whatsoever his marricer, Armiger. | Nagle died at 1653,and proved
of her being age,though: Poet. Celeb in Dublin Nov.14, in 1654. He is
so, but this it may have Nagle pedigree. 1637; was bur. called second son
filiation is taken Trinity College, | at St. James's. in the pedigree
very pro- place, ale Dublin, MSS. MSS. N.F., 4. which appeared
proof of Liby., H. F., | 18, Trinity Col. in the “Gentle
such is not 4-18. Lib., Dublin. man's Maga
given. zine" of 1842.
* 27th June, 1586, in the “ Life of Spencer,” prefixed to his poems, published in 1807— British Poets."
| How is it possible that any person could say, as is stated in the “Gentleman's Magazine" of 1842, that she was a peasant; and if so, why say of an obscure family? of what other sort or descris. tion are peasant families composed of in general? In all Spencer's poems she was celebrated by bun for every advantage any person could have of the highest rank; and his calling her a shepheruess was only figuratively speaking.
Eduond Spencer, William Spen-=.. dau. Nathaniel =Margaret, dau. Hugoline Spenof Kilcoleman Cas- cer, of Rinny, of — Spencer, in of — Deane. cer, 8 restored t). tle, co. Cork, Esq. co. Cork, Esq.,
holy orders, of (See pedigree 429 acres of which was erected named as se
Ballycannon, in the Gentle- land,co. Cork, hy into a manor 18th cond son in the
co. Waterford, man's Mag., the Act of SetFeb., 1638. Called Nagle pedi
ob. intestate (s0 1842). Ob. in- tlement, 1663-4. eldest son in Nagle gree, and styled
says the pedi- testate. Admi- He had a moripedigree, Trinity as of Rinny in
gree, Gents. nis. granted to gage of £500 Col., Dublin. Most the deed of sale
Blag.) Sept. 24, Eleanor Reeves, upon Rinny (see probably died s.p., by his grand
1669. Is not next of kin, deed of sale, certainly without son, Edmond
named in the 27th Septem- 1748). He was male issue, as his Spencer, in
MSS. Trin. Col. ber, 1667. eventually out nephew, Nathaniel 1748.
lawed, for adSpencer, succeeded
herence to Jas. to Kilcoleman.
Nathaniel Spencer, of Kilcoleman=Rosamond, dau, of — Susannah Spencer, named as Castle, and Rinny, co. Cork, Esq., in Her name is thus given in a sister in the will of her 1715. He sold the former by a mortgage pedigrees, without stating brother, Nathaniel Spencer, of the 9th and 10th of May, 1715. Will | the authority for such. in 1718, but of whom nothing dated 14th of August, 1718; proved at
further is known. Dublin, 18th July, 1734–Arthur Hyde and Jephson Busteed, executors.
EDMOND Spen-=Anne, eldest dau. Nathaniel Spen- John Spencer, Barbara Edmond cer, of Rinny, of John Freeman, cer, of Strabane, named in his fa- Spencer, Connelly, co. Cork, Esg. of Ballinguile, co. co. Tyrone, gent., ther's will of 1718; named in of Shane's Sold Rinny 6th Cork, Esq., se- named in his fa- but, as he is not her fa- Castle, co. Dec. 1748; deed cond brother of ther's will of 1718, named in the ther's will Antrim, of sale register- | William Freeman and as of Stra- deeds of sale and also gent., ed at Dublin, of Castle Cor, co. bane in the deeds aforesaid, he must in the named in 7th Dec. He Cork, Esq., and of sale of Kilcole- have died previ- deed of the deeds also disposed of son of Richard man and Rinny ous to 1748, and sale afore- of sale in Ballynasloe, co. Freeman of Kill- in 1748.
s.p., as otherwise said. 1748. Galway. The varic, co. Cork,
his child or chilmortgage of and Judith, his
dren must have Rinny must wife, dau. of Geo.
been made menhave been re- Crofts, Esq. (See
tion of in the deemed, or HE Crofts, of Velvets
deeds of sale. could not have town and Churchpossessed it. town, in “ The
Rosamond Spencer, only child, living at=
Mallow, co. Cork, 1805.
- Burne, Esq., who had a situation under Government, by some said in the Customs, London.
Christopher Spencer Burne, Alicia Burne, sole heiress of her brother,=- Sherlock, of near Esq., a Captain in the army, ran off with her husband, and was never | Ballyhowra, co. Cork, died s.p. forgiven by her relatives.
an inferior person. Mrs. Sherlock had issue, and her descendants still exist in the city of Cork, now 1848.
I How could his wife have made a will, as a widow, if the dates given in the pedigree of the “Gentleman's Magazine" be correct? Query-was he a son of Sylvanus? I think it is more probable he was a son of Peregrine.
[ Query, dau. of Richard Deans, B.D., afterwards Prebendary of Mora, co. Moretown. S.T.B. Collated 10th Nov., 1662, and on the 8th of January, 1663, Archdeacon of Waterford. Thomas Deane, M.A., 1585. 20th January, Treasurer of Waterford.
§ Query, Dorothy Spencer, a dan, of Angeline's. As she undoubtedly was of this family, and married about 150 years ago into the Power family, I think she was most probably a dau. of his, and not of any of the Kilcoleman family, after the intermarriage with Nagle.