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An allowance of 4s. a day to the Subaltern appointed Acting Paymaster.

An allowance to the Serjeant appointed to act as Serjeant-Major, making up his pay to 3s. a day. And to the Serjeant appointed to act as Quarter-Master-Serjeant, making up his pay to 2s. 6d. a day.

Forage Allowance for the Commanding Officer's horse; if the Commanding Officer is a Field Officer; and if a Captain, provided the effectives amount to 100 Rank and File.

Forage Allowance to the Adjutant, provided the effectives amount to 100 Rank and File.

A sum of 121. for the purchase of Regimental Books on first formation.

301. per annum for Stationery, &c. for the Orderly Room. 157. per annum for ditto for the Paymaster. 51. per annum for the Regimental School.

The Allowances to the Reserve commence on the day on which it separates from the Battalion, in consequence of the march of the Service Companies for embarkation; and the allowances are discontinued from the date on which the Reserve and Service Companies reunite on the return of the latter from Foreign Service.

DEPRESSION. The pointing of any piece of ordnance, so that its shot may be projected under the point blank line.

DEPUTY. A person commissioned to act for another. DESCENT. A term expressive of the landing of Troops for the purpose of invading a country..

DESERTER. Officers or Soldiers who have received Pay or have enlisted into the Service, and are convicted of Desertion, are liable to suffer Death or such other punishment as may be awarded by a Court Martial.

An Officer receiving and harbouring a Deserter, knowing him to be such, or who neglects to confine him and give immediate notice to his proper Commanding Officer, is liable to be cashiered.

Officers and Soldiers convicted of advising or persuading any person to desert, are subject to punishment by the sentence of a Court Martial.

Fine or Imprisonment are the penalties enacted against any Civilian who knowingly conceals a Deserter, or who purchases, detains, or receives from him any Arms, Cloth

ing, Caps, or other articles of Military appointments belonging to the King.

A reward not exceeding Forty shillings is paid by order from the Secretary at War, to any individual who apprehends, or causes to be apprehended, any deserter from the Army.

Any Commissioned Officer, who without Warrant from one or more of His Majesty's Justices, forcibly enters into, or breaks open, the dwelling house or outhouses of any person whatever, under pretence of searching for Deserters, forfeits, on conviction, the sum of twenty pounds.

Every Deserter on conviction before a Court Martial forfeits thereupon all advantage as to additional Pay or to Pension on Discharge; but to obviate any tendency which this Penalty might have in breaking the Soldier's spirit, and rendering his future Conduct a matter of hopeless indifference to him, the Articles of War have provided, that if he subsequently performs good, faithful, or gallant services, he may, on it being certified by the Commander in Chief, be eligible to be restored to the Benefit of the whole or any part of his Service, and if the recommendation is approved by His Majesty, the Order for the restoration will be signified through the Secretary at War.

The small account books of Deserters are to be retained by the Regiments from which the men have deserted.

The effects of a Deserter are not required to be sold until immediately before the Quarterly Period for making up the Regimental Pay list, in which the value of those effects is to be credited; and if a Deserter should be recovered previously to the Sale of his effects, the Commanding Officer may use his own discretion as to restoring to him any of the Articles which he had left.

DETACH. To send part of a Regiment or of an Army upon any particular service at a distance from the main body.

DETACHMENT. The body of troops thus detached. DETAIL OF DUTY. In military affairs is a roster, or table, for the regular performance of duty either in Camp or Garrison.

The general detail of duty is regulated by the Major of Brigade, according to the strength of the several Corps. The Adjutant of each Regiment superintends the detail

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of the Officers for Duty, the Serjeant-Major keeps the roster for the Non-Commissioned Officers, and the latter that for the Privates.

DIAMETER. In Geometry, is a right line passing through the centre of any curvilinear figure from one point of its circumference to another. Vide Cut Arc, AB is the Diameter of the Circle ACBH.

When great accuracy is not required, the proportion of the Diameter of a Circle to the Circumference, may be taken as 1 to 3.1416. That of 7 to 22 will serve for common purposes. The ratio of 113 to 355 is a nearer approximation than either.

To find the Diameter of an Iron shot, multiply the weight by 71, and the cube root of the product will be the diameter.

To find the Diameter of a leaden ball, multiply the weight by 14, divide the product by 3, and the cube root of the quotient will be the diameter.

DIFFERENCE. The sum regulated to be paid by Officers when exchanging from the Half to Full pay; also the price or difference in value of the several Commissions. Officers exchanging to Half-pay receiving the difference, subject themselves to many disadvantages. Among which we may mention, that they must repay this sum on returning to full pay, and that their Widows are not entitled to a pension in the event of the husbands' demise.

DISALLOWANCES. Deductions made from the Military Estimates, when the charges against the Public appear incorrect.

DISBANDED. When the Officers and Men of a Regiment are dismissed from Military Service on a reduction of the Army, they are said to be disbanded.

DISCHARGE. In a general sense denotes the dismissing of a Soldier from the Regiment to which he belongs, either in consequence of long Services, of disabilities, or at his own request. Under the new regulations, prior to a Soldier's being discharged, a Regimental Board, consisting of the Major, or Second in Command, and two Captains, must assemble. Having heard the Soldier's statement of his Service, and authenticated it by referring to the Regimental Books, the Board records the result in their Proceedings and also in the Body of the Discharge.

They then proceed to investigate the causes of his being discharged, and if these arise from the effects of disease, the Evidence of the Medical Officer must be taken, and a Certificate from him annexed, as to whether they have been contracted in and by the Service, or from vice, neglect, design, or intemperance. The Character of the Soldier becomes the next subject of enquiry, particularly as regards his conduct during the latter years of his service; for this purpose the Court Martial and Defaulter books must be consulted, and the Court may call upon the Adjutant, or any other individual whom they consider best calculated to give testimony on this point. Finally, having ascertained that the Soldier's accounts have been settled to the end of the current month, and that he has no unsatisfied claims on the Service, the Discharge is filled up, signed by the President, and delivered to the Commanding Officer, who forwards it to the Adjutant-General. When Men are proposed to be discharged from Medical causes, the Invalids are subsequently detained a month in the General Hospital, in order to detect and frustrate any attempt at a fraud on the public. Soldiers are now permitted to obtain free discharges after serving fifteen years, and for every year of actual Service beyond that period they receive a gratuity in money. It is at the same time carefully explained to them, that by accepting these free discharges they totally resign every claim on the Country for pension, or other advantage arising from their length of service. Soldiers are likewise permitted to purchase their discharges, according to a scale which is regulated by the number of years they have served. In no case, however, can an attested soldier demand a discharge as a matter of right. A Court Martial possesses the power of sentencing a soldier to be discharged with ignominy for vicious and disgraceful conduct, he having been once before convicted of the same offence.

DISCIPLINARIAN. An officer who pays particular attention to the discipline of the soldiers under his command.

DISCIPLINE. By discipline is meant the exercise and obedience to those laws which have been framed for the instruction and government of the Army.

DISCRETION. To surrender at discretion implies



that a body of troops yield unconditionally to the mercy of the conquerors.

DISCUSSION. Deliberations or Discussions among any class of Military Men, having the object of conveying praise, censure, or any mark of approbation towards their superiors or others, are strictly prohibited (vide General Regulation, p. 372,) as being subversive of discipline, and an assumption of power which belongs to the King alone, or to those Officers to whom His Majesty may be pleased to entrust the command and discipline of his Troops.

DISEMBARK. To land troops from any vessel or


DISGRACEFUL CONDUCT. A soldier may be tried and punished for Disgraceful Conduct.

In wilfully maiming or injuring himself, or any other soldier, even at the instance of such soldier, with intent to render himself or the other soldier unfit for the Service. In tampering with his eyes.

In malingering, feigning Disease, absenting himself from Hospital whilst under Medical care, or other gross violation of the rules of any Hospital, thereby wilfully producing or aggravating Disease or Infirmity, or wilfully protracting his cure.

In purloining or selling Government Stores.

In stealing any Money or Goods, the property of a comrade, of a Military Officer, or of any Military or Regimental Mess.

In producing false or fraudulent Accounts or Returns. In embezzling or fraudulently misapplying Public Money entrusted to him, or for any other Disgraceful Conduct, being of a cruel, indecent, unnatural, felonious, or fraudulent nature.

It is in the power of the Court Martial to sentence the offender to forfeiture of all benefit or advantage as to additional Pay, or to Pension on discharge, in addition to any other punishment which the Court may be competent to award.

The Court may further recommend him to be discharged with ignominy from the Service; and the prisoner may further be put under Stoppages, not exceeding TwoThirds of his daily Pay, until the amount be made good of any loss or damage arising out of his Misconduct.

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