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cannot exceed a sentence of 500 Lashes, while the sentence of a Regimental Court Martial is limited to 300. No Corporal Punishment can be inflicted but in presence of the Surgeon, or of the Assistant Surgeon, in case of any other indispensable duty preventing the attendance of the Surgeon.

PURVEYOR. A person employed in the Quarter Master or Commissary General's, Department. Also an individual attached to a Military Hospital, whose duty it is to provide food and necessaries for the Sick.

PYRAMID. A Pyramid is a solid whose base is any right lined plane figure, and its sides are triangles having all their vertices or tops meeting together in one point, called the Vertex of the Pyramid.

PYROTECHNY. The science of artificial fire works and fire arms, including not only those used in War, such as Cannon, Bombs, Grenades, Gunpowder, Wildfire, &c.; but also those intended for amusement, as Rockets, St. Catherine's Wheels, &c.

QUALIFICATION. Capability or eligibility for any office or employment. It is expected that every Officer who has been two years in the Service, shall be capable of commanding and exercising a Troop or Company in every situation, and shall be perfectly acquainted with its interior economy and discipline; and that every officer who has been Two years a Captain will have qualified himself in every respect for the duties of a Field Officer. General Officers at their Half-yearly Inspections are required to make a special report as to whether the Field Officers are properly qualified for command, whether the Adjutant is duly qualified for his situation, and whether the Officers in general appear to understand their duties, and are zealous, and intelligent in the performance of them.

QUARANTINE. The time which persons, suspected of having the Plague or other contagious disease, or arriving from a place where the Plague is raging, are obliged to remain secluded from all intercourse with the inhabitants of the port at which they have arrived.

QUARRELS. Officers of every Rank have power to quell all Quarrels, frays, and disorders, although the persons implicated belong to another Corps. They are also

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QUEUES D'HIRONDE.

authorized by the 106th Article of War to order Officers into Arrest or Soldiers into Confinement, until their proper Commanding Officers are made acquainted with the Whoever refuses to obey such Officer, although of an inferior rank, or draws his sword upon him, is liable to Punishment.

circumstances.

QUARTER. To give Quarter, is to spare the life of a vanquished enemy.

QUARTERS. Military Stations. The apartments occupied by an Officer in Barracks are called his "Quarters ". Head Quarters, means the place where the General or other Officer in Command takes up his Quarters.

Winter Quarters. The towns or posts in which Troops are quartered during the winter season, after the conclusion of a campaign.

QUARTER MASTER GENERAL. All applications respecting the Marching, Embarking, Disembarkation, Quarters, Billets, and Cantonments of Troops, Changes of Quarters, and relief of Detachments, are to be addressed direct to the Quarter Master General. By whom also orders are given relative to Encampments, the issue of Camp equipage, and the supply of Forge Waggons, Corn Sacks, and Water Decks to the Cavalry.

All correspondence relating to Military Science, Geography and Topography, Maps, Plans, and Dispositions for Defence, are to be transmitted to the Quarter Master General.

Routes for the March of Troops are issued by the Quarter Master General, and their receipt is to be acknowledged by return of post. The only exception is the Route for the March of an Escort over Deserters, which is issued by the Secretary at War.

QUARTER MASTER. Is an Officer whose principal duty is to look after the Quarters of the Soldiers, their clothes, provisions, and ammunition. Quarter

Masters rank next after Cornets and Ensigns. In Camp they are responsible for the general cleanliness of the part of the Encampment occupied by their respective Regiments.

QUEUES D'HIRONDE. Continued Lines are sometimes composed of projecting tenailles or works called Queues d'Hironde, or Swallow Tails, which are formed in the following manner. A front of 100 Toises being traced,

and a perpendicular equal to one-third of this length being drawn from the centre of this front, lines are traced connecting the salient end of the perpendicular with the extremities of the front, and the Tenaille is completed. A succession of these, constitutes an Intrenchment with Queues d'Hironde.

From the facility with which the Enemy can enfilade their long branches, and the size of the re-entering angles, by which a considerable space in front of the salients is undefended, these works are considered extremely defective, and consequently are seldom employed.

QUOINS.

100

400

In Architecture, Quoins are the corners of

brick or stone walls.

Also one of the mechanical powers.

In Gunnery, a Quoin is a wedge used to lay under the breech to elevate or depress the gun.

QUOTIENT. Is the Number resulting from the division of one number by another, and shews how often the lesser is contained in the greater quantity. Thus, if 36 be divided by 6, the quotient will be 6.

RADIUS. The Semi-diameter of a Circle.

In Fortifications constructed on a Regular Polygon, the Exterior or Oblique Radius is a line drawn from the centre of the Polygon to the extremity of the Exterior Side; the Interior Radius is that part of the oblique Radius extending from the centre of the Polygon to the centre of the Bastion; and the Right Radius is a line drawn from the centre of the Polygon perpendicularly to the Exterior Side.

RAFT. A species of Floating Bridge for the passage of Rivers, which is easily constructed of large planks fastened together and forming a kind of deck or barge, on which the Soldiers and Light Artillery may safely be embarked. Vide Bridge.

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RAFTERS, are beams of timber which are ranged in pairs meeting at the top, connected by ties, and forming the roof of a building.

RAISE. To raise a siege, is to abandon the siege of a Fortress.

RALLY. To re-form disordered or dispersed troops into regular order.

RAMP. A Ramp is a road cut obliquely into or added to the interior slope of the Rampart, as a communication from the town to the terrepleine.

RAMPART. A broad embankment or mass of earth which surrounds a fortified place and forms the enceinte, or chain of Main Works. On its exterior edge the para

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pet is placed, beyond which it is bounded by the Main Ditch, while towards the town it is terminated by the Interior Slope of the Rampart, on which Ramps are made for the easy ascent of the Troops and Artillery.

RAMROD. The rod of iron used in charging a piece, to drive home the powder and shot.

RANGE. Is the distance from any piece whence a shot is fired, to the spot where it touches the ground.

RANK. A Rank is a line of Soldiers drawn up side by side. The distance between the Ranks of a Company is one pace, but when at open order two paces, measured from heel to heel.

RANK. A range of subordination, a degree of dignity. Johnson.

RANK AND FILE. This term denotes Corporals as well as Privates, as they carry firelocks and parade in the Ranks in the same manner.

RATION. A certain Allowance of bread and other provisions issued to Troops on Active or Foreign Service. A daily ration consists of One pound of Bread or Biscuit, One pound of Meat, either fresh or salt, three-sevenths of a Quart of Wine, or one-seventh of a Quart of Rum, ex

cept at those stations where on account of Climate a different ration may be authorized by the King or the Board of Treasury, and no ration different from the preceding can in any case be issued without such sanction.

A Deduction of two pence halfpenny, is made from the pay of Staff and Regimental Officers for each ration issued either for themselves or their Male Servants; and a deduction of Sixpence from the pay of Non-Commissioned Officers and Privates, Artificers and Military Labourers, for each ration which may be issued to them.

Rations are issued to the Wives of Non-Commissioned Officers and Privates permitted to accompany their husbands to Foreign Stations, not exceeding in number Six women to every Hundred Men, in the following proportions, viz.: every lawful wife, one half a Soldier's Ration, not including wine or spirits; and to every child of such lawful wife under seven years of age, one-fourth; and to every child above seven years, one-third of a Soldier's Ration, not including Wine or Spirits, and the Commanding Officer has the power by the Ration Warrant of 14th July, 1827, of diminishing, suspending, or totally discontinuing this allowance if he shall think fit to do so.

In the Windward and Leeward Islands, and at all stations within the Tropics where Rations are received from the Public Stores by Officers; the Wives and Children of Officers and other persons classed as such, are entitled to Rations in the same proportion as are granted to the Wives and Children of Non-Commissioned Officers and Soldiers. The Widows and Orphans of such Officers, and others, are, at the discretion of the Officer Commanding the Troops, to be provisioned according to that proportion, until an opportunity is afforded for their return to England.

Rations are not issued to Soldiers in Confinement by the Sentence of a Court Martial or by the Civil Authority.

No Staff or Regimental Officer can draw more than one Ration a day for himself, but in addition to this personal allowance, each Officer may draw Rations for the number of Male Servants attached to his Rank, provided the Servants for whom Rations are drawn, are effective, are not entitled to Rations as Soldiers, and are not black Servants, for whose maintenance on some stations a pecuniary al

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