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HAIR CLOTH. A species of cloth made of horsehair, laid upon the floors of magazines and laboratories, to prevent accidents. It is usually made up in pieces 14 feet long and 11 feet wide, each weighing about 36 pounds.

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Surgeon, or Staff Surgeon

OLD RATE. Cavalry. Infant. £ s. d. £ s. d. 0 13 0 0 12 0 0 10 0 0 8 6 0800 7 6 0 560 5 0

0 3 11

0 3 0 0 2 4

NEW RATE. Cavalry. Infant.

£ s. d. £ s. d. 0 15 6 0 14 6 0 12 6 0 11 0 0 10 0 0 9 6 0 760 7 0

0 4 8 0 4 0
0 4 6
0 360 3 0
0 7 6

02 60 1 10
0 760 7 6
0 200 2 0
0 3 0 0 2 0 0400 3
0 600 60 070 0 7 0
300 400 40


Assistant Surgeon, or Staff Assistant Surgeon 0 3 0 0
Veterinary Surgeon
N.B.-Lieutenants and Captains of the Foot Guards 73.-Ensigns and Lieu-

tenants 48.

STAFF.-Commissary Gen. 29s. 3d. Dep. do. 14s. 8d. Assistant do. 78. 4d. Dep. do. 4s. 11d. Inspector of Hospitals, 20s. Dep. do. 12s. 6d. Do. after 20 years' service, 15s. Physician 108. Surgeon on the Staff or of a Regt. after 20 years' service, if ill health, 108., after 30 years' service, 158. Surg. of a Rec. Dist. 58. Assistant Surgeon, 4s. Apothecary, 58., after 20 years' service, 78. 6d. Hospital Assistant, 28. Purveyor, 10s. Deputy do. 5s. Vet. Surgeon, after 3 years' service, 4s. 6d.-ten, 5s. 6d.-twenty, 78.—and 30 years' service, 128., but liable to variation. Chaplain to the Forces, 58. (liable to variation).

The increased Rate of Half Pay is granted to all Officers placed upon Half Pay since the 25th June, 1814, and to those placed upon Half Pay from the year 1793, to the 25th June, 1814, in consequence of wounds or infirmities contracted on Service.

Both Rates of Half Pay are paid Quarterly, without Deduction, at the Pay Office, Whitehall.

Officers desirous of retiring on Half Pay, must transmit their applications through their Commanding Officers, to the Commander-in-Chief's Military Secretary. When they receive the difference on retiring to Half Pay, Officers forfeit all claim to further rank or employment, unless they repay the difference upon being allowed to return to the same rank from which they retired; but they forfeit their rank during the period of their retirement. Their widows, and indeed the widows of all Officers who go upon Half Pay at their own request, or from any cause not arising from a reduction of

the Army, or from a medical report of ill health, have no claim to pension in the event of their decease. Officers upon the Half Pay list who are desirous of returning to the Service, paying the regulated difference, must report their wish to the Military Secretary at the Horse Guards, stating by whom the money will be paid when required. For the mode of drawing the Half Pay, see Affidavit.

HALT. A word of command in Military Evolutions. Upon the word "Halt," the rear foot is brought up in a line with the advanced one, so as to complete the step which was taken when the command was given: the men must be well-accustomed at their drills to remain perfectly motionless after the Halt: nothing evinces more fully the attention which has been paid to their steadiness under arms. The expression is also used when alluding to the rest which Troops take at any place during a march.

HAMMER. A piece of steel covering the pan of the musquet lock; this being struck by the flint, upon the trigger being drawn, sparks of fire are produced by the collision, by means of which the cartridges are ignited.

HAMMOCK. A kind of Bed made of coarse canvas. The hammocks used in the Navy are about six feet long, and are suspended horizontally by cords fixed under the deck.

HAND. A measure of four inches in length. The height of a horse is computed by so many hands and inches. HAND-BARROW. A frame which is carried by two men, instead of being rolled forward like a wheel-barrow. The hand-barrows employed in the Ordnance Department are 5 feet 3 inches long, 2 feet broad, and weigh about nineteen pounds. They are very useful in the erection of Fortifications, as well as in carrying shells and shot along the trenches.

HAND-SPIKE, in Artillery, is a wooden lever, flattened at one end, and tapering towards the other, used in raising heavy weights, or in moving guns to their places after being reloaded. Their length is feet, their diameter at the top 1.25 in., at the bottom 2.75 in., and their weight rather more than 6 lbs.

HANGER. A short curved sword.

HANG FIRE. A term used when, on pulling the trigger of a firelock or pistol, the charge does not rapidly ignite.

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HAVERSACK. A coarse linen bag issued to every Soldier proceeding on Service, for the purpose of carrying provisions.

HEIGHTS. It frequently becomes a subject of interest for Officers to be enabled to ascertain the Height of objects with tolerable accuracy; we shall therefore annex one or two simple rules by which this may be attained, even by those unacquainted with the art of Measuring Heights and Distances.

1. To ascertain the height of an object, CE.


Place two staves, AH and BF, 4 and 6 feet long, in the same line HE passing through E, the base of the object; let them be moved nearer to, or farther from, each other, until the summit, is seen precisely in the same line as a and B, the tops of the two staves. Then by the common Rule of Three:

As the distance on the ground, HF, between the two rods, Is to BF, the height of the rod nearest the object;

So is HE, the distance from the farthest rod to the bottom of the object,

To the height of the object.

The ground from H to the foot of the object should be level, or what is termed a horizontal plane.

2. At any convenient distance from the object, place a staff, AH, in the ground. Then measure the length of its

shadow, and that of the object. Then by the Rule of Three, the height may easily be found.


As the length of the staff's shadow, say BH,
Is to the height of the staff, AH;

So is the length of the shadow of the object, say GE,
To the height of the object.

This rule is of great antiquity; for, according to Plutarch, the altitudes of the pyramids were measured by means of their shadows and that of a pole set up beside them; making the altitude of the pole and pyramid proportional to their shadows.

3. Place a rod, AH, in the ground, at such a distance

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from the object, that the observer, when laid flat on his back, with his feet touching the rod and in the direction of the object, may see the tops of the rod and object exactly in the same line. Then as before,

As the length of the observer on the ground, вH,

Is to the height of the rod, AH;

So is the distance from the observer's eye to the foot of the object, BE,

To the height of the object.

If the rod, AH, be made exactly equal in length to the height of the observer's eye, no calculation will be necessary; for the distance, BE, from the observer's eye to the base of the object will, when measured, be exactly equal to the height, CE.

4. Take a piece of wood, or a frame in the shape of a right angled triangle, of which the sides, BC, BA, are equal,


and fix a piece of thread or small twine, to which a weight is attached, to the upper part of the perpendicular, CB. Then advance or retire so many paces as will enable you just to see the top of the object, by looking along the hypothenuse, AC; care being taken that the weight or plummet hangs exactly perpendicular while you view the object, as the precision of the rule depends upon this


Then the distance, DE, will be equal to the height, EG.

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