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this when he appeals to God, If mine heart have been deceived by a woman, ver. 9. This is co be
This is to be pure before God, who seeth in fecret, and searcheth the hidden things of darkness. The least glance of the heart over this hedge is a crime.
Secondly, Chastity in speech, Col. iv. 6. Let your Speech be always with grace, seafoned with salt. As there is tongue-murder, there is tongue-adultery. But our speeches must favour of fobriety and puri: ty; and so they will if the heart be pure ; for out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaketh, The Holy Ghost in the fcriptures gives us a pattern to be imitated in our speeches concerning those things that have a natural turpitude with them, vailing the fame in modeft expressions,
Thirdly, Chastity in behaviour, which comprehends both the keeping of the body undefiled by any gross act, and a modelt carriage every way, 1 Pet.
Modesty must appear in the whole of our behaviour, that the purity of the heart may shine forth thereby, as the candle gives light through the lantern.
Now, as this threefold chastity is required here, fo the proper means for preserving it are also required,
1. Watching over our senses. These are the ports at which Satan breaks in and ruins people's purity. The heart and the senses are like a candle. wick, at the end of which lies a heap of powder. Objects fet fire to the senses at the wick, and these carry it along to the heart, where the corruption lics as a heap of powder. Particularly,
(1.) The eyes, Job xxxi. 1. These were the gates at which fin first entered into the world; and these have been the gates of destruction to many, whereby their fame, body, and souls bave been destroyed together. It is remarkable that the Sodomites :vere Imitten with blindness, who took so little care to watch their eyes while they had the use of them, Curious glances of the eye have been fatal to many,
as being the effect of pride and rage; a taking into mens heads the disposing of that life which God only is Lord of; it is an ufurping of the magistrates sword, and invading God's right of vengeance, Rom. xii. 19. And the pretence of honour, the usual plea for duels, is as far different from God's laws of honour, as hell is from heaven, Prov. xvi. 32. Matth. v. 44.
Secondly, Whatsoever tendeth to the taking away of our neighbour's life unjustly. This is virtual, interpretative, indirect murder. It is of several forts, all here forbidden.
1. There is heart-murder; and of that there are several forts.
ift, Carnal anger and wrath, which is rarh, causeless, and excessive, Matth. v. 2 2. Some people's anger is like a fire in straw, foon blown up and soon out; others like a fire in iron once kindled, which it is hard to get laid. But of whatever fort it is, it is a short madness; and the longer it is kept, it is so much the worse, Eph. iv. 26. 27. It refteth in the boom of fools. All murder begins here. It is a fire that kindles the anger of God and of our neighbour against us, and so casts all into confulion. Let us study meekness; which is what will make us like to Christ, Col. iii. 12.
2dly, Envy, whereby people grieve and grudge at the good of others. It is the devil's two-edged fiord drawn to slay two at once; the envious himfelf, Prov. xiv. 30. for he is like a serpent gnawing its own tail, Job v. 2. ; and the party envied, Prov. xxvii, 4. While other fins are entertained for pleafure or profit, this is like a barren field bringing forth only briers and thorns; there is not a dram of any sort of pleafure in it. But this was it that put Jofeph's brethren on a murdering design. A charitable frame of spirit is our duty, Rom. xii. 15.
zidly, liatred and malice against our neighbour.
This made Cain imbrue his hands in his brother's blood. And such as live in 'malice and hatred go in his way, i John ii. 15. It is the fad character of persons estranged from God, that they are hateful, and hating one another, Tit. iii. 3. But of all batred that is the worst which hates good men for their goodness. However we may hate every man's faults, but no man's perfon. Love thy neighbour as thyself, is the express command of heaven.
4thly, Revengeful thoughts and desires, which are so much the worse as they are the longer entertained; Rom. xii. 19. That heart is a bloody heart that longs for a heart-fight, as they call it, on those that have wronged them. God sees the most secret wish of ill to our neighbour, and will call us to an account. Let us learn long-suffering and patience, to forgive, a disposition and readiness to be reconciled; otherwise our addrefses to heaven for pardon will be vain, Matth. vi. 15.
5thly, Rejoicing at the mischief that befals others, Prov. xxiv. 17. 18. Nothing makes men liker the devil than that murdering disposition to make the ruin of others our mirth, and their sorrow our joy ; for man's fin and misery is what affords pleasure to the devil. We should fympathize and weep with them that weep, as well as rejoice with those that do rejoice
Lastly, Cruelty, an horrid unrelenting disposition, that is not affected with the misery of others, but carries it on, and adds to it with delight. A disposition most inconsistent with the spirit of the gospel, that teaches tender-heartedness even to the very bealts, Prov. xii. 10.
But those that delight in cruel treating of these, want but an opportunity to exercise it on men.
2. There is tongue-murder. Solomon observes, that the tongue, however little a member it is, is the lord of life and death, Prov. xviii. 21. & xxi. 23. If it be not well managed then, no wonder it Vol. III.
be sometimes found guilty of murder. The natural shape of the tongue resembles a flame of fire, and therefore in Hebrew one word signifies a flame and the tongue; yea and it is what it seems to be, a fire, a world of iniquily, James iii. 6. It resembles also a sword, and so it is oft-times, Pfal. lvii. 4. & lix. 7. The mouth and tongue resemble bow and arrow, and so they are. Pfal, Isiv. 3. The rage of an ill tongue must needs be dangerous then, feeing such an one lays about him with his bow and arrow, and advances with fire and sword, which must needs bring him in blood-guilty. Now, this fword devours several ways.
1, By quarrelling, provoking, and contentious fpeeches, Prov. xxiii. 29. Such words have oft-times begun a plea that has ended in blood. And there. fore the apostle compares fuch to beasts that begin to Inarl and bite one another, till it end in the ruin of either or both, Gal. v. 15. Let us make confcience then of peaceable, mild, and gentle speeches.
2dly, By bitter words. These are the impoisoned arrows that tongue murderers shoot at their neighbour, Pfal. Ixiv. 3. 4. Their tongues are dipt in gall, and they pierce to the heart, and give a home-thrust like a sword, Prov. xii. 28, They become not the disciples of the meek Jesus. Lay aside these, as ye would not be reckoned murderers in the light of God, Eph. iv. 31.
3dly, By railing and scolding. This was Shimei's murdering deed, 2 Sam. xvi. 5. 6. 7. for which he died as a murderer in Solomon's days. Thus men and women manage their tongue-battles with eagerness, making their doors or the town.gate the field of battle, where words pierce like swords to the heart. These are the plagues and pests of fociety, whose bloody mouths proclain their hearts fearless of God. Hear ye what the Lord says, 1 Pet. iii. 9. Not rendering evil for evil, or railing for railing : bút contrariwise, blefing; knowing that je
are thereunto calied, that ye should inherit a blessing:
4thly, By reviling, reproachful, and disdainful speeches. Men think little of these ; they are but words, and words are but wind. But they are a wind that will blow people to hell, Mat. V, 22. They are the devil's bellows to blow up the fire of anger; which may make fearful havock ere it be quenched, Prov. xv. I.
Sthly, By inocking, fcoffing, and deriding speeches. These are reckoned among the sufferings of the martyrs, Heb. xi. 36. Others had trial of cruel mockings.' The soldiers inocking of Christ, John xix. 3. is compared to the baiting by dogs, Plal. xxii. 16, See how children paid for this usage to the prophet Elisha, 2 Kings iï. 23. 24.
Lastly, By cursings, imprecations, and wrathful withings of ill and mischief to our neighbours ; which is but throwing up of hellith fire on others, that comes down and burns up him that threw it, Plal. cix. 18.
3. There is eye-murder, which vents itself by a wrathful countenance, and all gestures of that kind, such as high and proud looks, and fierce looks, Prov. vi. 17. The Spirit of God takes notice of Cain's countenance, Gen. iv. 5. As there is adultery in looks, so there may be murder in them, not only angry looks, but looks of satisfaction on the miseries of others, which God knows the meaning of, Obad. 12. ; gnashing with the teeth, and all such gestures of a person, denoting a heart boiling with wrath and revenge, Acts vii. 54,
4. There is hand-murder, even where death kill. eth not. And people may be guilty of this two ways,
it, By way of omission, when we with-hold anul give not help to those that are in distress, to savę their life or living, Judg. v, 2. 3. ; 'neglecting the fick, not visiting and helping them as need requires, Luke x. 31. 32.; not affording means of life to the poor in want, Jam. ii, 15. 16. for those put out the