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FROM THE ALBUM AT PASSAICK FALLS.
OH solitude ! I love to dwell
away the village bell,
There, lost in calm reflection deep,
Wisdom and virtue must disdain,
IF among the scientifick politicians of this country, or any other de. scription of the learned, there should be found a man, who, with the grace of exteriour accomplishment, or the fulsome semblance of it; with the gifts of fortune, and the rank of a gentleman; with a strong devotion to literature without remission and almost without example ; with acuteness of mind and extensive classical erudition ; who, I say, should so far forget himself, as to practise arts which would disgrace the meanest retainer to learning ---If such a man should be found, with fairįprofessions and obliging attentions, simular of friendship but at the bottom false, hollow, designing, and malicious; who should inflict a wound with more than Parthiao dexterity, and yet be studious of frequenting the company of men of character to countenance his own; and finally, who should collect and scatter around him the virus lunare, the vapo. rous drops that hang in any region of infection, that the objects of their influence might feel the blast of the inchanter, and koow not whence it comes. If, I say, such a man should be found, I shall not name him, and it is not for him to lay bare is own conscience by a foolish, appropriating indiscretion. I have only sketched out at present such a character in prose ; and all I shall say farther is, may he, if such a man exist, strive to wipe out such actions by more than literary contrition, and deeply feel and know that he has lived, throughout the course of a life pot inconsiderable in its duration, under a fatal errour and wretched abuse of time, learning, talents and accomplishments. This character is left on record, like any of La Bruyere's, without even the shadow of a name. It shall ever remain unappropriated by me.
If any person should ask why such an imaginary character was drawn, I reply in the words of Pope :
you the provocation that I had ?
BRITISH ORDERS IN COUNCIL,
THE promulgation of the new orders in Council of the 26th of April, has confounded democratick declamation and over. thrown the arrogance of the
with irresistible astonishment, The lion which has been so long crouching to the eagle, in the columns of democratick newspapers, begins again to bristle his mane, and we shall probably cease to hear the eternal jargon of the coercion of the embargo, and Great Britain at the feet of America. The truth is, that the democrats are beginning to ex. claim against such a modification of the old Orders, and such a relaxation of the restri&tions on neutral trade, as they would have greeted with delight, three months ago; before the settlement of our differences was made at Washington. Mr. Pinckney has probably made up an accommodation with Mr. Canning upon the precise terms of his instructions from the Jefferson cabinet, as recognized in the non-intercourse law. We have all a. long maintained, * that Great Britain had offered terms through Mr. Erskine, in Washington, which were entirely unexpected by our government, and infinitely more favourable than we had pretended to claim, through our minister at St. James's. All the merit, therefore, which the accommodation in Washington implies, was to be ascribed to the candour of the British government, since we had given authority to Mr. Pinckney to come to a settlement on conditions much less advantageous. The dif. ference of the two cases is very apparent, and forms a decisive conclusion as to the presumed inefficacy of the embargo system, in the opinion of the administration.
Although we have vested Mr. Pinckney with powers to setcle or compromise our dispute upon the terms which the new orders indicate, it will not follow by any means, that the British government do not intend to abide by the settlement as made by Mr. Erskine, provided he has not exceeded his authority. By the present order we are authorized to proceed to any ports of the world not immediately governed by French authority; and the French decrees debar us from entering such places in case the British were ever so well inclined. Yet as it is evidently the interest of Great-Britain to secure her West Indian monopoly ; and prevent every pound of the colonial produce of her enemy from reaching the mother country, we do not think it improbable that a rigorous blockade of the principal European and colonial ports will be instituted, as soon as Bonaparte shall have repealed his decrees.
But whilst they continue to afford a precedent for a parchment system of blockade, Great Britain may perhaps undertake to defend her adoption of similar hostilities, not on the ground of right or justice, but of reciprocality. We are far from view. ing such an intention however with either lenity or forbearance ; we only mean to assert that if Great Britain should do it, it would be an abundant proof that the embargo policy had failed of its coercive effects. Great Britain in such a case could not be justified ; yet it is not improbable that some master stroke of policy was designed, when Mr. Erskine came forward to offer such terms of accommodation, as were far beyond the expectationis of the people of both countries. What necessity was there on the part of Mr. Canning for conceding any points to us, which we did not require ? Points, the decision of which we were willing to wave? The reason is not to be sought in the national benevolence of the government of Great Britain; but in the diplomatick cunning of the prime minister.
* Ordeal, page 300.
GREAT BRITAIN. IF it should happen after all our settlement of difficulties that the English minister had in some minute particular exceeded his instructions in his correspondence with Mr. Smith, the democrats, perhaps would not consider Mr. Canning justified in refusing to confirm the accommodation, after the example of Mr. Jefferson in regard to the rejected treaty. Yet if the government of the United States refuse to comply with the terms which their minister concurred in forming, surely Great Britain will have a right to avail herself of a similar excuse, if imperious necessity should require it. So it is that the example of Mr. Jefferson is destructive to the country in whatever aspect it may be contemplated. The presumption is, however, that Great Britain will confirm the arrangement made at Washington, in so far as that she will repeal the orders in Council in our favour; but if France continue her decrees without declaring war upon us, we still be lieve the present ministry will institute a regular blockade of all the enemies colonies and the principal European ports.
opposition in England has now become very formidable ; if events on the continent should prove unfavourable, the probability is that the ministers will be obliged to resign ; at any rate they will not dare to violate their publick faith, pledged to America, although the uncommonly advantageous terms upon which the accommodation was made would lead to a conclusion, that she had, a deeper design in the settlement than we are yet able to discover.
THE AUSTRIANS IN ARMS. THERE are some favourable lights in which the present struggle of Austria against the French can be viewed, which will serve to relieve the sober appearance of the prospect. It is a war of necessity on the part of Austria, and she enters into it