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Alexander Bower was the name of the author of Crest,- A dexter and sinister arm, discharging the History of the University of Edinburgh, 1817. ' an arrow from a bow, all proper (Robson).
John Bower, who was the keeper of the ruins, To what family these arms belonged I cannot and a humble friend of Sir Walter Scott, wrote a tell. Can any of your Scotch readers inform me ? Description of the Abbeys of Melrose and Old
H. BOWER. Melrose, with their Traditions, 1813. The book [Archibald Bower wrote a part of his History of the is very readable and interesting.
Popes when he was living in Iloodstock Street, Oxford Robert Bower published a volume of Ballads Street. At a later period, Talleyrand had lodgings in and Lyrics, at Edinburgh, 1853.
the same street when Lord Grenville ordered him to The following arms were formerly borne by some
leave England.] Scotch family of this name :
BONVYLE FAMILY (5th S. vi. 417.)— The folBower (Scotland).—Vert, two bows, in full lowing brief extract from the pedigree of Bonville, bend, paleways, proper, stringed argent, between printed in my History of the Deanery of Trigg three sheaves of arrows, two in chief and one in Minor, vol. i. p. 394*, will, I think, give Sywl all base of the second (Berry's Encyc. Heraldica). the information he desires :
Alice, relict of Sir Ralph=Sir William Bonville, Kt., died=Margaret, da, and
William Thomas Bon---Cecilia, Elizabeth, da. and h.=John Bonville, Elizabeth, m. Katherine,
Inq. p. m., 21 of Wil Rodeney, re-m. Ric. | Oct. 21, 1396. ron Carew. Wyke, also
1422. Ing. p. m. 2 | Ric. II., No. ll. 1451, proved Cobham.
William Bon. John Bonville, Sir William Bonville, Kt,=Margaret, Johanna, Thomas Bonville, Leva, d. and ville, d. Aug. b.May 21, 1400, b. at Shute, Sep. 29, 1390, | da, and b. eld, d. of Sheriff of Cornw.lh. of John 23, 1412. Ing. heir of his bro sum. to Parl. 28 Hen. VI., of -- Hugh do 13 Hen. VI., d. Gorges, d. p.m. 14 lien. ther. Inq. p.m. d. Feb. 19, 1460-1. Ing. p. | Merriet. St. John. | Feb. 11, 1167. | Dec.16,1461. IV., No. 12. 14 Hen. IV., m. 1 Ed. IV., No. 37.
Inq. p. m. 6 Ed. | In.p.m.2 E. No. 12.
11., No. 46. i IV., No. 24.
JOHN MACLEAN. Bicknor Court, Coleford.
Your correspondent Sywl asks this question : lation of the first and second lines, proceeds “ William de Bonvyle, created Lord Bonvyle and thus :De Cheston, married a lady whose Christian name “ The idea contained in which is most certainly dewas Elizabeth. What was her surname?” I turn rived from, or in other words this couplet is a parato my family pedigree, and learn that “ Elizabeth. phrase of, a Greek epigram......in the Anthologia : -daughter and Heire (sic) of William, Lord Har- í úpat poxoorç inaváratai ai ce pet' atrás ington, was married to William, Lord Bunvil (sic), ypájdaoı isek Vijevai ZIIONéyovor Bporois. of Chuton (sic), and had issue.” The said Lord
(Jacobs, iv. 167, ccxlii.) William Harington was the fourth baron, the
The epigram is thus translated into Latin, in the edition first having been created in 1275, temp. Edw. I. Lugd. Bat. 1604:
Te of the Anthologia, interp. “Eilhardo Lubino,' p. 256, Is not the above lady the one referred to by your Sex horae laboribus convenientissimæ. correspondent ?
E. C. HARINGTON. I Post illas vers, The Close, Exeter.
Litteris demonstratæ, vive dicunt mortalibus.'
Which lines, being interpreted, are :MACAULAY AND CROKER BOTH IN THE WRONG
Six hours are most convenient for work. (5th S. vi. 145, 190, 270.)- In the Gentleman's But after them Magazine, New Series, vol. iv. p. 40, year 1835, (The hours) marked by the letters (z, H, O, I) there is a remarkably interesting letter, signed
say to mortals (ZHOI) live. “I. H.,' on the subject of Sir William Jones's It is scarcely necessary for me to remark that this disdistich, part of which is well worthy of being re-i
tich, as contained in the Anthologia, possesses its chief
point or double signification, that is meant to be conproduced in the columns of “N. & Q." The
veyed by ZHOI. The letters 2, H, O, I, as we learn writer, after quoting the Latin verses in Sirl from Kircher, designate the four hours, 7, 8, 9, 10, used Edward Coke's First Institute, and giving a trans- on the ancient Greek time pieces or sun-dials, and were set apart for refreshment and amusement after work, that when a glove or a piece of cloth was rubbed which the letters themselves tell us to do by the word over the caterpillar and then applied to the hand, 2H0l,-ie, live, or be merry...... Now it is clear that if
it was found to transmit the sting. Sir Edward Coke was himself the author (which I have much cause to think) of the three Latin verses (tristich)
| Southey quotes from Anchieta's observations Above cited. he must have read the original Greek | upon the natural history of Brazil the following, on epigram in the Anthologie, as he was a goodly scholar... a certain "vermiculus scolopendræ fere similis ...I will next briefly observe that Sir William Jones, in | pilis totus obsitus" :-this his version of the lawyer's day,
“Horum alii si corpus tangant, magnum inferunt “Seren hours to law, to soothing elumber seven;
dolorem qui multis horis perseverat; aliorum vero (qu Ten to the world allot, and all to Heaven !'
oblongi sunt et nigri, rubro capite) pili venenosi sunt et has rendered the division of the day more useful and ad libidinem incendunt....Larvæ sunt papilionuin, species more religious, as well as the couplet more elegant. But omnes, quarum pili inferunt dolorem, nomen obtinent it is perhaps superfluous to have substituted all to Brasilicum Sataurana, id est tunquam ignis urens.' Heaven,' instead of four hours to prayer, as it is in "Some of the hairy caterpillar3 in England," adds the original, except for the rhyme ; as I can conceive no Southey, “are said to sting the hand, if they are touched, pious man would spend four hours daily in prayer, who like nettles." “ This I know from my own experienco would not at the same time allot, wbatsoever might be lis to be true."-Nole by Zoe King. “It was likowise true employment, 'all to Heaven': that is to say, that what. as regarded the late Mrs. Southey, as she told ine her. soever he was doing he would do it unto God, and make self." — Note by Warter. (Southey's Letters, vol. ii. religion the guide of all his ways."
pp. 343, 344.) H. P. D.
Kirby and Spence (Entomology, p. 69, ed. 7) JEWISH NAMES (5th S. vi. 490.)_Wolf is not observe that it is the processionary caterpillars, a form of Levy. Jews had a habit of adopting
Cnethocampa and Pityocampa, which possess this the names of animals, possibly arising from certain / power, and that the irritation is produced by the expressions in Jacob's blessing, Gen. xlviii.
hair of the animal sticking in the skin like cowCole, Coleman, Collman, Kolman, Collins, are itch.
| itch. Their secretion also is said to be poisonous.
Their sec not forms of Cohen, but probably trace their source
J. Roberts, in his Oriental Illustrations of the to the German (Kahlman, the bald ?). Sloman,
Scriptures, says : Slowman, are forms of Solomon, and Lowman may
“There are bristled caterpillars in the East which at be an attenuated form of the latter.
certain seasons are extremely numerous and annoying. There never was Marcus Levius Cohenius in the
They creep along in troops like soldiers, are covered with
stiff hairs or bristles, which are so painful to the touch, Ronan epoch. Jews did not Latinize their names, and so powerful in their effects, as not to be entirely rebut adopted Greek and Latin ones, of which the moved 'for many days....... Should one be swallowed, it Talmudic names, Hyrcanus, Theodorus, are ex
will cause death” (p. 481). amples.
Dr. Hawkesworth says of the caterpillars he saw The other points contained in the question are in the West Indies :likely to be elucidated in a paper on Jewish names “ Their bodies were thick set with hairs...... When we by Zunz, published, amongst his works, at Berlin, I touched them, we found their bodies had the qualities of and obtainable at Messrs. Nutt's, in the Strand.
nettles.” M. D.
A. SJYTIIE PALMER.
Lower Norwood, S.E. As intimately connected with the subject at the above reference, the subjoined cutting from the
Probably the fear of handling the woolly bear Standard of Dec. 14, 1876, may be useful. It is catei
| caterpillar mentioned by Mr. EDWARDS was occataken from the report of the trial of Isaac Marks
cd / sioned by the well-known stinging properties for the murder in Newington :
possessed by the hairs of certain kinds of cater"Isidor Simon, the minister of the Southampton
pillars, specially by the palmer worm. There is brew congregation, proved that he was acquainted an amusing instance of wisdom learnt by experiwith the prisoner's father and his brother Samuel. The ence in regard to handling this insect in the Rev. prisoner's real name was Isaac Mordecai, and he was |J. G. Wood's Common Objects of the Country. described in the certificate as the son of Arriol. He
L. B. S. knew nothing of the prisoner in his own country, but he described himself as being related to the family at This superstition is very common in West CornSeray. The witness explained that Mordecai was wall. Perhaps it arises from the irritation caused Hebrew for Marks."
to any cut or wound on the hand by the hairs of the caterpillar.
T. C. P. CATERPILLARS Poisonous (5th S. vi. 462.) – The hairy caterpillar is not so perfectly harmless a A SIGN OF RAIN (5th S. vi. 466.)-The act of creature as MR. EDWARDS imagines. My wife in the cat washing her face being taken as a sign of forms me that, on handling one of a large and rain appears not uncommon. In the introduction handsome appearance some years ago, she was to The Shepherd of Banbury's Rules to Judge of severely stung, the irritation being worse than that the Changes of the Weather (edit. 1827), reference produced by a nettle. What is more curious is / is made to the cat in the terms following :
“There are a sort of wise people who, from the con- Bath BIBLIOGRAPHY (5th S. vii. 20.)-So many sideration of the distances of things, are apt to treat such eminent people have been attracted to Bath during prognostications, as they phrase them, with much con
the last three hundred years, and especially in the tempt. They can see no connexion between a cat's washing her face and the sky being overspread with eighteenth century, that its literary history is clouds, and therefore they boldly pronounce that the one exceedingly interesting. With the exception of has no relation to the other," &c. “But a man of a London, there is not a city in England with so larger compass of knowledge, who is acquainted with many illustrious natives or visitors. It would be the nature and qualities of the air, and knows what an effect any alterations in the weight, the dryness, or the
a great assistance to the future historian of Enghumidity of it have upon all animal bodies, easily perceives
lish literature if C. P. E. were to extend his plan the reason why other animals are much sooner sensible by publishing, in addition to a list of works relating of any alterations that happen in that element than men, | to Bath, a full account of the authors connected and therefore to him the cawing of ravens, the chattering
with it by birth or residence. If he decides to of swallows, and a cat's washing her face are not superstitious signs, but natural tokens of a change of weather,
adopt this suggestion, he will pardon me for and as such they have been thought worthy of notice by pointing out that in the first volume of the BiblioAristotle, Virgií, Pliny, and all the wisest and gravest theca Cornubiensis (published by Mr. G. C. Boase writers of antiquity.”
and myself) he will find the biography and biblioJos. J. J.
graphy of four Bath worthies already done for him. A Derbyshire cat rarely has “a gale in her tail,”
Their names are Ralph Allen, of Prior Park ; but when rain is coming she always makes rain'" | Francis Barham, the “ Alist”; and two eminent by " washing over her ears.” Even now when I physicians and fellows of the Royal Society, called observé " my puss" washing her face I watch if William Oliver. W. PRIDEAUX COURTNEY. she goes over the ear, and if so, from force of habit
15, Queen Anne's Gate, Westminster. acquired when a child, remark, “ We shall have
Rev. A. C. SCHOMBERG, 1756-1792 (5th S. v. rain ; the cat goes over her ear.” Our folk-lore
288.)- In the Gentleman's Magazine, Feb., 1854, used to teach us that, according to the number of
| in “ Notices to Correspondents," there is a reply times the paw went beyond the cat's ear, so would the amount of rain be; while if pussy managed to
to an inquiry of mine, relating to the authorship reach the nape of her neck there would be very
of the tragedy referred to by MR. ALLNUTT. I much rain, “ cats and dogs” in fact.
thick it may be assumed as a matter of certainty
that the tragedy was the joint composition of the Thos. RATCLIFFE.
Rev. Sir Herbert Croft and Mr. Schomberg, and
that Sir Herbert Croft wrote the obituary notice I have often heard it said in this part of Derby- of his friend which appeared in the Bath newsshire, that if in washing its face the cat passes its paper and the Gent. Mag. In Nichols's Literary paw over the left ear it is a sign of rain. J. P. | Illustrations (I think, vol. v. p. 213) there is a Idridgehay.
letter of Sir Herbert Croft's, in which he mentions VITRIFIED COATING OF WALLS (5th S. vi. 465.)
Mr. Schomberg as one of his oldest friends. The -Gatacre Old House, in Shropshire, was built of
| tragedy would seem not to have been published.
R. INGLIS. a close-grained brown sandstone ; the walls were vitrified on three sides only, but how that was ROBERT TayloR, “The Devil's CHAPLAIN” effected remains a mystery. One theory is that it (5th S. vi. 429.)– There were some editions of Tay. was done by firing wisps of straw against the walls, lor's works published in America in 1856-7, which and that the glaze was derived from the silicious would perhaps contain particulars of this individual coating of the straw ; but this appears to me hardly later than those found in his Devil's Pulpit, 2 vols., tenable. It must have been a difficult operation, 1832, where it is stated that he was then suffering but I think it might have been done by building imprisonment in Horsemonger Lane Gaol. Nothing fierce fires of wood against the walls, the sandstone to the point is found in Allibone. J. E. B. of which might have then "run" by the aid of some flux, such as lime or salt. As one side was Nursery Rhymes (5th S. vi. 491.)- From the left unvitrified, it seems probable that this was the division of the rhymes into classes, historical, one protected from the wind, and where sufficient literal, tales, proverbs, &c., I think the title-pageheat could not be obtained. The house was pulled less book must be The Nursery Rhymes of Eng. down circa 1759, but Edward Lloyd Gatacre, Esq., land, collected by James Orchard Halliwell has presented specimens of the stone, encrusted (London, John Russell Smith, 36, Soho Square). with a greenish glass, resembling what is often I have before me the sixth edition (pp. 333) ; it is seen lining the sides of old lime-kilns, to the introduced by the “ Preface to the Fifth Edition," Museum of Practical Geology in Jerniyn Street, dated December, 1853. The copy was bought where they may now be seen. The vitrified forts three or four years ago. Frederick Warne & Co. in Scotland seem to be of the same class.
are now the proprietors of Halliwell's collection, W. J. BERNHARD SMITH. and it has been incorporated with Mrs. Valentine's
Nursery Rhymes, Tales, and Jingles, of which they and as a result the Vulgate rendering of the disare the publishers.
puted phrase is “ qui salvi fierent,” not, be it
observed, “fiebant.” The Protestant translations ADDISON'S STEP-SON (5th S. vi. 536.)-I cannot into the French, Spanish, and Italian languages give any information as to the name of the artist. I only echo in this particular the caution or The Latin ipscription is by Vincent Bourne, Fellow ambiguity of St. Jerome. of Trinity College, Cambridge, and Usher in West
H. De Burgh HOLLINGS. minster School, and is printed in the edition of his | New University Club. works published by W. P. Grant, Cambridge, 1838. There are several errors in the inscription “RAME IN Essex” (5th S. vi. 537.)- After a as it now stands, which I hope will be corrected. careful search in ancient and modern topographical
JAMES WESTON. works, I do not find any parish or hamlet thus spelt, SHAKSPEARE AND LORD Bacon (5th S. iii. 28.)
except Rame, in Cornwall. I conclude therefore
that H. W. will find the place referred to in the - It may be useful to E. B. and other readers of
manuscript to be “Rayne," sometimes called and “N. & Q." to give the bibliography of this controversy.
spelt “ Little Raine," situate about two miles from The following list is as complete and accurate as I can make it :
Braintree and six from Dunmow.
Article in Putnam's Monthly [by Delia Bacon), This may, I think, be identified with the parish
Tof Rainham, in the county of Essex and diocese of by W. H. Smith, 1856.
ABHBA. Bacon and Shakespeare, 1857. The Philosophy of the Plays of Shakespeare Unfolded, ! A rectory near Braintree.
E. V. by Delia Bacon, 1857.
[Similar replies from five other correspondents.] The Authorship of the Plays attributed to Shakespeare, by Nathaniel Holmes, 1866.
“INMATE OR UNDERSÉTTLE” (5th S. vi. 469.) [Two editions have since been published.] Letters between Judge Holmes, Mr. W. H. Smith, and Jacob's Law Dictionary defines inmates as “PerMr. Jas. Spedding, 1866. Printed as an appendix to the sons who are admitted to dwell with and in the third edition of Judge Holmes's work, 1876, p. 602. house of another, and not able to maintain themWilliam Shakespeare not an Impostor, 1857.
selves.” Suffering inmates, and so bringing a Who Wrote Shakespeare? by J. V. P., in Fraser's Magazine, August, 1874.
burden on the poor-rates, was made an offence by Bacon versus Shakespeare : a Plea for the Defendant, a statute of Elizabeth, which has since been by J. D. King, 1875.
repealed. The Shakespeare-Bacon Controversy, by E. O. Vaile, Should not “undersettles " be “undersettees," in Scribner's Monthly, April, 1875.
which is equivalent to underlessees? C. S. Athenæum Club.
Bp. Sanderson (ii. 310) speaks of “the two MR. SERRES, Jun. (5th S. vi. 491.)- I do not
inmate harlots whereof King Solomon had the
| hearing.” On this there is the following note by know at all who wrote the Memoir published in B.
| Bp. Jacobson in his edition of Sanderson :1826; but Dominic and John Thomas Serres published jointly Liber Nauticus and Instructor in |
"Inmate,' domi socius, as explained by Skinner, inn Marine Drawing, 1805, two parts at 6d. each ;
having formerly been used for a house or dwelling
generally. Cowell's Interpreter, Cambridge, 1607, thus and John Thomas published in 1801 à folio en- / defines Inmates,' those that be admitted to dwell for titled Little Sea Torch, and in 1824 a 4to. Atlas their money jointly with another man, though in several of Views in Père-la-Chaise, and Olivia Wilmot rooms of his mansion house, passing in and out by one Serres was his wife. The Don Giovanni Serres is
door, and not being able to maintain themselves. A of course the Italianizing of his own name. His
Proclamation was issued Feb. 10, 1630, Concerning
Buildings and Inmates in the City of London and confather was a native of Auch, in Gascopy. This is
fines of the same,' Rushworth, part ii. vol. i. 42. Comall I find about him.
C. A. WARD. pare North's Life of Lord Keeper Guilford, ii. 213, Mayfair.
Lond., 1819 :-le that was never so well as when bis
house and table were full, began to look upon us as “SUCH AS SHOULD BE SAVED" (5th S. vii. 24.) | inmates.'" I may be allowed to add a few words to what I In a note on p. 344 of the same volume of Sanderwrote previously on this subject. I have accused- son, there is a quotation from Bp. Goodman's Fall and I think justly accused—the A. V., as regards of Man, published in 1616, in which the following the passage in question, of a predestinarian bias ; l occurs :- Why doth our law prevent inmates and but it is only fair to state that the authors of the cottages ? ” Undersettles =) suppose, “subA. V. had the colour of St. Jerome's authority. I tenants."
T. LEWIS O. DAVIES. That saint appears to have been himself perplexed, Pear Tree Vicarage, Southampton.
A lodger merely. The more common form of And so the gentlewomen who had inherited Cicely from the latter word is undersitter.
their grandmothers were ashamed of it; and it became
Cecilia, with Miss Burney's novel to give them an exEDMUND Tew, M.A.
ample, until the present reaction against fine names THE TITLE “HONOURABLE” (5th S. vi. 489.)
setting in brought them back to Cecil and Cecily." The principle may be right or wrong on which
History of Christian Names, vol. i. p. 310.
Sr. SWITHIN. such titles are taken as those about which H. writes, but it is a clear and intelligible one-1 Cicely was in mediaeval times one of the comsimply that the children of a courtesy peer take monest Christian names for women. Cecil is a the same titles as they would if the peerage were mere contraction of the original Cæcilia, and was an actual one. As all titles whatever of peer's never heard of until Cicely had been in favour for children are courtesy ones, no rights are infringed ; centuries. The earliest instance of the name that and for the same reason there seems no cause why I recall, in this country, was in the case of a peer's grandchildren should not use them as well William the Conqueror's eldest daughter. I have as his children. They come, of course, primarily seen it interpreted as “grey-eyed," "one-eyed," from himself, though proximately from his eldest and “a lizard."
HERMENTRUDE. son. As to the line which H. wants to have drawn, it is drawn ready to his hand by the proper | “Hex-Brass” (4th S. i. 219.) - This word hen use of this principle : thus the grandchildren of seenis to be a variation of ken, which is used both a viscount or baron can in no case have courtesy in the north and south of England in the sense of titles. Those of an earl are “Honourable," because “ feast” or “supper.” In Kent, a hop-ken is a the earl's eldest son bears the courtesy title of a feast given to the labourers when the hops have viscount or a baron; while the eldest grandson of been gathered in. An initial change from c (le) to a duke or marquis (and in the former case some-h is common in Yorkshire. A cushion, for intimes even the great-grandson) may have a courtesy stance, is there called a hushion. This consonantal title of peerage, and therefore the younger children change, moreover, is a peculiarity of all the Teutonic bear their courtesy titles accordingly. But fur- branches of the Aryan stock, a primitive Sans, or ther than this such titles clearly cannot go ; and Latin k being represented among them generally of course they cannot go at all except through by h, as expressed in Grimm's law of consonantal eldest sons. CHARLES F. S. WARREN, M.A. variation (lautverschiebung). Hen-brass is thereBexhill.
fore = feast money. It is asked for in order to H.'s query suggests the further inquiry, which provide some kind of entertainment. seems to have been raised by the recent creation Notwithstanding the change in the length of of the “Lords of Appeal,” whether the children of the vowel, probably due to the shortening of the a baron, whose patent of peerage is for life only, word into a monosyllable, ken or hen is related to have a right to the “Honourable” prefix; and the Lat. con-a, from which the Corn. cean = ceni, secondly, whether, if such right exists, it belongs | W, cuyn-os (cén-os), and the Ir. cen (ken), all to them for their life, or expires, upon their father's meaning a meal or supper, have been derived. death, with the peerage in virtue of which they
J. D. were so designated.
Belsize Square. New Univ. Club.
“Hen-Silver” (5th S. vi. 409, 544.)-In addiTHE CHRISTIAN NAME CECIL (5th S. vi. 491.) — tion to your own reference, let me direct your Cecil is thought by some to be a derivative of correspondent to your and S. viii. 239, where he cæcus, blind. Cecilia is another form of it. Miss will find some information. Halliwell says hen is Yonge says :
“ money given by a wedded pair to their poor " Already, in the eleventh century, the musical saint neighbours to drink their healths.” Its derivation had been given as a patroness; and the contemporaries, may be from a common provincial word, hen, to . of France and William I. of England, had throw.
W. T. M. each a daughter Cécile. From that time Cécile, in Shinfield Grove. France, was only less popular than Cicely was with all ranks before the Reformation. Cicely Neville, the Roze
THE GRYPIA INCURVA (5th S. vi. 426; vii. of Raby, afterwards Duchess of York, called “Proud Cis,' gave it the chief note in England; but her princess
15.)- The quarrymen in Gloucestershire have also grandchild, Cicely Plantagenet, was a nun, and thus did some other very characteristic names for the Lias not transmit it to any noble family. After the Refor and Oolite fossils. Thus Belemnites are always mation, Cicely sank to the level of a 'stammel waist-called “thunderbolts"; the vertebræ of Ichthyocoat,' and was the milkmaid's generic name.
sauri and Plesiosauri are known as "salt-cellars," When Cis to milking goes,'
and they would really make very good substitutes says the lament for the fairies; and it is a pretty modest
for those appendages of the dinner table. One of Cicoly whom Piecator incitos to sing in Sir Walter Ra. leigh's
the best names, perhaps, is “fairy loaves," which Come live with me, and be my love.' they give to the Clypeus orbicularis, so extremely