does not become non-Christian. It certainly does from the church wardens' books of Chelsea, quoted not. But this is, of course, not the way to state at second-hand from Lysons's London, ii. 126 :the question. The true statement is this. A re

£ s. d. ligious sect, calling itself Freemasons, admits to 1679. Spent at the Perambulation Dinner 3 10 0 its rights and privileges Jews, openly professing

Given to the boys that were whipt ... 0 4 0 Judaism. But before these college can meet re

Paid for poynts for the boys ... ... 0 2 0

The second of these entries alludes to another expedient ligionis causâ, common ground must have been

for impressing the recollection of particular boundaries made and established whereon they may all stand on the minds of some of the young people. Bumping to perform their sacra. To enable baptized Chris- persons to make them remember the parish boundaries tians and professing Jews to meet together in a has been kept up even to this time. A trial on the religious concord something must be given up or

occasion where an angler was bumped by the parishioners

of Walthamstow parish is reported in the Observer newsignored by one or other of the two religionists.

paper of January 10, 1830. He was found angling in the But only that party can give up anything which Lea, and it was supposed that bumping a stranger might possesses something more than the other-in this probably produce an independent witness of a parish case what constitutes the delimitation between the boundary. He obtained 501. damages." two religions. Ergo the Christian gives up or Reference is next made by the editor of Brand to ignores for the time that something which is, plus an article by Mr. Baines in Hone's Year Book. Judaism, his Christianity.

H. C. C. Turning to this (p. 590) we find that the pro

cession along the boundaries of a parish or manor CHARLES STUART (5th S. vii. 189, 417, 458.) - is, or was, in Devonshire, As stated by me, the Biograph. Dramat. of 1812

“a proceeding commonly regulated by the steward, who assigns nine dramatic pieces to this author, viz.: takes with him a few men and several boys, who are re1. The Cobler of Castlebury. 1779.

quired to particularly observe the boundary lines traced 2. Damnation. 1781.

out, and thereby qualify themselves for witnesses in the 3. Ripe Fruit. 1781.

event of any dispute about the landmarks or extent of 4. Gretna Green.

the manor at a future day. In order that they may not 5. Box Lobby Loungers. 1787.

forget the lines and marks of separation, they take 6. Distressed Baronet. 1787.

pains' at almost every turning. For instance, if the 7. The Stone Eater.

boundary be a stream, one of the boys is tossed into it; 8. The Irishman in Spain. 1791.

if a broad ditch, the boys are offered money to jump over 9. The Experiment. 1797 (attributed).

it, in which they of course fail, and pitch into the mud,

where they stick as firmly as if they had been rooted Nos. 1, 6, and 8 I have ; 2, 3, 5, and 9 acted,

there for the season; if a hedge, a sapling is cut out of but apparently not printed ; of 4, the songs only it, and used in afflicting that part of their bodies upon printed. As to the author, my authority merely which they rest in the posture between standing and states that Stuart was a Scot, and concerned with

lying; if a wall, they have a race on the top of it, when, his brother (Daniel Stuart, of the Courier) in

in trying to pass each other, they fall over on each

side......: if the boundary be a sunny bank, they sit down several newspapers, and “died a few years ago."

upon it, and get a treat of beer and bread and cheese, J. 0. and perhaps a glass of spirits. When these boys grow

up to be men, if it happens that one of them should be Old Irish Coins (5th S. vii. 288, 397.)- Dr. asked if a particular stream were the boundary of the ADAMS will allow me to state, in answer to his manor he had perambulated, he would be sure to say, in reply to my query, that, contrary to what Dr.

the manner of Sancho Pança, 'Ees, that 'tis, I'm sure ADAMS supposes, not only were coins issued in

o't, by the same token that I were tossed into't, and Ireland before the assaults and partial invasion

paddled about there like a water-rat, till I wor hafe

dead.' If he should be asked whether the aforesaid of the Danes after A. D. 853, but it is even re- pleasant bank were a boundary, 'O ees it be,' he would corded by all Irish historians that a regular mint say; 'that's where we squat down and tucked in a skinwas erected at Armagh and Cashel, and money | vull of vittles and drink.' With regard to any boundary coined for the service of the state, in the time of

E perambulated after that, he would most likely declare : St. Patrick and the reign of Laogare O'Neill, about that don' know where we ambulated arter that.""

I won't be sartin ; I got zo muddled up top o' the banks, A.D. 427. Therefore the coins struck by the Irish

St. SWITHIN. princes preceded by many centuries those of the Danes, and could not be an imitation of them. Until a comparatively recent period, boys who The Danes only succeeded in ruling over a part of followed (they were not taken or driven, as in the province of Leinster, and the other kingdoms Russia) the beaters of the boundaries in Nottingmaintained their independence. Are these genuine

ham- & beadle-like host-were bumped against Irish coins difficult to be obtained, or a descrip- the "marks,” whether of wood or stone. The tion of them?

O'NEILL," ceremony itself is still observed, but not annually,

| and there is no bumping. Those who are required BEATING THE Bounds (5th S. vii. 365.)-- to “assist” (mainly members of the Town Council) Evidence of the “ whacking process" is to be found are formally summoned by the clerk to the lord in Brand's Popular Antiquities (vol. i. p. 206, &c., (or lords) cf the manor-the Corporation-and Bohn's edition); thence I cull the following extract sworn in.” The expedition-provided with hoes,

spuds, spikes, and heavier implements-then starts. a flat surface-among others the oval or ellipse ; It takes the course of the well-known and well- and, what struck me as exceedingly curious, the defined line ; and if, since the last perambulation, perimeter of the ellipse could be divided into any any encroachments have been made or obstacles required number of equal parts. It is probable put up, these are ruthlessly demolished, whatever that this machine, or some other designed for they may consist of. The leader of the party is similar use, would meet the difficulty suggested well versed in the route, whilst the “colts," who by your correspondent. J. Scott PORTER. are on such a mission for the first time, are required to make notes of the limits. The journey involves

There is a belief here in Birmingham that the breaking through fences, jumping ditches, and, in oval lathe was invented in Birmingham by a clever fact, overcoming by hook and by crook' and 'by mechanic named Tipping, father of the late Mr. scramble any kind of impediments and Sancho

Tipping, gun manufacturer of the firm of Tipping Panza hardships. At fixed stations refreshments

& Lawden), of this town. That would be, I should are served, the principal of which is a sumptuous

think, about eighty years ago or thereabout. I luncheon at about noon, and the last an ample tea

have heard this from good authority-from a man at a friendly farinhouse. After that the beaters, who worked at an oval lathe more than sixty years who are then very near the town, and very tired, I ago, when, if I understood him aright, they had for it is a long enceinture, get home as they may just come out. It would take some years after the choose--very often stopping once more at some invention to get the lathe fully into work. well-known hotel. The ex-sheriff (not the sheriff)

FATHER FRANK. pays for the luncheon, and at a convenient time

| Birmingham. after the perambulation he is entertained at dinner. It is rather doubtful whether oval frames were by the beaters. In one case a house has to be gone really turned in a lathe in Paley's days ; and the through, and the doors are kept open for the loval lathe is generally supposed to be comparapurpose.

J. W. Jevons.

tively modern. COLONEL FERGUSSON will find

not only a description, but an engraving of one The custom of “beating in the bounds” was, I

with the slide (or oval) chuck, given in Moxon's believe, very common in Norfolk up till the | Mechanical Exercises, a very valuable work, pubbeginning of the present century. I personally I lished in numbers. I write away from my knew the clerk of a parish a few miles from Nor- Llibrare

library, but can send full particulars if desired. wich, who remembered, as a boy, being taken, with

ESTE. others of his age, round the parish to be shown its bounds. Among other means resorted to in order In Brougham and Bell's edition of Paley's Natural that the bounds might form more than a mere Theology, vol. ii. p. 7, the process is described in passing impression in their memories, several of a pote.

J. T. F. the boys' heads were forcibly knocked against any Hatfield Hall, Durham. tree or post that happened to be handy. This

“TWITTEN” (5th S. vii. 348.)-I have heard this style of beating in the bounds was, I should say, rather successful-the old clerk seldom passed that

word used by a Sussex gentleman (though I think boundary of the parish where he had received his

he pronounced it twittern) with exactly the same “beating” without being reminded both of the

meaning as that given by MR. SAWYER. In an G. H. B.

article in the Hampshire Chronicle of May 5, giving boundary and a bruised head.

some extracts from a manuscript book of the

seventeenth century, recently discovered in WinOVAL FRAMES (5th S. vii. 368.)— The passage

chester Cathedral, the following explanation of referred to by COLONEL FERGUSSON occurs in the

a term there used occurs : “ Palliards Twychen,' · first chapter of Paley's Natural Theology (Works,

... a palliard is a beggar or tramp, and twychen vol. iii. p. 4, ed. 1825). It will be seen from the

is a narrow lane or court." I cannot find the term passage that the manufacture of oval frames was

H. G. C. not an unknown art in the days of Archdeacon

Basingstoke. Paley. He speaks of them as articles in common use, but he intimates that very few (perhaps not

In Hamburg there are several such byways one in a million) were acquainted with the process called twiete, as Fischer Twiete, Brands Twiete, by which they were made; and in this opinion I

V. DE P. apprehend he was quite right. At least, I have

See Cooper's Sussex Glossary. F. D. to confess my own ignorance of the process, and I rather think my ignorance is shared by a great

Nottingbam. many.

What is DEATH ? (4th S. xii. 377; 5th S. vii. Many years ago I saw, in the Mechanic's Maga- 392.)- The following lines are from the writings zine, a description of “Ibbetson's Eccentric Chuck,” of James Clarence Mangan, and may be worth by which curves of many sorts could be drawn on republication in “ N. & Q.”:

“Prison-bursting death,

named Anne Gosnold, my mother in lawe.” By a Welcome be thy blow !

strange clerical error, in the first mention of her Thine is but the forfeit of my breath, Not the spirit ! nor the spirit’s glow.

name she is styled “brother in lawe":-“ during Spheres of beauty-hallowed spheres,

the lief naturall of one Anne Gosnold, my brother Undefaced by time, undimmed by tears,

in lawe.” This Anne was the daughter of Henry Henceforth bail ! Oh, who would grovel

Rouse, of Dennington, in Suffolk, and the second In a world impure as this?

wife of Thomas Bacon of Hessett, and by him Who would weep in cell or hovel, When a palace might be his?

great-grandmother of Sir Francis Bacon, the last Wouldst thou have me the bright lot forego ? Justice of the King's Bench made by Charles I., Oh! no, no !”

who is buried in St. Gregory's Church, Norwich,

JOSEPH FISHER. under a monument which bears a bombastic eulogy. Waterford.

The will of Edmund Bacon is in the Prerogative [Are not the above lines a translation from the Court of Canterbury, f. 20, lib. Tashe. German?)

WILLIAM COOKE, F.S.A. Ro. WILLAN'S SERMONS, 1622-9, CHAPLAIN TO “Mother-in-law” for “stepmother” is freCHARLES I. (5th S. vii. 427.)- In the British quently used by uneducated people in LincolnMuseum Library are “ Conspiracies against shire. I imagine the same blunder is made by Kings, Heaven's Scorne. A Sermon [on Ps. ii. Londoners, for in Pickwick Mr. Samuel Weller 1-47 preached before the Judges upon the Fifth asks his father, “How's mother-in-law ? ” (chap. of November. London, 1622"; and “Elich's | xx.)

M. G. W. PEACOCK. Wish: a Prayer for Death. A Sermon [on 1 Kings Bottesford Manor. xix. 4] preached at the Funerall of ... Viscount Sudbury, Lord Bayning. London, 1630, 4to." | HERALDIC QUERY : TULLIBARDINE (5th S. vii. (two copies).


| 448.) -- In the Scots Magazine for July, 1746,

p. 349, there is an obituary notice of this unfor“MADAME DE POMPADOUR AND THE COURTIERS” | tunate nobleman :(5th S. vii. 448.)-I saw this picture, or a replica “On July 9 died William Murray, late Marquis of thereof, at Messrs. Foster's auction rooms in Pall Tullibardine, a bachelor, and elder brother of the Duke Mall about, I think, a year ago. It was evidently of Athole, a prisoner in the Tower of London. Ile was an elaborate caricature. The fair lady, with her hair in the fifty-eighth year of his age, and was privately in

terred in the chapel of the Tower on July 11.” dressed and powdered, was placed on her perch in the character of a decoy bird, like a little civette,

EDWARD SOLLY. to attract other fowls of the air within reach of the

AUTHORS OF BOOKS WANTED (5th S. vii. 269, gun or snares of the fowler. W. J. BeryHARD Suti.

299, 339, 459.)

Posthumous Fragments of Margaret Nicholson.-Temple.

Margaret Nicholson was admitted into Bethlehem

Hospital, Moorfields, on August 9, 1786 (this hospital SHAKSPEARE AND HIS FAMILY (5th S. vii. 287,

was opened in 1076). She was removed to the new 333. 175.)-I well remember that when I was a building in St. George's Fields, Southwark, when it was lad the Shakspeare Inn, in the Lower Northgate opened in August, 1815. There she remained until her Street, Gloucester, was kept by an old gentleman | death on May 14, 1828.

G. H. II. named Smith, and that outside the passage leading

(5th S. vii. 489.) to the inn was a signboard with this inscription :

A Sequel to Don Juan.-I wrote a seventeenth canto 66 The Shakspeare Inn, by William Smith, de- in continuation of Don Juan, and published it in London scendant from and next-of-kin to that Immortal about twenty years since. The manuscript is now in the Bard.” I also well remember Mr. Smith's person, possession of a friend of mine in Devonshire, and I believe but not his features. He was a tall, thin, gentle

that a few of the printed copies are still extant. I shall manly looking old man who wore a bad cloth be happy to give any further information.

H, J. DANIEL. suit and a white neckcloth, and looked much more

56, Hunslet Road, Leeds. like a clergyman or a medical man than an innkeeper.


| 489.)

“A bard there was in sad quandary,” &c. “MOTHER-IN-LAW” FOR “STEPMOTHER” (5th S. vii. 411.)—“Mother-in-law” is used for "step

For the jingle commencing as above, and containing

P about eighty-four lines, see “ N. & Q.,''1" S. vii. 43. mother" in the will of Edmund Bacon of Hessett,

G. W. NAPIER. “in the countie of Suffolk, gentilman,” which is dated “the seconde daie of June in the yeare of op i

I have in a C. P. B. the lines asked for on Tipperary.

The author's name is not given, but the origin of them Lorde God a thousand fyve hundreth fiftie and is noted thus: “ Lines addressed to Dr. Fitzgerald on three”:4" during the lief naturall of thabove perusing the following energetic apostrophe to his birth

place (the village of Tipperary) in his poem entitled the armorial bearings, which once ornamented the roof, to Academic Sportsman:

be cut and defaced with the chisel. There the marks, • And thou, dear village, loveliest of the clime !

fresh as if they had been cut yesterday, remain, telling Fain would I praise thee, but I can't in rhyme.'”. of the tyrant's futile attempt to efface the Plantagenet

GIBBES RIGAUD. arms from history. It would indeed be singular if, sup

posing the remains capable of identification, Margaret of

Salisbury were eventually to rest in her own chantry, as Miscellaneous.

is said to be the wish of her descendant, Lord Loudoun. NOTES ON BOOKS, &c.

Yet, after all, with Shakspeare, one prefers an unviolated

tomb. The crypt of St. Peter ad Vincula is hallowed as Christ Church Letters. A Volume of Mediæval Letters, the resting place of many other illustrious victims. Tbera

relating to the Affairs of the Priory of Christ Church, I let them repose. They tell their tale on the spot where Canterbury. Edited by J. B. Sheppard, M.R.C.S.

they were laid, and to remove them is to interfere with (Printed for the Camden Society.)

history. Some wished to remove the Plantagenet effigies MR. SHEPPARD has performed his editorial work so well

from Fontevraud to Westminster, but better counsels as to deserve a distinguished place among the foremost


ANGLO-Scores. of the able and earnest editors of works published by the Camden Society. He produces eighty-five letters, gives an interesting account of whence they came, and adds

Notices to Correspondents. notes which illustrate without overloading the text. On all communications should be written the name and The letters abound in views of social, conventual, and address of the sender no

and address of the sender, not necessarily for publication, but political life. In a letter from Dr. Langton to the Prior

as a guarantee of good faith. of Christ Church, 1478, there is a curious allusion to the Duke of Clarence, of the Malmsey butt legend: “There

AVENUE JOSEPHINE.-The verbatim report of the trial be assignyd certain Lords to go with the body of the

of the Prince de Polignac and his colleagues, from Dukys of Clarence to Teuxbury, where he shall be

which our extract was taken, will be found in a work beryid ; the Kyng intendis to do right worshipfully for

containing that and similar verbatim reports of political his sowle.” At a later period, when Richard III. was

State trials in France, between the years 1792-1810. king, Langton, then Bishop of St. Davids, was with that

The work is entitled Archives Judiciaires. It is edited sovereign when in his progress in the North, 1483. The

by Baron Carl de Ketschendorf, and it was published in prelate thus speaks of the monarch whom Shakspeare

1869, at Brussels and Liége, by the “Librairie Polyand the Lancastrians have so grossly misrepresented: technique de Deca” (Paris, Thorin; London, Baillière). “I trust to God sune, by Michaelmas, the kyng shal be! VERITAS. -- EYE-SNUFF, writing in our First Series at London. He contents the people where he goys best (vol. ii. p. 14), says “that this doctorate" (D.D.) “is, that ever did prince: for many a poor man that hath like all others, an academical, and not a clerical, dissuffred wrong many days have be' relevyd and helpyd by tinction; and that, although it is seldom dissociated hym and his commands in his progress. And in many from the clerical office in this country, any lay scholar of grete cities and townis were grete summis of mony gif adequate attainments in theology is competent to receive hym which he hath refusyd. On my trouth I lykyd this distinction, and any university to bestow it upon never the condicions of any prince so wel as his. God him." hath sent hym to us for the wele of us all.” This is R. HEMMING.-" These were rules of life, printed on a portrait very different from Shakspeare's-of"Richard, a large sheet, and sometimes illustrated” (see Annotated the bloody and devouring boar !”

| Poems of English Authors, edited by Stevens and Morris, Poems on Places.-England. Edited by Henry W. Long

und Edited by Henry W Long. Longmans). fellow. 2 vols. (Macmillan & Co.)

1 T. A. W. asks where he can consult books containing a THE venerable American poet has in these attractive complete history of the Campbell family (Duke of Argyle) volumes made the poets act as guides to travellers. The and of the Graham family (Marquis of Montrose). descriptions of places will attract some-should attract F. Rule had better consult the notes on the subject many--to stations of beauty, where they may compare in the Cambridge edition at the first opportunity ; if the sketch with the reality, and often read it afterwards necessary, we shall then be glad to hear from him again for the sake of fixing the scene in memory, as well as on the subject. for that of enjoying the sweetness or grandeur of the

W. T. H. asks where he can obtain information con. poet. There is a good comic element now and then in the collection. Some of the extracts refer to persons as

cerning the elastic stone found among the Himalayas.

L. A. (“ Mother Shipton.”)- Consult the index to the well as places; but only the masters are made contributors by a master. These handy and handsome

Fourth Series of “N. & Q.”' volumes are admirably qualified for gift-books, and

A.S. THORNHILL should apply to a second-hand bookespecially for prize books. They charm while they seller, instruct. They take tarry-at-home people far away from “Old Roman TILES” (Coventry.)- Name and address their thresholds, and they illustrate Mr. Longfellow's of writer are requested. remark : “We are ready to leave the Happy Valley of E. J. T.-Next week. Home, and eager to see something of the world beyond PhilosOPHER.-Not suitable to our columns. the streets and steeples of our native town."


NOTICE. --Archæologists must rejoice that this historic monu Editorial Communications should be addressed to “The ment is to remain undisturbed. Without disrespect Editor of Notes and Queries '"- Advertisements and to Lord Malmesbury, placing a modern tomb in it would | Business Letters to “The Publisher"-at the Office, 20, have been a species of desecration. The visitor to its / Wellington Street, Strand, London, W.C. empty walls can scarcely forget the base murder of the We beg leave to state that we decline to return com. royally descended founder by the bloody Henry, who, munications which, for any reason, we do not print ; aud carrying his rage beyond the grave, caused the countess's to this rule we can make no exception.

Queries, with No. 186, July 21, 1877. S






Albemarle (Lord), his reminiscences, and old West-
A. on H. R. Addison, 438

minster, 461
A. (B.) on Alston family, 308

Aleph on the “Te Deum,” 98, 172
Abhba on Dublin University and electioneering, 62 | Alexander I. of Russia, his last days, 134
Knox (Alexander), 493

Algerine corsairs, descent on Penzance, 149, 394
Abraham (P.) on letter of Anne of Denmark, 428 Allestree (Dr.), portrait and biography, 388, 475
Brome (Richard), his plays, 167, 453

All-flower water, 37
“Canidia ; or, the Witches,” 350

Allnutt (W. H.) on Mews Gate, 112
Ache on “Faint heart never won fair lady,” 318 Alpha on “Siege of Belgrade,” 64
Howell's Letters, 211

Alphabet, Assyrian origin of the Semitic, 445
Acumen, its pronunciation, 140, 253

Alston family, 308
Adams (B. W.) on Irish coins, 397

Ambassadors, English and French, 1776-7, 149, 255,
Peers family, 395

Adamson (W.) on Hatcher: Hill, 267, 458

American Constitutional History, Handbook of, 248
Addison (H. R.), his unpublished MSS., 249, 318, American dollar mark, its origin, 98, 155, 317, 355,

Addison (Joseph), his ancestors and descendants, 31, Amperzand, song on the, 345, 400

118; his step-son, 55; Marvell's claim to his Anagrams, curious, 26, 214, 254
hymns, 88

Anderson (J. S.) on H, its misapplication, 336
Addy (S. o.) on Church Registers, 290

Anderson (T. S.) on “Man loaded with mischief," 36
Golda, its meaning, 315

Angeston (Jérome), noticed, 327, 457
Wine of the Bible, 151

Anglaise on Kitty Cuthbertson, 78
Admirals, portraits of the Elizabethan, 27

Anglo-Scotus on Beauly Priory, 425
Adventurers, payment to “Comittee” of, 288

Heraldic query, 356
Advertisements, singular American, 486

War song8, 392
Adye (C. S.) on Governor of Malines, 507

Angus Earls, 37
A. (E. E.) on Prince Eugene's prayer, 7

Anjuman.i-Punjab, 134
A. (E. H.) on a married Cardinal, 406

Anne (Queen of Denmark), letter of, 428
" Præstat nulla quam,” &c., 308

Anne's Lane and Sir Roger de Coverley, 185, 238, 374
“Spalato's Shistings in Religion,” 308

Anon. on arms, but no crest, 170
Titles proclaimed at the altar, 15

Christian heroism, 147
Æneasina, à Christian name, 206, 273, 317

Cromwell (Oliver), jun., 108
A. (F. S.) on book-plates, 76

Matches, previous to lucifer, 469
Agmondégham, a Christian name, 66, 236

Mayflower, ship's name, 446
Aguillun (Geoffrey), temp. Edw. I., 449

Nomenclature, local, 246
A. (H.) on Venus de' Medici, 254

Nottingham, its etymology, 218
A. (H. P.) on Napoleon Bonaparie, 7

Officina Elzeviriana, 193
A. (H. S.) on “Essay on Woman," 409

Pinder, its meaning, 176
A. (J.) on Billericay, in Essex, 28

Pius V. (Pope), his Bull, 306
Ajax on Peers, their historic precedence, 234

Sarawak, official account of, 389
Prideaux family, 129

Slaves, baptizing, 508
Alabaster, coloured, 169, 295

Stephens and Hartley nostrums, 38

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