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adum. It may be compared with D. voord, of his father's brain power, and transmitted some Dan. bort, G. furt, Eng. ford, forth, Med. Lat. of it to his son William Briggs, to whose Treatises forda, Gr. Topos, topuos. Conf. Brod (2), on Optics Sir Isaac Newton wrote some comCroatia ; Brod (2), Bosnia ; Brod, Podolia ; Brodetz, mendatory prefaces. Mr. Richard Briggs was Böhmisch Brod and Deutsch Brod, Bohemia ; buried here April 17, 1636, having been head Ungarisch Brod, Moravia. R. S. CHARNOCK. master for thirty-eight years. Bishop Cosin, of Pari.

Durham, was one of his pupils.

AUGUSTUS JESSOPP, D.D. Queries.

Norwich. [We must request correspondents desiring information CARACCIOLI, 1799.-In Blackwood's Magazine on family matters of only private interest, to affix their for May, 1877, in an article on Naples, the sad names and addresses to their queries, in order that the

story of the death of Prince François Caraccioli on answers may be addressed to them direct.]

June 29, 1799, is related, and the oft told tale of

| the rising again of his body, “though weighted PEDIGREE OF BRIGGS FAMILY.-All Norfolk

with 250lbs. of iron shot.” I do not know on what antiquaries owe so much to Blomefield that it

authority this part of the story rests, but I think sounds ungracious to say a word to his discredit.

it may be said to be most improbable, if not wholly Nevertheless, it needs to be repeated again and

impossible. The quantity of gas necessary to give again that the pedigrees in the History of Norfolk

to a human body the required amount of buoyancy are quite untrustworthy. They are of the nature

to cause it to float in the sea as described would of those compilations which Mr. Freeman so vigor

so vigor: be about 7,000 cubic inches, a volume more than ously assails, and which every real archæologist any human body, however distended, could well abominates because they put him upon a wrong

contain. The real weight, always given on the scent. No better instance of this could be given

en authority of Captain Hardy, is variously stated in than the Briggs pedigree which Mr. Beauland dit

different accounts. Perhaps the version in Colrefers to (8vo. ed., iv. 221). In that single line letta's Storia del Reame di Napoli, Capolago, 1834, of which Mr. Beauland quotes a portion there are

i. 418, is the correct one. He says, “dal peso di statements which it would puzzle the whole College

| cinquanta due libbre inglesi, misurate dal Capitano of Heralds to explain. But if any one can throw

Tommaso Hardy." To make the story appear some light upon the Briggs family, I shall be very

miraculous have not successive writers gradually grateful. Perhaps the best way of setting to work

enlarged fifty-two pounds into two fifty, that in a question of this kind is to start from certainty.

inty: is, 52 lbs. into 250 lbs. ? Another doubtful Richard Briggs was born at Warley Wood, in

od, in point which should be set at rest is the age of the parish of Halifax. He had a brother, Henry

enry, the prince. In Clarke's Life of Nelson, 1809, Briggs, who was one of the first mathematicians of

of i. p. 185, he is described as a tall man about mis time, and was Savillian Professor of Geometry | seventy years of age : and when asking to be shot. in the University of Oxford. If any one wants to land not hung, he said to Lieutenant Parkinson, know more about Henry, I refer him to Ward's Gresham Professors and the never failing Anthony Lin the Biographie Universelle, vol. lx. p. 152. it is

“Sir, I am an old man," &c. (ibid. p. 186). Yet à Wood. As to Richard, he entered at St. John's

stated that he was only fifty-two ; and, according Coll., Cambridge, as a pensioner on March 18,

to the memorial tablet on the house where he was 1579;

0; born, he was only forty-seven at the time of his B.A., 1581; M.A., 1585. Soon after

execution (Blackwood, p. 580). A man of fortytaking his M.A. degree he appears to have been

seven would hardly speak of himself as an old man, appointed to the sub-mastership of Norwich School.

| who cared not for his life. EDWARD SOLLY. He certainly had six children born before his

Sutton, Surrey. appointment to the head-mastership, to which he succeeded in October, 1598. He was a personal A GOVERNOR OF MALINES OR MECHLIN IN 1612. friend and correspondent of Ben Jonson's, and a -A lady friend of mine is in possession of a porletter from “ glorious Ben” to him may be seen in trait of a gentleman who was Governor of Malines the Gentleman's Magazine for 1786 6. p. 378). and died in 1612. It is painted on panel, and is Two at least of his sons were Fellows of Corpus that of a person very richly dressed in the costume Christi Coll., Camb. One of them, Thomas, was of the period, holding a key in his right hand, I bursar of the college, and had as his sureties his suppose in right of his office of governor. I shall father and his uncle the Savillian Professor. As feel very greatly obliged if one of your learned to. Augustine Briggs, a person who occupies a cer- readers will kindly help me to identify the portrait. cain position in the history of Norwich, I believe At the top of the picture is the following inscrip

im to have been a son of my worthy predecessor, tion, or rather the latter part of an inscription, the above Richard Briggs, head master of this which would no doubt have given the information school. If this were so, he inherited a good deal I require, but unfortunately the panel has been

cut down and the upper part is missing. The PEACOCKS' FEATHERS.—I have heard one Chelettering runs right across the picture, half being shire farmer's wife assure another that children on one side of the head and half on the other, but could never be well or healthy in any rooms in as the panel is not square there is one more line which peacocks' feathers were used as ornaments. of lettering on the left side than on the right. It This was in consequence of a gaudy fringe of this is as follows:

plumage, which decked out the looking-glass of BOXTEL . ET. DE, LUCRE

The parlour in which the conversation took place. DOVERISQVE. DE. PLOMION RELLAN , DE. PHILIPE. ROY. DESPAGNE. ET. DEL'AR CH.DVC.ALBERT.D.AVSTRICHE

ever to give a child a peacock's feather as a playET. L'INFANTE.ISABELLE.SA. FEMME.PRINCE. ET. PRINCESS

thing. Has this prejudice ever found previous DES . PAIS . BAS . ET. LEVR. AMBASADEVR. VER. HANRY.4. ROY. DE, FRANCE, MORT. GOVERNOVR . DE. MALINES .

comment in “N. & Q.? What is its origin? To LE.7. FEVRIE. 1612.

this day in Cheshire some of the poor will not use I give the spelling and lettering just as they are,

elder wood as firing; but this is a well-known and and I hope the inscription may enable some kind

old superstition. Since the traditional suspension reader to give me the information I require. It of Judas on that tree, the elder has always been is, I think, impossible that a person of such high considered ill-omened.

J. L. WARREN. rank can be entirely lost sight of.

Chas. S. Adye.

J. CALLOT, ETCHER.–Are there any complete Bradford-on-Avon, Wilts.

collections of the works of this artist in the port

folios of English collectors ? I should feel grateful CRICKLADE CHURCH.-Some time ago I visited to the owners of any of his works for information, the fine church at Cricklade, and was struck by

particularly as to prints in the early stages. seeing, in the interior, on each column of support

G. Ross. to the chancel and transept arches, which bear the

170, Cromwell Road, S.W. tower and spire, a stone on which is carved one

“Borrow” AS A PRÆNOMEN.—I have lately of the four suits of playing cards. The diamond, heart, and club are exactly like those at present

come across this prænomen. Is it a Gipsy name? in use ; the spade is more like the “fleur de lys."

G. S. The rector, Mr. Dyson, could give no explanation BAPTIZING SLAVES.-Dr. Verney Lovett Caof so peculiar a church ornament, nor could Gough meron speaks of slaves being in former times furnish any, nor any of those who are considered | baptized “a hundred ... in a batch by the authorities on points of ecclesiastical architecture Bishop of Loanda, by aspersion, in order to save -all have said they “never heard of such a a small export duty” (ii. 323). What authority thing”; and some have begged me to write to is there for this, and when did it happen? “N. & Q.” in hopes of some among your numerous

Axon. readers being able to throw light on the matter. Mr. Dyson could not give me any date to the

Nuns OF SION.- Would some one point out tower beyond that of 1569, inscribed on a buttress

any religious houses or churches of Sion, especially outside.

in the north of England ? Who was St. Ewrsius? In the early French cards the tréfle or trefoil

J. C. J. took the place of clubs. But, as I read, in 1660 STYLE AND TITLE.— Whether in legal docuheraldic cards were first introduced into England, ments--e.g., a marriage settlement-it is correct and the king of clubs was represented by the arms to describe the daughter of a marquess or an earl of the pope ; of hearts by those of England ; of as “ The Right Honourable Mary, &c., commonly diamonds by those of Spain ; of spades by those called the Lady Mary ...".

T. C. of France ; and thence may have come the “fleur de lys,” in place of a spade. If this be so, the HENRY ELLISON.– Will any of your readers date of the tower and these decorations (which kindly furnish me with the following particulars appeared to me to be of the same date as the respecting the eccentric but admirable poet of remainder of the columns and arches) may be Mad Moments (2 vols., Malta, 1833), &c. ? Any ninety or one hundred years later than the buttress others would be welcome also ; but these, which inscribed 1569.

I bope to obtain by the courtesy of some of your To those who collect crosses it may be pleasing Lincolnshire contributors (Ellison's native county, to know that there is a very fine one at Cricklade, I understand), will suffice in the mean time :or was, and four or five miles off, in the village of 1. The dates of his birth (1809 ?) and death ; 2. Ashton Keynes, there are the steps and broken Where a copy may be seen of his little volume, shafts of no less than three large crosses, all within Touches on the Harp of Nature, referred to in a a few yards of one another, by the side of the road foot-note on p. 184 of his Poetry of Real Life through the village.

GIBBES RIGAUD. (1844). I need hardly add that any one possessing Magdalen College, Oxford,

and willing to lend that or any other work of Ellison's not named above would greatly oblige

Replies. me, and I should carefully return it by post (registered) within a day or two after receipt. SCOTT FAMILY: THE PARENTAGE OF ARCH. W. BUCHANAN.

BISHOP ROTHERHAM. 87, Union Street, Glasgow.

(5th S. vii. 89, 139, 158, 292, 330, 375, 416, COUNTESS OF DERWENTWATER. – On what

470, 490.) ground did this lady, who claimed to be owner of

The promptness and candour of MR. Scott's rethe Radcliffe estates, call herself by the above title? I ply leave nothing to be desired. He in effect admits

E. D. 1

his inability to adduce a scrap of proof that Sir John [" N. & Q.,” 2nd and 3rd 8. passim ; 4th S. ii. 581 ; iii. 41.]

Scotte was the father of Archbishop Rotherham, and

| places his chief reliance on the opinion of writers of THE DUKE OF SUFFOLK'S HEAD. — In Mr. I the present time, who maintain that the prelate's Doyne Bell's interesting volume on The Chapel of name was Scott. Obviously no modern writer is, as St. Peter ad Vincula in the Tower, he describes to himself, of any authority in connexion with facts (p. 181) a head, said to be that of Henry Grey, four centuries old. In the case of Mr. Foss and Duke of Suffolk, which was discovered in the Lord Campbell, unless they had been content to church of Holy Trinity, Minories, forty years since. undergo a labour quite impossible to be performed References to any contemporary accounts of such with any hope of writing the lives of several discovery will oblige. AN OLD ANTIQUARY. persons within any reasonable space of time, either “THE FAIRY QUEEN," BK. II. C. ix. St. 22.

could not do otherwise than resort for many bio- A correspondent of the late Canon Kingsley's

graphical particulars to existing works of credit. requested an explanation of the following stanza,

In taking this course, each was, I think, justified which the Canon was unable to furnish (see Me

| in trusting to such an author as Bishop Godwin, mories of Life, vol. ii. p. 332). The passage runs

for instance. That Rotherham was a cardinal,

with title of St. Cecilia, may have been derived thus :

from Harl. MS. 6114, for there the statement is The frame thereof seemed partly circulare, And part triangulare; O work divine !

to be found. Those two the first and last proportions are;

I protest most emphatically against the implicaThe one imperfect, mortall, foeminine,

tion that there is anything abstruse or difficult to Th' other immortall, perfect, masculine;

interpret in the archbishop's will. Every one need And twixt them both a quadrate was the base,

not rise to my degree of admiration, which I am Proportion'd equally by seven and nine; Nine was the circle sett in heaven's place:

not ashamed to repeat, of its style and matter; All which compacted made a goodly diapase.”

but few will, I believe, second the effort to elimiIf any of your readers can explain or direct to

nate from this discussion a solemn legal instruany commentary, it will much oblige

ment, properly executed and duly admitted to

W. H. C. probate. Puzzling, indeed, it may well be to AUTHORS OF Books WANTED.—

heads wise or unwise when an attempt is made to Temporis Filia Veritas. A merry devise called the

fit a Rotherham into a Scott pedigree! When the troubelsome travell of Tyme, and the daungerous delivery archbishop says that he was born in the town of of her Daughter Trueth. Interlocutors—Bennion the Rotherham, we are desired to regard the birth in a Button-maker and Balthesar the Barber. Anno 1589." spiritual sense. “Spiritually born,” then, we are Political Merriment; or, Truths told to some Tune.

to understand. So says the venerable primateFaithfully from the original French of RH. SH. HS. FA. GG. AM. MP. and Messieurs Brineden and Collier, the

born materially of the body of his mother, and State Oculist and Crooked Attorney, Li Proveditori delli born anew in the sacrament of Holy Baptism. Curtisani. By a Lover of his Country. London : Printed He also tells us that he and many other boys in for A. Boulter, without Temple Bar, in the Glorious this town of Rotherham would have grown up unYear of our Preservation, 1714." W. T. HYATT. I taught and unlettered, if there had not suddenly

Ernest ; or, Political Regeneration. It was reviewed appeared on the scene--I know not by what chance in the Quarterly for December, 1839. The reviewer gives

| (nescio quo fato) save that he was led thither by a high impression of this writer's talent, and tells him tbat, if he abandons his wild doctrines, he can go down

the good providence of God-a teacher of grammar, to posterity as one who has enriched his country's

who took them and taught them, by which means treasures of noble thoughts, pure feelings, and imperish- the testator and more beside himself arrived (ad able verse."

majora) at greatness. Dare we doubt the truth of The Sailor's Farewell.-Published in some magazine the facts here sketched in outline? Having thus early last year.

M. W. received in his native town an education which AUTHORS OF QUOTATIONS WANTED.

prepared him to fill the highest offices in the State, “Lupus est homini homo."

he resolved that his youthful fellow townsmen I bave a picture of a Franciscan monk, said to be by Il

should have for ever an advantage to himself Spagnoletto. The figure is represented as writing a book denied, in a foundation which should be to them upon which is written the above. HENRY BULLEN. free of cost. The key, the clue to the institution

M. R.

of Jesus College at Rotherham, as springing from gotten; in default, to the right heirs of the archthe grateful heart of its founder, is, forsooth, to be bishop. quietly ignored ; and we are invited to set up in On the heraldic side the Rotherham case is actuits stead a mystic sense, and to adopt a non-ally impregnable ; but I must not allow myself natural interpretation of words which are otherwise to be led on, even by so tempting an opening as a clear and intelligible enough.

“ bend sinister” over all. Still, I cannot refrain Leland's assertion as to the heir-general of John, from alluding to Hearne's book before quoted, Lord Wenlock, requires corroboration. His words where a description is given of an exemplar of the would fit John Rotherham of Luton, the arch-statutes of the college at Rotherham, then existing bishop's undoubted brother. Dugdale (Baronage) | in Sidney College, Cambridge, and, though sadly in 1676 could give no information as to Lord mutilated as to some membranes, yet retaining a Wenlock's heir, and borrowed the fact and date of portrait of the founder and the arms of tbe see, his death from Polydore Vergil. This writer's impaling three stags. The description runs thus : name reminds me that, in his history of the reign “ Exemplar istud est membranaceum, pulchre quidem of Edward IV., each time he mentions the Arch- exaratum et illuminatum cum effigie fundatoris in bishop of York it is as “ Thomas Rotheram " | fronte, atque insignibus ejus, tam archiepiscopalibus (Camden Society, edit. 1844, pp. 180. 182. 211). I quam gentilitiis in margine, viz. tribus cervis." Very little is (as I have said) known of Lord Wen- The evidence in my former notice (p. 292) might lock's end. By some he is asserted to have been have been piled much higher, but five indisputable the John Wenlock who outlived by some years instances of the use of the single name, Rotherham, the battle of Tewkesbury and left a son ; but the seemed as good as five hundred. In Newcourt's usually accepted version is that his heir was a Repertorium (i. 565) we find that the rectory of Lawley, ancestor of the present Lord Wenlock. St. Vedast, in the city of London, was held by MR. Scott may expect to be asked for some “ Thomas Rotheram, S.T.B.," from Feb. 13, 1465, documentary proof that a partition of Wenlock's to Dec. 5, 1467, when he resigned (Reg. Bourchier, lands was made between Archbishop Rotherham ff. 92, 97). Both universities, in commemorating and Margaret Scotte, and that the Bedingfields their benefactors, were bidden to pray for Thomas got Oxburgh through her. If Richard-a-Barne Rotherham. Archdeacon Carnebull, the executor and Richard Scott, of Barnes Hall, were one and who proved the archbishop's will, founded an obit the same individual, then all I can say is that, the in Rotherham Church for the soul of Thomas deed being dated 1473, this same Richard must Rotherham. Then there are such entries as these have signed his name prophetically-Scott of in the college records :Barnes that shall be. A foresight of a quarter of “ Thomas Rotheram et Walterus Field, per advocaa century-by which he was enabled to predict tionem ipsis commissam à Collegio Regali Febr. 8, 1457, the acquisition of the manor by the archbishop : præsentant Drem Woodlarke Præpositum Febr. 27, ad the devise in augmentation of patrimony to his

Rectoriam de Kingston."

| “An. 1460. Rotheram incipiat in theologia, et non elder brother, John Scott, and heirs male of his arctetur ad ulterius expectandum." body ; the failure of such issue; and his own suc- “An. 1467. Cautio M" Thomæ Rotheram venditur cession in remainder-exhibitsan astounding power pro 411 6* 8d quia non incepit in theologia" (Hearne). of divination, and points to the testifying Richard Against such unanimous agreement in a variety of as one of the most remarkable men of his age. quarters we are asked to set the assertion of this DR. GATTY is mistaken when he affirms (what man and the statement of that. At least the trick appears in his edition of Hunter's Hallamshire) of calling the prelate Archbishop Scott should be that the archbishop describes himself as one of the abandoned. Everywhere and always, by himself, Scott family of Ecclesfield. I understand the by his contemporaries, lay and cleric, Rotherham words quite differently, and to imply nothing and nothing but Rotherham. Dead to the world! more than a gift to increase his cousin's slender Why, this is no cloistered monk, but a man who patrimony in the parish of Ecclesfield. Here is lived in the forefront of political life, in the the passage :

| atmosphere of royalty ; an ardent Yorkist, who "Item volo, quod Johannes Scott consanguineus meus, shared the fortunes of that house. cui est hereditas, quanquam parva, in parochia de I find that Sir John Scott died Oct. 18, 1485 Ecclesfeld successive descendens in eodem nomine et (Chan. Ing., 1 Hen. VII., No. 142), leaving sanguine, à tempore quo non est memoria hominum,

William Scotte, his son and heir, then aged twentyut ipsa augeatur, me per gratiam meliorato, habeat sibi et heredibus masculis de corpore suo legitime procreatis nve years, so that he was

tie five years, so that he was (if the age stated is to manerium meum de Bernes, situatum in parochia be relied upon) born in 1460. Now, as the archprædicta, quod emi de Roberto Shatton pro cxl.lib ac bishop (born in 1423) was thirty-seven years older etiam manerium meum de Howasleys cum pertinen, than William Scotte, why did he not inherit his quod emi de Thoma Worteley Milite pro cxx.".'

alleged father's lands? Why did Margaret Scotte In default of such issue to Richard Scott (brother inherit the possessions of Lord Wenlock to the of John) and heirs male of his body lawfully be- ! exclusion of her brother William ? Other objections might be urged by considering the collateral | intended, as to both the “literal” and “spiritual” relatives mentioned in the will as descending from birth, these do so as to admit of neither question Rotherham's sister. Nevertheless, it must be ad- nor cavil. If these words are to be construed mitted that, upon the whole, a strong case has to in a “spiritual sense," then, maybe, the noble be disproved before Archbishop Rotherham can be College of Jesus, which he wills shall“ be raised allowed to have been one of the Kentish Scotts, or in the aforesaid town, in the same place in to have borne any name other than that of the which the foundation was laid at the Feast of St. Yorkshire town. John A. C. VINCENT. Gregory, in the twenty-second year of King Ed

ward IV., and in which also I was born," and the MR. Scorr has made an elaborate effort to sus- youths “ whereof others with me reached higher tain the position taken up by him as to the birth- stations,"—and Hunter pretty well makes out place of Archbishop Rotherham, the material part who they were,-are to be taken in a “spiriof which may be easily disposed of. It is not tual sense”; and the streets of houses in the town, questioned that it was the custom of Church dig- and scores of acres of land in the neighbouring nitaries to relinquish their family name. . It is villages, as well as large properties in distant said Archbishop Rotherham (if he did so) was the places, with which he endowed his college at last to do so. Passing over for the present the Rotherham, are to be placed in the same cloud of witnesses called up by MR. Scott, mythical and unsubstantial category. But enough who, like a multitude of counsellors, only seem of this. It would be very easy to set aside all the to darken knowledge, we may at once turn to other special pleading and airy speculations adCole's MSS. (county of Cambridgeshire, vol. xix. vanced, but for the present it must suffice to add, p. 175, &c.), which state, “ This great man was as to the arms “erroneously attributed to that prethe son of Sir John Scot, alias Rotheram, in the late, viz., Vert, three bucks trippant or, a bend co. of York, by Alice his wife. He was born at sinister argent," that the oldest engraved portraits Rotherham on Bartholomew's day, Aug. 24, 1423, of him so give them ; and Cole says, speaking of and took his name, &c., from the place of his birth, as King's College in 1746, “His arms are on the said was usual,” &c. But in this instance the observation portal in stone and in the old library ... built by does not hold good, as both his father and brother him, and in the windows his devise in almost were called so also, Sir John Rotherham, his every pane of glass, having a buck trippant tobrother, in the reign of Edward V. being lord of gether with the white York rose," &c. the manor of Somereys, co. Bedford, and high Rotherham has to be thankful Archbishop sheriff of the county. This I collect from an Rotherham was born there. Its Grammar School is ancient pedigree which is copied from one in Caius yet a reminder of the noble Grammar School of his College Library :

College of Jesus, and in her grand old church, the Sir Thomas Rotherham, of=...... Alice.

finest of the district, the greater portion of which Rotherham, Yorkshire. I

is attributed to his munificent liberality and fine taste, she is yet greatly enriched, but still cannot

afford to be dispossessed of the honour of being Sir John Rotherham,=Alice, da. Thomas Rotherbam, the place of his birth. the Lo. of Somereys of Becket. Archbishop of York Place, in ye parish of

and Lord Chancellor

Perhaps it may be worth MR. Scott's inquiry Luton, co. "Bedford,

of England temp. as to how Luton passed to Rotherham, not from &c.

Edw. IV.

Lord Wenlock, but from forfeiture to Edward IV., So much for the name. Then as to the place. It and from him by grant or purchase to the archlooks somewhat strange and hard on the archbishop bishop, irrespective of relationship. that his own knowledge of where he was born, as Mr. Brown's having found the bones of the archvery clearly stated in his will, should be called in bishop entire so very recently disposes of the question, and it would be interesting to know burning of the body, and also of the carved something more of the “wiser heads” the will oak figure, which is but a carved head; there is “has puzzled.” Canon Raine says of it, “It is a similar one to be seen at Southwell, which Canon probably the most noble and striking will of a Dymock says was used for the same purpose at a mediæval English bishop in existence." But not funeral service in effigy performed shortly after the å word of its being a puzzling problem. In such archbishop's death. There are traditions of his will, “Thirdly," he says (referring to the founda- being buried in four places, and why not born in as tion of the College of Jesus), “because I was born many?

G., F.S.A. in the same town, and baptized in the parish church of the same town, and so at that same TAE TITLE OF “ESQUIRE” (5th S. vii. 348.)— place was born into the world, and also born again See a communication of my own, 5th S. iv. 519. by the holy bath flowing from the side of Jesus, Why does H. say that barristers are Esquires“ in whose name, oh, if I loved as I ought and would !" consequence of being in the sovereign commission" Surely if ever words clearly expressed the sense (whatever that may mean)? Barristers, as such,

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