before there was any man to cultivate it. 6. The vapours that ascended from the earth fell (in dews), and watered it again.

A more particular account of Man's first State. 7. When the Eternal God formed man of the dust of the earth, he breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living person. 8. And he planted a pleasant garden, fronting eastward, and inclosed it; and there he put the man whom he formed. 9. And he made to grow out of that ground every tree delightful to the sight, and good for food; the tree of life in the midst of the garden, and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. 10. And a fountain sprung up in this pleasant place, to water the garden; and it was divided into four principal rivers. 11. The name of the first is Pishon: it boundeth the land of Havilah, where excellent gold is found. 12. Besides the fine gold, the resinous gum bdellium, and precious stones, were there. 13. The name of the second is Gihon; it boundeth the land of Chush. 14. The name of the third river is Hedekel, (or Tigris, so called from its rapidity); it runneth toward Assyria. And the fourth river is Euphrates.

15. When the Eternal God placed the man to rest in the Paradise of Pleasure, and to keep it and dress it, 16. He gave him this charge: Of all the other trees of the garden thou mayest safely eat; 17. But of the tree of the knowledge, (or experience), of good and evil, thou must not eat; for in the day thou eatest of it, thou shalt incur certain death, (and know the difference between good and evil, life or happiness, and death or misery).

18. The Eternal God then said, it is not fit that Adam be alone; I will make for him a suitable helpmate. 19. For although the Eternal God had also formed out of the ground every beast of the field, and every fowl of the air, and had made them pass before Adam, (their lord), to receive their names from him: 20. And although Adam had given pames to all the cattle, to the wild beasts of the field, and to the fowls of the air, yet he found not a fit companion among them (though some had the same shape). 21. The Eternal God therefore caused a heavy sleep benumb Adam, during which he took out one of his ribs, and closed up its place with the flesh; 22. And formed it into a woman, whom he brought to Adam: 23. Who said, For this time she is bone of my bone, and flesh of my flesh; she shall be call. ed Woman, because she was taken out of her man. 24. Hereafter a man shall leave his father and his mother, and cleave to his wife, and they shall be as one flesh. 25. Now they were both naked, and were not ashamed; (because their bodies were cloth. ed with a robe of light, or shining brightness, which departed when they sinned). Gen. iii. 7. Matt. xiii. 43, and xvii. 2. Exod. xxxiv. 29. Rom. viii. 3. See Rabbi Ben Uzziel on vcr. 23.



Now the serpent being more subtile than any beast of the field wliich the Eternal God made, he said to the woman, hath God verily said, ye shall not eat of every tree in the garden? 2. The woman replied, we may eat the fruit of the trees in the garden; 3. Except that of the tree in the midst of it. For God said ye shall not eat of it, nor even touch it, lest ye die. 4. But (Satan speaking out of the serpent, said to the woman, assuredly ye shall not die. (2. Cor. xi. 3. Rev. xx. 2, 3. John viii. 4-1.) 5. But God knoweth, that whenever you eat of it, the eyes (i. e. of your mind) shall be opened, and ye shall be like angels, (Psal. viji. 5.) knowing good and evil, (and differ as much from what ye now are, as those that see, do from the blind). 6. So the woman seeing that the tree was pleasant to behold, and fit for food, and desirable, as giving knowledge, she took its fruit, and ate it, and gave some to her husband, who ate it with her: 7. Then their

eyes were opened, (to see they had lost their original shining brightness), so they knew (and were ashamed) that they were naked, and twisting fig twigs with their leaves together, they made themselves girdles with aprons.

8. Then they heard the Word of the Eternal God walking in the garden in the wind that day, (John i. 1.) and they hid themselves from the face of the Eternal God, in the midst of a tuft of the trees of the garden. 9. Then the Eternal God called Ađam, saying, where art thou? (or, alas! for thee) 10. He replied, I heard thy voice in the garden, and being afraid, as being naked, I hid myself. 11. Then he said, who shewed to thee that thou wast naked? Is it not because thou hast eaten of the tree which I commanded thee not to eat? 12. Then the man said, the woman whom thou gavest me for a companion, gave it me, and I did eat. 13. Then the Eternal God said to the woman, why hast thou done this? but she said the serpent deceived me, and I did eat.

14. Then the Eternal God said to the (adversary, under the character, or figure of the) serpent, because thou hast done this, thou art accursed above all creatures tame or wild, (the serpent shall be degraded to creep, and eat dust with its meat, on this account). 15. And I will cause enmity between . thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed (without man, Isaiah vii. 14. Gal. iii. 16); this shall break thy head (i. e. thy power nion by sin and death) and thou shalt bruise his heel, (his inferior or corporeal part in his passion). Rom. xvi. 20. 1 John, iii. 8. 2 Cor. xi. 3. Rev. xx. 2.

16. To the woman next he said, I will greatly multiply thy sorrow in thy conception; in sorrow thou shalt bring forth children; and thou shalt be

subject to thy husband, for he shall rule over thee. 17. To Adam also he said, because thou hast transgressed by the importunity of thy wife, in eating of the tree which I forbade thee, the ground is accursed for thy sake; in sorrow shalt thou eat of its productions all thy life. 18. Thorns and thistles (or brambles and noxious weeds) shall it produce to thee, (instead of fruits); and thou shalt eat the herbs of the field. 19. In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till thou return to the ground, out of which thou wast taken; for of dust thou art, and to dust shalt thou return.

20 | Adam now called his wife Havah, (i. e. lifegiver), because she was to be the mother of all living men.

21. Then the Eternal God prepared garments: for Adam and his wife, of the skins of the victims he offered, and clothed them.

22. T. The Eternal God also said, behold the man who was like one of us (i. e. the Alehim and angels in purity), now knowing, (by experience) how different good is from evil. 23. Then he drove him from the pleasant garden to cultivate the ground of which he was made, lest he should take and eat the fruit of the tree of life, to make him live for ever (in this state of sin and sorrow, or vainly think it could now prevent decay and death). 24. The Eternal God also placed at the east of Paradise, cherubs, (Ezek. i.) with a flaming sword, turning every way, to preserve the way of the tree of life.



Adam having conversation with his wife Havah, she produced a son, whom he called CAIN, (i. e. acquisition or possession), saying, I have gotten as a possession a man from the Eternal, (or, the man the Lord). 2. She afterwards had his brother ABEL,

who became a feeder of sheep; and Cain a tiller of the ground. 3. And in process of time Cain brought an offering of the first fruits of the ground to the Eternal; 4. And Abel brought the firstlings and the fat of his flock: and the Eternal accepted Abel and his sacrifice (Heb. xi 4.); 5. But Cain and his offering he accepted not. So Cain was greatly displeased; and of a downcast countenance. 6. Then The Eternal said to Cain, why art thou angry, and of a sad countenance? 7. If thou dost well, thou shalt be accepted; and if thou dost not well, thou sinnest; but he shall be subject to thee, for thou shalt rule over him. 8. Then Cain said to Abel, Let us walk into the fields; and he conversed with his brother: and being in the fields, he assaulted him, and slew him. (1John iii. 12.) 9. Then the Eternal said to Cain, where is Abel thy brother? but he replied, I know not; am I my brother's keeper? 10. Then he said, why hast thou done this? the voice of thy brother's blood crieth to me from the ground. 11. And now thou art accursed froin off the earth, which opened its mouth to receive thy brother's blood from thy hand. 12. When thou tillest the ground, it shall not henceforth yield to thee its strength; a vagabond and a fugitive shalt thou be on the earth. 13. Then Cain said to the Eternal, is mine iniquity greater than can be forgiven? 14. Lo thou hast banished me this day from the face of the inhabitants of the earth; and from thy face (the shining cloud, or glorious brightness) shall I be hid, and I shall be a restless fugitive on the earth; and any one that findeth me will slay me. 15. But the Eternal said to him, vengeance shall be taken seven-fold on him who slays Cain. Then the Eternal gave a sign to Cain, as a token of seculrity. 16. Then Cain went out of sight of the symbol of the presence of God, and dwelt in a land of banishment, eastward of Paradis: 17. Where his wife produced a son, whom she called Enoch, (der

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