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A MEDIUM OF INTER-COMMUNICATION

FOR

LITERARY MEN, ARTISTS, ANTIQUARIES, GENEALOGISTS, ETC.

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CONTENTS.

our gratitude than mere words. Such improvements NOTES:

Page

as have suggested themselves in the course of the fourOld Ballads upon the “ Winter's Tale," by J. Payne teen months during which Notes AND QUERIES has Collier . .

| been steadily working up its way to its present high Crossing Rivers on Skins, by Janus Dousa Folk Lore of South Northamptonshire, No 3. .

position shall be effected; and nothing shall be wanting, Minor Notes: -Kentish Town in the last Century - on our part, which may conduce to maintain or in

Murray's Hand-book for Devon and Cornwall Judges*
Walk, Hampstead - Gray's Alcaic Ode – Fleet Mar.

crease its usefulness. And here we would announce a riages

slight change in our mode of publication, which we

have acceded to at the suggestion of several parties, in QUERIES :Histoire des Sévarambes

order to meet what may appear to many of our readers Origin of present Penny Postage, by E. Venables

a trivial matter, but which is found very inconvenient Red Book of the Irish Exchequer . .

in a business point of view — we allude to the diversity Minor Queries:-Abbey of Shapp, or Hepp -" Talk not of Love"- Lucy and Colin- Chapel, Printing.

of price in our Monthly Parts. office - Cockade -- Suem, Ferling, Grasson - Cran

To avoid this, and, as we have said, to meet the mer's Descendants - Collections of Pasquinades - wishes of many of our friends, we propose to publish a Portraits of Bishops - The Butcher Duke - Rodulph Gualter - Passage in St. Mark - " Fronte

fifth or supplementary number in every month in which capillata," &c. .

there are only four Saturdays, so as to make the REPLIES :

| Monthly Parts one shilling and threepence each in * God speed the Plough" .

. 8 all cases, with the exception of the months of January " Defender of the Faith,” by Robert Anstruther . 9 and July, which will include the Index of the preBeatrix Lady Talbot, by Sir F. Madden

. 10

ceding Half-yearly Volume, at the price of one shilReplies to Minor Queries: - Passage in Hamlet - Passage in Tennyson - Was Quarles pensioned? - Old Hewson

ling and ninepence each. Thus the yearly subscripthe Cobbler – The Inquisition - Mrs. Tempest - Car. tion to NOTES AND QUEries, either in unstamped weekly dinal Allen's Declaration - Scandal against Queen Numbers or Monthly Parts, will be eighteen shillings. Elizabeth - Church of St. Saviour, Canterbury - Pope Ganganelli-Nicholas Ferrar's Digest - Nicholas Ferrar

Trusting that this, and all the other arrangements - Cardinal Erskine - The Author of "Peter Wilkins" we are proposing to ourselves, may meet with the ap-“The Toast," by Dr. King "The Widow of the probation of our friends and subscribers, we bid them W00.1"-Damasked Linen

Farewell ! and wish them, — what we trust they wish MISCELLANEOUS:

to Notes And Queries—a Happy New Year, and Notes on Books, Sales, Catalogues, &c.

many of them!
Notices to Correspondents .
Books and Odd Volumes Wanted
Advertisements

Notes.

OLD BALLAD UPON THE “ WINTER'S TALE." OUR THIRD VOLUME.

Some of your correspondents may be able to The commencement of our Third Volume affords an give me information respecting an old ballad that opportunity, which we gladly seize, of returning our

has very recently fallen in my way, on a story best thanks to those kind friends and correspondents

similar to that of Shakspeare's Winter's Tale, and to whom we are indebted for our continued success.

in some particulars still more like Greene's novel

of Pandosto, upon which the Winter's Tale was We thank them all heartily and sincerely; and we founded. You are aware that the earliest known trust that the volume, of which we now present them l edition of Greene's povel is dated 1588, although with the First Number, will afford better proof of there is room to suspect that it had been origin

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ally printed before that year : the first we hear “ For fear of the king the prince dare not stay:
of the Winter's Tale is in 1611, when it was acted The wind being fair, he sailed away,
at court, and it was not printed until it appeared |

Saying, I will escape from his blood-thirsty hand in the folio of 1623.

By steering away to my native land.” The ballad to which I refer has for title The Not long after his departure, the queen, “who Royal Courtly Garland, or Joy after Sorrow: it had never conceived before" (which varies both is in ordinary type, and was “ Printed and sold in from Greene and Shakspeare), produces a daughter, Aldermary Churchyard, London." It has no date, wbich the king resolves to get rid of by turning it and in appearance does not look older than from, adrift at sea in " a little boat.” He so informs perhaps, 1690 to 1720; it may even be more re- the queen, and she in great grief provides the cent, as at that period it is not easy to form a outfit for the infant voyager: correct opinion either from typography or ortho- |“ A purse of rare jewels she placed next her skin. graphy: black-letter has a distinguishing character

And fasten'd it likewise securely within ; at various periods, so as to enable a judgment to A chain round her neck, and a mantle of gold, he formed within, perhaps, ten years, as regards Because she her infant no more should behold." an undated production; but such is not the case

It is revealed to the king in a dream that his wife with Roman type, or white-letter. What I sus- |

is innocent, but she soon dies of a broken-heart. pect, however, is that this ballad is considerably older, and that my copy is only a comparatively

Meanwhile, the prince, on his return to his own

dominions, marries, and has a son. The infant modern reprint with some alterations; it requires no

princess is driven on shore in his kingdom, and is proof, at this time of day, to show that it was the constant habit of our old publishers of ephemeral

saved by an old shepherd, and brought up by him

and his wife as their own child, they carefully literature to reprint ballads without the slightest notice that they had ever appeared before. This,

concealing the riches they had found in the "little in fact, is the point on which I want information,

| boat.' as to The Royal Courtly Garland, or Joy after

“ This child grew up, endued with grace, Sorrow. Can any of your correspondents refer me

A modest behaviour, a ski eet comely face; to an older copy, or do they know of the exist

And being arrived at the age of fifteen, ence of one which belongs to a later period ? I

For beauty and wisdom few like her were seen." cannot be ignorant of DR. RIMBAULT's learning “ Her" is misprinted him in the original, and the on such matters, and I make my appeal especially whole, as may be expected, is not a first-rate speto him.

cimen of typography. The son of the prince sees It is very possible that it may bear a different and falls in love with the supposed shepherd's title in other copies, and for the sake of identifi- daughter, and, to avoid the anger of the prince his cation I will furnish a few extracts from the father, he secretly sails away with ber and the various “ parts” (no fewer than six) into which old shepherd. By a storm they are driven on the the ballad is divided ; observing that they fill a coast of Bohemia : closely printed broadside, and that the production

“ A violent storm on the sea did arise, is entirely different from Jordan's versification of

Drove them to Bohemia; they are took for spies; the Winter's Tale, under the title of The Jealous

Their ship was seized, and they to prison sent : Duke and the injured Duchess, which came out in

To confine them a while the king's tully bent." his Royal Arbor of Loyal Poesie, 8vo. 1664. It

Here we arrive at an incident which is found in is singular that two ballads, hitherto wholly unknown, should have been written upon the same

Greene, but which Shakspeare had the judgment | incidents of the same drama, although we are yet

to avoid, making the termination of his drama, as ! without evidence that Jordan's effusion was ever

wonderful for its art, as delightful for its poetry.

Greene and my ballad represent the king of Bopublished as a broadside. Not a single name is given to any of the per

hemia falling in love with his own daughter, whom sons in my Royal Courtly Garland, but the places

he did not recognise. She effectually resisted his i of action are reversed exactly in the same way as

entreaties, and he resolves “to hang or burn" the il in Greene's novel of Pandosto, where what Shak

whole party ; but the old shepherd, to save himself, speare represents as passing in Sicily occurs in

reveals that she is not his daughter, and produces

“the mantle of gold " in which he had found her: Bohemia, and vice versâ; moreover, the error of representing Bohemia as a maritime country be “ He likewise produced the mantle of gold. longs to my ballad, as well as to the novelist and! The king was amazed the sight to behold; the dramatist. The King of Bohemia, jealous of Though long time the shepherd had used the sare, ! an "outlandish prince," who he suspected had

The king knew it marked with his own name.” intrigued with his queen, employs his cup-bearer This discovery leads directly to the unwinding of to poison the prince, who is informed by the cup- the plot: the young prince makes himself known, bearer of the design against his life.

and his father being sent for, the lovers are

“ married in triumph" in Bohemia, and the old pontis sternentes. Adde Front. Strat. 3. 13., et Ammian. shepherd is made “a lord of the court."

30. 1. med.If any of your readers can inform me of another “ Utricularii vocabantur qui utriculos, seu utres copy of the above ballad, especially unmodernised | inflatos ratibus ita subjiciebant, ut iisdem flumina (the versification must have suffered in the frequent transnare possent. Eorum collegium in quibusdam reprints) and in black-letter of an early date, they urbibus ad flumen aliquod sitis habebatur, ideoque will do me a favour. At present I am unable to de

utricularii sæpe cum nautis conjunguntur, Inscr. ap. cide whether it was founded upon Greene's novel,

Mur. 531, n. 4. Ex voto a solo templum ex suo fecerunt Shakspeare's play, or upon some independent,

collegio utriculariorum."

Janus Dousa. possibly foreign, narrative. I am by no means

Manpadt House, near Haarlem. satisfied that Greene's novel was not a translation, and we know that he was skilful in Italian, Spanish, and French

J. PAYNE COLLIER. FOLK LORE OF SOUTH NORTHAMPTONSHIRE, NO. 3. I cannot find the particular Number of Notes

Hedgehog. — Among other animals looked upon AND QUERIES, but unless I anı greatly mistaken,

in a superstitious light, we have the hedgehog, in one of them, a correspondent gave praise (I am

who, in addition to bis still credited attribute of the last to say it was not deservel) to Dr. MAGINN

sucking cows, is looked upon by our rustics as the for suggesting that miching mallecho, in Hamlet,

emblem of craft and cunning; playing the same Act. III. Sc. 2., was from the Spanish mucho mal.

part in our popular stories as Reynard in the more hecho. I never heard of Dr. Maginn's opinion until

southern fabliaux. They tell concerning him, the I saw it in your pages; but if you happen to be legend given by M. M. Grimm, of the race between able to refer to the Shakspeare I superintended the Hare and Hedgehog. The Northamptonthrough the press in 1843, vol. vii. p 271., note 9., shire version makes the trial of speed between a you will see that I propose the Spanish word malo | fox and hedgehog. In all other respects the hecho as the origin of “mallecho." I did not

not English tale runs word for word with the German.

English tale runs think this point worth notice at the time, and I doubt whether it is worth notice now. If you

Hares. — Besides the ancient superstition atleave out this postscript, as you are at perfect

tached to the crossing of the path by one of these liberty to do, I shall conclude that you are of my

animals, there is also a belief that the running of opinion.

J. PĆ one along the street or mainway of a village, por-
J. P. C.

tends fire to some house in the immediate vicinity. [The passage to which our valued correspondent ! refers is in our Second Volume. p. 358.. where j. M.B. I Toads. - Belief in their venomous nature is yet points out that the suggestion of a writer in the Quare far from being extinct. This, added to the ill-deterly Reriew for March 1850, that Shakspeare's mich fined species of fascination which they are suping mallecho was a mere misprint of the Spanish posed to exercise, has caused them here, as elsewords mucho malhecho, had been anticipated by Dr. where, to be held in great abhorrence. I have Maging. It now appears that he had also been an heard persons who ought to have known better, ticipated by Mr. COLLIER. ]

exclaim on the danger of gazing upon one of the

harmless reptiles. The idea respecting the fascia CROSSING RIVERS ON SKINS.

nating powers of the toad, is by no means confined The mode of crossing a river on skins, men

to our district. Witness the learned Cardan: tioned by Layard (Nineveh and its Remains, 5th

“ Fascinari pueros fixo intuitu magnorum bufonum

et maximè qui è subterraneo specu aut sepulcbris proedition, vol. i. p. 129., vol. ii. p. 381.) is also referred to in the works of the following ancient

dierint, utque ob id occulto morbo perire, baud ab. writers. I quote Facciolati Lexicon Totius Latini

surdum est."De Rerum Varietate, lib. xvi. c. 90. tatis, in vocibus Uter et Utricularius. [Edit. Fur

Crickets, contrary to the idea prevailing in lanetto, 4to.)

the western counties, are supposed to presaye * Frequens fuit apud veteres utrium usus ad flu

good luck, and are therefore most carefully prei mina trananda, Liv. 21. 27. Hispani, sine ulla mole,

served. Their presence is believed to be a sure in utres vestimentis conjectis, ipsi cetris suppositis in

omen of prosperity; while, on the other hand, their cubantes, flumen tranavere, Cæs. B. G. i. 48. Lusitani,

sudden departure from a hearth which has long peritique earum regionum cetrati citerioris Hispaniæ, echoed with their cry, betokens approaching misconsectabantur, quibus erat proclive transnare flumen, fortune, and is regarded as the direst calamity that quod consuetudo eorum omnium est, ut sine utribus can bappen to the family. ad exercitum non eant, (Cf. Herzog., qui longam huic loco adnotationem adscripsit), Curt, 7. 5.

Magpies. — To see one magpie alone bodes bad

Utres quam luck. Two. good luck; three, a “berrin ; plurimos stramentis refertos dividit; his incubantes

tour, a transnavere amnem, Plin. 6. 29. 35.

wedding. This is our version of the saying : Grose

Arabes Ascitæ. appellati, quoniam bubulos utres binos sternentes ponte

gives it differently. piraticam exercent, h.e. utribus junctis tabulas instar Spiders. — When a spider is found upon your

clothes, or about your person, it signifies that you son and many other persons, that in his youth the will shortly receive some money. Old Fuller, who Upper Terrace Avenue, on the south-west side of was a native of Northamptonshire, thus quaintly Hampstead Heath, was known by the name of moralises this superstition :

“ The Judges' Walk," from the circumstance of When a spider is found upon our clothes, we use prisoners having been tried there during the plague to say, some money is coming towards us. The moral: of London. He further stated, that he had reis this: such who imitate the ivdustry of that con- i ceived this information from his grandmother. temptible creature may, by God's blessing, weave them

C. R. WELD. selves into wealth and procure a plentiful estate." Somerset House Worthies, p. 58. Pt. 2. ed. 1662.

Gray's Alcaic Ode. – A question asked in Omens of death and misfortune are also drawn | Vol. i., p. 382., whether “Gray's celebrated Latin from the howling of dogs -- the sight of a trio Ode is actually to be found entered at the Grande of butterflies --- the flying down the chimney of Chartreuse ?” is satisfactorily answered in the swallows or jackdaws; and swine are sometimes negative at p. 416. of the same volume, and its said to give their master warning of his death by disappearance traced to the destructive influence giving utterance to a certain peculiar whine, known of the first French Revolution. and understood only by the initiated in such

It may not, however, be without interest to matters. . Gaule, in his Mag-astromancers Posed some of your readers to know, that this elegant and Puzzled, Lond. 1652, p. 181., ranks among evil | “ Alcaic" was to be found at the Chartreuse not omens “the falling of swallows down the chimney" very long before the outbreak of that great poliand “the grunting of swine."

T. S.

tical tempest, proof of which will be found in the following extract taken from the 9th volume of

Malte-Brun's Annales des Voyages, Paris, 1809. Minor Lates.

It is found in a paper entitled “Voyage à la Kentish Town in the last Century.

Grande Chartreuse en 1789. Par M. T*******" “ Thursday night some villains robbed the Kentish

and is in p. 230.: Town stage, and stripped the passengers of their money,

« L'Album, ou le grand livre dans lequel les étranwatches, and buckles. In the hurry they spared the gers inscrivent leurs noms, présente quelquefois une pockets of Mr. Corbyn, the druggist; but he, content to

lecture intéressante. Nous en copiâmes quelques pages. have neighbour's fare, called out to one of the rogues,

Le morceau le plus digne d'être conservé est sans doute "Stop, friend, you have forgot to take my money.'”

l'Ode latine suivante du célèbre poëte anglais Gray. Morning Chron, and Lond. Advertiser, Jan. 9. 1773. Je ne crois pas qu'elle ait été publiée encore."

Murray's Hand-book for Devon and Cornwall.-! Then follows the ode, as usually printed, exThe author does not mention Haccombe Chapel or cepting that in the third line, the Oswell Rocks, both near Newton; the latter is

« Nativa nam certe fluentia," a most picturesque spot, and the view near and far the words “nam certe" are transposed. G. B. most interesting! - A notice of the tiles, and of the 2 ft. 2 in. effigy at Haccombe, appears in the

Fleet Marriages. The General Evening Post, Arch. Journal, iii. 151. 237.—The monuments are

June 27-29, 1745, contains the following sinin fine preservation up to the last of the “ Hac. 1 gular Note of a Fleet marriage: combes" ante 1342, which is perfect. The chapel

· Yesterday came on a cause at Doctors' Commons, would be improved by the removal of the two wherein the plaintiff brought his action against the de. pews, and of the fainily arms from the velvet cloth fendant for pretending to be his wife. She in her juson the communion-table! _Tavistock Church hostification pleaded a marriage at the Fleet the 6th of an east window by Williment; pattern, and our i

February, 1737, and produced a Fleet certificate, which Saviour in the centre.-The church by Dartmouth

was not allowed as evidence; she likewise offered to Castle contains a brass, and armorial gallery ; the

produce the minister she pretended married them, but

he being excommunicate for clandestine marriages, visitor should sail round the rock at the harbour

could not be received as a witness. The court thereentrance, its appearance from seaward is fine.

upon pronounced against the marriage, and condemned Littleham Church has a decorated wooden screen,

prated wooden screen, her in 281., the costs of suit." very elegant.-A work on the Devonshire pulpits and screens would be valuable.

A. C. Judges' Walk, Hampstead. - A friend of mine, residing at Hampstead, has communicated to me

Queries. the following information, which I forward to you as likely to instruct your readers.

HISTOIRE DES SÉVARAMBES. He states that the oldest inhabitant of Hamp- | The authorship of Gaudentio di Lucca has restead, Mr. Rowbotham, a clock and watchmaker, 'cently been discussed by some of your correspondied recently, at the age of ninety. He told his dents, and it has been shown that this Voyage

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