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wounded men sent on board, the army was drawn up into four batta. lions; the Duke of Bolton's regiment, in the van, was ordered to take the road adjoining to the sea; the major-general's regiment, under the command of Lieutenant-colonel John Thomas, in the body, was ordered to march through the country; and the Antigua regiment was commanded to march at a distance, as a reserve to the body; the other four regiments were to keep their posts, and wait for farther orders. After an hour's march, the Duke of Bolton's regiment en. countered a small party of the enemy, and soon put them to the rout; immediately after those French companies which ran from Frigatebay, joining with the rest of their forces, which were gathered from all parts of the island, were advancing upon our body; they having much the advantage of ground, and three to one in number; and, after a sharp dispute of half an hour, they had almost surrounded us. But Colonel Williams, coming up with the reserve, and giving them an unexpected and vigorous assault, so encouraged the major-general's regiment, that they pressed resolutely on, and beat the enemy out of the field in confusion; one part flying to the mountains, and the rest betaking themselves to the fort, which formerly belonged to the English.
Orders being sent to the four regiments at Frigate-bay, to march up, and the Duke of Bolton's regiment also meeting us, the whole army was drawn up into an intire body, and the soldiers were permitted to drink by companies, at the adjacent wells and cisterns.
While the army was thus refreshing, the cockswain of the Mary frigate came with advice to the captain-general that, the frigates har. ing fallen down before the town and fort of Basterre, the enemy, after firing two or three rounds, had struck their flag, set the town on fire, and quitted it; but, by the diligence of the seamen who came on shore from the frigates, it was happily extinguished. Upon which advice the Captain-general marched immediately away to the said town, with intent to quarter the army therein for that night; but, the enemy having left store of wines and other liquors behind them, and fearing the disorders it might breed among the soldiers, he altered his resolutions, and only making a halt there, and placing his own company of guards in the mass-house, commanded the army to march to the Je. suits convent, lying about a mile above the town, where being again drawn up, and orders given to lie by their arms all night, centries were placed, and some parties sent to drive in cattle, there being store of flour, bread, &c. in the convent. The night proved very wet, it raining without intermission till morning; but the officers generously shared the weather with the centinels, scarce any, except the general officers, going into the convent for shelter.
The next morning, being Sunday the twenty-second, the commise sary-general having secured the liquors in a convenient store house, the army marched down to the town, and free liberty was granted them to plunder it; wine and brandy being also distributed to them, by the respective commissaries of each regiment. The fort here con. sisted of sixteen guns, which they had nailed and spiked, but, by the diligence of our men, they were again cleared. In the afternoon, a
detachment of one hundred and fifty men, out of the Antigua regi. ment, was sent under the command of Major Gunthorpe, to gain and secure a pass, which was thought to be possessed by the enemy, lying in the way to the English fort; but, when they came, they found it quitted.
Monday, the twenty-third, we continued all day in the town; and in the evening the country was in flames all round, being fired by the English negroes who came from the mountains, where they had lain since their masters the English were beaten off the island.
On Tuesday, the twenty-fourth, we began our march towards the fort, and that night incamped about three miles from it, having the like fortune of rainy weather, without any means to avoid it. This day the frigates weighed from Basterre, and fell down to Old Road, where they came again to an anchor.
Wednesday, the twenty-fifth, we continued our camp at Old Road, and the wheelbarrows, shovels, pickaxes, &c. were brought on shore.
On Thursday morning, the twenty-sixth, we marched within a mile of the fort, and incamped under the covert of a high hill, a de. tachment out of Colonel Earl's regiment being sent under the com. mand of Captain William Butler, to secure the top of it.
On Friday, the twenty-seventh, the Mary's two chace-guns, six pounders, were brought on shore, in order to be drawn up to the top of the hill, and the marine regiment under the command of Co. lonel Kirkby, commander of the Success. Colonel Kegwin, being dead of his wound he received in landing, was employed in cutting and clearing a path for the drawing them up.
On Saturday and Sunday, the twenty-eighth and twenty-ninth, the marine regiment so vigorously pursued their business, that they had drawn the guns to the top of the hill, and planted them upon a plat. form they had laid for them, with baskets of earth thrown up for a covering from the enemies shot, it lying open to the fort.
On Monday morning, the thirtieth, powder, shot, &c. being car. ried up, they began to play upon the fort, the very first shot doing execution, and the frigates also, weighing from Old Road, stood down to the fort, and battered against it; the whole army at the same time marching into a deep and wide ditch, between the hill and the fort, within musket-shot of it. In the afternoon, the frigates stood up again to Old Road, but the guns from the hill kept playing incessantly till night, at which time we began our intrenchments, running, from the ditch where we lay incamped, a trench, with a half-inoon at the end, capable of holding four-hundred men.
On Tuesday the first of July, one of the Nevis regiments and part of the Antigua regiment, were sent under the command of Colonel Charles Pym, to take a small fort of the enemies about three miles distant from the camp, which they successfully surprised, taking about fifty prisoners in it.
This evening, lieutenant-general Holt having given orders to the out-centries that were placed towards the fort, to fire, without chal. ing by them in the twilight to view the works, was shot into the body, by one Gibbons, an Irishman, who was one of the centries. He returned to the camp and languished long of it with little hopes of recovery ; Gibbons was afterwards tried by a court-martial, but after a full hearing acquitted.
On Wednesday, the second, those guns on the hill proving so serviceable, there were four more of a larger size drawn up; but, one of them splitting at the first time of firing, and the rest being in. commodiously planted, they were no more made use of. This day four companies of the enemy marched out of the fort, and drew up before the gate, but in a quarter of an hour they marched in again. The half-moon being now finished, we run another trench about a quarter of a mile below it, able to contain the like number of men; and, at the like distance below that, we began another, wide enough to draw the carriages of the great guns through.
The third, fourth, fifth, and sixth days, we continued in the day. time quiet in our trenches, in the night running on with our works; the enemy firing day and night upon us with great guns and small arms, but doing us little damage; but the guns on the hill galled them exceedingly, leaving no corner of the fort unsearcher.
Some hundreds of the enemy being out in the mountains, headed by one Monsieur Pinelle, parties were sent daily abroad, com. manded by the officers in their turns, to scour them out; and on Monday, the seventh, the major-general, his wound being well healed, went himself at the head of two hundred men, upon the same design; but could not meet with the enemy to engage them, they lurking sometimes in one place, and sometimes in another.
On Wednesday, the ninth, he returned to the camp, with some prisoners, many negroes, and great store of cattle. After the major. general's return, proclamation being made, by beat of drum, in several places of the island, by the command of the captain-general, that all, which would come in within three days, should receive his pro. tection, to secure their persons from the outrages of the soldiers; several families surrendered themselves, to many of which was also granted liberty to return to their houses, and keep some small stock till farther orders.
Monsieur Pinelle, also, sent in a flag of truce from the moun. tains, to acquaint the captain-general, that he could not come in without leave from the governor; but, however, he assured him, he would remain quiet, and give free passage to any of our men he should meet with.
The tenth and eleventh, we continued in our trenches, we which had now run within pistol-shot of the fort.
Over-against the gate we had an half-moon, on which we planted several colours. On the left hand of the half-moon was a battery raised for six great guns, two eighteen pounders, and four twelve pounders; but, before they were mounted, on Saturday, the twelfth, about one in the afternoon, the drums beat a parley in the fort, and four persons marched out with a flag of truce. They were met in the pasture between our trench and the fort, by Major Legard, and
by him conducted to the captain-general; and, after some treaty, hostages were given on both sides, one of the majors continuing with us, and Lieutenant-colonel Nott was sent to them; Captain Hamilton also going with him as an interpreter. But, notwithstanding the treaty, the captain-general continued his works, joining our trench to the enemies trench, through which they used to come from the fort to the well; our centries were placed under the walls, and at the gate of the fort, and that evening our guns were also mounted upon the battery.
About twelve of the clock in the night, there was a canoe let over the fort-walls, it being situated by the sea-side, which run on board a zloop that came close in with the shore, under the covert of the dark night; our men let fly a whole volley upon them, which made them hasten away,
Captain Hamilton came to the centry at the fort-gate, and ordered him to acquaint the major-general, that there was a ship seen off; upon which this relator was dispatched away to Old Road, to give Admiral Wright notice of it, but, in the interim, a brigantine was sent in pursuit of the sloop; the admiral immediately ordered two frigates to weigh, and put out in search of the said ship and sloop; which they did, and the next day, the thirteenth, returned without seeing any vessels.
During the whole action upon this island there were two frigates that cruises about, to take any French vessels which might arrive there, either by design or chance, but they met with none.
On Monday, the fourteenth, the fort was surrendered to the captain.general, upon the same articles that it was before delivered up to the French. After the enemy marched out, and the English flag was put up, the king's and queen's healths were drank, and the great guns three times fired, three vollies being also made by the whole army. The fort was quadrangular, consisting of four flankers with a curtain between each; on each flanker were mounted five guns; the walls were of stone, about twenty feet high, surrounded with a deep ditch twelve feet wide, over which was a narrow wooden bridge. In the middle of the fort were two mounts thrown up for batteries; there was also a well, but, upon firing the guns, the water would instantly dry away. There was store of provision, liquors, and powder, but they wanted shot.
In retaking this island, we had about an hundred men killed and wounded; the island in general is very strong, there being several small fortifications and breast-works all around, except where it is naturally fortified with hills or shoals. The inhabitants were about eighteen-hundred men, besides women and children, and negroes, all which, except the negroes, which were to be divided as plunder, were transported to the island of Hispaniola; only some particular pessons had the favour granted them to be carried up to Martinico.
After a week's refreshment, the major-general, on Sunday, the twentieth of the said month of July, embarked with his own re. giment in the sloops, and the marine regiment on board the frigates, and set sail for the island of St. Eustace; and the same eveving, lying
and the several Princes. Sect. IV. Containing particular Observations on the Manners, Customs, Nature, and comical Humours of the Dutch Boars or Peasants; the Nature of their Habitations, Way of Living, and Manner of treating Strangers, especially the English. Sect. V. Of the Nature of the Country in general, its Situation, the Way of Travelling, Expences, &c. Sect. VI. of the People of Holland in general, their several Ranks and Degrees, with their Manners, Humours, and Dispositions. Sect VII. of their Religion, the different and incredible number of Sects among the People, particularly in Amsterdam. Sect. VIII. Of their way of Trade, Intrigues in Over-reaching, and manner of Increase in Wealth, &c. Sect. IX. Of their Military Forces by Sea and Land, with their State Revenues, &c.
We departed from London, Thursday January the sixteenth,
1690, about nine in the morning, and came that night to Cittingbourn; the next day, about noon, we came to Margaret, in the isle of Thanet; and, the same evening, we went on board the frigate that carried his majesty's musick, which lay then in the road, with the rest of the fleet, commanded by Admiral Rooke. Early the next morning, being Saturday the seventeenth, the king arrived from Gravesend, attended by the Dukes of Norfolk and Ormond, the Earls of Devonshire, Dorset, and Portland, and other grandees of the court: About noon, the signal being given from the admiral, the whole fleet, consisting of twelve men of war, seven yachts, and many tenders, set sail, with a fair gale. On Tuesday the twentieth, we came in sight of the coast of Holland, near the island of Goree; but, the weather being darkened with fogs, and the shore choaked up with heaps of ice, piled up one upon another, it was not for us to come near: However, the king put himself into a shallop to get to the land, notwithstanding the danger that threatened him; and, when all the rest were terrified with the perils, wherein his majesty ventured hi person, and the seamen themselves were not in a little terror, it was observed, that he himself was the only person nothing at all dis. mayed. In the mean time, the fogs grew thicker and thicker, inso. much that we, who were in the man of war, soon lost. sight of the shallop where the king was; and, night coming on, his majesty was for ten hours exposed to all the injuries of the air, and the waves of the sea, which sometimes came into the shallop; so that the lords, who were with him, had their cloaths all covered with ice. However, the next morning his majesty landed in the island of Goree, and went into a country-man's house, which had no more room to receive him, and all the lords of his train, than one miserable chamber and a kitchen; but it was a welcome retreat after so great a hazard. After the king had shifted his linnen and his cloaths, and had been compli. mented by the magistrate of the island, who offered him his house, which his majesty refused, he took coach again in the same coach