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set him up for all our neighbours in Deptford and Greenwich, to make a publick pissing-post of.- Intolerable, says a fourth, a whole month and a half to put a poor wife upon longing, he deserves to be carbonadoed; and, were the good woman of my mind, if I pawned my petticoat that covered me, I would have some honest fellow to relieve me in what I most wanted, and make him do it before the rogue's face, that he might see and be satisfied he was what he deserved to be, the most notorious cuckold in Deptford :and there are, says another, as many good crests, to my knowledge, in this town, as any place of its bigness between this and Gravesend.

The discourse between them being much to this purpose, the parties concerned fell out into a great laughter to see their neighbours in such a feud, and told them it was a truth; and scarce one in that company but knew the parties, and that they had conversed with them that day, which set them all upon the tenters, to know the person, every one guessing at his neighbour, and examining who it should be :—Well, says Margaret, as for that, in a few days, you shall be made acquainted therewith, but, for the present, left them to con. sider thereof; till, being further urged, she added, why may not two women be married together in Deptford, as well as Susan and Sarah at Fish-street-hill ?

Upon this, some of the company began to suspect the matter, and told Mrs. Parsons of the discourse abovesaid; possessing her so far therewith, that she resolved to go and inquire at the church where the certificate had mentioned her son and supposed daughter. in-law to have been married; upon inquiry whereinto, the church. book was searched, and, at the day mentioned therein, no such persons were found to have been recorded; which further increased her suspicion, so that she, entering upon the description of the parties, and acquainting the clerk with her supposition, put him in remem. brance of the late couple he had joined, and, turning to that time, found the same out; adding withal, that, ever since the said marriage, he had been highly suspicious of, and concerned within himself, at the cheat. The matter then appearing very plain, home goes the old woman, and discards her supposed daughter from her favour, alledging the falsity of her pretences, and declaring to all the neighbourhood how base a trick had been put upon

her. Iusomuch, that it became the publick discourse of the whole town, and none but were talking of the seaman's mistress, that had married Margaret, the carpenter's wife; every one bestowing one twit or other upon her for the same, the young maids laughing at the flat sport they had the first night; the graver matrons at the im. pudence of the parties that should so vilify and disgrace the honest, state of matrimony; looking on it as a scandal to their sex in general. Upon all which, the parson, that married them, made a complaint thereof to the civil magistrate, who committed them both to the Round-house in Greenwich, and bound them over to answer the same at the next assizes, where Margaret hath been since bailed out, and Mary yet continues there.

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A DIARY

OP

THE SIEGE OF LUXEMBOURG,

BY

THE FRENCH KING'S FORCES,

UNDER THE

COMMAND OF THE MARSHAL DE CREQUI; Containing a full Account of all that passed in the Siege and

Surrendry of the Town. London, printed by J. G. for D. Brown, at the Black Swan, without

Temple Bar; and are to be sold by W. D. in Amen Corner, 1684. Quarto, containing fifty-six pages.

LUXEMBOURG, the metropolis of the duchy, bearing the same name, is finely seated, commodious, of a great compass, and very strong; being also indifferently full of houses : the principal church is dedicated to St. Nicholas. There is besides, a very fair convent which, as it is said, the inscriptions also upon the walls thereof, testifying as much, was one of the first of St. Francis's order, built in his life.time. This town has undergone many misfortunes, having, upon all occasions of war, served for the butt, whereat fortune discharged her arrows. It was, in the year 1542, taken and plundered by the French, under the command of the Duke of Orleans, son to the great king, Francis the First. In the year 1543, it was again taken and plundered by the French, and was finally, on the fourth, of June, in this present year, 1681, brought under the dominion of the French.

The town of Luxembourg is built upon a rock, washed almost on every side, by a little river, called Alsiette, which comes from the south; and, having almost encompassed that place, continues its course towards the north. The part of the rock, invironed by the river, is exceeding steep, and needs no other defence but its natural situation ; so that they have scarce built any fortifications on those sides. The side not invironed by the river, which looks towards the west, is fortified with four bastions cut into the rock, as is also the ditch, which is very deep. There are before these bastions, counter. guards, half-moons, and ravelins cut into the rock, as are also the ditches that cover them. Before all these works, there are two open ways, with their causeys; the first whereof is defended by four

the

redoubts of stone in the angles, 'bearing out from the counterscarp. This side which is not invironed by the river was the only place, whereby the town could be assaulted; all the rest being found too steep; and, of this side, the part attacked was the new gate, which is on the north, near the place where the river begins to turn away from the town.

The French army, commanded by the Marshal de Crequi, in. vested the place, April the twenty-eighth, 1684, N. S. Some days were spent in preparatives for the siege, and taking their quarters.

The head quarters were settled from the height of Bambuche, to the village of Merle; and there were quartered eight squadrons and battalions, with four companies of cannoniers. The quarters of the Count du Plessis, the Marquis de Genlis, and the Sieur de Joyeuse, lieutenant-generals, were thus ordered: the first, from Linsing, to the hill of the abbey of Bonnevoye, with seven squadrons, and eleven battalions; the second, from the same hill to the stream, which goes up towards the village of Hant, with five battalions ; third, from the river of Alsiette, as you go back again up to Hant, as far as the village of Homeldange, and there were posted eight squadrons, and six battalions. There were also quartered, in the bottom of Homeldange, two squadrons of dragoons of the Baron de Hasfield, with two battalions of fugeliers, and the company of miners and gunners.

May the 8th. The Marshal de Crequi gave orders, to open their trenches,

The Count du Plessis, lieutenant-general, for the day, the Count de Broglio, Marshal de Camp, and the Duke de la Ferte, Brigadier of Foot, posted themselves between five and six in the evening, on the hills of our Lady of Consolation, with two battalions of Champaign, which had, at their head, the Bailey Colbert, colonel of that regi. ment, one battalion of Enguien, and one of La Ferte. The two first battalions marched in a bottom, behind the chapel, and two others on their left hand, upon the reverse of these hills. The Count de Talart, brigadier of horse, came upon the same hills, with the horse under his command, which were four-hundred, to guard the trenches, having before him two-hundred foot to make use of, in case the besieged should make any sally. At nine in the evening, they opened, about half a musquet shot from the counterscarp, a trench, parallel to the attacked side of the place, about five hundred toises long, and this work was carried on two several ways, the one by the chapel, on the left-hand of the head quarters; and the other, on the side of Paffendal, on the other side of the opposite place. The pioneers of the attack of Champaign carried on the work, from the right to the left, within fifty or sixty toises of the Chapel of Miracles, which is about a pistol-shot from the counterscarp; and those of the attack of la Ferte and Enguien, carried on the work from the left to the right; and these works met about the mid-way. The Sieur de Vauban, marshal of the king's camps and armies, who had been, at noon, to view the counterscarp, and who had the inspection over with lines of communication to the trench, upon a rising ground, about thirty or forty toises on this side the chapel, in re. spect of the besiegers. The Marquis de Renti, marshal de camp, made a false attack upon the height of the Fauxbourg of Gromp, or of the Basseville, with a battalion of Conde; the Marquis de Crenan made another, by the bottom of the abbey of Bonnevoye, with fivehundred detached men; and at the same time there was a battery traced upon the hill of Paffendal, where there was a bat. talion of Orleans, with a detachment of two-hundred men. The Prince de Conti, and the Prince de la Roche sur Yon, his brother, were present at the opening of the trenches, and passed the night there. The besieged, for above five hours, made not one shot, but about two, in the morning, they began to fire very briskly at us, with their musquets. There were not, however, above eight or nine of our men killed and wounded, which were of the regiment of Champagne. About break of day, they played also smartly upon us with their cannon, which yet had not any considerable effect. Some horse sallied out of the town, about four or five in the morning, but hastily retreated at the first firing of the detachments, which were commanded to shelter the labourers. They persisted, all that day, to play upon us, with their cannon, but still without much success. On our side, they continued to work on the batteries.

9th. There was a man stopped, who endeavoured to get into Luxembourg; and there was found about him a passport from the Marquis de Grana, dated August the twenty-eighth, with bills of exchange, for five and thirty thousand florins, payable in Luxembourg, and many letters in ciphers. We knew also, by the same way, that there were several officers who designed to get into the town, to join with their regiments there.

In the evening, the Marquis de Genlis, lieutenant-general for the day, and the Sieur de Josseaux, brigadier of foot, relieved the Count du Plessis, and the Duke de la Ferte, who had the righthand of the great attack; and the Sieur d’Erlac marshal de camp, relieved the Count de Broglio, who had the left. Two battalions of Navarre relieved on the right the two of Champagne, and the battalions of Vaubecourt and Conti, at the head of which was the Prince de Conti, accompanied by the Prince de la Roche sur Yon, in the quality of a volunteer, relieved on the left that of Enguien, and that of la Ferte. The besieged, at the time we went to relieve the trenches, set fire to the houses of a part of the Fauxbourg of Paf. fendal ; they quitted also a mill, which was but fifty paces from it, having prepared a mine to blow it up, in the belief they had, that our men would seize thereon; but we went not thither, and the mine sprang without the success they expected. During the night, we carried on a second trench, parallel to the first of the great at, tack, within sixty toises of the covered fore way of the place; and the communications were made, without any of the workmen's being killed or wounded, although the enemy fired stifly upon them, with their musquets. The Sieur de Montmeillant, captain in the royal regiment, and the Sieur de Favigny, captain and aid major of Pied. mont, and four or five lieutenants were slightly wounded. We continued also to work diligently on the batteries raised on the hills of our Lady of Consolation. The besieged, about break of day, played briskly with their cannon; but we had not above six or seven soldiers slain.

10th. Two of our batteries, of seven pieces of cannon each, bea gan to play about eight in the morning with great success; and a battery of nine mortar-pieces, which had been put in order by the Sieur de Vigny, began about noon to cast its bombs against a plat. form of the bastion on the right; and we dismounted three pieces of a battery of four pieces, which the besieged had erected there, and from whence they fired very vigorously. The same day a battery of five pieces, which was upon the hill of Bonnevoye, began also to play. We raised one of two pieces upon the rising ground, which looks into the Fauxbourg of Gromp, and we continued to work upon one of fifteen on the hill of Paffendal; which was finished with the loss only of nine soldiers killed, and seven or eight wounded, with three or four officers.

In the evening, the Sieur de Joyeuse, lieutenant-general for the day, the Marquis de Renti, marshal de camp, and the Sieur de Refuge, brigadier of foot, relieved the Marquis de Genlis, the Sieur d' Erlac, and the Sieur de Josseaux, with the two battalions of Piedmont; the first battalion of Auvergne, and the first battalion of the royal Roussillon, which entered the trenches in the place of the two battalions of Navarre, and the two of Vaubecourt and Conti. In the night there was carried on a third trench, parallel to the second, about thirty paces from the first covered-way, which comprehended all the outworks of the attack. The besieged burnt this night the other part of the Fauxbourg of Paffendal; and fired also at us briskly with their musquets.

All the following day they played upon us with their cannon, and yet killed us but about seven or eight men, and wounded ten or twelve. The same day, viz. the 11th, the besiegers finished their battery of fifteen pieces, and with their cannon and bombs intirely ruined the platforms and defences of the bastion on the right, ,

In the evening, the Count de St. Geran, lieutenant-general, and the Marquis de Nesle, brigadier of foot, relieved the Sieur de Joy. euse, and the Sieur de Refuge, who were on the right hand of the great attack; and the Chevalier de Tilladet, marshal de camp, relieved the Marquis de Renti, who was on the left. The trenches were mounted on the right by two battalions of Normandy, wha took the post of the two battalions of Piedmont; and the battalions of Lyonnois and Turenne relieved on the left the battalions of Auvergne and the royal, The trench, which comprehended all the outworks of the place, was carried on within twenty paces of the first open way. The Sieur de Vigny made a battery an hundred and fifty paces to the left, from the first he had made, to ruin with bombs the platform and batteries which were upon the bastion on the

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