Oldalképek
PDF
ePub

murder them, as he had before given orders, but that we should by fair means, or force, convert them to the Catholick religion; to which end he gave us his dragoons to be at our devotion and services that we might use them as we saw convenient, to convert them to the true religion. Now, when we had got the commission, we presently put it in practice, and, what the issue of it hath been, you very well know. But, now in England, the work cannot be done after this manner, as you may perceive by what I have said to you; so that I cannot give you better counsel, than to take that course in hand wherein we were so unhappily prevented ; and I doubt not, but that it may have better success with you than with us.

I would write to you of many other things, but that I fear I have already detained you too long; wherefore I shall write ne more at present, but that I am

Your friend and servant,

La Chaise. Paris, July 8th,

1688.

THE CAUSES AND MANNER OF DEPOSING

A

POPISH KING IN SWEDEN,

TRULY DESCRIBED. London, printed for R. Baldwin in the Old Baily, 1688. Folio,

containing two Pages.

GUSTAVUS

CSTAVUS Ericson King of Sweden, having settled the reformed religion in Sweden, and reigned thirty-eight years, left his kingdom to his son Erick, who, for his cruelty and ill government, was * deposed, and his whole line exhereditated, to make way for John Duke of Finland, his younger brother.

John had a son, called Sigismond, who being secretly bred up in the Romish religion by his mother, who was of the Sagellonian royal family of Poland, was, in his father's time, elected king of Poland.

The said King John had also a younger brother, called Charles Duke of Sudermania, Nericia, &c. and a younger son of his own Dame, called, Duke of Ostrogothia.

King John died in the year 1592, in the absence of King Sigismond, his eldest son ; during which, Charles, Duke of Sudermania, his uncle, at the desire of the States, took upon him the government : but sent to invite his nephew Sigismond, to come and take possession of his native kingdom, as soon as might be : promising in the mean time, to keep all quiet, and intimating, that he hoped his majesty, when in possession, would maintain all in the true religion and divide worship, and preserve the laws of Sweden.

At the end of the year he arrived in Sweden, having in his company Francesco Malespina the Pope's legate, who hindered him long from consenting to any security, either for religion or property; but finding the coronation would be obstructed without that, he gave way, as baving yet, as the historian says, one starting-hole remaining, which was, that faith was not to be kept towards hereticks. In the mean time, he himself would have crowned the king in the cathedral at Upsal, but was opposed by the Archbishop of Upsal, whose right it was, even if that kingdom had been Popish.

The coronation being over, which had been delayed above a year, during which time, several secret attempts had been made upon Charles, Duke of Sudermania, to make him away, King Sigismond, contrary to his coronation oath, erected a Popish church in the capi. tal city: made a great man of his religion, governor of the castle of Stockholm, in which the records of the chancery, and the arms and ammunition of the kingdom were kept, and in the port, were the best part of the royal navy, under command of the castle.

A certain Jesuit, called Adam Steinhall, obtained the Arcentian temple, and the Queen's island, with the Vastheman monastery, which was presently filled with Romish priests.

Sigismond, also by his followers and attendants, continually af. fronted the established religion, and was sending into Poland, for a body of forces, able to subdue the kingdom, upon which discontent. ments grew so high, that he hastily withdrew thither himself.

He left Sweden in confusion, having only for form's sake, writ to his uncle Charles, to assume the administration jointly with the senate : but, at the same time, leaving others with greater power, both in Sweden and Finland, as appeared when he was gone.

Charles, Duke of Sudermania, to avoid discord and confusion, called a convention at Sudertopia, which was opened with an oath of állegiance to King Sigismond, and did likewise assert the kingdom's right, to have the coronation oath performed; which having been violated in the tender point of religion, they redressed the grievance, and suppressed the exercise of the Romish religion, banishing all priests and preachers of the same, and the ancient incumbents of the Vastheman monastery were restored.

Then they desired the Duke Charles, to accept of the administra. tion, for the good of the kingdom, which he did. Then began a treaty between Sigismond, and the convention, with Duke Charles at the head of it, which was by Sigismond spun out, and obstructed with much artifice; at length the convention made several decrees for security of religion and property, and entered into an associa. tion, for the defence of them, which they desired the king to confirm, and gave six weeks time to all that dissented, to submit, on pain of being declared enemies to the publick peace.

They invited him home, to return in a peaceable manner, and settle the other affairs of his native kingdom; but instead of that, he invaded them with an army of eight-thousand horse and foot, and

hundred sail, to which several Swedes joined themselves, whom he had gained with money.

An agreement was endeavou red, and, after much intercourse of negotiation, both armies being near one another, it was consented to on both sides, that twelve of the nobility of each side should meet and decide the whole controversy. But by the persuasion of the Jesuits, the royal army in the night, conducted by Weyerus, set upon the ducal camp; in which onset, several thousands were slain, but at last the king and all his army had been cut off, had they not called out for peace, which the duke yet hearkened to.

An agreement followed, in which the king demanded to be supa plied with a navy to go to Stockholm, promising there to call an assembly of the States; but he no sooner had the shipping, but he sailed away for Calmar, in which place he left a garison of foreigners, and then continued his voyage to Dantzick.

The king being gone, an assembly of the States met at Stockholm, where they declared King Sigismond fallen from the crown and government, and were so inclined to continue the succession, that they offered to receive his son, Prince Vladislaus, provided he might be sent home, bred up a Protestant, and committed to the guardian. ship of Duke Charles, but Sigismond refused it.

Afterwards another parliament met at Lincopia, and there they first did expresly renounce King Sigismond, and his government, as also his laws.

Then they acknowledged Duke Charles of Sudermania, for their lawful king, and after him settled the crown upon his son Gustavus Adolphus, and his heirs male.

Duke John concurred with the parliament, and renounced his pretence to the crown, and was content to come in after the line of Duke Charles,

The daughter and sister of Sigismond were also rejected.

Then followed the coronation of King Charles, in the year 1607, by the name of Charles the Ninth.

These were the proceedings in Sweden, whereupon I shall only make these few short reflexions :

I. That the Swedes were desirous, to the last degree, to preserve the succession, according to one part of the laws of the kingdom, provided that might be done, without overturning all the rest; they were wise enough to preserve laws, while laws preserved the nation, which is the true end of all laws, but no longer.

II. That King Sigismond, according to the spirit of his religion, where ever it is grown up to bigotry, broke through bis oaths, and all rules of justice and morality, when they crossed the insatiable ambition of his priests.

III. That though the Swedes, when they found that they could not keep their king, his direct heirs, their religion and liberties, all together, resolved to part with the former, they were forced to be very cautious, and endeavour to gain time by treaties, to unite themselves against Sigismond, who had Poland and several allies to back him; without which considerations, the prudence, they shewed

on this affair, may assure us, they would not have suffered the government in so loose a posture, so long as they did.

IV. That the Swedes knowing, that it is impossible on any occa. sion, that all men should be of the same mind, wisely ordained, that the minor part should submit to the major, or be declared enemies to the publick peace. And sure this example will be followed, where-ever reasonable and disinterested men meet on the like occa. sions; for sure no body can deny, but that it is better for any nation, that some laws should be made, and others broken, against the opinion of the minor part, than that all laws, morality, and good nature, should give place to passion, injustice, and cruelty, through their obstinacy.

Now may God Almighty open the eyes of all Englishmen to see, and their hearts to embrace this truth.

[ocr errors]

THE

LAST WILL OF GEORGE FOX,

THE QUAKERS GREAT APOSTLE,
AS IT WAS ALL WRITTEN BY HIS OWN HAND,

AND IS

NOW LYING IN THE PREROGATIVE-OFFICE,

BY DOCTORS-COMMONS, LONDON;
Attested by three eminent Quakers, whose Names are undermen.

tioned: With a Copy of the Administration in Latin, taken out
of the said Office, signed by Thomas Wellham, Deputy-Register,
containing two columns; that on the left-hand, being the Ori.
ginal, in his false English and Spelling; the other, on the right.
hand, put into true English, the Original being unintelligible.
Published to convince the World, That he who made this Will,
and could not write one Line of true English (and yet pretended
high Skill in the Learned Languages, witness his Battledoor, and
Primer to the two Universities; who said, in his Battledoor, ' All
Languages were no more to me than Dust, who was, before
Languages were') is not the Author of any one Page in all those
Books, which the Quakers have impudently published under his
Name. Printed on a Broad-side

E Registro Curiæ Prærogativæ A Copy of the Will of George
Cant. Extract.

Fox, in true English, the Oria

ginal being unintelligible. give to Thomas Lover

J

my sadell, eine ar at Jhon Nelso I Do give to Thomas Lower my

sons, and bridall, and sporg and saddle and bridle, they are at bootes, inward letherethd, and the John Elson's, and spurs and

• Endorsed on the first paper, numb. 1, for Thomas Lover, this.

Newingland Indan Bible, and boots, inward leathers, and the my great book of the signifing of New England Indian Bible, and names,

and

my book of the New my great book of the signifying Testement of eight langves; and of names, and my book of the all my fisekall things, that came New Testament of eight lan. from beyand the seay, with the guages; and all my physical ort landesh cup, and that thing things, that came from beyond that people doe give glisters with, the sea, with the outlandish cup, and my tov diales, the one is an and that thing that people do eknock sa diall.

give clysters with, and my two And all my over pvesh bookes dials, the one is an equinoctial to be devided amoung my 4 sones dial; and all my overplus books in law; and also all my other to be divided among my four bookes, and my hamack, I doe sons-in-law: and also all my give to Thomas Lover, that is, at other books, and my hammock, Bengamin Antrvbys his closet, I do give to Thomas Lower, that and Rachall may take that which is at Benjamin Antrobus's closet; is at Swarthmor.

and Rachel mæy take that which And Thomas Lover may have is at Swarthmore; and Thomas my walnut eqvnockshall diall, and may have my walnut-equinoctial if he can, he may geet one cut by dial, and if he can, he may get it, which will be hard to doe; one cut by it, which will be hard and hee shall have one of my to do; and he shall have one of prosspect glaseses in my trovnk my prospect glasses, in my trunk at London, and a pare of my at London, and a pair of my gloveses, and my seale G. F. gloves, and my seal, G. F. And and the flaming sword to Nat. the flaming sword to Nath. Mead, Mead, and my other 2 seales J. and my other two seals, J. Rouse, Rose, the other Dan Abraham. and the other, Daniel Abraham ;

And Thomas Lover shall have and Thomas Lower shall have my my Spanesh lether hyd, G. F. Spanish leather hood, and s. And S. Mead shall have my mag. Mead shall have my magnifying nifing glas, and the torkellshell glass, and the tortoiseshell comb com and cace.

and case, G. F. *II. And all that I have writ. And all that I have written ten, consaring what I doe give to concerning what I do give to my my relashons, ether mony or relations, either other waes, Jhon Loft may put ways, John Loft may put it up it up in my tronke at Jhon El. in my trunk at John Elson's, sones, and wright all things downe and write all things down in a in a paper, and make a paper out paper, and make a paper out of of all my papers, how I have all my papers, how I have or. orderd things for them; and dered things for them; and John Jhon Loft may send all things Loft may send all things down dovn by Povelesworth carrer, in by Poulsworth carrier, in the the trovnke, to Jhon Fox, at trunk, to John Fox, at Pouls. Povelesworth in Waricksher; worth, in Warwickshire ; and let and let John Fox send John Loft John Fox send John Loft a full

money, or other.

On the second, numb. 3. This is to be put up among George Fox's sealed up papers, that pacquet that Sarah Mead hath.

« ElőzőTovább »