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Duke. You have said unto me as unto a traitor: God forgive you, and wash my innocent blood from your souls, that it rise not in judgment against you. I condemn not you, and yours; I die not a traitor, but a true man, both to my queen and country: And, since you
have put me out of your company, I hope to go where I shall find much better, who will regard that innocence which you have rejected. I am at a point never to beg for mercy where I have no guilt, but the suit I have to you, my lords, is, that you will move the queen to be good to my children and family, and to see the discharge of my debts.
Thus fell that illustrious prince, whose greatness in estate and title was his only crime, for being of an ancient and splendid family, the blood royal of England and France not being out of his veins, and being allied to all the considerable families of England, and have ing an estate to support that greatness of a hundred thousand pounds a year, besides the fortunes he obtained by his marriages, which was also very large : all his paternal estate was disposed of by the queen, without regard to the innocence of his children, the hard measure of his accusations, and his obedience, which led him to the pursuit of . her commands upon all occurrences : which estate, as it is divided, and improved, is valued at five hundred thousand pounds a year. My Lord of Leicester, who was the leading man at that time (and sat with watchful diligence) at the helm, which he managed as his in. terest or passion inspired him : first proposed the marriage of the Queen of Scots to the Duke of Norfolk; which he refused, till im. portuned by the persuasions of those that appeared to be his friends, and assured by a letter under Queen Elisabeth's own hand of her consent; all which ensnared him till the consummation of the marriage; which was made evident by a letter kept long in the family from the hands of the Queen of Scots, in which she subscribed herself, your most obedient wife, Mary of Scotland and Norfolk : and this great family, thus. eclipsed, remained under the cloud of a severe depriva. tion, till the last King Charles of blessed memory restored them to their former titles and dignities. That excellent prince considering their long and silent sufferings, with what forwardness most of them engaged their lives and fortunes in the service of his royal father, there being but two of all that great and numerous family that drew a sword against their king; may those two be buried in the dull ashes of obli, vion for
ever, and wiped out of our way, as perhaps they are out of the book of life.
A brief Account of the noble Family of the Howards. THE family of the Howards came into England with the Saxons, be. ing from a vast length of time very considerable in that country, hav. ing the title of barons, and the name in that language being Hoffwerd, as some ancient books there testify, which signifies the chief office in the court : William the Conqueror found them in a great condition of estate and quality here, according to the mode and method of those times, bearing distinctions proper to barons : They continued
most eminent in their country, and linked themselves into the grealest families in the kingdom, as with all evidence appears, behold here.
A brief Aecount of the Descent of the Dukes of Norfolk.
THOMAS of Brotherton, second son of King Edward the First by Margaret of France his second wife, was Earl of Norfolk and Iligh Marshal of England, whose daughter and heir, being married to John Lord Segrave, was created Duchess of Norfolk; and Eli. sabeth their daughter and heir being married to John Lord Mowbrey, mother to Thomas Mowbrey, created Duke of Norfolk by King Richard the Second, in the year one thousand three hundred ninety-seven, and first Earl Marshal of England : which Thomas, by Elisabeth his wife, sister and heir of Thomas Fitz-Allen, Earl of Arundel, was father of John Mowbrey second Duke of Norfolk, and of Margaret his eldest daughter, wife to Sir Robert Howard knight, whose son John Mowbrey, the third Duke of Norfolk, was father of John the fourth Duke of Norfolk; whose daughter and heir dying without issue in the reign of King Edward the Fourth, the honours and lands of Mowbrey were divided between John Lord Howard son of Sir Robert Howard and Margaret Mowbrey, whọ was created Duke of Norfolk by King Richard the Third, and William Lord Berkley son of Isabella second daughter of Thomas Mowbrey first Duke of Norfolk : This John Lord Howard Duke of Norfolk was slain at the battle of Bosworth, in one thousand four hundred eighty-five, and attainted, leaving Thomas Howard Earl of Surrey his son: who, in the fifth year of King Henry the Eighth, was restored Duke of Norfolk; and, dying, Thomas Howard his son was Duke of Norfolk, and father of Henry Earl of Surrey, who was beheaded the last of Henry the Eighth; which Henry Earl of Surrey was father of Thomas Howard Duke of Norfolk, who was beheaded and attainted for the marriage of the Queen of Scots, the fourteenth year of Queen Elisabeth; whose son Philip (Farl of Arundel in right of his mother) died in the tower; his son Thomas the great lord marshal (whose memory is a lasting honour to his family) left his son Henry of unblemished honour and reputation also, whose son Thomas was restored by the last King Charles the Second of happy and glorious memory, to the dignity of Duke of Norfolk, whose brother Henry survived him, and left two sons, Henry the present Duke of Norfolk, and the Lord Thomas Howard, who hath issue.
This flourishing family has spread itself into many eminent branches, as the Lord Viscount Stafford, the Earls of Suffolk and Berkshire, the Lord Escrick, the Earl of Carlisle, and the rest of the descend ants from the Lord William Howard of Naworth, whose memory is to be preserved as sacred in the family, who, for wisdom, virtue, and honour, was the glory of his time; he was third son of Thomas Duke of Norfolk, whose trial and unfortunate death you have here had a view of; the sons of which Lord William Howard were men of great humour, and served their king with their lives and fortunes; his second son, Sir Francis Howard, having raised a regiment at his own proper charge, and suffered a long imprisonment in the tower, Colonel Thomas Howard, the fourth son of the Lord William, also raised a regiment for King Charles the First of sacred memory, and bravely lost his life at the head of it; having refused very advantageous conditions from the King of Portugal, who had invited him into his service, he being a soldier of long experience abroad, and much es. teemed for his courage and conduct, and detained here by the com, mands of his prince, whom his honour, religion, and conscience ob. liged him to obey; he fell (a willing sacrifice for the service of his prince) to the rage of the rebels, Here is also an Account of such Families as are descended from the
House of Howard, taken in the Year 1660, BY the daughter and heir of Sir John Howard, who was of the same family with the Duke of Norfolk, and married to John Vere Earl of Oxford; and descended by the heirs of Wingfield, and of Nevil Lord Latimer, the families of Wingfield now remaining, Percy Earl of Northumberland, Cecil Earl of Salisbury, Danvers late Farl of Danby, who quarters the arms of Howard; Norris late Earl of Berkshire, the Lord Pawlet of Somersetshire, and many other noble families, namely, the ancient and honourable family of the Lacies; and from John Howard first Duke of Norfolk of that name, by his daughter married to Windham, and from them by Lutterel and Rogers descended the Marquis of Hertford, the Lord Seymor, and many other ancient families in the west; and by other daughters, the families of Knivet and Gorges : from Lord Edmund Howard third son of Thomas second Duke of Norfolk is descended the Lord Arun, del of Warder; from the said Thomas second Duke of Norfolk are descended first all those of the house of Nottingham and Effingham, and from them by daughters the present Marquis of Winchester, the Farls of Mulgrave and Peterborough, the Viscount Mordaunt, the Lord Fairfax, and many other eminent families. By his daughter married to the Earl of Darby, are descended at this day the Earls of Darby, Bridgewater, the Lord Stourton, Morley, Dudley, Staf, ford, Shandois, Powis, and many other noble families. By his daugh, ter married to Sir Rice ap Thomas, the Earls of Carbary, and many other noble families in Wales are descended.
By his daughter married to Sir Thomas Bullen Earl of Wiltshire and Ormond, are descended the families of Cary Earls of Dover and Monmouth, and the Viscount Faulkland; and, by the daughter of Cary married to the family of Knowles, the Earls of Banbury, Nor. thumberland, Essex, Warwick, Holland, Newport, and the Lord Paget, and many others.
From Thomas Howard third Duke of Norfolk are descended the beirs of the Lord Scroope of Nevil, Earl of Westmorland, the Lord Berkley, and the heirs of the Viscount Binden.
From Thomas Howard, fourth Duke of Norfolk, the present shire, Carlisle, Lord Howard of Escrick, all the Howards of the north, the Earl of Dorset, the late Duke of Richmond, and by mar. riage, at present, many other noble families are nearly allied; as, the Earls of Northumberland, Bedford, Salisbury, Devonshire; the Lords Darcy, Sandys, Fairfax of Imolleth, Mac Donell, and many other ancient and honourable families are descended.
This great Duke of Norfolk, whose trial you have read, first married the daughter and heir of Fitz-Allen Earl of Arundel, by whom he had Philip, who was poisoned in the tower; the duke's second marriage was to the daughter and heir of the Lord Aud. ley, by whom he had Thomas Earl of Suffolk, and the Lord Wil. liam Howard of Naworth, who was long detained a prisoner in the tower, after the death of the duke. The duke's third marriage was to the widow of the Lord Dacres of the north, who, by the said Lord Dacres, had two daughters, Anne and Elisabeth, to whom the duke married his two sons, Philip and the Lord William Howard. Thomas, the great lord marshal (who is never to be mentioned with. out the memory of his honour) was the son of Philip Earl of Arundel, and Anne, the eldest daughter of the Lord Dacres; which Thomas married the Lady Alathea Talbot, daughter and heir to the Earl of Shrewsbury, by whom he had Henry Lord Matrevers, and William Viscount Stafford; which Henry married the Lady Elisabeth Stuart, daughter to the duke of Lenox, and the Lord Viscount Stafford married the daughter and heir of the Lord Baron Stafford. This Henry, afterwards Earl of Arundel, left eight sons and two daughters; Thomas, who died at Padua, and was restored to the Duke. dom; Henry, last Duke of Norfolk; Philip lord cardinal; Charles, a person of much honour and integrity; Edward, Francis, Bernard, and Esma. Henry, who after the decease of Thomas was Duke of Norfolk, married the Lady Anne Somerset, eldest daughter to the Marquis of Worcester, and sister to the present Duke of Beaufort, by whom he had two sons, Henry, the present Duke of Norfolk, who married the Lady Mary Mordaunt, daughter to the Earl of Peterborough; and the Lord Thomas Howard, who married the daughter and heir of Sir George Savil, of the family of the Marquis of Halifax, by whom he hath issue: also the said duke had two daughters, the eldest married to the Duke of Gordon of Huntley, the youngest to the Marquis of Waperiso. Charles, the fourth son, married Mary, the eldest daughter and coheir of George Tatershall, of Hinshamstead in the county of Berkshire, Esquire, a lady of great virtue and extraordinary parts, of an ancient and honourable family (which came into England with the Saxons, and long retained the title of baron, as is recorded by many authors) by whom he hath a hopeful son, named Henry Charles Howard; Bernard married to Catharine, the younger daughter of the said George Tatershall, Esquire, who hath also issue one son, named Bernard, and three daughters. The Lady Elisabeth Teresa, the youngest sister of the last Duke of Norfolk, was married to Alexander Mac Donell, eldest son to Sir James Mac Donell, bart, and nephew to the late Marquis of Antrim, by whom she had one son, named Randal Mac Douell,
she was afterwards married to Bartholomew Russel, Esquire, of Seaton in the county of Dublin, of the family of the Earls of Bedford.
The Lord Thomas Howard, afterwards Earl of Suffolk, second son to Thomas Duke of Norfolk, who so unfortunately lost his life for espousing the interest of the Queen of Scots, married the daugh. ter and heir of Sir Philip Tenevit; whose eldest son was married to the daughter of the Earl of Dunbar; his eldest daughter to the Earl of Salisbury, the second to the Earl of Banbury, and the third to the Earl of Somerset: the eldest had many sons and daughters; the Earl of Berkshire, being the second, married the daughter of Cecil Earl of Salisbury; the third, being Sir Robert Howard of Clun, married the daughter of Nevil Lord Abergavenny. The fourth, who was created Lord Howard of Escrick, married the daughter of the Lord Butler. One of the daughters of the said Earl of Suffolk was married io Percy Earl of Northumberland; another to Boyle Earl of Orrery; one to Villiers, and another to Walsingham; all of which had issue.
But to return to Philip, the eldest son of the Lord William How. ard of Naworth, who married into the family of the Carols, by whom he left one son called William, who married the daughter of the Lord Evers, by whom he had sons and daughters; Charles the eldest son, late Earl of Carlisle, having married the daughter of the late Lord Escrick Howard, by whom he had Edward, the present Earl of Carlisle, who married the daughter and heir of Sir William Udal, by whom he hath a hopeful offspring. Also two daughters, one married to the Lord Preston, the other to Sir John Fenwick. Sir Philip Howard, brother to the late Earl of Carlisle, married the daughter of Sir William Newton, by whom he hath one son.
Sir Francis Howard, the second son of the Lord William Howard, married the daughter of Sir Henry Widrington, by whom he had heirs; Francis, his eldest son, married the daughter of Sir William Gerrard, by whom he had two daughters; and after married the daughter of John Țownly, of Townly, Esquire, by whom he hath issue.
William, the youngest son of Sir Francis, married the daughter of George Dawson, Esquire, hath issue also : Thomas, the second son, having taken religious orders. His eldest son Thomas was slain in the late wars.
Sir Charles, the third son of the Lord William, married also the daughter of Sir Henry Widdrington, by whom he had heirs; William, the eldest son, being married to the daughter and heir of George Cunningham, Esquire, by whom he had one son Charles, who mar. ried the daughter of John Mear, Esquire. Dorothy, the daughter of Sir Charles Howard, married William Salone of Croxdale, in the county of Durham, and hath issue. Another daughter was religious.
Colonel Thomas Howard, the fourth son of the Lord William, who so eminently served his king, and lost his life in that service, married Margaret, daughter to Sir William Evers, second son to the Lord Evers, by whom he had one son named Thomas, and six daugh,