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AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1863.

The blanks for the collection of statistics were prepared in due season and distributed throughout the State, in December, as required by the act

of the Legislature. It was soon ascertained that the work would not be · performed, unless the transactions of the Society and the Institute for 1863 could be had of this, there was no assurance that they could be had until the close of 1864. We were advised that unless the books were ready the work would not be done, and the returns which are annexed are all that have been received up to January, 1865, being from twelve counties, only a portion of which are complete. If the transactions were printed and ready for delivery in September, as they formerly were, there would be little difi. culty in obtaining competent persons to take the statistics as provided in the law; many suggestions have been made as to changes in the provisions of the law, substituting money for books, and placing the work in the hands of Trustees of school districts, or with the town assessors. The whole matter is submitted for the consideration of the Legislature."

To show what might be done, if the statistics were properly taken, we give the summing up of Steuben county for the year 1864, which is complete, and is in addition to the statistics of 1863 given in the annexed list: Total value pasture and meadow lands...........

$2,146,174 00 Cereal crops...........

.................. 2,021,824 00 Root crops and peas and beans ...........

427,537 00 Hay....................

18,150 00 Tobacco seed .....

7,461 00 Tobacco leaf......

5,662 00 4,482 00 46,430 00

5,657 00

30,040 00 Beef cattle....

138,450 00

1,139,688 50 Market gardens...

10,084 00 829,621 24 831,937 70

58,470 47 Fruit crops...................

141,996 42 Horses.

214,452 50 Sugar and syrup.per year..........

42,356 00 Syrup.........

9,497 00 Grand total of all the agricultural industry of the county-$9,082,005.63 for the year 1864.

It will be seen by an examination of these returns, that should every county secure an annual return like the above, our farmers would very soon learn what crops would be most advantageous, what departments of industry most remunerating, and govern themselves accordingly.

Hops .......
Beeg boney ........................................
Bees wax.....
Neat cattle...

Dairies ...........

Swino ..........
Sheep ............
Poultry ..........................

overeous, who dingly. piJ.

AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS FOR THE YEAR 1863.
GRASS LANDS.

SPRING
WHEAT.

| WINTER WHEAT. OATS. I

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COUNTY OF

Acres of pasture.

Acres of meadow.

Tons of bay.

Bushels grass seed.

Bush. clover seed.

Acres sown.

Bushels barvested.

Acres sown.

Bushels barvested.

Acres sown last fall now on ground.

Acres sown.

Bushels harvested.

Acres sown.

Bushels harvested.

Acres sown. 11

Bushels harvested.

Acres sown.

Busbels barvested.

Cayuga ................

44,87333,91445,212 728 5,022 1,633 14,695 14,080 197,533 13,561 16,208 527,886 318 4,684 7,750 156,373 2,094 33,100

39,082 37,258 37,111 393 49 536 5,879 124 921 119 6,199 159,298 2,977 29,342 184 Greene ............

2,192 3,749 48,868 Herkimer... 5,475 3,743 5,576 9 13 33 2524

87 2 929 21,853 1 4 204 65 1,677 154 3,550 Livingston............ ....

10,659 5,846 7,016 2,046 ... 288 1,569 5,121 93,814 5,160 1,942 53,476 56 714 1,148 34,084 106 1,435

51,378 35,355 45,384 1,442 2,698 2,390 19,044 9,963 146,383 9,989 16,829 Onondaga............

405,607 425 5,815 3,276 67,546 2,098 29,989 48,508 42,017 55,320 606 54 920 6,952200 2,813143 8,658 198,097 1,478 18,020 Oswego...........

644 13,427 1,286 19,226
Rensselaer..........
86 63 63 2 .................................... 21 2 40 2 1 151 ..... ........ 7

4 0
24,96118,327 17,817 2311
Saratoga..................

72 215 1,303 624 3,278 928 8,071 138,894 3,709 32,218 284 3,455 2,387) 31,307
Steuben ..........

128, 904 88,512 87,392 5,979 2,775 43,906 299.373 7,426 111,059 7,338 50,326 1,060,014 1,871 32,833 7,533 134,27813,160 141,828

37,951 23, 469 31,623
Wayne ...........

653 5,032 988 8,235 15,091 246,314 14,601 16,427 438,150 188 2,389 5,602 111,305 1,966 28,625
Niagara (four towns) ...... 4,714 4,9811 4,168 148 760 1,189 7,632 3,570! 34,479 3,594 2,047 62,988 65 616 288 6,0141 157 1,855

CORN.

POTATOES.

PEAS.
BEANS.

ROOT CROPS.

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Cayuga ........
Greene .........
Herkimer........
Livingston.......
Onondaga ..........
Oswego ...........
Rensselaer........
Saratoga ..........
Steuben ...........
Wayne ...........
Niagara (four towns

13,515 439,176
4,881 95,450

3,945
1,869 68,204
9,971 314,305
5,646 166,020

12 135
5,692 120,766
7,521 196, 994
13,951 1. 630,881
1,686 47,058

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10,633 1,661 109,705

2,248 92,395
34,000 133 8,237

150 293 32,017
4,452 12,460 196,516
1,228 2,506 210,011

280
4,102 4,798 307,568
26,932 5,512 508,094
18,369 2,0971 197,920
800

27, 713

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7,752
9,855

946
2,387
11,421
11, 202

41 125 114

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| Other cattle

besides
calves.

Calves raised

No. of cattle

lost by disNo. beef cat. No. beef cattle sold. tle slaughease. tered. cows kept Whole No.

for dairy No. cows kept for butter.

No. pounds butter.

....

......

......

Cayuga..........

351 357,551 3,022 496 376,791 6 4,091 4,055 31,143 1,730 685 1,009 5,595 3,140 366 3,328 968 6,953 9,084 1,144,572 Greene ............

93 40,093 520 1 2,278 279,982 2,891 28,653 992 1,100 6,982 3,680 2,599 2451,430 834 6,056 7,785 866,826 Herkimer...........

5 2,000 311 1-16 145 126 85,678 754 3,441 228 33, 1,800 262197 20, 243 77 927 109 35,471

19 Livingston.........

683 162 27 41,870 8. 2,000 512 3,3671 49 145 1,456 1,084 840 82 501 1511...... 1,2071 127,493 Onondaga...............

958 323,676 8,1111,131 2,451,363 53 37,233 5,025 36,780,1,426 76113,230 5,298 3,774 302 2,731 95411,609 10,1131,121,025 Oswego...........

139 136,1691,003 59 80,109 63 44,592 3,019 19,804 914 1,147 13,517 6,702 2,351 288 2,849 1,735 9,693 9,426 1,125,959 Rensselaer..............

4 22 64

5 22
......

221,175
686 278,976 9,451
Saratoga ........

7 2,719 325 27,275 1,355 10,239 797 585 4,490 2,495 1,093 1551,176 725 3,134 4,272 341,585
Steuben ................

131 87,4451,761 16 22,739 1013,899 11,822 152,179 8,591 3,609 26,493 20,172 10,514 6524,483 4,390 25,619 25,179 2,578, 223

309 95,418 1,881
Wayne ...........

162 216,512 1711,720 3,320 21,902 956 657 12,850 6,487 3,463 257 2,775 1,481 3,868 6,882 625,244
Niagara (four towns).... 110,160,195 964 7 7,083.... 15! 411 2,243 108 78 1,502780 359 4 3 464 222 1,560 1,499 130,985

DAIRY.
Market Gar. (Barnya'd|
SWINE.

SHEEP.

POULTRY. den Produce. Manure.

COUNTY OF

No.cows kept for cheese.

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Value of narker garden produce sold.

No. loads

coarse or raw manure.

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No. of hogs

sold alive. No. bogs fattened and killed.

Pounds pork killed.

Sheep killed

by dogs. Sheep wintered last winter. Lambs raised

last summer No. Sheep or lambs sold during year.

No. fleeces.

Pounds wool.

Value poultry marketed.

Value of eggs marketed.

Cayugs ..........
Greene .........
Herkimer ......
Livingston ........
Onondaga..........
Oswego ...........
Rensselaer ........
Saratoga........
Steuben.............
Wayne......
Niagara (four town

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Cayuga ........
Greene .......
Herkimer .......
Livingston .........
Onondaga ..........
Oswego..........
Rensselaer ...........
Saratoga.......
Steuben ..........................
W ayne ...................
Niagara (four towns)....

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COUNTY OF

Rods tile

drain laid | this year. ci Rods stone

drain laid

this year. | Rods board

drnin laid

this year. | Rods open

drain made this year. Amount expended on houses built

this year. Amount expended on barns built this year. No. colts raised.

No. horses on hand.

No. horses sold.

Value of horses soid.

| No. rods

fence made el this year.

Amount ex pended for fences this year.

No. pounds.

No. gallons syrup

.

.

.

.

.

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Cayuga ...........
Greene...........
Herkiner .......
Livingston .......
Onondaga ....................
vower ...............................
Rensselaer............................
Saratoga..................
Steuben.............................
Wayne........

............. .......... Niagara (four towns)..

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203 6,036 2,478

18

TOMPKINS COUNTY AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS,

i 1863.

Acres of pasture............
Acres of meadow ...
Acres, tons of bay .....
Bushels of grass seed..........
Acres of spring whent..........
Bushels of spring wheat..........,
Acres of winter whent.....
Bushels of winter wheat...
Acres on ground .............
Acres of oats ...........
Bushels of oats ...............
Acres of rye..................
Bushels of ryo.........
Acres of barley...................
Bushels of barley.
Acres of buckwheat........
Bushels of buckwheat.
Acres of corn...
Bushels of corn.........
Acres of broom corn ......
Pounds of broom corn...............
Acres of potatoes...................
Bushels of potatoes ............
Rot of potatoes............
Acres of peas ...
Bushels of peas.............
Acres of beans..
Bushels of beans .....
Root crop, acres ..
Bushels of turnips..................
Bushels of beets.........
Bushels of carrots ........
Acres of flax....
Pounds of straw ....
Bushels of fax seed .......
Acres of tobacco ......
Pounds of tobacco ............
Acres of hops...............
Pounds of hops ...........
Hives of becs............
Pounds of honey..........
Pounds of wax ............
Number of oxen.....
Cows ........
Other cattle besides calves...
Calves raised ..................
Cattle lost by disease........
Number beef cattle sold........

48,500 | Number beef cattle killed.......

... 2,310 41,790 Number of cows for butter. ... 16,110 60,197 Pounds of butter..

...1,920,160 6,420 Cows for milk.... 3,042 Cows for cheese ....

270 30,105 Pounds of cheese.....

54,000 12,072 Market garden produce........

47,190 180,752 Loads of manure ............

219,629 11,122 Numter högs raised.......

12,020 25,112 Number of hogs sold alive..

7,860 690,136 Number of bogs fatted ......

9,720 1,271 Pounds of pork .............

200,506 12,252 Sheep killed by dogs .......

350 3,792 Sheep wintered........

51,000 81,021 Lambs raised.............

49,190 8,705 Lambs sold.................

25,500 127,142 Fleeces of wool .......

54,112 12,940 Pounds of wool.

216,324 405,166 Value of poultry sold.....

$19,125 15 Value of eggs sold.....

$22,190 11,621 Bushels of apples ......

395,460 1,756 Barrels of cider .........

3,620 147,504 Bushels of peaches........ 3,124 Value of peaches........ 220 Bushels of pears...

1,000 3.302 Value of pears................... $200 450 Dried apples sold, bushels ...

12,940 5.140 Dried peaches ........... 117 Value of other fruit sold..

$4,911 10,112 Value of grapes sold ........

$ 800 1,760 Gallons of wine made ...........

700 3;110 Apple trees on farm............. 161,220 410 Pear trees on farm......

24,005 307,128 Peach trees ......

18,000 4,120 Cherry trees. ............

24,119 86 | Grape vine in vineyard ............ 11,214 101,207 | Rods of tile drain .................. 5,690 2 Rods of stone...................

90,640 500 Rods of board ........ 7,200 | Rods of open ditch...............

9,178 62,142 Houses built this year.............. 3,012 Value of houses .........

$27,000 1,422 | Number of barns built this year... 17,260 Value of barns ........... 7,040 Number of colts raised ............. 718 5,498 | Horses on band........

7,180 120 Number of horses sold.........

1,100 3,1021 Value of horses.......

$17,100

.... $93,500

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