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AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS, 1863.

The blanks for the collection of statistics were prepared in due season and distributed throughout the State, in December, as required by the act

of the Legislature. It was soon ascertained that the work would not be · performed, unless the transactions of the Society and the Institute for 1863

could be had—of this, there was no assurance that they could be had until the close of 1864. We were advised that unless the books were ready the work would not be done, and the returns which are annexed are all that have been received up to January, 1865, being from twelve counties, only a portion of which are complete. If the transactions were printed and ready for delivery in September, as they formerly were, there would be little difi. culty in obtaining competent persons to take the statistics as provided in the law; many suggestions have been made as to changes in the provisions of the law, substituting money for books, and placing the work in the hands of Trustees of school districts, or with the town assessors. The whole matter is submitted for the consideration of the Legislature.

To show what might be done, if the statistics were properly taken, we give the summing up of Steuben county for the year 1864, which is complete, and is in addition to the statistics of 1863 given in the annexed list: Total value pasture and meadow lands.....

$2,146,174 00 Cereal crops..

2,021,824 00 Root crops and peas and beans

427,537 00 Hay......

18,150 00 Tobacco seed

7,461 00 Tobacco leaf.....

5,662 00 Hops

4,482 00 Bees honey.

46,430 00 Bees wax........

5,657 00 Neat cattle..

30,040 00 Beef cattle...........

138,450 00 Dairies

1,139,688 50 Market gardens....

10,084 00 Swine

829,621 24 Sheep

831,937 70 Poultry....

58,470 47 Fruit crops.............

141,996 42 Horses........

214,452 50 Sugar and syrup.per year.

42,356 00 Syrup

9,497 00 Grand total of all the agricultural industry of the county-$9,082,005.63 for the year 1864.

It will be seen by an examination of these returns, that should every county secure an annual return like the above, our farmers would very soon learn what crops would be most advantageous, what departments of industry most remunerating, and govern themselves accordingly.

B.P.J.

AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS FOR THE YEAR 1863.

SPRING
GRASS LANDS.

WINTER WHEAT. OATS.
WHEAT.

RYE.

BARLEY.

BUCKWHEAT.

COUNTY OF

Acres of pasture.

Acres of meadow.

Tons of bay.

Bushels grass seed.

Bush, clover seed.

Acres sown.

44,873 33,914 45,212 728 5,022 1,633 14,695 14,080 197,533 13,561 16,208 527,886 318 4,684 7,750 156,373 2,094 33,100 39,082 37,258 37,111 3931 49

119 6,199 159,298 2,977 29,342 184 2,192 3,749 48,868 5,475 3,743, 5,576 9 13 331 252 4

87 2 929 21,853 14 204 65 1,677 154 3,550
10,659 5,846 7,016 2,046
288 1,569 5,121 93,814 5,160 1,942
53,476 56 714 1,148 34,084 1061

1,435
51,378 35,355 45,384 1,442 2,698 2,390 19,044 9,963 146,383 9,989 16,829 405,607 425 5,815 3,276 67,546 2,098 29,989
48,508 42,017 55,320 606 54 920 6,952 260

143 8,658 198,097 1,478 18,020 644 13,427 1,286 19,226
86 63 63 2

7

40 24,961 18,327 17,817 231 72 215 1,303 624

3,278 928 8,071 138,894 3,709 32,218 284 3,455 2,387) 31,307 128, 904 88,512 87,392 5,979 2,775 43,906 299.373 7,426 111,059 7,338 50,326 1,060,014 1,871 32,833 7,5:33 134,278 13,160 141,828 37,951 23,469 31,623 653 5,032 988 8,235 15,091 246,314 14,601 16,427 438,150 188 2,389 5,602 111,305 1,966 28,625 4,714 4,981 4,168 148 760 1,189 7,632 3,570 34,479 3,594 2,0471 62,988) 65 616 288 6,014 157

1,855

CORN.

POTATOES.

PEAS.

BEANS.

ROOT CROPS.

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34,000 65 150

4,452 131,228

1,661 2,248

133

293
2,460
2,506

4
4,798
5,512
2,097

401

109,705 | 14,540
92,395

6,582
8,237 746
32,017 1,105
196,516 | 14,308
210,011 6,157
280

10
307,568 2,158
508,094 3,892
197,920 4,194
27, 713 2,375

480 7,998 196 - 2,884

62 1,137
340 4,161
2,373 46,556

457 7,229

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536 5,879

Cayuga
Greene
Herkimer
Livingston
Onondaga.
Oswego
Rensselaer
Saratoga..
Steuben
Wayne
Niagara (four towns)

124 921

2,813

21 240 21 151

COUNTY OF

Acres planted.

Bush. shelled corn harvested.

Acres broom corn.

Pounds broom corn.

Acres planted.

Bushels harvested.

Bushels diseased potatoes harvested.

Acres sowa.

Bushels barvested.

Acres planted.

Bushels bar

vested.

Acres sown.

Bushels tur

nips har

vested.

Bushels beets
harvested.

Bush.carrots
harvested.

Cayuga.
Greene
Herkimer.
Livingston
Onondaga.
Oswego
Rensselaer.
Saratoga
Steuben .......
Wayne
Niagara (four towns)

13,515
4,881

152
1,869
9,971
5,646

12
5,692
7,521
13,951
1,686

439,176
95,450

3,945
68,204
314,305
166,020

135
120,766
196,994
630,881
47,058

19 10,633
30

1
80

76
34
38
2

4,102 26,932 18,369

488 5,133 3,219 51,527 663

10,383 893 15,593

614 736 255

61 801 33 27

6,141 10,764 3,347 2,469

800 • 82 19

AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS--(Continued).

NEAT CATTLE.

BEEF.

DAIRY.

496 376,791 6 4,091 4,055 31,143 1,730 685 1,000 5,595 3,140 366 3,328 968 6,953 9,084 1,144,572 93 40,093 520 1

27 9,982 2,891 28,653 992 1,100 6,982 3,680 2,599 245 1,430 834 6,056' 7,785 866,826
5 2,000 31 1-16 145 126 85,678 754 3,441 228 33, 1,800 262 197 20 243 77 927 109

35,471
19 683 162 27 41,870 8. 2,000 512 3,367 49

145 1,456 1,084 840

501 1511...... 1,207 127,493
958 323,676 8,1111,131 2,451,363 53 37,233 5,025 36,780 1,426 761 13,230 5,298 3,774 3022,731 954 11,609 10,1131,121,025
139 136,169 1,003 59 80, 109 63 41,592 3,019 19,804 914 1,147 13,517 6,702 2,351 288 2,849 1,735 9,693 9,426 1,125,959

4 22 6
4

5 22 22 1,175
686 278,976 9,451 7 2,719 325 27,275 1,355 10,239 797 585 4,490 2,495 1,093 155 1,176 725 3,134 4,272 341,585
131 87,445 1,761 16 22,739 10 13,899 11,822 152,179 8,591 5,609 26,493 20,172 10,514 6524,483, 4,390 25,619 25,179 2,578, 223
309 95,418 1,881 162 216,512 17 11,720 3,320 21,902 956 657 12,850 6,487 3,463 257 2,775 1,481 3,868 6,882 625,244
110 160,195 964 7 7,083

780

3591 43 464 222 1,560 1,499 130,985 DAIRY.

SHEEP.

POULTRY.

tered last winter. Lambs raised

last summer No. Sheep or lambs sold during year.

FLAX.

TOBACCO.

HOPS.

BEES.

COUNTY OF

Acres sown.

Cayuga...
Greene .......
Herkimer.
Livingston..
Onondaga.
Oswego..
Rensselaer
Saratoga
Steuben
Wayne
Niagara (four towns).

2
351 357,551 3,022

2,278

15 411 2,243 108 78 1,502

Market Gar. (Barnya'd|
den Produce. Manure.
SWINE.

COUNTY OF

No.cows kept for cheese,

No. pounds
cheese.

No.'gallons
milk sold.

Value of
marker gar-
den produce
sold.

Sheep killed

by dogs. 2 Sheep win

No. fleeces.

Pounds wool.

Value poultry marketed.

Value of eggs marketed.

770

67
1,980
2,469
3,091

103,904 36,513 $3,185 95

24,062 6,222 1,211 00
756,430

150 63
14,968

322 00
343,852 8,093 4,217 69

5

Cayuga.
Greene
Herkimer.
Livingston
Onondaga
Oswego
Rensselaer
Saratoga.....
Steuben.....
Wayne...
Niagara (four towno)

204,61413,385 5,098 9,857 1,857,522 158 61,564 23,632 20,819 59,246 295,079 18,293 26 $8,003 91 73,714 5,152 1,732 4,590 973,511 310 16,406 8,87710,748 15,791 65,187 4,615 20 9,033 56 9,922 556 103 495 117,094 596 432 357 571 2,345 333 15

247 92
67,167 2,5431,040 1,608 373,328 90 25,732 7,096 8,028 22,402 96,697 1,744 97 1,887 47
191,590 11,274 3,886 9,3122,295,593 269 50,892 23,004 21,451 48,152101,585 13,215 03 28,811 38
110,953 8,664 2,907 4,534 1,763,691 127| 16,393 9,765 7,991 15,891 61,417 8,409 78 13,878 82
164 23 131 24 5,415

6 2 2

29 108 50 43 00
76,837 5,782 1,292 5,1561,307,681 224 14,5891 9,80912,252 18,302 77,795 8,719 84 12,520 21
604,894 26,640 6,435 19,1314,235,612 624175,431 68, 499 28,615168,008 688,426 19,739 75 27,521 98
229,03915,073 5,535 9,988 2,194,694 685 63,731 21,307 23,847) 63,069,244,033 15,847 4516,528 79
27,074 2,425 522 2.1161 434,5161 150 7,8281 9,408) 3,348 7,093 31,6461 1,960 28 2,608 45

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1,845 $33,396 10, 5, 104 39 $4,804 10 $868 50 1,830 8,989 3,733 2,411 1,239 1,542 118,978 12,939

$14 50 1,917 2,097 1), 1,744 17 2,509 781 76 40 754 15,582 12,277 567 829 662 10,643 273 13 14 00 88

141 75 1 50 47 2,797

126

15 25 50,966 1.255 9 41 00 150 232 00 1,065

478 76 1,551 40 392 1,482 800 618 207 148 229,247 7,777

6 75 585 1,269 25 2,5:38 58 1,741 50 930 55 1,538 5,834 961 299 871 797 152,708 4,397

2,504 2,887 38 2,793 38 2,433 74 580 40 1,190 11,447 2,258 276 973 639 395 15

6
12 00

12
111,430 4,251 100 100 541 846 50 873 132 375 40 2,491 37 464 3,585 537 11 328 7,615
273,524 5,512 262 1,641 25 201 590 43 15,042 56 5,182 39 16,411 89 21,679 6,908 70.3 355 364 29,600
405,785' 8,388 195 346 60 1,193 1,543 63 20,547 31 4,405 00 2,461 32 1,190 12,431 2,419 1,693 1,028 2,441
58,083 1,810 2,325 3,300 31 587 1,552 12 894

1,133 98 1.409 10 1,289 5.808 1,484 2,385 318/ 2.914

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DRAINAGE.

BUILDINGS.

HORSES.

FENCES.

MAPLE SUGAR
AND SYRUPS.

356 6,407 $60,698 50 $686 63 598 7,357 1,528 $127,085 50 38,715 $364 09 71,130 2,480

136 95 945 21 296 2,723 1,331 43,990 89 14,243 579 95 104,700 530 31 58 7 30 12 347 52 5,367 00 377 3 13

10,045
340 96 81 99 05 125 1,491 231 2,073 80 6,046 54 94

2,552
509 19,519 434 89 498 22 829' 8,415: 1,458 111,920 02.16.781 719 24 72,255
244 2,076 153 99 248 57 515 5,182 1,436 106,814 25 27,384 249 30 119,887

207

1 65 00
449 1,980 3,802 911,520 09

3,062 606 56,270 32 19,280 811 18 2,899
615 1,550 659 85 272 75 1,993 15,852 1,275 121,258 25 22,451 125 68 100,042
251 7,153 889 08 256 55 644 6,986 1,544 173,202 50 26,290 242 14 19,907
104 1.436 102 48 55 32 121! 1.308 205 18,061 0011,000 40 15 1801

2,568 1,740 435

71 1,097 1,246

COUNTY OF

Cayuga ..
Greene .........
Herkimer
Livingston
Onondaga
Oswego.
Rensselaer
Saratoga..
Steuben

198,712 6,967

Wayne

Niagara (fons towns).

COUNTY OF

Rods tile drain laid this year. Rods stone

drain laid

Rods open

this year. Rods board druin laid this year. drain made

this year. Amount expended on houses built this year. Amount ex

uo papuod

barns built

this year:

No. colts raised.

on hand.

No. horses sold.

Value of horses soid.

| No. rods

fence made this year. Amount expended for fences this year.

No. pounds.

.
No. gallons
syrup:

Cayuga
Greene..
Herkiner
Livingston
Onondaga
Oswego
Rensselaer
Saratoga..
Steuben.
Wayne...
Niagnra (four towns).

24,166 15,527
270 1,779

907
2,066 1,586
2,697 4,049

2:35 3,441

2,413 1,676

955 6,004 6,995 5,273

567 127 270 54,000 47,190 219,629 12,020 7,860

203
6,036
2,478

18

TOMPKINS COUNTY AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS,

1863.

2,310

16,110 .1,920,160

92

Acres of pasture.... Acres of meadow. Acres, tons of hay Bushels of grass seed.. Acres of spring whent. Bushels of spring wheat. Acres of winter wheat. Bushels of winter wheat. Acres on ground Acres of oats ..... Bushels of oats .. Acres of rye. Bushels of ryc.... Acres of barley. Bushels of barley..... Acres of buckwheat. Bushels of buckwheat. Acres of corn....... Bushels of corn. Acres of broom corn ... Pounds of broom corn. Acres of potatoes..... Bushels of potatoes Rot of potatoes.. Acres of peas Bushels of peas. Acres of beans. Bushels of beans Root crop, acres Bushels of turnips. Bushels of beets.... Bushels of carrots Acres of flax...... Pounds of straw Bushels of flax seed Acres of tobacco Pounds of tobacco Acres of hops. Pounds of hops .. Hives of becs. Pounds of honey........ Pounds of wax Number of oxen............. Cows Other cattle besides calves. Calves raised. Cattle lost by disease........... Number beef cattle sold.........

9,720 200,506

350 51,000 49,190 25,500 54,112 216,324 $19,125 $22,190 395,460

3,620

48,500 | Number beef cattle killed. 41,790 Number of cows for butter.... 60,197 Pounds of butter........ 6,420 Cows for milk..... 3,042 Cows for cheese ....... 30,105 Pounds of cheese... 12,072 Market garden produce. 180,752 Loads of manure 11,122 Numter högs raised.. 25,112 Number of hogs sold alive. 690,136 Number of bogs fatted

1,271 Pounds of pork .... 12,252 Sheep killed by dogs

3,792 Sheep wintered,. 81,021 Lambs raised.

8,705 | Lambs sold. 127, 142 Fleeces of wool.

12,940 Pounds of wool. 405,166 Value of poultry sold.

15 Value of eggs sold.... 11,621 | Bushels of apples.

1,756 Barrels of cider 147,504 Bushels of peaches... 3,124 Value of peaches.....

220 Bushels of pears......... 3,302 | Value of pears..

450 Dried apples sold, bushels 6,140 Dried peaches

117 Value of other fruit sold.. 10,112 Value of grapes sold 1,760 Gallons of wine made 3,110 Apple trees on farm.

410 Pear trees on farm.. 307,128 Peach trees .... 4,120 Cherry trees.

86 | Grape vine in vineyard. 101,207 Rods of tile drain

2 Rods of stone.......... 500 Rods of board 7,200 Rods of open ditch.. 62,142 Houses built this year. 3,012 Value of houses 1,422 Number of barns built this year. 17,260 | Value of barns ... 7,040 Number of colts raised 5,498 Horses on band.....

120 Number of horses sold. 3,102) Value of horses.....

1,000

$800 12,940

$4,911 $ 800

700 161,220 24,005 18,000 24,119 11,214

5,690 90,640

9,178

70 $27,000

SO $17,100

718 7,180

1,100 $93,500

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