corn that grew on said piece of ground. The whole weight of same was 45,600 pounds, which, divided by 75 pounds (the number of pounds to tho bnshel), makes a fraction of 961 bushels to the acre.

The land, upon which said corn grew, had been in pasture four years, the last grain crop being wheat; the soil is a clay loam, and had been partially underdrained and was considered in good condition for corn. There were applied twenty wagon loads of good green manure per acre, drawn on the ground in the winter, placed in small beaps, being spread in the spring, and plowed in about seven inches deep, from the 10th to the 20th of May. After plowing it was thoroughly harrowed, and marked three feet three inches apart and planted in driils, with machine, 24th or 25th of May. There was a small quantity of ashes and plaster deposited in each hill, when planted by the machine. As soon as corn was large enough, the cultivator was started, and it was thoroughly cultivated during the season, being slightly hoed once by hand, all the rest of the cultivation being done with the horse-hoo and cultivator. The value of the crop is estimated as follows: 608 bushels corn, at $1......

$608 00 Estimated value of stalks...

80 00

Total value of crop..

$689 00

Expense of raising same:

Twenty loads manure per acre, worth to corn crop say $13
per acre.....

$84 00
Eight days' plowing, $2.50.

20 00 Three days' marking and planting, $1.50.

4 50 One and a half bushels seed, $1.50; ashes and plaster, $5.. 6 50 Six days' cultivating, $1.50; seven days' hoeing, $1...

16 00 Cutting up same.

6 50 Harvesting, $24.32; drawing stalks, $5

29 32 Interest on land at $100....

44 50

$211 32 Whole value of crop..

$688 00 Expense and cost of raising samo.

211 32
Value of crop over cost of raising....

$476 68
Cost per aer, $31.74; bushel, 44 cents.
All of which is respectfully submitted.


Stalement-A. D. Porter, of Canandaigua- Beans. I hereby certify that I raised the past season thirty-four bushels of beans from 150 rods of ground; previous crop beans; soil sandy loam; manure, about ten bushels Icached, and five bushels unleached ashes, spread on tho ground before cultivating, the ground having been plowed the fall before; cultivated, marked and planted between the 25th of May and 1st of June; rows two feet ten inches apart; hills eighteen inches; seed, medium variety, from four to six to the hill, or about one bushel to the acre; the weeds cleaned out with a hoc twice; no other cultivation; pulled about September 18t; dried, thrashed and cleaned through a fanning mill; shipped to New York and sold September 29th. Cost of crop: plowing and cultivating.

$5 00
Planting and hoeing...

8 00
Pulling, drawing, thrashing and cleaning.

2 00

$23 00 [AG. TRANS.]


8 00

By 34 bushels beans, $2..
Cost of cultivation...

$68 00
23 00

Net profits.....
Land cultivated, 150 rods.

$45 00


Statement of Ira R. Peck, East Bloomfield-Potatoes. I raised the past season, upon one acre and five rods of land, duly measured, three hundred and fifty-six (56) bushels of potatoes, of good quality, being three hundred and forty-five bushels to the acre; soil grav. elly loam, in good state of fertility; previous crop corn, on clover sod, without manure; twenty loads of Larnyard manure applied to this field, and plowed in about the middle of May; planted from 15th to 20th May; six bushels Prince Albert, three bushels Garnet, three bushels Red, and one bushel Peachblows were used for seed; cultivated often after coming ap, and thoroughly hilled about the first of July; dug, carefully measured and housed the latter part of October. The Prince Albert yielded 155 bashels; the Garnet 82 bushels; the Red 91 bushels; the Peachblows 28 bushel.

Cost of Cultivation.-Manure applied, $12; plowing and fitting, $3; Loeing, $4.50; seed, $6,50; digging and housing, $10-$36.

Value of Crop.—Three hundred and fifty-six bushels potatoes at fifty cents, $178. Profit $142 on one acre and five rods of land.

IRA R. PECK. East BLOOMFIELD, January 16, 1864.

Statement of Thomas Filz Morris, East Bloomfield.-Clover Seed. I raised the past season upon 9.075 acres of land, duly measured, 56. 45-60 bushels clover seed, of large kird, (6. 15-60 bushels per acros) Soil heavy, deep, gravelly marl, in ordinary condition; subsoil gravelly; previous crop, spring wheat, without manure. Nearly two bushels of the large variety of clover seed were sown on the field, about the 10th of May, 1862. Pastured the past season till last week in June. One-half ton of plaster applied on first day of July. Harvested with machine the latter part of October, and thrashed the fore part of January, inst., and marketed at Canandaigua about the middle of January at $73 per bushel. Expenge, two bushels seed $12; balf ton plaster applied $3 ; harvesting $15; thrashing

$65; marketing $3.... Valdo of crop, 56.45-60 bushels, at $73.

.......... $418 52 Olover straw estimated at Profit-a fraction over nine acres—$340.52, or $37.83 per acre.


$98 00

20 00

$438 53

2d Premium.-David Pickett, Gorham.--Potato Statement. lst. Previous crop, winter barley, no manure being used. The ground had been set with apple trees two years previous.

2d. My farm is located in Gorham, Ontario county; the soil sandy loam, with ten loads of barn-yard manure; plowed about seven inches decp.

3d. The land was plowed about the 15th of May, and harrowed both ways; marked and planted about three feet and four inches each way, with

the Steel Red potatoes, of good size, cut so as to have from three to five eyes in a piece, and two pieces in a hill.

4th. The ground was well cultivated both ways, and then hoed and billed by hand.

5th. The crop was dug the second week in October, and produced one. hundred and fifty-two bushels of sound potatoes, of good size and quality.

6th. The above piece contained one half acre of land, and no more.


Plowing and harrowing.
Marking and planting..
Six bushels seed at 50c.
Hoeing ....
Three days' digging.
Barying and putting in cellar

$1 00
3 00
1 50
1 00


One hundred and fifty-two bushels of potatoes at 50c.... ......

Profit on half acre of land..

$76 00 13 00

$62 50



1863 AND 1864. The annual winter meeting, for election of officers for ensuing year, and awarding premiums on seeds and field crops, was held Wednesday, January 27th, 1864.

The premiums awarded on "field crops," with statements, are hereto attached

I had hoped to have been able to include in this report, a full statement of the grape crop of Ontario county, for the year 1863, but have been unable to collect the statistics, owing to my ill-health. The reports furnished will give some idea of the amount raised, and the profit of cultivation.

The following persons were elected officers, for the ensuing year :

William Johnson, Seneca, President; William II. Lamport, Canandaigua, Corresponding Secretary; George N. Williams, Canandaigua, Recording Secretary; Charles Coy, Canandaigna, Treasurer. The old officers declined a re-election.

GIDEON GRANGER, Corresponding Secretary.

Stalement of E. M. Bradley, of East Bloomfield, for 1863–Grape Crop. Ground occupied by grapery 4} acres.

E.rpenses. Paid Summer pruning ....

$35 50 “ “ Packing" for tying canes.......

41 00 “ Picking and handling

104 95 "' Assorting and packing

215 55 " Fuel, lights, &c. for grape house

52 00 « Packages (paper and wood)

914 50 Winter pruning and laying down..

15 40 Tissue paper and wrapping.

5 80 Case labels ........

4 50 « Express on money packages

7 38 " My own labor and expenses

111 50

$1,508 08

37,196 lbs. grapes sold for
3,168 lbs. refuse grapes sold for.....

$1,193 15

55 44

4,248 59

Profit on 4 acres of land......

$2,740 51

There were grown upon the vineyard 100 bushels turnips, which fully paid all expenses of tillage and winter mulching.

Profit per acre, $650.95.

The grape crop of the town of Naples, in this county, equalled one hun dred and ten tons, for 1863.


ORLEANS. The attendance was large. The show good. In sherp superior. The attention of farmers is being directed more to wool growing than for several years past, the wool crop standing in the first rank of product in our county. The apple crop has been large and very remunerative, apples selling at an average of about $2 per barrel for the fruit. Much attention is being given to fruit growing. The bean crop has been very large and of fine quality, now selling at $2.25 per bushel Oats good, and selling at 70 cents per bushel. Wheat rather on the increase, there being a larger breadth own this fall than for several years, since the wheat midge made such havock with our white varieties of winter wheat. The crop of hay was about a medium one, and corn the same. Tobacco is being cultivated to a large extent, many more tons grown this year than over before; it may almost be called the staple crop of our county.

The agricultural interests of the county were never more prosperous; the standard of good farming is being elevated more and more. Underdraining is being carried out, and improvement is becoming the motto of the farmer, and is developed in the fine herds and flocks, and in the improved manner of tillage. As a whole, the agricultural interests wero never better in the county than at the present.

Finances : life members, 134; annual members, 224; receipt) from all sources, $758.22.

T. C. BAILEY, S:cretary.

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The eighth annual fair of the Oswego Agricultural Society, organized under the law of 1855, was held on the society's grounds in the village of Mexico, on the 22d, 23d and 24th days of September, 1863.

This society omitted to hold their annual fair in 1862, for prndential reasons. About the time the society designed to hold their fair, the war excitement ran high, and the whole energies of the people were engrossed in raising two regiments of infantry in response to the President's proclamation. Then again this society bad been engaged in an important law suit for five years, which was instituted by a faction of the “old society," with a design to test the legality of our organization, under the law of 1855, for organizing agricultural and horticultural societies. Also the resolution of the old society, authorizing its dissolution previous to organizing the new society. This snit was begun in the Circuit, carried to the full bench of the Supreme Court, and lastly to the Court of Appeals, where it was decided in favor of this society at the term in April last. This decibion put the present organization on a firm basis, and infused new life into this society.

The board of managers resolved to use their best efforts to have a good show, and worthy of the advancing interests of agriculture in the county. A year of inaction showed that our fixtures were going to decay more rapidly than when we held fair's every year. Solomon Matthews, superintendent of grounds, early set about repairing fences, fitting up tracks, building permanent offices for secretary and treasurer, and rejuvenating the whole grounds. Our large hall, thirty by cighty-four feet, was beautifully decorated with evergreens, under the superintendence of the ladies of the vil lage, and all the surroundings were put in ample order.

The weather during the fair was delightful, having had just rain enough the day before to lay the dust, and banish the sultry heat of summer. The show as a whole, was the best we have ever had since our fairs were permanently located in the village of Mexico. To particularize all the classes as they deserve, would make this report too voluminous. The number of Short-horns were less than usual, as one of our best herds had left the county since the last fair. There were many fine specimens of Durhamcross, Devons and native cattle on exhibition. The display of sheep and swine was not equal in number to some previous fairs, but excelling in quality. George Brurie of Mexico, exhibited a fat hog, a cross of the Hampshire and Berkshire, two years old, that weighed 950 pounds. The domestic department exhibited a large display of articles not only evincing fine taste, but of exceedingly great utility. One of the novelties of the department was three elderly ladies, ranging from sixty-five to eighty-two years, on an elevated platform, spinning fax at the little wheel. This reminded me of by-gone days, when most of the cloth for family use was manufactured by its inmates; when every young lady was skilled in many useful employments, and believing in the dignity of labor, was unwilling to be a drone in the hive of the body politic.

We had a fine display of fruit, particularly of grapes and pears, considering the short crop of this year. There were some fine samples of wine and jellies. The devotees of Flora were out in full force, with flowers in single varieties, in bouqnets, and in every conceivable form and device, which far outshone any previous exhibition in the county. It had been the practice at former fairs for exhibitors to remove their articles on exhibition at the close of the second day, so that the third day was devoted to the re-examination of horses generally, and the trial of horses for speed, and action, nothing else was left to attract attention. This year the cattle, Bheep and swine only were removed at the close of the second day, whilo all other articles were retained for the inspection of the public up to 1 P. u. the third day. The display of horses in all the classes was good, and in some of the classes excelled any former fair. The stock, draught and road horse were well represented.

C. A. Tickner took the first premium for the fastest trotting stallion; time, 3.23. 1. Crocker took the first premium for the fastest gelding;

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