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GROUP I. Agricultural Statistics from State Census of 1855.

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315,360

331,893

$48,229,322

$4,956,005

$1,070,452

85,458

A.

SPRING WHEAT.

WINTER WHEAT.

Oats.

RYE.

BARLEY.

6

624

79 1,741

887

2
6,877

792
9,973

48 575 129

18,086

30
102,169

11,335
151,520

418

19
9,426

741
10,317

11,679

435
199,518

15,991
262,067

254

2
6,136

204
5,285

4,860

25
71,019

3,131
52,212

26 16

180

26 512

2,769

627 10,974

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Kings..
New York.
Queens
Richmond
Suffolk.

15,871

1,050
119,549

15,072
163,818

5,594

923
57,204

7,602
260,570

$8,468,600

4,324,700
17,071,845

5, 261,350
13,102,827

$762,770
1,495,212
1,253,350

173,025
1,271,648

$117,343

11,395
512,392

74,936
344,386

1,541

246
24, 229

3,006
56,436

Totals.

MEADOW.

COUNTIES.

Acres.

Bush. of

Tons of
hay.

grass seed.

Acres
SOwn.

Bushels
harvested.

Acres
SOWD.

Bushels
harvested.

Acres
80Wn.

Bushels
harvested.

Acres
SOWO.

Bushels
harvested.

Acres Bushels
sown. harvested.

Kiags
New York....
Queens
Richmond.
Suffolk..

3,863

101
37,634

4,528
31,555

6,183

157
67,395

7,032
41,505

Total

77,381

112,272

2,450

46

752

18,531

283,140

21,021

489,690

11,881

131, 247

718

14,370

A.-Continued.

CORN.

POTATOES.

Peas.

BEANS.

Bushels Acres Bushels Acres Bushels harvested. planted. harvested. planted. harvested.

Acres 8Own.

Bushels Acres Bushels harvested, planted. harvested.

21

235

Kings..
New York ........
Queens
Richmond..
Suffolk...

6,299

79 3,085

1,948

31
13,852

1,555
17,615

21,224

1,325 18,856

54,179

1,180
337,685

43,037
504,767

3,089

29
4,089

315
3,403

174

3 383

368,243

1,808
291,135

21,739
304,063

16,930

250
33,444

410
142

66

8
203

1
55

7,042

645
22,282

166
1,382

2

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BUCKWHEAT.

COUNTIES.

Acres
BOwn.

Total..

9,484

COUNTIES.

Acres
Sown.

Bushels
harvested.

Acres
SOWN.

Pounds of

lint.

Bushels
of seed.

Acres Pounds Bushels Barrels Acres Value of
planted. harvested. of apples. of cider. cultivated. products.

Kings
New York
Queens
Richmond..
Suffolk

27
562

39
563

Total

1,403

226,269 A.-Continued.

1

300

1

304

31, 228

456

4,944

$697,088

41

17,425

160

4 1,437

169 2,600 1,723

359 7,054

2,834

719
9,240
1,189
10,833

1,926

400 2,006

5,500 44,405 1,164

102 2,238

765

441,983

24,365 634,405

3,033,290

2,400
566,320
34,905
44,120

6,314 14,099 7,954

845 7,111

1,580

2

7

$1,183

$2,071

1,730

$173

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1,218

178
6,723

663
9,026

2,746 1,071 7,505 1,063 10,701

9,714.

57 28,016

7,084

38 23,178

20,592

160 68,281

69,114

2,427 43,400

45,095

6,452 55, 242

50,632

7,839

NEAT CATTLE.

Pounds of Pounds of
butter. cheese.

Gallons of
milk sold.

No. of
horses.

COUNTIES.

Total.

Oxen,

Cowg.

Under 1
year.

Over 1 year
ex've of ox-
en & cows.

Number
killed.

Kings
New York
Queens
Richmond
Suffolk.

3,204
3,323
14,326

2,250
24,215

302
4,322

Total

47,318

6,225

11,905

4,373

24,815

53,409

1,118,178

2,345

3,681,035

36,323

A.-Continued.

SWINE.

SHEEP.

POULTRY.

ASTIES.

COUNTIES.

Mules.

Under 6
months.

Bushels.

Value.

Over 6
months.

No. of
sheep.

No.of fleeces Pounds of

shorn. wool.

Value of
poultry.

Value of

eggs.

Kings
New York
Queens
Richmond..
Suffolk..

122
256
178

26
163

Total.

745

17,808

23,086

37,789

30,302

3027

89,040

$116,124

$109,830

52,362

$8,012

TABLE B. Digest of Facts by State Assessors for Board of Equalization.

| Ag. Trans.]

lands per

COUNTIES.

Whole number of Price of farm Aggregate valu- Stato Assessors' Stato Assossors' Ag'gate of State Local Assessors'
acres taxed as

ation of farm valuation of real valuation of the Assessors' valu- valuation of per-
returned by su- acro.

lands.

estate in villa- real estato of ation of real es-sonal estate for pervisors.

ges and of cor- cities.

tato.

1861. porations.

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18

C.
TABLE showing population, banking capital, local assessors' valuation of real estate for 1861, and the rate per capita of banking

capital ; also of personal estate, and the excess of personal estate per capita over bank capital, as well as the rate per capita of the
equalized value real estate, and local assessors' valuation of the same.

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Population for Bank capital, Local assessors' Rate per ca- Rate per capita of Rate per capita Rate per capita of Rate per capita of
1860 by U.S. Oct. 1, 1861. valuation of real pita of bank personal estate, of personal es- equalized real

real estate, ac-
census.

estate, as re- capital. as returned by tate over bank- estate, 1862. cording to local
turned by su-
the supervisors, ing capital.

assessors' valu-
pervisors, 1861.
1861.

ation, 1861.
279,122 $3,310,000 $98,509,344 $12

$45
$33
$288

$353 813,669 69,650,605 406,882,790

85
215
130
460

500
57,391
15,874,950

92
92
226

259 25,492 6,025,558

35 35 194

236 43,275 120,000 8,854,957

3 48 45 146

205 1,218,949 $73,080,605 $536, 147,489

Total...

....

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CHAPTER VI. Group II: Counties-Boundaries-Topography-Scenery-Wealthy Men Seeking Homes-Sa

burb of New York-Mineral Resources-Counties Described-Columbia, Dutchess, Putnam, Rensselaer, Washington, Westchester-Area--Population-Aggregate Valuations—Value of Farms per Acre- Average Capital in Farms— Miles of Traffic Routes-Distribution of Land-In Grass-In Tillage-Quantity of Crops—Value-Straw-Once Wheat Land-Not Now-Crops not what should be-Rye staple Crop-Potatoes-Flax leading Crop-Animals, Do Products-Value-Surplus Vegetable Products–Value-Proportion-Catile-Agriculture-Affect by Markets--General System Bad Traffic Routes to Square Miles-AppendixAgricultural Statistics-Tax Values--Financial.

GROUP II Counties : Columbia, Dutchess, Putnam, Rensselaer, Washington, Westchester-6.

This group embraces all the territory of the eastern part of the State which bounds upon the States of Connecticut, Massachusetts and Vermont, and extends from the Hudson river at the south to near the junction of lake George and lake Champlain in the north, and is bounded on the west nearly the whole distance by the Hudson river. It is not far from 175 miles long by twenty-five broad.

It has mountains on the east nearly the whole distance, embracing the Taghkanic range, while it has the highlands and parts of the mountains of the Catskill group, extending across from east to west. In its topography it may be termed a broken and hilly region, at many points running into a mountain tract, susceptible of pasturage and broken cultivation over nearly the whole surface.

Along the Hudson river the shores are usually rocky bluffs, sloping inland, but a small portion of the surface can be considered level; yet a large surface is capable of cultivation. The counties are similar in their soil and topography, and are properly embraced in one group, as they have no portion of the State wherewith they properly assimilate.

The scenery is excelled in no country for its grandeur, beauty and great variety. The mountains of the other groups, adjoining it to the west, which are ever visible from its hills and plains ; its own mountains always beautiful in their outline, and often assuming proportions of magnificence in their aggregate massing; a river unsurpassed for the beauty of the views it presents in its ever changing scenery ; an interior diversified by hill and dale, embracing at almost every turn landscapes unrivalled for their richness and beautiful variety. These are its natural charms; but art is everywhere busy in adding to them by the softening influence of wealth and cultivated taste. The rocky headlands which so abundantly mark the course of the river, and give such grand views of river and mountain, of lake and hill and dale, are fast becoming the sites for princely mansions, surrounded with all the acquired beauty that unbounded wealth can supply

The wealthy business men of New York are preparing their future homes in this beautiful region, away from the noise and bustle of active city life, and seeking amid its sylvan scenes for that enjoyment of their declining years, which ever comes to the human heart in the contemplation of the

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