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has not made such a liberal and judicious choice of facts as might have been expected from a writer of the eighteenth century: for his narration is disguised with a multitude of legendary ftories of miracles and saints, which no respect due to the public records should engage an historian to admit without distinction. The Author faithfully follows the Annals of the Abbé Pray *, and begins his history with the Sinais Huns of M. de GUIGNES. He divides his materials into four Sections. The first comprehends the history of Hungary under its Dukes; the second, that of the native Kings; the third, that of the foreign Kings ; and the fourth, the history of the Kings of the House of Auftria, so far down as the year 1775.-- A great variety of wri- . ters have lately employed their pens on the history of this country, whose natural riches and fertility, whose vigorous and fpirited inhabitants, whose government, princes, and revolutions, give it a title to the attention of the Historic Muse, Among these writers, we must not pass over in filence the work of M. KASANA, Professor of History in the University of Buda, and Presbyter of the Diocese of Strigonia, which relates to the ancient history of Hungary under its first Dukes. The title of this work is as follows: Historia Critica primorum Hungaria Ducum, ex Fide domesticorum et exterorum Scriptorum concinnata. A STEPHANO KASANA, &c. The Annals of Pray are here abridged, but in a very judicious manner. Our Author begins his history with the year 884, and places the arrival of the Mad(chares in 889.

ART. XXIV.
Esai sur l'Isle de Otahiti, &c.-Essay concerning the land of Ota-

hiti, and the Character and Manners of its Inhabitants. 8vo.

Paris. 1779.

W

E have here a collection of all the accounts that have

been given of the island of Otahiti (as it is here written), and its inhabitants, by Meff. Banks and Solander, Cook, and Bougainville. It is however to be observed, that the Author has not availed himself of the last (printed) voyage of the unfortunate Captain Cook, to improve his compilation, though he would have found in it new facts, and some corrections of former mistakes.

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* For an account of M. Pray's Essay concerning Ecclefiaftical Power in Hungary, fee App, to Rev. vol. Ix. p. 562,

ART,

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ART. XXV. Memoires de l'Academie Royale de Prulle, concernant l'Anatomie, la

Physiologie, la Physique, &c.-Memoirs of the Royal Academy of Pruffia, relative to Anatomy, Physiology, Natural History, Botany, Mineralogy, &c. together with a select Number of Chemical and Metaphyfical Memoirs, Preliminary Discourses, and Appendixes, in which new Discoveries are announced. By M. PAUL, Correspondent of the Royal Society of Sciences of Montpellier, &c. Paris and Avignon. 8vo. 1773. HIS title is sufficient to thew the nature and usefulness

of the collection of M. Paul. It is well known, that the plan of the Academy of Berlin is most extensive, and comprehends almost all the various branches of human knowledge, The Memoirs, therefore, here selected must prove acceptable to a multitude of Readers, to whom the original work is inaccesfible, on account of its high price, and the number of volumes of which it is already composed. The Memoirs contained in this collection are curious and masterly, and some of them open views of utility that deserve attention. Of the former kind is the Memoir of M. Heinius concerning animated beings; and of the latter, the Memoir of M. Margraff, containing chymical experiments, made with a design to draw real sugar from several plants which grow in Europe. All the others have likewise their merit; and therefore the continuation of this collection will no doubt be deemed a useful present to the public.

ART. XXVI. Annales Poetiques depuis l'Origine de la Poesie Francoise.Poetical

Annals carried down from the Commencement of French Poetry. 8vo. Paris. 1779.

HIS is the a

Tentertaining and is an elegant

, animated

, and judicious

history of French poetry, illustrated by extracts from the bards of that nation. This Volume ends with Malherbe, who forms an epocha in poetic history. It was this amiable, and often sublime poet, in whose compositions the French Lyric Muse first appeared with dignity and grace. Sublimity of ideas, perfpicuity and richness of expression, a happy mixture of images and sentiments, and a perpetual harmony of versification, dirtinguished this excellent bard.

Art.

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ART. XXVII.
Principes de Morale, de Politique, et de Droit Public, &c. ou, Di

cours sur l'Histoire de France, &c.—Moral and Political Discourses
on the History of France. By M. MOREAU, Historiographer of
France. Vol. VIII. and IX. * 8vo, Paris. 1779.

HIS eloquent, judicions, and indefatigable Author, af

ter having discufied, towards the conclufion of his reventh Volume, the legislation of Charlemagne, in its relation to and influence on religion and manners, confiders it, in the coinmencement of the eighth, in its conformity with the rights of man. This leads him to exhibit, in different points of view, the Capitularies, or Royal edicts of the three first Kings of France of the second race, and to compare the legislation of the Franks, whose government he proposes to illustrate, with the law of Nature, and the primitive principles of social order. These instructive discussions terminate the ninth Discourse, The tenth exhibits the means that were employed, at the commencement of the second race, to secure the unity and perpetuity of the monarchy, and the influence which the restoration of the imperial dignity had upon the French government. Our Author, in treating this part of his subject, explains the nature and characters of those Royal magistracies, conferred by Charlemagne as a kind of settlement on his children, in whose favour he never refigned his supremacy, and who were no more in their respective governments, than the representatives and depofitaries of his authority. After having examined the extent of the power and jurisdiction which, during their own lives, Charlemagne and Louis le Debonnaire conferred upon their children, M. MOREAU explains, in a very curious discussion, founded upon sauthentic records, the nature of the authority and prerogatives which the Popes exercised at that time at Rome, and in a part of Italy. He shews, that the Roman Pontiff was only one of the first magistrates of the empire, who, like the others, usurped, by degrees, both the civil power and the territory, that were intruited to his administration. He endeavours also here to refute the arguments by which some writers have pretended to prove, that the throne was elective under the first French Kings of the second race. In the eleventh Discourse, going backwards to the period when the Carlovingians assumed the scepter of royalty, he points out, in their origin, the secret defects that could not but weaken and enervate their dominion in process of time. The fabric of their government carried within itself the principles of its deftruc

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See our account of the three preceding volumes in our Review for September 1779, p. 214.

8

tion, tion, which our Author reduces to the three following: ift; The right of making war, which the great magiftrates had under the first race, and which Charlemagne could not suppress. 2dly, The excessive power that was intrusted with that armed magistracy, who found it so easy afterwards to divide among themselves the spoils of the monarchy. 3dly, The innumerable multitude of beneficiaries, and the imprudence of Louis le Debonnaire, in intrusting them with, or allowing them to usurp, the power of jurisdiction. Moreover, to prove, with the greater evidence, that all these causes must have really contributed to degrade the monarchy, and to turn power from its primitive channel, he shews, that in proportion as these causes disappeared, all the branches of sovereignty were gradually, though slowly, restored to their proper places by the sole inAuence of those rights, which feudal anarchy had not been able to destroy. We find also in this volume, among many other interesting articles, which we cannot even enumerate, an excellent analysis of the celebrated charter de Villis, which exhibits a complete view of the domestic economy of Charlemagne, and a curious discussion relative to the origin of duels, and the principles on which legislation and custom ought to direct their influence with respect to that object. This eighth Volume is terminated by a perspective view of the revolutions that destroyed the ancient French monarchy, and thofe that restored it upon a plan more favourable to the authority of the monarch, and (as our Author pretends) to the liberty of the people.

The ninth Volume is published; but as we have not yet received it, we must reserve the more' particular mention of it for another occasion.

M.

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ERRATA in this VOLUME,

P. 4. par. 3. 1. 11. for even, read at leaft.

9. 1. 8. dele for.
14. for Droefbont, read Droefnout.
37. 1. 6. for derive, read draw.

1.

5. dele that bave been.

355

-55; l.go fornistlin pny Magasin.

96. C. 10 for that Cardinal no Cardinal hich lien.

INDEX

To the REMARKABLE PAssages in this Volume, Oz.

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N. B. To find any particular Book, or Pamphlet, see the

Table of Contents, prefixed to the Volume.

Bingdon, Lord, controverts BAILEY, Capt. his unfortunate

the opinion of Sir W. Black- case in the affair of Greenwich
tone, relative to the difinéiion Hospital, 230.
be:ween the crozun and the per for Bank of Amsterdam, account of,
of the King, 386.

559. Of England, 560,
ABSCESS in the æsophagus, cured BANKS, and paper credit, nature of,
by quicksilver, 513.

with their good and bad effects,
Acid, aerial, observations on, 71.

discussed, 558.
of sugar, 76.

BARRINGTON, Hon. Daines,'his
AIR, owes its origin to water, 158. account of remains of the Cor-

Curious exper. of the influence nish Language, 108.
of vegetables on the air, 346, his explan. of a paffage in

the Book of Genesis, ult,
504:
Air, fixed, obs. relative to, 154.

his enquiry into the anti-
ÁLMOND-tree, natural hist. of, 291. quity of clocks, 281.
AMIOT, M. his memoirs relative to BARTHEZ, M. his elementary treat.
China, 519, 521.

on the knowledge of man,
AMPUTATION. See Bilguer.

401.
ANDERSON, Mr, his account of Bath, Roman. See Lyon.

ancient monuments and fortifica. BEAUMONT and Fletcher, their
tions in the Highlands of Scot-

rank in the dramatic walk, 417.

Compared with Shakespear, 418.
ANNUITIES. See Price.

The several editions of their
ANSTEY, Mr. See SPECULA-
TION.

BENGAL, neceflity of our studying
ANTONINUS, Martyr, his account the language of, 342. Mr. Hala

of the opulence, &c. of Judea, hed's Grammar of, ib.
570.

BIEL, his Novus Thesaurus Pbilo-
ARABIA, love-verses written in the

logicus, 235.
style of that country, 392.

BilGUER, Dr. his notions concern-
ASTRONOMY, obf, rel. to, by M. ing amputation attacked and de.

Lexel, 213. By Don Ulloa, ib.
By Dr. Longfield, 215.

BLACKSTONE.

See SHERIDAN.
AURORA BOREALIS, Dr. Frank-

See ABINGDON,
lin's hypothefis concerning, 207. BLANDFORD, Marquis of, compli.
De Mairan's treatise on that sub- mentary verses to, 391.
ject, 310. Van Swinden's plan Blights of fruit trees, &c. whence
for a new investigation of this proceeding from, 356. Method
phenomenon, ib.

of remedying, 357
APP. Rev. lxii.

Qq

BORAX,

land, 273

works, 423

fended, 243.

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