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cellary. Nothing can bear greater testimony to its merit than the 'attention which has been bestowed upon the present edition. Mr. Burgess seems to have spared no pains in rendering it, in every respect, as complete as possible. The erudition, fidelity, and diligence which are conspicuous in his Observationes, entitle him to a confiderable share of praise. Though he expresses himself, on every occasion, with diffidence and modesty, yet, when he thinks it necel. 'sary to combat the opinions of others, he delivers his sentiments with that manly kind of confidence, which is, ac once, both liberal and becoming.

*.* To accommodate the purchasers of the first edition, that part of the work which more properly belongs to Mr. B. namely, the Obfervationes, &c. may be had separately.

'citit, Art. 34. A Marine Proposal for the Advancement of private In

tereš upon the honorary Basis of public Utility; or, A Plan for the Equipment and Employment of a powerful Fleet of private Ships of War, on a more patrio:ic, extensive, secure, and profitable Scale, than ever hitherto atcem pred : in the Benefit of which, every opulent Individual is invited to participate. 8vo. 13. Millan. :779.

To change the Spirit of adventure, which so strongly characterises the present age, from a private vice to a public benefit, is a good thought; but whether the application of it to the scheme here proposed, be practicable or not, TIME, which reveals most things, will perhaps thew.

Our Projector's general idea, is to raise, by subscripcion, among the great and the opulent, an associated fleet, consisting of fifty privateers, to cruise in concert, in ten divisions, of five ships each, in various parts of Europe and America. He sercles the disposition, or Itations, of the several divisions of this feet, in fuch a manner, that he pronounces it hardly poffible for the trade of our enemies to escape, as such of their ships as missed one division, would, aimot at a certainty, be intercepted by some or other of them.'

We have not room for the particulars of this plan, nor for the Author's reasoning on any of thein. We shall, therefore, only add, that something of the kind here projected, might possibly be accomplished, were a few active people, of consequence and influence, earnestly to set about carrying the proposal is to execution. We may see, as this Writer juitly observes, a striking initance of the efficacy of well-appointed small squadrons, in the success of that commanded by our inveterate enemy Paul Jones:' and he adds, the capture and loss of at least half the privateers that have hitherto been fitted out, and thereby of some thousands of our ablest seamen, is a fatal demonstration of the gross error of the ordinary system of privateering, that is, by fingle Thips, without any restriction in point of force.' Art. 35. Memoirs of the Life and Death of the Right Honourable

the Lord. Deputy Wandesforde. Collected from authentic Records and Ms. By his great great Grandson Thomas Comber, LL.D. Rector of Buckworth and Morborne, Huntingdon shire, and:Chaplain to the Countess Dowager of Balcarras. Vol. II. Izmo. 23. 6 d. Cambridge printed. London, fold by Becket, &c. 1778.

This book is to be considered as the second volume of a work, che forft of which was publilhed in 1777. The title of that volume is,

• A Book

• A Book of Instructions, written by Sir Christopher Wandesforde, &c. to his Son, &c.' For some account of which, we refer our seaders to the Monthly Catalogue of our Review for June (in the year above mentioned), p. 483. Dr. Comber has here added to the Book of Instructions, several particulars concerning the life of the Author, which are chiefly compiled from memorandums, written by Mrs. Thornton, his daughter, a woman of excellent understanding, and exemplary piery. We apprehend, we cannot give a better view of the pature of the performance, than by extracting the following passage from the dedication of the work to the Marquis of Caer. marthen.

• In these memoirs, your Lordship and the public have the faithful portrait of a great man, a great statesman, and (which is far the greatest and noblet character) a great christian. Your Lordfhip sees him delineated through all the stages of life and fortune

• You see him from a private school repairing to the university, early leaving that seminary of learning, not to link among dogs and hosses, nor the scarce less brutal pack of drunkards and electioneers, but commencing country gentleman, improver of his lands and of his mind, commencing patriot and orator in the scene, which you, my Lord, adorn, the House of Commons; becoming patriot in oppolicion to a most flagitious favourite, and obtaining by dint of natural eloquence the public blessings of the Petition of Right; you see him, my Lord, becoming a courtier at a memorable period, when to have continued in oppolion, must have been little better than to have commenced rebel

• Then your Lordship will survey him discharging the part of a minister, facceflively the offices of Master of the Rolls, of Lord Justice, and finally, of Lord Deputy in Ireland, and going thence happily to heaven; not like Lord Strafford, from a scaffold, but from his bed, whose pillows are ftuffed with resolution and patience, the down of con:ent, and the blessings and congratulations of all who wished the prosperity of their country, and apparently like a saint affiliated with the foretaste of his Britain's fufferings, from the ur. natural union of popery and puritanism. In short, my good Lord, as deservedly happy, as any true Englishman in those critically sad times could be !!

The union of puritanism and popery does indeed reem very un. natural; it is probable, the Author, Jately deceased, would have found himself reduced to a perplexing dilemma, if he had been required to prove his assertion concerning it; though it is possible, that parties, in very different sentiments, may fairly and honourably concur in promoting a particular purpose: But on this subject we fhall not contend.

The Lord Deputy Wandesforde appears to have been a man of piety and integrity; and properly recommended as an example, worthy of regard. One instance of his probity deserves particular notice : He was engaged in the management of a chancery suit, for fome near relations, in which an estate of above 2000l. per annum, was depending : from the account here given, there could be no doubt of his gaining the cause before any impartial judges. "Qa the day of trial, he was told by an intimate friend, " I know cer. tainly, that a coach with a bribe of 10col. is gone this very morning

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to the Lord Chancellor's. The weight of this will certainly bear down the equity of your cause, if you do not throw an heavier purse into the other scale." Mr. Wandesforde answered, “ I will omit no lawful means of recovering my own and my relation's rights. But Goce God has declared to the judge, Thou shalt not take a gift, I think it unlawful to give one; and therefore, if this great eltate could be redeemed with a bribe of 51. I would not give it. If I cannot recover our rights by fair means, I Mall conclude, that God sees is not good that we should recover them. If we lose this estate, God can give much greater. Therefore the Lord's will be done!”

Mr. Wandesforde was constantly connected with Sir Thomas Wentworth, afterwards Lord Strafford, and acted in conjunction with him in Ireland, before he was Lord Deputy himself. Some persons will think it difficult to reconcile this with other parts of his charac-, ter and conduct.

The materials of this work are not put together in the most orderly and agreeable manner; but the piecy and virtue which are so lauda ably exhibited in it, call for attention and imiration. Art. 36. Itineraria Symonis Simeonis, et Willelmi de Worcestre.

Quibus accedit, Tractatus de Metro, in quo traduntur regula a Scrip toribus medii ævi in Verfibus Leoninis observatæ, &c. The Irineraries of Symon, Son of Simeon, and William of Worcester. To which is added, A Tract, exhibiting the Rules observed by the Writers of the middle Age, in their Leonine Verses. Now forit published from the Manuscripts in the Library of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge. By James Namith, A. M. S. A. S. and lately Fellow of the same College. 8vo. 105. 6 d. sewed. Cam.' bridge, printed. Sold by T. Payne, &c. in London.

These journals are curious, as ancient monuments, though not very instructive or entertaining. That of Symon was written A. D. 1322. It gives an account of his journey to the Holy Land, in com. paoy with his brother Hugo. Some few places in England are taken notice of, as well as foreigo parts. He speaks much of the Mahometans, and of the treatment he met with among them; of Egypt, and of many places in Canaan, which they visited in a devotional view. The thread of the narration is interrupted for a time, while Symon laments, which he does very pachetically indeed, the death of his brother Hugo, which happened at Cairo in Egypt.

This Latin manuscript is imperfect ; but it is not without some pleasure that we read this old, though short, account of the ftate of places, &c. in those days. Symon was a Doctor in divinily, and seems to have been a native of Ireland.

William of Worcefter appears to less advantage, in his itinerary, than Symon; who writes much better, and more to the purpole. He was the author of many writings. This, which is the greatest part of the volume before us, might rather bave been called, as the Editor observes, Collecianca, or Adversaria, as things are not placed in any proper order, and some are altogether foreign from his imme: diate purpose. It was written in 1478; and confifts of observations made in a journey from Bristol to St. Michael's, Cornwall. He was a dative of Bristol; a man of great industry ; and several matters are related by him, especially regarding the Englih topography and antiquities, which may be seasched for in other works in vain ; but,

says

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says the Editor juftly, must we not lament that his style is so rude and barbarous, that he heaps together a number of trifles, and passes by in silence things, an account of which posterity would have received with avidity ? that whole pages are consumed in the measurement of churches and streets, while no description is given of the buildings themselves? We must then regard Willian of Worcester as a man moderately learned, of no bright genius, more remarkable for application than for judgment and acumen. The work before us, however, certainly has its use in respect to history, as well as to-, pography; and mult, accordingly, be valued by the antiquary.

The little tract concerning Metre, is said to have been written in the 15th century; Dr. Matthew Parker, Archbishop of Canterbury, has remarked, on a plain leaf of this manuscript, that no book is so contemptible but it may prove of some use, and that the method here pointed out for composing a particular (and fanciful) kind of verse, may not easily be found elsewhere.

COMMERCIAL Art. 37. Epiftolæ Commerciales; or, Commercial Letters, in

Five Languages, viz, Italian, English, French, Spanise, and Portuguese, with their respective Idioms distinály pointed out, written on various interesting Subjects, in the Modern mercantile Style, as now practised; all which are carefully selected froin original Letters, as they ftand in the Copy Books of the most eminent Merchants in Europe, and are here exhibited under fi&itious Names, &c. The whole lo methodically digested as to serve as Models for a regular Correspondence, &c. To which are added, Mercantile and Maritine Vocabularies, of each Tongue, &c. &c. By Charles Wiseman, Notary Public, and Translator of all the above Languages. Printed for the Author, and Sold by B. Law, in Ave-Mary Lane, 6 s. boards. 1779.

There is no doubt but many occasions may occur, in which a book of this kind will be found useful in the accompting-house of a merchant.

мА тн E м А тiс ѕ. Art. 38. The Nautical Almanac and Astronomical Ephemeris for

che Year 1781. Published by Order of the Commissioners of Longitude. 8vo. 35. 6d. Nourse. 1779.

It is with great satisfaction that we see this useful and laborious work continued, and conducted in the same careful and accurate manner as at first. Its superiority in this respe&t, as well as in the extent and usefulness of the articles contained in it, over every Similar publication in Europe, is obvious to, and confessed by every judicious astronomer, both of our own and other nations; insomuch that in the most ancient publications of this kind *, the Editors now content themselves with copying professedly the calculations from this work, allowing only the difference between the meridian of Greenwich, and that of ihe place to which theirs is adapted. .

To this Almanac, there is added a Collection of Alronomic Problems, useful at sea. By the Rev. John Edwards, B. A. And also,

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• Connoissance de Temps, published by order of the Royal Aca-, demy of Science at Paris.

an addition to the logarithmic folar tables, annexed to the Nautical
Almanac of 1771. By the same.
RELIGIOU 3.

W .
Art. 39. An Enquiry into the Design of the Christian Sabbath, and

the Manner in which it should be observed, to answer its im. poitant End. izmo. 1 s. Dilly. 1779.

A plain and serious address to the public, on a subject of acknow. ledged importance, recommending, not only a constant attendance on the institutions of religion, but a careful improvement of the leisure which she Sunday affords, in acquiring religious knowledge, and cultivating the principles of virtue and piery, by reading and meditation. Though there is nothing fufficiently original in the Au. thor's ideas to command the attention of the learned, or striking in his manner of writing, to engage the notice of those who are indifferent to the subject of which he treats, his reflexions, however, are such as may afford pleasure and improvement to the pious Chriftian. .

S E R M O N S. 1. Preached at St. Mary's, Oxford, July 1, 1779. On the Anni. .

versary Meeting of the Governors of the Radcliffe Infirmary. By. Lewis Bagot, LL. D. Dean of Chrit Church. Published at the Request of the Governors, for the Benefit of the Charity, 410, is. Rivington.

A sensible and elegant discourse, judiciously adapted to the occafion on which it was delivered. II. Preached in the Parish Church of Whitby, before the Friendly

Society, at their Anniversary Meeting on Whit-Monday, 1779, and published at their Request. By the Rev. Joseph Robertson, Curate of the said Church. 4to. York, printed; London, Sold by Baldwin, &c.

• Every member of the Friendly Society,' we are told in a note, • by contributing eight-pence per month, is allowed five shillings a week out of the joint stock, when rendered incapable of working by fickness, lameness, or blindness. On the decease of any member, his widow receives five pounds for defraying his funeral expences : and when any member's wife dies, he is allowed forty Millings for the fame purpose.' We conclude also, though we are not dirc&ly informed, that a collection is made at the cime of the fermon for supporting this design. Mr. Robertson, in this discourse, urges the exercise of charity by convincing arguments, and pathetic representations. III. Preached before the President and Governors of the Marine

Society, at St. George's, Hanover-Square, on their Anniversary · Meeting, April 13, 1779. By Robert Markham, D. D. Rector of St. Mary's, Whitechapel.

E In this discourse, the preacher infifts at large on the utility of the Marine Society, and recommends the support of the inititution, with much strength of argument, and animation of language. An account of the receipts and disbursements of the Society is subjoined. IV. Preached in Lambeth Chapel, at the Consecration of the Right

Rev. John Warren, D. D. Lord Bishop of St. David's ; September 19, 1779. By Benjamin Newton, M. A. Vicar of Sandhurit,

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