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L A W. Art. 24. Thoughts on the Extension of Penal Laws. With some
Remarks on a Memorial delivered to the Right Honourable the Lords Commissioners of his Majesty's Treasury by a Committee of Tea Dealers, Feb. 2, 1779. 8vo. 15. Wilkie. 1779.
The excise laws, it is well known, received a confiderable acces. fion both of bulk and strength from a statute which passed in the latt sessions of parliament, and which probably took its rise from the memorial alluded to in the title.page. It is natural for those who suffer, to complain ; and it is not onwise in those who complain, to point out such means as they think likely to prevent, or remedy, the ills they fuffer. The framers and presenters of that mcmorial were considerable traders; and in order to check the growth of smuge gling (the practice of which they conceived to be so injurious to the revenue, and which they felt to be so detrimental to trade) they fobjoined to their memorial a proposal for some future regulacions and seftri&tions, chat feemed to them moft efficacious for this purpose. This proposal excites the indignation of our Pamphleteer. Mark bis apostrophè to these recreant iea.dealers. • Blush, if ignorance will permit you! Be seen and heard no more! Or if you will, be confitent, and let oppression be the theme! Nursed with the milk of monopoly, follow the practice long since adopted ; combine and cruh the little dealers round you, and give over your attempts to undermine the grand and noble fabric of our liberties, which has al, ready coft us so many millions of treasure, and an inundation of blood to rear and support.' This is certainly magnificent language! Poilà le vrai fublime ?
Whoever is fond of tracing the coincidences of expression between great writers, will be amused to find how nearly in some passages this Writer approximates to Junius's Letter to the K- The following sentences are selected from each, and compared. Our Author thus speaks of Mr. Alderman Bull, whose name, he observes with some concern,' subscribed to this offensive memorial :
I am fill inclined to make an indulgent allowance for the pernicious lessons" he received from these arch-projectors.'
Junius to bis. M " We are still inclined to make an indul. gent allowance for the pernicious lessons you received in your youth.”
This autbor to Mr. Alderman Bull. I am onwilling to think him capable of a direct deliberate purpose to invade the original rights of . fubjects, on which all their civil and political liberties depend
Junius to bis M- “ We are far from thinking you capable of a direct deliberate purpose to invade the original rights of your sub. jeets, on which all their civil and political liberties depend.”
This Author to Mr. Bull. • Banish from your mind the unworthy opinions with which those interested persons have laboured to possess
Junius, “ Banish from your mind those unworthy opinions with which some interested persoas have laboured to posters you."
Whether so unusual a similarity of phrase be the result of accident or artifice, we cannot determine. We would not, without strong evideace, pronounce this Writer guilty of plagiarism, because * W
are unwilling to think bim capable of a direct deliberate purpose to in vade the original rights" of another author. Art. 25. Thoughts on Martial Law, and on the Proceedings of
General Courts Martial. 410. 25. 6d. Becket. 1779. That celerity of decision, which the exigencies of war require, is in a great measure incompatible with the scrupulous inveftigation, and cautious formalities, which ought to be adhered to in the adminiftration of civil justice. Hence every attempt to assimilate the martial to the common law will be found extremely difficult ; if not altogether impracticable. • Martial law (we are told by the belt writers) is built upon no settled principles, but is co tirely arbitrary in its decisions, and is in reality no law, but something indulged, rather than allowed as law,' Yet it is surely to be wished, that those gallan't men, whom enthusiasm impels, or public necessity calls forth, to the public service, thould not be left unguarded by the laws of that country which their valour is employed to defend. When we consider how many of our fellow subjects are, in time of war, ame. nable to a military tribunal, we cannot but regret that they should forfeit as soldiers, the rights they poffefsed as citizens; and that their lives and liberties Thould be less anxiously watched over and protected by the barriers of law, than those of any other order of men. The design of this senable and well-cimed traa is to reduce into form and precision, the proceedings of courts martial; and in the course of it the Author hash suggested many valuable hints for the improvement of this mode of trial. He has certainly a claim to the attention and gratitude of all military men ; to their attention, from the information he communicates ; to their gratitude, for the benevolence he expresses: --for he acquaints them, that if bis efforts tend to secure the well. being or safety of even the lowest veteran of the camp,' his purpose will be fully answered.
and private Men of the Infantry. By Thomas Simes, Esq; late
In this publication, which we do not recollect seeing before, though it is called the second edition, the Author has supplied the deficiency we remarked in the account of his Military Guide; and by the inftru&ions and precedents it contains, it promises to be a very useful manual for all intelligent subalterns and private men in military service.
Inscribed to the Right Hon. the Earl of Abingdon. 4to. 1S.
The story of Lord Lyttelton's apparition-lady, thrown into verse ; with a haodful of good, honelt opposition politics, coss'd in for a make-weight. This inexorable poet, and patriot, condemns all the
. * See Rey, vol. lviii. p. 303.
ministerial rogues + to'an ignominious death in this world, and eter.
• Nor Mall their punishment on earth atone,
Oh! oh! oh !!!
At the end of the volume are added Poemata Latina. Of these, none are wholly without merit; but the last, in our opinion, is the best.
American Independence; on the Expence of Great Britain in the
The Author sets out with observing, that 'the independence of America has been long since recommended, by a learned and ingenious author *, as beneficial to Great Britain ; that the plaufbility of his arguments bas made some profelytes; and that it has even produced a motion in the House of Commons, to that end.' " Whether, says this writer, the boldness or novelty of the sentiment has been mistaken for truth, I Mall not determine; this, however, is certain, that at the first view of a proposition to dismember from a flate 3,00r,coc of its subjeéts, and the far greater part of its territory, reason takes the alarm, and creates in the mind strong suspicions that it cannot be well founded,'-To prove that it is ill founded, is the main business of this temperate and judicious performance. By a candid flate of facts, and a series of just and pertinent remarks, he shews the ruinous consequences to this country) of a plan, by which Great Britain must give up not only the greatest part of its territory, and more than one fourch of its people, but likewise near one half of its commerce, (the trade to Ireland and the Eaft Indies excepted), foreiga as well as Colonial. The consequences he deduces are the decay, if not the ruin of the best sources of wealth and strength in the empire : more especially, as a great part of what we shall give up, mult fall into the hands of our natural and determined enemies.'
This pamphlet is juftly entitled Cool Thoughts. The Author dircusses his subjects in a decent and dispassionate, though very earnest and serious strain : in which the Americans are not abused as ree bels, nor is government traduced with accusations of despotism. The
+ This is a mistake, Malter Reviewer! the Author does not say rogues : he only calls the gentlemen titled traitors,' and · hellish crew.'
PRINTER'S DEVIL. * Dean Tucker,
quelltior, indeed, as to the grounds of our quarrel with the Colonies, is totally avoided : the wsirer having wholly confined himself to the discution of the single point which he bad in view, viz. The fatal consequence [to Great Bricain] of American independence, should chat scheme ba firmly established. Art. 30. Observations on American Independency. 8vo. 6 d..
Edinburgh. This North. British publication appears (and to some it seems á phe. nomenon) in favour of American Independency; which the writer supposes, on commercial principles, to be the most advantageous ground on which we can setile our differences with the revolted Colo. nies. The Author reasons like a man of sense, moderation, and humanity; and he appears to have formed just notions of the value of that commercial intercourse which hath sublifted, or that may, here. afier, fubaft between Great Britain and North America,-should the latter become Independent.-- We perfeélly agree with him in his conclufive rellection, that if there be any truth in the arguments now offered [ro prove] that the Independency of America, initead of being a loss to the trade, manufactures, and marine of Britain, will rather enlarge and increase them,—what pity is it that this plan of reconciliation had not been agreed to sooner! He takes leave of his Readers in the following terms, after mentioning the neceflity of our taking care to prevent America's falling under the influence or depen. dence of other nations : “ If these observasions,' says he, “thall have any effect to promote that purpose' [of prevention), the Author will deserve the name of a True BRITON; rather than those who, through miltaken principles, have lost the natural feelings of humanity, and can hear of burning and desolation without regret, and without properly considering the consequences of such unpolitical barbarity.' Art. 31. Letters of Papinian; in which the Conduct, present
State and Prospects of the American Congress are examined 8vo. is 6d. New York printed: London reprinted, for Wilkie, 1779.
According to the account of this writer, the Conduct of the Congress has been altogether Machiavelian, tyrannical, and wickedtheir • Present State' is desperate-and their • Prospects' present them only with scenes of wretchedness and irretrievable ruin. He calcu. Jates the loss already fultained by the Americans, including their pube lic debt to France, at above 80 millions iterling; and concludes with warmly and pathetically exhorting the people to abandon the miserable and hopeless cause, in which they have been founhappily engaged ; to return to the protection of Great Britain, and thereby procure to themselves the restoration of peace, freedom, and security :' blesa fings which she is very certain) they can never hope to enjoy, while they remain under the destructive power and misgovernment of their present despois. Such are the ideas of a very plausible writer ; but we must make allowances for the zeal and prejudices of party. And we must remember, too, that misrepresentation is sometimes deemed good policy: though HONESTY is said to be the BEST,
MEDICAL. Art. 32. Animadversiones de Natura Hydropis, ejusque Curatione.
Auctore Francisco Milman, M. D. Coll. Reg. Med. Lond. & Reg. Societ. Lond. Socio. 8vo. 35. sewed. Dodsley. 1779.
The principal view of this Writer appears to be, the answering a query proposed by Sir George Baker, in the second volume of the Medical Transactions, whether more cures of the dropsy might not be effected, if a greater indulgence, in respect to drink, were allowed to the patients ? Dr. Milman was first led to incline towards the af. firmative of this question, by the opportunity he had, while abroad, of observing the success which attended the use of Bacher's tonic pills in France, and the practice of Dr. Collin ac Vienna, in both which no reftri&tion in diluent drinks was enjoined. He likewise observed, that the directions given by Hippocrates, in the cure of this disease, corresponded in general with this idea; and he employs a considerable part of his work in commenting on what the venerable Sather of physic has said on this subject, and endeavouring to reconcile some apparent contradictions in his doétrine. Finally, our Author refers to his own practice, in the Middlesex Hospital, for ad. ditional confirmation of the utility of diluting liquors in dropsical cases, which he allows, with the Hippocratic intention of preparing the body for the operation of medicines ; and particularly of promoting the efficacy of diuretics, on which he chiefy depends for che cure of the dropsy. The general method of treatment he lays down, is, to begin with some smart hydragogue purgatives, and then to employ diuretics, such as the faline mixture, squills, and decoction of feneka root, together with the following drink: in a quart of barley water, half an ounce of Creme of Tartar is diffolved, and a little sugar and proof spirit is added. Of this the patient is per. mitted to drink at pleasure. By this method, a copious discharge of urine was usually procured in a short cime; and where the cale was tolerably favourable, a cure was generally effected. The histories of some cases, treated in this manner, are subjoined ; and the appearances (on diffection) of chose which terminated fatally, are added. On the whole, we cannot but think, that the learned author has done a great deal towards establishing his point, and has suggested a considerable improvement in the treatment of a very obstinate and dangerous disorder.
An Appendix to the work contains an account of the manner of preparing and composing Bacher's pills. The principal remedy is, an extract of black hellebore, prepared in a more troublesome and elaborate manner than is probably necessary. It is formed into pills by:the addition of Myrrh, and powder of Carduus Benedi&tus. A
MISCELLANEO U S. Art. 33. Taylarcía, fove Tragædiarum Græcarum Delectus :
Com Adnotatione Johannis Burton. Editio altera, cui Observationcs, Indicemque Græcum longe audiorem et emendatiorem, adjecit Thomas Burgess, A.B. e C.C.C. 8vo. 2 Vols. 108. 6 d. Oxford, at the Clarendon Press.
The established reputation and known character of Dr. Burton's Pentalogia make any comment that can nozo be passed upon it anne