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Art. 24. Thoughts on the Extension of Penal Laws. With some

Remarks on a Memorial delivered to the Right Honourable the
Lords Commissioners of his Majesty's Treasury by a Committee of
Tea Dealers, Feb. 2, 1779. 8vo.

Wilkie. 1779.
The excise laws, it is well known, received a confiderable accef.
fion both of bulk and strength from a statute which passed in the last
sessions of parliament, and which probably took its rise from the me-
morial alluded to in the title.page. It is natural for those who suf-
fer, to complain; and it is not unwise in those who complain, to
point out such means as they think likely to prevent, or remedy,
the ills they fuffer. The framers and presenters of that memorial
were considerable traders; and in order to check the growth of smug.
gling (the practice of which they conceived to be so injurious to the
revenue, and which they felt to be so detrimental to trade) they sub-
joined to their memorial a proposal for some future regulations and
reftri&ions, that feemed to them moft efficacious for this purpose.
This proposal excites the indignation of our Pamphleteer. Mark
bis apostrophè to these secrcapt tea.dealers. • Blush, if ignorance
will permit you! Be seen and heard no more! Or if you will, be
confitent, and let oppreflion be the theme! Nursed with the milk of
monopoly, follow the practice long since adopted ; combine and
cruth the little dealers round you, and give over your attempts to
undermine the grand and poble fabric of our liberties, which has al,
ready coft us so many millions of treasure, and an inundation of
blood to rear and support.' This is certainly magnificent language!
Voilà le vrai fublime !

Whoever is fond of tracing the coincidences of expression between great writers, will be amesed to find how pearly in some passages this Writer approximates to Junias's Letter to the K-. The following fentences are selected from each, and compared. Our Author thus speaks of Mr. Alderman Boll, whose name, he observes with some concern,' subscribed to this offensive memorial :

• I am fill inclined to make an indulgent allowance for the pernicious lesions" he received from these arch-projectors.'

Junius to bis M- " We are fill inclined to make an indul. gent allowance for the pernicious lessons you received in your youth.”

This Aubbor to Mr. Alderman Bull. I am onwilling to think him capable of a direct deliberate purpose to invade the original rights of fubjects, on which all their civil and political liberties depend.'

Junius to bis M “ We are far from thinking you capable of a direct deliberate purpose to invade the original rights of your subjees, on which all their civil and political liberties depend.”

This Author to Mr. Bull. Banish from your mind the unworthy opinions with which those interefted persons have laboured to possess you.'

Junius, “ Banish from your mind those unworthy opinions with which some interested persons have laboured to poffels you."

Whether so unusual a similarity of phrase be the result of accident or artifice, we cannot determine. We would not, without strong evideace, pronounce this Writer guilty of plagiarism, because W

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are unwilling to think bim capable of a direct deliberate purpose to in vade the original rights" of another author.

T. Art. 25. Thoughts on Martial Law, and on the Proceedings of

General Courts Martial. 460. 2 s. 6d. Becket. 1779. That celerity of decifion, which the exigencies of war require, is in

great measure iccompatible with the scrupulous inveftigation, and cautious formalities, which ought to be adhered to in the adminiftration of civil justice. Hence every artempt to assimilate the martial to the common law will be found extremely difficult; if not altogether impracticable. • Martial law (we are told by the best writers) is built upon no settled principles, but is entirely arbitrary in its decisions, and is in reality no law, bet something indulged, rather than allowed as law. Yet it is surely to be wished, that those gallan't men, whom enthusiasm impels, or public necessity calls forth, to the public service, Tould not be left unguarded by the laws of that country which their valour is employed to defend. When we consider bow many of our fellow subjects are, in time of war, amenable to a military tribunal, we cannot but regret that they mould forfeit as soldiers, the rights they possessed as citizens; and that their lives and liberties should be less anxiously watched over and protected by the barriers of law, than those of any other order of men. The design of this senable and well-timed tract is to reduce into form and precision, the proceedings of courts martial; and in the course of it the Author hash suggested many valuable hints for the improvement of this mode of trial. He has certainly a claim to the attention and gratitude of all military men ; to their attention, from the information he communicates ; to their gratitude, for the benevolence he expresses: --for he acquaints them, that if bis efforts ' tend to secure the well. being or safety of even the lowest veteran of the camp,' his purpose will be fully answered.

T. MILITARY AFFAIRS. Art. 26. The Military Instructor for non-commissioned Officers

and private Men of the Infantry. By Thomas Simes, Esq; late of the Queen's Royal Regiment of Foot; and Author of the Military Guide, &c. Second Edition. 12mo. 2 8. 6d. Almon, &c.

In this publication, which we do not recollect seeing before, though it is called the second edition, the Author has supplied the deficiency we remarked in the account of his Military Guide; and by the inftru&tions and precedents it contains, it promises to be a very useful manual for all intelligent subalterns and private men in military service.

N. POETICA L. Art. 27: The Vision: A Poem, on the Death of Lord Lyttelton.

Inscribed to the Right Hon. the Earl of Abingdon. 46o. · Millidge.

The story of Lord Lyttelton's apparition-lady, thrown into verse ; with a handful of good, honest opposition politics, toss'd in for a make-weight. This inexorable poet, and patriot, condemns all the

I S.

* See Rey, vol. lviii. p. 303.

G4

minifterial

ministerial sogues + to an ignominious death in this world, and eter.
nal damnation in the next :

« Northall their punishment on earth arone,
In endless tormenis they shall ever groan.'

Oh! oh! oh!!!.
Art. 28. Poems, by Mr. Joseph Holden Pott, 8vo. 1 s. 6d.

Becker.

17796 This little Miscellany, confitting of Odes, Elegies, &c. carries with it many marks of a cultivated mind. The Odes, which form the principal part of the collection, are easy and harmonious; and if they abound not in any great strokes of original genius, they are, at least, not deftitute of those graces which spring from a true and elegant taste.

At the end of the volume are added Poemata Latina. Of these, none are wholly without merit; but the last, in our opinion, is the best.

C.ti
AMERICAN AFFAIRS.
Art. 29. Cool Thoughts on the Consequences to Great Britain of

American Independence; on the Expence of Great Britain in the
Settlement and Defence of the American Colonies; and on the
Value and Importance of the American Colonies and the West In-
dies to the British Empire. 8vo. Is. Wilkie, 1780.

The Author sets out with observing, that the independence of America has been long since recommended, by a learned and ingenious author *, as beneficial to Great Britain ; that the plaufibility of his arguments has made some proselytes; and that it has even produced a motion in the House of Commons, to that end.' • Whether, says this writer, the boldness or novelty of the sentiment has been mistaken for truth, I shall not determine; this, however, is certain, that at the first view of a proposition to dismember from a fiato 3,000,coc of its subjeéts, and the far greater part of its territory, reason takes the alarm, and creates in the mind strong suspicions that it cannot be well founded,'-To prove that it is ill founded, is the main business of this temperate and judicious performance. By a candid fate of facts, and a series of just and pertinent remarks, he thews the ruinous consequences [to this country] of a plan, by which Great Britain must give up not only the greatelt part of its territory, and more than one fourch of its people, but likewise near one half, of its commerce, (the trade to Ireland and the Eaft Indies excepted), foreiga as well as Colonial. The consequences he deduces are—she decay, if not the ruin of the best sources of wealth and strength in the empire : more especially, as a great part of what we shall give up, mutt fall into the hands of our natural and determined enemies.'

This pamphlet is juilly entitled Cool Thoughts. The Author dircusses his subjects in a decent and dispallionate, though very earnest and serious ftrain : in which the Americans are not abused as rebels, nor is government traduced with accusations of despotism. The

+ This is a mistake, Malter Reviewer! the Author does not say rogues: he only calls the gentlemen titled traitors,' and hellish crew.'

PRINTER'S Devil.
Dean Tucker,

question,

quellion, indeed, as to the grounds of our quarrel with the Colonies, is totally avoided : the wsirer having wholly confined himself to the discussion of the single point which he bad in view, viz. The fatal consequence [to Great Britain] of American independence, should that scheme be firmly established. Art. 30. Observations on American Independency. 8vo. 6 d..

Edinburgh. This North Britis publication appears (and to some it seems á phe. nomenon) in favour of American Independency; which the writer fupposes, on commercial principles, to be the most advantageous ground on which we can sesile our differences with the revolted Colonies. The Author reasons like a man of sense, moderation, and humanity; and he appears to bave formed just notions of the value of that commercial intercourse which hath subsisted, or that may, hereafter, sabøft between Great Britain and North America,- thould the latter become Independent.-We perfeilly agree with him in his conclolive relection, that if there be any truth in the arguments now offered [ro prove] that the Independency of America, initead of being a loss to the trade, manufactures, and marine of Britain, will rather enlarge and increase them,—what pity is it that this plan of reconciliation had not been agreed to sooner !– He takes leave of his Readers in the following terms, after mentioning the necessity of our taking care to prevent America's falling under the influence or dependence of other nations : If these observacions,' says he, 'Thall have any effect to promote that purpose' [of prevention), the Author will deferve the name of a TRUE BRITON ; rather than those who, through mistaken principles, have lost the natural feelings of humanity, and can hear of burning and desolation without regret, and without properly considering the consequences of such unpolitical barbarity.' Art. 31. Letters of Papinian; in which the Conduct, present

State and Prospects of the American Congress are examined. 8vo. is 6d. New York printed i London reprinted, for Wilkie, 1779.

According to the account of this writer, the Conduct of the Congress has been altogether Machiavelian, tyrannical, and wickedtheir Present State' is desperate--and their . Prospects' present them only with scenes of wretchedness and irretrievable ruin. He calcu. fates the loss already sustained by the Americans, including their public debt to France, at above 80 millions iterling; and concludes with warmly and pathetically exhorting the people to abandon the miserable and hopeless cause in which they have been founhappily engaged ; to return to the probition of Great Britain, and thereby procure to themselves the restoration of peace, freedom, and security :' blerfings which (he is very certain) they can never hope to enjoy, while they remain under the destructive power and misgovernment of their present despots. Such are the ideas of a very plausible writer ; but we must make allowances for the zeal and prejudices of party. And we must remember, too, that misrepresentation is sometimes deemed good policy; though HONESTY is said to be the BEST,

MEDICAL

M E DICA L. Art. 32. Animadversiones de Natura Hydropis, ejusque Curatione.

Auctore Francisco Milman, M. D. Coll. Reg. Med. Lond. &* Reg. Societ. Lond. Socio. 8vo. 35. sewed. Dodfley. 9779.

The principal view of this Writer appears to be, the answering a query proposed by Sir George Baker, in the second volume of the Medical Transaktions, whether more cures of the dropsy might not be effected, if a greater indulgence, in respect to drink, were allowed to the patients ? Dr. Milman was first led to incline towards the affirmative of this question, by the opportunity he had, while abroad, of observing the success which attended the use of Bacher's tonic pills in France, and the practice of Dr. Collin ac Vienna, in both which no reftriation in diluent drinks was enjoined. He likewise observed, that the directions given by Hippocrates, in the care of this disease, corresponded in general with this idea; and he employs a considerable part of his work in commenting on what the venerable father of physic has said on this subject, and endeavouring to reconcile some apparent contradictions in his do&rine. Finally, our Author refers to his own practice, in the Middlesex Hospital, for additional confirmation of the utility of diluting liquors in dropfical cases, which he allows, with the Hippocratic intention of prepare ing the body for the operation of medicines; and particularly of promoting the efficacy of diuretics, on which he chiefly depends for the cure of the droply. The general method of treatment he lays down, is, to begin with some smart bydragogue purgatives, and then to employ diuretics, such as the faline mixture, squills, and decoction of feneka root, together with the following drink : in a quart of barley water, half an ounce of Creme of Tartar is diffolved, and a little sugar and proof spirit is added. Of this the patient is permitted to drink at pleasure. By this method, a copious discharge of urine was usually procured in a short time; and where the cale was tolerably favourable, a cure was generally effected. The histories of some cases, treated in this manner, are subjoined ; and the appearances (on diffection) of those which terminated fatally, are added. On the whole, we cannot but think, that the learned author has done a great deal towards establishing his point, and has suggested a confiderable improvement in the treatment of a very obstinate and dangerous disorder.

An Appendix to the work contains an account of the manner of preparing and composing Bacher's pills. The principal remedy is an extract of black hellebore, prepared in a more troublesome and claborate manner than is probably necessary. It is formed into pills by:the addition of Myrrh, and powder of Carduus Benedictus. A. Art. 33. Teylock cyía, five Tragediarum Græcarum Delectus :

Cum Adnotatione Johannis Burton. Editio altera, cui Observationes, Indicemque Græcum longe auctiorem et emendatiorem, adjecit Thomas Burgess, A.B. e C.C.C. 8vo. 2 Vols. 108. 6d. Oxford, at the Clarendon Press.

The eftablished reputation and known character of Dr. Burton's Pentalogia make any comment that can nozo be passed upon it unde

ceflary,

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